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February 27, 1976 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-02-27

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See Editorial Page


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See Today for details

Latest Deadline in the State

Vol. LXXXVI, No. 127

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, February 27, 1976

10 Cents

Ten Pages





still lags on affirma tire action

Splitting at the seams
The big U keeps getting bigger and bigger as
local housing for the masses becomestscarcer than
ever. Winter term enrollment is up to 35,103 stu-
dents, 951 more than last year. Undergraduates
comprise 59 per cent of the burgeoning University
population while the literary college (LSA) con-
tinues to be the largest college with an enrollment
of 15,632: Men outnumber women 20,823 to 14,280.
Meanwhile, as is common knowledge, losers of the
merciless dorm lotteries have been turned out into
the streets to join anxious apartment and house-
hunters, victims of Ann Arbor's infamous land-
lords and their skyrocketing rent.
Bicentennial dilein ra?
The State Legislature, after weeks of heated de-
bate, has finally agreed on a crucial issue-which
species of our little feathered friends should have
the honor of being dubbed the Michigan Bicen-
tennial Bird. The decision ? Kirtland's Warbler, a
tiny insect-eating bird that lives mainly in this
state. However, there was stiff opposition from
some legislators who wanted to stick with Michi-
gan's traditional state bird, the American Robin.
Luckily the two factions were able to compromise
- Kirtland's Warbler will be the Bicentennial bird,
but the red-breasted harbinger of Spring will re-
tain its title of State Bird. Who knows, maybe
robins will be eligible to receive free U. S. bonds
for their invaluable contribution to patriotic Amer-
.. .abound around campus today . . . at noon
Guild House at 802 Monroe is hosting Bob and
Margaret Blood who will speak on "Personal
Growth and Better Relationships" . . . at 3 the
Undergrad Political Science Association will meet
at'812 Monroe. . . East Wind is sponsoring a TGIF
at 7:30 in the Angela Davis Lounge at Markley
... TheUndergrad Art Show opens with a recep-
tion from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. in the School of Art
Gallery . . . and at 9 p.m. Shlomo Cohen will
speak at Hebrew House, 800 Lincoln on Israeli
Dope note
President Ford says he disapproves strongly of
marijuana and thinks family dialogue is the best
way to put his point across. Ford's son Jack,
you'll recall, was quoted last fall as saying he had
smoked marijuana and that "pot-smoking might
be compared to the use of beer and wine in mod-
eration." "I strongly disagree with any child,
mine or the child of any other family, if that in-
dividual does smoke marijuana," the President
said in an interview. His family? "We have firm-
ly spoken to them and the problem, if it ever did
exist, is solved."
A committee set up by the Swedish government
proposed yesterday that sexual relations be per-
mitted as early as age 14 and that prohibitions
against incest be removed. It also proposed treat-
ing homosexuals no differently than heterosexuals.
The committee, made up by seven experts in
medicine, sexual research and law concluded pro-
hibitions of a moralizing character should be re-
moved. It replaced the old concept of sexual sin
with a more functional approach aimed exclusive-
ly at protection of the individual. The reason the
report gives for lowering the age of innocence is
"the age of puberty is lower than before."
'Alphabet soup
The French government, is in the middle of a
project to remove foreign words from the lan-
guage. Such expressions as "hot dog" are being
replaced by their non-English version, in this case
"saucisse de francfort." However they appear to
have gotten snagged on acronyms. Translators say
French has twice as many acronyms as English.
"Abbreviations are perhaps a greater danger to
comprehension than foreign words," reports Paris
Pofessor Jacques Gandouin. "For example, the
acronym for General Association of Cooperative
Pensions is AGRR, which sounds like someone is
being strangled.

Flying high
The Bicentennial state commemorative stamps
just recently iss-ied by the post office are flying
the Tennessee flag upside down. A Tennessee state
employee said, "It's a common mistake for peo-
ple to fly it upside down . . . but it's a little ridicu-
lous for the federal government to make a mistake
like that." The post office predicts the mistake
will probably increase the value of the stamp as
collectors grab them up.
On the in~side(...
Arts Page offers Cinema Weekend . . . John
Schwartz of the Sports Page reports on women's
basketball with Adrian . . and on the Edit Page

