The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, June 27, 1979-Page 13
Court: Ships may dump treated waste
LANSING (UPI-Ruling in an eight-
year legal battle, the Michigan Court of
Appeals yesterday said commercial
vessels may dump treated sewage into
the Great Lakes under state law.
The appeals court said the ruling
reconciles conflciting provisions in the
1970rMichigan Watercraft Pollution
Control Act and brings the act into
harmony with federal rules and
The ruling upheld a Mackinac County
Circuit Court decision in a lawsuit
brought against the state in 1971 in
federal court by the Lake Carriers'
Association, representing Great Lakes
APPEALS COURT judges found a
basic conflict within the 1970 law which
MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) -
President Anastasio Somoza met with
his Cabinet and legislative leaders
yesterday as battles raged in the slums
of the capital. In Washington, the State
Department said it sees no chance of
compromise if somoza clings to power.
Somoza and the other Nicaraguan of-
ficials decided to convene a special
session of the Nicaraguan Congress
tomorrow, This prompted speculation
Somoza was preparing to step down,
but Nicaraguan officials denied he will
quit and said the session was simply
"to get the government back in
U.S. EMBASSY sources said some
Nicaraguan officials were getting U.S.
visas for their families, and the
national guard called on all eligible
Nicaraguan men to report for service.
In the battle for Managua. Somoza's
national guard claimed a victory in the
eastern slums. Sandinista guerrillas
who want to topple him told residents
to expect new rebel attacks.
In Washington, Assistant Secretary
of State Viron P. Vaky said there is no
chance for peace in Washington unless
(Continued from Pagee12)
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it said requires court interpretation.
One provision of the law prohibits the
discharge of substances into Michigan
waters "which render the water un-
sightly, noxious or otherwise un-
wholesome so as to be detrimental to
the public health or welfare or to the en-
joyment of the water for recreational
In another section, the law com-
pletely prohibits any discharge of
sewage from a commercial or
recreational vessel into the lakes,
requiring them to hold the wastes on
board and dump them in land-based
MUNICIPALITIES and industries
are allowed to dump treated sewage in-
to the lakes under federal or state per-
mits, and federal rules allow for
.establishment of sewage treatment
standards for vessels, the appeals court
"Thus, we are inclined to agree with
the circuit court that the federal law
now places vessels and municipalities
on a parity with respect to waste
treatment .undth.n necoumnlinhec tnhe
objectives which the Michigan
Legislature sought to achieve through
the use of sewage holding tanks and
subsequent on-shore treatment," the
appeals court said.
Consequently, the court said it felt
"compelled to reject that interpretation
of the Watercraft Pollution Control Act
which would absolutely prohibit all
sewage discharge and conclude that the
correct construction to be placed upon
the act is one which bans only the
discharge of inadequately treated
sewage ...,"the appeals court said.
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