THE SUMMER DAILY
Thursday, May 31, 1973
'NEW ATLANTIC CHARTER' CHALLENGED
Nixon faces trouble in Europe
By PHIL NEWSOM
UPI Staff Writer
Reaction from Europe to President Nixon's pro-
posal for a "New Atlantic Charter" suggests he
may find it more difficglt to reach agreement
with his friends than he did with his potential
Russian and Chinese enemies.
In April, Henry Kissinger, the President's
adviser on national security, suggested the Presi-
dent would be ready on a visit to Europe later
A News Analysis
in the year to sign the new charter which would
provide the base for agreements on money, secur-
ity and trade.
THE (EW CHARTER would take the place
of one signed by President Franklin Roosevelt
and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in
One after another, the United States' three
most powerful European allies have rejected the
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt believ-
ed it unnecessary and that any issues between the
United States and Europe could be settled through
FRENCH President Georges Pompidou and
British Prime Minister Edward Heath concluded
at a two-day meeting ending May 22 that European
integration through the nine-nation Common Mar-
ket had not yet reached the state where a single
document could be said to represent the views
It was considered certain that Pompidou would
reject any kind of package deal when he meets
with Nixon in Iceland.
As usual it was the French who were the
most suspicious o fthe U.S. proposal.
DESPITE U.S. official declarations of suoport
for European unity, the French suspect Washing-
ton of hoping to profit by European disunity.
The French reject any idea that Europe
"owes" the United States anything in the way of
trade concessions because of the money it must
spend to maintain troops in Europe.
They say it is impossible to compare the cost
of maintaining a U.S. army division to a can of
corn and that negotiations on defense and econ-
omic matters must be conducted separately.
THEY take a similar position on monetary
reform, which all sides agree is necessary. But.
here also the United States and rFrance are far
apart, with the French insisting that gold continue
as a base for determining the value of money.
The United States is demanding the Common
Market adjust its agricultural policy to permit
a large expansion. of U.S. food exports to help
balance the trade deficit.
Here, too, the French are in opposition.
FRENCH PRESIDENT POMPI-
DOU is suspicious that Nixon's
New Atlantic Charter may be
an attempt to capitalize on Euro-
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off diplomatic coups in his deal-
ings with Communist nations. He
may find bargaining with "al-
lies" somewhat tougher, however.
REYKJAVIK, Iceland (1> - The
presidents of the United States
and France flew here yesterday
for a midocean rendezvous in-
tended to give new direction to
their transatlantic partnership.
Richard Nixon and Georges
Pompidou will meet today as
part of the Washington-designat-
ed "Year of Europe" in efforts
to remove misunderstandings and
rededicate American friendship.
THE SUMMIT in Iceland is the
last of a series of top-level meet-
ings preparing for a presidential
visit to Europe twoard the end
of the year. Nixon has already
met in Washington with the lead-
ers of West Germany, Britain
While Nixon was expected to
emphasize the broad principles
of the Atlantic community and
its goals, Pompidou will be press-
ing for quick action on one of its
immediate flaws and problems
- monetary instability. T h e
problem was underscored by ano-
ther drop in dollar prices and
rise in gold prices in Wednesday's
Before they even get to their
own problems, the two presidents
will find themselves in the middle
of their host country's conflict
with Great Britain over fishing
rights, That dispute was inten-
sified only hours before arrival
of the presidents by Icelandic ex-
pulsion of a British diplomat.
ICELAND, which is about the
size of Kentucky, is determined
to extend its fishing waers from
12 to 50 miles in efforts to pro-
tect its diminishing Atlantic fish-
ing stocks. That would bar Brit-
ish trawlermen from grounds
they have been working for more
than two centuries.
The ramifications of the ds-
pute go deeper than fishing. The
ruggedly independent Icelanders
are talking about quitting t h e
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion if Britain does not withdraw
three warships from the disput-
Icelandic leaders are expected
to confront the American presi-
dent with a demand to prevail on
London to withdraw its war-
ICELAND has not specified
what it will do if the demand
is not met, but there has been
persistent talk of an ultimatum
to NATO, a bid to condemn Brit-
ain in the United Nations Secur-
y. Council or a gunfight with
one of the British frigates.
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11:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.
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