The University Affirmative Action Committee's second annual
report, released earlier this week, revealed that while the percen-
tage of white women staff members has increased substantially,
the percentage of minority staff members of both sexes still lags
well behind the affirmative action goals set for 1974-75.
Non-minority women increased their percentage of the total
staff from 44.1 to 46.1, while their percentage of the instructional
rose staff from 13.6 to 14.6. The University narrowly missed ful-
filling its goal of 14.7 per cent.
FOR MINORITIES of both sexes, however, it was a different
story. While their percentage of the instructional staff rose from
6.2 to 6.6, this still fell short of the University's goal of 8.3 per
cent. The number of minority members of the total staff, defined
by the committee as "Blacks, Orientals, Spanished-surnamed, and
American Indians," has actually decreased from 14.4 to 14 per

In the literary school (LSA) the pattern was the same -
the instructional staff exceeded its quota of non-minority women
while falling short of its projections for minority groups. Non-
minority women comprised 12.2 per cent of the instructional staff
(versus a projection of only 11.5 per cent) while minorities made
up 6.5 per cent (projection: 7.8 per cent)
The report cited four departments - History, Political Sci-
ence, Psychology and Sociology - as having been "particularly
unsuccessful at achieving the minority staff levels which they had
projected." The Economics and Political Science departments also
fell well short of their hiring goals for women.
Although some of these failures may have been due to opti-
mism on the part of departments when they set quotas, the com-
mittee concluded in its report that an increased effort to hire mi-
norities is necessary.
In addition, "tenure track" positions (professor, associate pro-

fessor, assistant professor,

instructor) are held mostly by white

"Non-minority women and minority men and women tend to
be slotted in the lower ranks" noted Nellie Varner, former direc-
tor of the Affirmative Action Program.
Nine LSA departments are listed in the report as having set
no minority hiring goals for 1974-75: Computer and Computer Sci-
ence, Mathematics, Astronomy, Classical Studies, Economics,
German, History of Art, Near East Studies, Slavic Language and
Literature and Statistics.
The last seven of these, however, either had no openings in
1974-75 or no minority applicants for open positions.
EVA MIUELLER, Assistant for Affirmative Action to LSA
Dean Billy Frye, cautioned that the projections and goals cited
See 'U', Page 2

Nuclear missiles on
seabed, says cri'ti'c'

The Department of Defense
(DoD) has experimentally de-
ployed nuclear missiles on and
above the ocean floor, accord-
ing to Tony Hodges, executive
director of a Hawaiian citizens'
action group.
Speaking yesterday at Rack-
ham Auditorium, Hodges
charged that since 1968, both the
United States and the Soviet
Union have worked separately
to p l a c e "encapsulated mis-
siles" on the ocean floor and to
float them above the sea bed.
issued a 45-page "warning docu-
ment" in which he detailed his
allegations, including a charge
that "there is a high probabil-

ity that both the U.S.A. and the
USSR have willfully violated
and are presently still violating
the Sea-Beds A r m s Control
Treaty and SALT."
Copies of the report were de-
livered to the ambassadors of
54 nations who signed the 1971
Sea-Beds Treaty, and to Sen.
Frank Church (D-Idaho), chair-
man of the Senate Select Com-
mittee on Intelligence.
A committee spokesman yes-
terday told The Daily that
Hodges "has been in touch with
us." He added, "We're not go-
ing to make any comment yet.
It's a pretty sensitive matter."
that the committee is "involved
in writing up a report," osten-

sibly the result of an investiga-
tion into Hodges's allegations.
In the w a r n i n g document.
Hodges claims that the DoD has
utilized three types of nuclear
missiles for underwater place-
ment: an encapsulated missile
housed in a seabed silo, a mis-
sile capsule tethered to and
floating above the ocean floor,
and a free-floating missile cap-
All three types supposedly
employ a special capsule that
floats to the ocean surface, and
then releases the missile for its
eventual destination.
HODGES, HEAD of an envir-
onmental advocacy group called
Life of the Land, also alleges
that the DoD has developed a
tidal wave and earthquake-gen-
erating system (TWEGS) "cap-
able of causing massive destruc-
tion in many of the world's ports
and coastal cities."
Hodges stated yesterday that
it is "100 per cent fact" that
free - floating missile capsules
were deployed in the ocean in
1971. but were swept away by
waterrcurrents, and have not
been recovered.
Hodges also says that he has
received confirmation from Na-
tional Security Council (NSC)
arms control officer John Mar-
cum that "RAND Corporation
did studies for the weapons re-
IN A TELEPHONE conversa-
tion yesterday, Marcum stated,
See CRITIC, Page 7

