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August 08, 1973 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1973-08-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Pauge Ten

THE SUNMMER DAILY

Vllednesday, August 8, 1973

Page Ten THE SUMMER DAILY Wednesday, August 8, 1973

Cambodian civilians
hit by U.S. bombing.

Profs assign own
texts, collect profits

(Oonttnued from Page3)
IN VIETNAM and Cambodia
the Commonists have been known
to more among civilians to avoid
American air and artillery at-
tacks. Some villages known to
contain civilians have been at-
tacked by government forces be-
cause they also contained enemy
forces.
The Monday morning B52 bomb-
ing of Neak Luong ravaged a
town Americans call "friendly,"
a town inhabited by soldiers and
people loyal to the government
of Marshal Lon Nol.
How could American planes
accidently bomb a friendly town?
EACH DAY the United States
sends up to 250 war planes over
Cambodia, as many as 50 of
them B52s. Their bombs rattle
the windows of Phnom Penh.
The danger of the mistaken
bombing of friendly areas h a s
heightened enorrnomsly as the
insurgent noose tightens around
the capital and other government
enclaves in the countryside.
Neak Luong was one such en-
clave, an important Mekong Riv-
er town and naval base. Com-
munist forces were pushing clos-
er to the town and threatening
the river convoys that pass on
their way to Phnom Penh with
suprklies.
THE AMERICAN bombing there
Mondav, officials said, was aim-
ed at "sanitizing" the river bank
south of the town. The U.S. Em-
bassy approved each U.S. B52
strike in advance. But as the
Cosnsrmunists get closer, there is
a temptation to bring the B52
strikes closer and the "accept-
able risk" of hiting friendly lines
gets finer.
Nearly 90 per cent of the Cam-

bodian countryside is reckoned to
be in Communist hands and
about half the nation's three and
a half million people are under
Communist control.
The Communist side treats its
own wounded, so there is no way
of determining the civilian cas-
ualty count from the wide-rang-
ing B52s that spill their bomb
loads over insurgent-controlled
territory.
Newsmen sometimes tune in to
the chatter between American
planes high in the sky.
"It's a pre-emptive bomb run.
Take out those 15 to 20 struc-
tures along the road," said a for-
ward air controller to a pilot
in one conversation heard Mon-
day.
"BOMB IT so they won't be
back tonight to cut the road
again," the controller said.
The pilot's reply was inaudible.
The conversations between the
American air controllers a n d
bomber pilots are neatly surgical
as the aid strikes are supposed
to be. But in reality, the Amer-
ican bombers are dependent on
what they hear from Cambodiin
forward observers with the troops
on the ground.
THERE IS a tendency for the
Cambodian army to regard all
people behind insurgent lines is
Communists. A newsman recent-
ly sat in on a radio conversation
between an American air con-
troller in a small plane above and
a Cambodian forward observer
with the troops on the ground.
"I see five people 800 mete-s
north," the American radioed.
"Are they enemy?"
The Cambodian replied, "yes,"
then turned to the newsman and
shrugged.

V.P. Smith
- l
'U ay
e forced
to disclose
salary list
(Continued from Page 1)
The state Court of Appeals
dismissed the action without is-
suing an opinion, but further
appeal has been clouded by the
Regents.
The Regents ruled that SGC
could not use its funds to sue the
University. SGC, legal advocate
Thomas Bentley had been hand-
ling the case against the board.
THE DAILY, however, is not
bound by such a requirement
and may initiate further legal
action, if the University refuses
to disclose salaries in light of
Kelley's statement.
In his opinion, Kelley also cited
a state law declaring official
records of any state agency
"public property belonging to
the people."
Kelley, however, qualified the
decision stating "it some linited
instsances the public interest may
require that the names and com-
pensations of a public officer or
public employe be held in con-
fidence."
The Daily originally sought
publication of full salary lists,
including the names, positions,
sex, race, and length of service
of all staff members, a year ago
in July. The Regents voted down

