Tuesday, June 18, 19'i-,
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Tuesday, June la, l9+-~ THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Three
Kalmbach sentenced to at
least six months in prison
WASHINGTON (AP-Herbert Kalmbach,
who collected millions for R i c h a r d
N i x o n' s presidential campaigns and
handled his private legal affairs, was
sentenced yesterday to serve at least
six months in prison for violating elec-
"Your honor, I'd like you to know how
deeply embarrassed I am and how
mach I regret standing before you this
afternoon," the 52-year-old Kalmbach
said, head down, eyes blinking herd in
an obvious effort to retain control.
U.S. DISTRICT Judge John Sirica also
imposed a $10,000 fine as he sentenced
Kalmbach to a six to 18 month term on
one felony count and six months for a
misdeiieanor. The sentences wilf run
concurrently and will be served at a
Kilubach was the fifteenth individual
seat t4 prison in the Watergate after-
vttb le sil report, probably to the
prison farm at Lompoc, Calif., on July 1
- the institution closest to his home at
Ne.port Beach, Calif.
In return for Kalmbach's guilts- plea
on the two counts-one a technical cam-
cilation, the other bartering an
for a $100,000 contribu-
tion-the government promised not to
prosecute him for any other violations
BY HIS OWN testimony, Kalmbach
had been the paymaster for political
dirty trickster Donald Segretti, had
raised $220,000 that went to keep the
Watergate burglars quiet, and has con-
firmed a $2 million campaign pledge
from milk producers after the White
House decided to raise dairy support
His lawyer, James O'Connor--a friend
for 25 years--told Sirica that Kalmbach
was a matn whose trust was abused by
the White Ilouse.
"IIe is a nan who accept, without
hesitation the truth of statenments from
thtse he accepts as friends," O'Connor
said. "What is deplorable to toe, shame-
fal, is that these mna were so aware of
IHerbert Kalimibch's isillingness to trust.
"lE WAS NO'T on the White House
team . . . he was not in the planning,
the schemiing of whlatever the White
house was doih-i7"
"t'Connor said that Kalmhbach, a law-
yer who had "risen to a posititta of con-
siderable distinction in the legal pro-
fession," hadi already been punished by
loss of reputation.
See KAIMIIACH, Page 10
t y The Associoed Prs,
China set off a nuclear test explosion
in the atmosphere yesterday, India re-
The blast, said to be the equivalen.t
of one million tons of TNT, was C'hina's
first since it exploded a hydrogen bomb
on June 27, 1973.
DEFENSE SECRETARY James Sch-
lesinger said in Washington the test "re-
fleets the slow-paced" Chinese develop-
ment of nuclear weapons, and indicated
no great concern.
State Department sipokesman John
King declined comment on the test, bt
said the United States h-is "cionsistentiy
urged all states that have nut yet done
so to adhere without further delay to
the test ban treaty of 193"
In Neiv York, U.N. Secretary-Generat.
Knit Waldheimt said he "regrets an~y
decision by aimy piiwer to coiititiie or
resume nuclear testing."
THE CHINESE explosion followed a
"reuch nuclear test over the South Pa-
cific earlier in the day.
France made no immediate announce-
ment on the test, reported by the Aus-
tralian government, but has said its
current nuclear test series over Mu-
ruroa Atoll in the South Pacific would
be its last in the atmosphere. Monitors
said the explosion was relatively small,
equivalent to 20 kilotons of TNT.
New Zealand and Australia expressed
fear of radioactive fallout from the
FRANCE AND CHINA h Ia v e in the
past cited defense needs in refusing to
join an international pact banning atmos-
The French and Chinese explosions
follow India's underground first test of
a nuclear device May 15, which brought
wide criticism and prompted Canada to
suspend its atomic aid program to India.
HERBERT KALMBACI, President Nixon's former family lawyer and fund
raiser, enters U.S. District Court in Washington yesterday before being sen-
tenced to at least six months in prison for violations of federal, election laws.
Bomb explodes in British
Parliament; eleven iniured
NOON W)-Irish terrorists exploded as a national shrine. bomb exploded.
a bomb in the houses of Parliament
early yesterday, setting fire to Britain's
most historic building for the first time
since Hitler's World War II blitz, officials
said. Eleven persons were injured.
