Thursday, June ZO~ 1914 THE M1CH1~AN DAILY Page FIve
Thursday, June 20, 1974
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
The latest siege of Wounded Knee
(Continued from Page 4)
partment would protect Oglala individuals against
unlawful acts by tribal and federal officials.
Traditional Sioux leaders and White House re-
presentatives would meet, setting the stage for
a presidential commission which would re-exam-
ine the 1868 treaty between the United States
and the Sioux Nation.
This agreement fell through two days later
when Leonard Garment, White House minority
affairs advisor, refused to begin discussions with
Russell Means while the Oglalas remained arm-
ed. The Oglalas refused to disarm while sur-
rounded by federal forces, remembering well
that the 1890 slaughter began once the Indians
turned in their weapons.
ANOTHER MONTH and two deaths were to
follow before the occupation and siege ended with
an agreement almost identical to that of April
The first battle fatality occurred early in the
morning of April 17th. Three planes dropped 1200
pounds of food, donated by supporters, into the
town and surrounding pjerimeter. As people
scrambled to gather the badly-needed provisions,
a federal helicopter appeared, firing down upon
them while groundfire from all federal positions
battered Wounded Knee.
One bullet, penetrating the church, pierced the
head of Frank Clearwater as he lay on a cot.
Clearwater's wife, Morning Star, got a promise
of safe conduct to accompany the fatally wound-
ed man to a hospital; upon leaving Wounded
Knee she was arrested by FBI agents and held
in the Pine Ridge jail.
\ Sttarsey General Pottinger warned
n iicant and dangerous turn of
. I to a "forceful taking of
MANY PEOPLE INSIDE the village and out
now feared a second Wounded Knee massacre.
Tribal council chairman Richard Wilson threat-
ened to storm the besieged town. Establishing
his own "third-force" blockade with FBI per-
mission, Wilson urged his supporters to defend the
tribe against "Communists" who were taking over
the reservation. A reporter asked him, "How
many casualties would you have if your men
retook the village?" "Everyone in Wounded
Knee," Wilson replied.
Acting independently of federal forces, Wil-
son's brigade triggered a two-day battle which
caused the second fatality inside Wounded Knee.
An M-16 bullet killed Lawrence "Buddy" La-
mont, 31. At this point traditional leaders, want-
ing to avoid more deaths, arranged new negotia-
tions between occupation leaders and Frizzell.
On May 6 arrangements for disarmament of U.S.
and Oglala forces were announced.
RATHER THAN submit to arrest, D e n n it,
Banks and other warriors of Wounded Knee
passed through federal lines at night, leaving
behind them fifteen old guns and a peace pipe.
On May 8, when federal marshals entered Wound-
ed Knee, 120 people, less than half of the oc-
cupying force, turned themselves in.
This raised the total of arrests to more than
300. The government prepared to take those ar-
rested and indicted to court in 130 separate cases.
Since the siege, the government has kept Ind-
ian leaders tied up in litigation which restricts
their movements and depletes their funds.
Meanwhile the White House re-examination of
the Treaty of 1868, promised in the peace agree-
ment, came as a written response to questions
from Oglala leaders. Leonard Garment, who had
replaced John Dean as special counsel to Presi-
dent Nixon, claimed that the treaty, though valid,
was superceded by the U.S. power of "eminent
domain". In effect the taking of land and other
violations of Sioux sovereignty which led to vio-
lence at Wounded Knee, are, according to the
White House, so much water under the gate.
PART III: GHOST DANCE RETURNS
Dem. announces bid
for senate candidacy
Cynthia Churchill has filed
for candidacy in the 18th Dis-
trict state senate race for the
August 6 Democratic pri-
mary. This is her statement:
I have been active in com-
munity affairs, including work
on the November 1973 Public
Hearing on Washtenaw Coun-
ty's Office of the Friend of the
Court and subsequent 82-page
Recently I have requested
public hearings on the issue of
whether voter registration
should be included under the
functions of the secretary of
state's office. This is especially
important since the constitution-
ality of the present policy of
that office, which denies women
the use of their legal names, is
yet to be determined.
THE WISE use of tax dollars
paid by the people of Michigan
mist be the prime concern of
a legislator. This requires ag-
gressive review and supervis-
ion by the legislature, in addi-
tion to careful initial consider-
ation of all budget allocations. I
wish to represent the public in-
terest without being influenced
by large lobby efforts or power-
ful private interests.
Now that we have lowered the
voting age, and considerationis
being given to lowering the age
when a minor may become an
independent person, we need to
develop a more rational frame-
work within which our young
people may develop to maturity.
I feel the need for this is no-
where greater than in the laws
on juvenile justice, child cus-
tody, protective services, and
the Friend of the Court system.
Many family laws have become
antiquated and are in need of re-
view at this time.
WE CAN no longer accept as
a 'fact of life' the outrageous
bureaucratic quagmire known
as the welfare system. There is
much that the state government
can and must do to provide gen-
uine social services. We can
consider our tax dollars well
spent only when they are used
to strengthen the quality of our
Finally, there is before the
legislature in Michigin anon-
sexist, sexual assatult bitt. - I
strongly support this legislation
in the hope that it will bring
about more humane treatment
of the victims of sexual as-
STREAKERS NOT WANTED
ANAHEIM, Calif. (4P) - The
California Angels say streakers
will be ejected from Anaheim
Stadium during the baseball
4- Use Daly Classifieds+
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