(Continued from Page 51
students.
PHYSICS department Chair-
man Daniel Sinclair says the de-
partment has felt no need for a
policy to regulate professors as-
signing their own books. "I know
of professors here who've written
-books and never assign them,"
Sinclair claims. "I know of pro-
fessors who always assign them.
McCormick's an example, he
wrote the book for that course."
Two solutions to the conflict of
interest problem have been adop-
ted by professors at the Univer-
sity of Minnesota. There, com-
munication disorders Prof. Jo-
seph Chaiklin decided several
years ago to donate royalties on
student book sales to the Ameri-
can Speech and Hearing Foun-
dation.
"t just wanted to remove any
ambiguity about the fact that I
was assigning the book and mak-
ing money from it," Chaiklin ex-
plains. "I do think it would be a
useful practice probably for the
teaching profession in general, to
make it clear that's not a way
they're fattening themselves, be-
cause right now none of us are
getting very fat."
CHAIKLIN stresses, however,
"The fact that I do this doesn't
mean that I think professors who
don't are unethical."
Another Minnesota faculty
member, political science Prof.
Roger Benjamin, left the decision
as to what to do with the royal-
ties on his book up to his stu-
dents. Some kept the 40 cents
themselves and others donated
it to a library fund.
A proposal that they might
follow Chaiklin or Benjamin's ex-
ample, however, got unfavorable
responses from all the faculty
members interviewed. Most con-
curred with McCormick, who
says, "It's all right if anybody
wants to do it. But I think we
contribute enough to charity as
it is."
PERHAPS THE most striking
ramification of the text assign-
ment question is a law in tllinois,
Mississippi, and South Dakota. A
professor at Northern Illinois
University is presently being pro-
secuted under this statute, which
makes acceptance of royalties
from book sales at the school
where a teacher is employed pun-
ishable by a year in prison, a
fine of $1,000, or both.
The Illinois statute has never

been used before.
The University of Minnesota re-
quires professors assigning their
books to get an okay from their
department chairpersons. How-
ever, the policy is unknown to
some department heads and us-
ually serves as a rubber stamp
in the other cases.
VICE PRESIDENT for Aca-
demic Affairs Allan Smith says
the University has never felt
there was a need to regulate fac-
ulty members assigning their own
texts. "We've never considered
it a problem," Smith explains.
"It has sort of been assumed that
the teacher had the responsibil-
ity for choosing the text."
Smith says he would avoid
making a general University
policy in this case because
schools and departments might
require different rules. "It's a
kind of case where if the faculty
of a given school wanted to make
a particular rule we wouldn't be
too bothered," he explains. Any
policy "gets a little tough if you
take away the professor's perog-
ative to assign the materials of
his choice."
Not all University faculty mem-
bers receive roalties from their
books. Some sell the books at cost
in order to provide the materials
needed for a course. Others sell
so few books that they have not
yet reached the number of sales
specified in the publishing con-
tract after which royalties are to
be paid. The contract will pro-
vide a liberal royalty arrange-
ment only if the publisher expects
the book to achieve significant
sales.
TORTOLA, British Virgin Is-
lands, (UPI) - The most recent
Trade Report for the British
Virgin Islands showed a consid-
erable rise in exports and re-ex-
ports, mainly to the U. S. Virgin
Islands, including "a large con-
signment of sand."
AS YOU LIKE IT
From A A C.T
Aug.22-25
Mendelssohn Theatre
Tickets at the Music Shop

Nixon lawyers file briefs
(Continued front Page 3) Texas, tries to deal directly with
committee have an opportunity two arguments Cox is expected
to ascertain and study the re- to make in support of his sub-
action of White House attorneeys poena.
to the motion of the special WRIGHT'S ARGUMENT comes
prU ATsecYtCor.s-eSr down to the proposition that
BUT MAJORITY Coisnsel Sain whether the courts agree or not
D a s h afterwards cominented, with a president's claim of execu-
"We're ready to file now" and tive privilege, there's nothing
no later than tomorrow. they can do about it.
President Nixon's case for re- "The President is answerable
fusing to produce tapes of his to the nation but not to the
Watergate - related conversations courts," his brief says.
hinges on the historic reluctance The Nixon brief acknowledges
of the courts to disturb the deli- that "there are few authoritative
cate balance among the three judicial decisions" defining the
bran hes of government. limits of executive privilege.
The legal brief that the Presi- IT THEN ATTEMPTS to en-
dent's lawyers filed yesterday sure that this case will deal with
argues that if one co-equal the narrowest application of the
branch of government yielded its doctrine of executive privilege-
independence to another, the bal- the personal conversations of the
ance written into the Constitution President.
would be destroyed.
THE IMPLICIT argument ad-
vanced is that for the President
to comply with subpoenas from
Watergate special prosecutor Cox
or the Senate Watergate commit-
tee would be to surrender presi-
dential independence to the judi-
cial and legislative branches.
Two historic cases cited in the STOP BY FOR S
President's brief were the refusal
in 1807 of Chief Justice John
Marshall to f o r c e President A motinss- esi prn
Thomas Jefferson to obey a sub- 341 S MAIN
poena and the Supreme Court's
rejection in 1867 of the state of
Mississippi's petition for an order
enjoining Pres ident Andrew _
Johnson from enforcing the Re-
construction Acts.
The President's brief, primar-
ily the work of Charles Alan veryone
Wright, professor of constitu-
tional law at the University of
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the request 6-2.X ADULT S ONLY
WHILE SUCH information as
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not specifically mentioned in the
opinion, spkespersons for the
attorney general's office said
that data is included
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