Nixon trip hurt
him, says Ford

By AP and Reuter
dent Ford said yesterday that
former President Nixon's China
trip "probably was harmful" to
Ford's election campaign in
New Hampshire.
The President cautioned
that returns in the Tuesday
presidential primary have not
yet been fully analyzed, but
when they are, he said, "I pre-
sume there will be evidence
that it probably hurt."

during a

MADE his comments
taped interview with

station WTVJ in Miami.
Asked twice about the im-
pact of Nixon's trip, Ford said,
"I think the weight of the evi-
dence we have so far - we
don't have all the evidence in
-that it probably was harmful,
but I wouldn't want to make
that comment at this time."
Ford won the Republican
presidential primary in New
Hampshire narrowly, taking 5l
per cent of the vote over chal-
lenger Ronald Reagan.
DURING THE interview,
Ford placed heavy emphasis on
Nixon's role as a private citizen
in Peking.
"President Nixon went to
China as a private citizen on
the invitation of the Chinese
government," Ford said. "Mr.
Nixon did not go to China rep-
resenting this country.
"He did not speak for this
administration in foreign poli-
SEVERAL of Ford's aides
have expressed dismay over
Nixon's decision to visit China
at this time, believing that it
recalls the Watergate scandal
and Ford's controversial par-
don of his predecessor during
the election campaign.,
Ford said he does not be-
lieve that spending more time
campaigning in New Hampshire
would have helped his vote

Joni Mitchell sings her own moody brand of folk last night at Hill Auditorium.

Fuel study controversy grows

Research into fuel cloud
detonation, conducted by the
University Dept. of Aerospace
Engineering under contract
with the United States Air
Force, is rapidly becoming a
source of controversy in the
University community.
Some believe the studies vio-
late a provision of the Univer-
sity's regental research poli-
cies which disallow any con-
tract the "specific purpose of
which is to destroy human life
or incapacitate human beings."
IN THIS case, the Air Force
may have been applying the
study's results to further de-
velop its Fuel Air Explosive
(FAE) bomb - already used in

the last days of

the Vietnam

According to an article in a
May 1975 issue' of Newsweek
magazine, the South Vietna-
mese Army killed "scores of
C o m m u n i s t troops" with
a "murderous new American
bomb, the CBU-55, that releases
a blanket of ethylene oxide gas
over an area the size of half a
dozen football fields and then
explodes with a lung - searing
The University's research -
which mainly uses a combina-
tion of methyl acetylene, tropa-
diene and propane rather than
ethylene oxide - is based on
a study of just such "unconfin-
ed" explosions as those which
were developed into the bomb.

YET, DESPITE a growing
feeling that the studies should
be re-examined in the light of
an admission by the Air Force
that its primary interest is in
weaponry aspects of cloud de-
tonation, scientists involved ex-
hibit an unabated belief in the
ethical firmness of their re-
Professor James Nicholls, one
of the research directors, said,
"it would be wrong for us to de-
sign a new weapon," but that
"anything technical can be used
for so many things, and some
of them could be weaponry."
Nicholls and his fellow re-
searcher, Professor Martin Si-
chel, emphasized that their
work is "all open," conducted
on a theoretical and experimen-

tal basis to determine such
things as decay of supersonic
blast waves and the influence
of changing energy levels used
to ignite clouds of "heteroge-
nous" - mixed solid, liquid and
gas - droplets.
"THE ANALYTIC part of the
problem is really beautiful,"
said Nicholls, adding, "usually
you can't do it because it's too
In the laboratory, the two
scientists and their graduate
student assistants work with a
machine called a "sectored
shock-tube" from which they
fire clouds of various gases at
different pressures and levels
of energy. The gas is then ignit-
See UPROAR, Page 7


Ford asks deadline
for pipeline project
By AP and Reuter
WASHINGTON - With energy issues partly resolved by a
two-month-old law, President Ford yesterday urged Congress to
get on with the unfinished business of achieving national energy
In a special message to Congress, Ford proposed two new
-Legislation setting deadlines for federal processing of pipe-
line orojiects to bring natural gas from northern Alaska to the
"lower 48 states" and allowing the President to select a pipeline
route subject to congressional approval.


Newsman on leave
studies ethics here

After 29
decided to

years as a wire service reporter, Wes Pippert
take a break from his grueling and sometimes
job in the nation's capital, and come to the
to grapple with the moral aspects of journalism.

X I"The media can-and need to-handle moral issues," said
Pippert in a calm and relaxed manner during a interview

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