Smoke temporarily blacked out the
Big Bert clock tower.
THE EXTREMISTS succeeded where
all earlier sabotage attempts had failed,
including the abortive gunpowder plot
by Guy Fawkes who tried to blow up
Parliament in t604. Yesterday's bomb
damaged the 900-year-old Westminster
Hall, the only part of Parliament to
survive fires down through the centuries.
Robert Mellish, L a bo r government
floor leader in the House of Commons,
denounced the bombers as "bastards."
Other lawmakers demanded a return of
the death penalty for terrorists.
Their outrage reflected the emotian
long associated with Westminster Hall
DURING THE World War II bombing
blitz, Sir Winston Churchill was informed
that both Westminster Hall and the
House of Commons were on fire. He in-
formed fire chiefs that if only one build-
ing could be saved, it should be West-
minster Hall. The hall was saved but the
Commons burned and was restored after
The 80-yard-long great hall, famed for
its hammer-beamed ceiling, was built
in 1097 by King William Rufus, son of
William the Conqueror. It was the scene
of coronation feasts, state occasions, and
great trials, including the one that order-
ed the beheading of King Charles I.
Churchill lay in state in vast hall in 1965.
Police said only the early timing of
the blast-at 8:30 a.m.-kept the casual-
ties from -reaching into the hundreds.
Most lawmakers and their staffs had not
y e t arrived at Parliament w h e n the
A CHARWOMAN suffered serious leg
injuries. Police said the 11 others hurt
were t r e a t e d at hospitals and dis-
The bomb, estimated by Scotland Yard
at between 15 and 20 pounds, was planted
in the northwest corner of Westminster
Hall, police said, damaging a gas main
that burst into f I a m e s. Fire swept
through an annex containing secretarial
offices, destroying much of the equip-
ment there. Former Prime Minister Ed-
ward H e a t h, opposition Conservative
party leader, said some of his papers
More than eight hours after the explo-
sion, firemen with axes were still chop-
ping through the lead tiles on the roof
of the hall and dousing the beams with
water to prevent a further outbreak of
flames that had shot up 20 feet and
Group pushes to outlaw handguns
By JEFF SORENSEN
Despite powerful opposition, a Detroit
citizen's group is pushing for a state con-
stitutional amendment banning private
ownership of handguns.
Citizens United to Save Lives (CUSL)
must get 265,000 valid petition signatures
by July 8 to place the proposal on the
November ballot. The amendment, seen
by supporters as a means of reducing
homicide rates, would allow only police,
military personnel, security guards, an-
tique gun collectors and pistol clubs to
"WE FEEL it's vitally important to
take this issue directly to the people,"
says CUSL Chairman Dwite Walker.
"We're doing nothing with the state leg-
islature. Frankly, the gun lobbies are so
powerful that they would bury an anti-
gun law so deep you'd never find it."
The amendment's opponents, who in-
clude traditional gun lobby groups, cite
the constitutional provision allowing citi-
zens to bear arms and claim enactment
of the proposed restriction would leave
only criminals carrying guns.
According to Walker, CUSL has al-
ready. collected over 100,000 signatures
around the state, with help from several
churches, particularly the United Metho-
dist Church of Michigan.
CHARGING that Michigan has become
an "armed camp," Walker contends that
the availability of handguns contributes
to the state's high homicide rate, which
reached 1,082 last year. He reports that
55 per cent of the murders are commit-
ted with pistols, and that mere are over
one and a half million registered hand-
guns in the state.
"Statistics show that most homicides
are committed in the home, between peo-
ple who already know each other-most-
murders are crimes of passion, not pre-
meditation." Walker explains. He argues
that banning -pistols would cut down
homicides committed in the heat of pas-
Walker charges that the present gun
registration system is an "almost total
"IT DOESN'T screen out the people
who shouldn't own guns. Ninety-five per
cent of those who apply for weapons are
accepted," he says. "People seem to feel
a need to own guns, but at best pistols
create a false sense of protection."
So far, over 1,000 signatures have been
collected in Ann Arbor, mainly by Citi-
zens for Pistol Control (CPC), working in
conjunction with CUSL.
See GROUP, Page 10