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June 01, 1979 - Image 11

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1979-06-01

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The Michigan Daily-Friday, June 1, 1979-Page 11
New Rhodesian state ushered in

SALISBURY, Zimbabwe Rhodesia
(AP)-Prime Minister Abel Muzorowa
ushered in the new state of Zimbabwe
Rhodesia at the stroke of midnight
yesterday, declaring it "the victorious
minute we have struggled for and
waited for over 88 years of colonial
domination and subjugation."
The brief radio and television address
by the country's first black prime
minister, along with a government
gazette proclamation, were the only of-
ficial acts marking the inception of the
new state-which was saddled from
birth with international isolation,
escalating civil war and factional
rivalries.
"This is Friday, June 1, 1979, this is
the day the Lord has made, let us
rejoice and be grateful and be ex-
tremely glad," began Muzorowa, a 54-
year-old bishop of the United Methodist
Church.
HE PROMISED "sober and decent
leadership" and fervently appealed for
national unity.
"I ask you to devote all your physical,
mental, and spiritual energies to

achieve ... in this wonderland land of
ours a oneness which will be the envy of
the whole world."
The gazette proclamation ended the
15-year white-minority administration
of Prime Minister Ian Smith and of-
ficially transferred government powers
to Muzorowa and his Cabinet of 11
blacks and five whites. The new
ministers will be sworn in Friday, with
Smith now a minister-without-portfolio.
BUT IN THE last hours before the
transfer, informed sources said
nationalist guerrillas had been warning
blacks in rural villages and towns to
stay indoors.
And in Salisbury, the rift between
Muzorowa and his former partner in
the 14-month transitional government,
the Rev. Ndabaningi Sithole, widened
with police detentions of at least 11 of-
ficials of Sithole's Zimbabwe African
National Union.
Sithole has charged that April's
parliamentary elections were rigged
and he is boycotting the new gover-
nment. He made the allegations after-
his party was overwhelmed by

Muzorowa's United African National
Council in the elections. The UANC won
51 of the 72 seats reserved for blacks
in the 104-member Parliament, and
Sithole's ZANU Party won only 12.
ZANU SPOKESMEN said officials of
the party were picked up at home or in
their offices Wednesday and yesterday,
and no reasons were given. A police
statement said only that "certain in-
vestigations involving members of an
internal political faction are at present
being carried out."
At a valedictory news conference,
outgoing Prime Minister Ian Smith said
he had "no regrets" about the 15 years
he led the white minority through
rebellion against Britain, international
economic sanctions and escalating
guerrilla war.
He described the time as

"stimulating and challenging" and a
period historians would find "great and
glorious." But he made clear he was not
ceding white power willingly: "I have
no compunction in saying to you we
would have preferred to have an
evolutionary process that would have
taken more time than the process we
were forced into."
The foremost challenge facing
Muzorowa was to convince the United
States and Britain that the black
majority rule they have demanded in
Rhodesia has now begun.
Christopher Columbus was awarded
a contract by King Ferdinand and
Queen Isabella of Spain to seek a
passage to the east by sailing westward
in 1492.

Small car sales help Big
3 meet fed fuel standards
(continued from Page6)
hanging on the 19 mpg standard by the ts"-cars built for the U.S. car firms
tips of our fingers," he said. "Now outside the United States-will no
we've got a good firm grip." longer count toward the companies'
WHILE THE automakers may be CAFE rating.
getting an unexpected break this year, But one company spokesman said the
meeting next year's 20 mpg standard captives make up such a small percen-
will be a different story. tage of total sales that their loss will
Sales of fuel-efficient "captive impor- hardly dent the CAFE averages.

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