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December 11, 1975 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1975-12-11

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" Sr t an Dail.
Eighty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48104

Thursday, December 11, 1975

News Phone: 764-0552.

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Bring the FBI up to.date

-BI DIRECTOR CLARENCE Kelley
told the Senate Intelligence Com-
mittee yesterday that his organiza-
tion is sorely in need of a Congres-
sional charter to limit its range of
activities. When even the Director of
the FBI suggests that his bureau is
putting its fingers into too many
pies, it is clearly time to reassess the
work we want our Federal Bureau of
Investigation to perform.
Once we had J. Edgar Hoover and
Joseph McCarthy. Once we felt des-
perately in need of an omnipotent
organization to conduct internal
search and destroy missions, and
catch the Commies in our midst. To-
day, however, America has at least
partially regained its sanity and the
FBI's current activities should re-
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: Elaine Fletcher, Cheryl Pilate,.
Sara Rimer, Jeff Ristine, Stephen
Selbst.
Edit Page: Marc Basson, Debra Hur-
witz, Linda Kloote, Jon Pansius,
Tom Stevens
Arts Page: Jeff Sorensen, James Valk
Photo Technician: Pauline Lubens

flect this change. It's time to stop
chasing Reds and rioters and go back
to more common criminals. They
may not be as sensational, but "law
and order" would be far better served
in this way.
In seeking a "clear and under-
standable" definition of the proper
scope of the FBI's activities, Direc-
tor Kelley, if we can trust him, has
made an attempt to get the FBI out
of persecution and back into law en-
forcement. We suggest that the Sen-
ate Intelligence Committee immedi-
ately establish a subcommittee to
first investigate the FBI's original
goals and past activities and then re-
define the FBI's role through a Con-
gressional charter.
Photography Staff
KEN FINK PAULINE LUBENS
Chief Photographer Picture Editor
E. SUSAN SHEINER......Staff Photographer
GORDON TUCKER........Staff Photographer

Political
By ROBIN OSBORNE
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA, December 4
(PNS)-Australia's governor general has
traditionally been an elite, rather pom-
pous figure. As representative of King
or Queen in this free commonwealth, he
is expected to act majestically. He wears
a top hat and tails to the races, hosts
lavish garden parties in the grounds of
Government House and parades with a
sword and feather-plumed cockade on
-eremonial occasions. He doesn't, by pre-
cedent, involve himself in the petty and
undignified politics of the land.
For 75 years that responsibility has
rested with the people's elected repre-
sentatives in the two Houses of Parlia-
ment.
Thus it came as a considerable sur-
prise to everyone when the present gov-
ernor general, Sir John Kerr,summoned
controversial P r i m e Minister Gough
Whitlam to his residence November 11
and summarily fired him. Even more
surprised than Whitlam, perhaps, were
the Australian people, who had twice
elected Whitlam's Labour government
in the space of two years.
NOW, WITH NEW elections approach-
ing December 13, Australian society has
been torn apart by Kerr's decision, in
the nearest thing to civil war the nation
has yet experienced. The electoral cam-
paign is proceeding vocally and bitterly.
Millionaire rancher Malcolm Fraser

polariza
of the Liberal Party (actually very con-1
servative) is manning a caretaker gov-l
ernment and scents blood in the upcom-
ing elections, counting on Australia's
economic troubles to carry his party to
victory. The Liberals have been bent on f
returning to power since losing their firstt
election in 15 years in 1972.
Whitlam and the left see Kerr's move
as an attempted-and so far successful-
coup by the Establishment to wrest pow-
er from the democratically elected. The
militant unions are enraged, leading mas-i
sive demonstrations against Whitlam's
dismissal.+
"Maintain your anger till December
13," Whitlam advises, to howls of ap-
proval from his ardent followers, direct-;
ing them to "Shame Fraser at the polls
for his cowardly and underhanded ;
tactics."+
WHITLAM BLAMES Fraser's tactics
in Parliament-which have led to an
impasse over the current budget-for;
Kerr's decision to fire him.
Fraser's method for bringing down the
government was legal, if without pre-
cedent. When Whitlam's treasurer pre-
sented the 1975-76 budget, the Liberal
Party moved "No confidence,' and--
with support from the conservative Coun-
try Party-forced the budget back to the
drawing board.
With the resulting delay, public funds
simply started to run out. Within a
month, the government would have been
unable to pay public workers' salaries,
and all major development work would
have had to cease. The Parliament be-
came deadlocked, and the country's pub-
lic sector began to grind to a halt.
The last resort was an appeal to the
highest mediator in the land, the man
in the plumed hat. The only solution to
a divided Parliament appeared to be
declaration of a general election, putting
the Whitlam government on ice and
clearing the way for new campaigning.
INSTEAD, WHITLAM was dismissed
and replaced by a prime minister who
had never been elected and whose own
party held a majority in neither house.
The parliamentary impasse reflects the
diametric opposition of Australia's two
major political parties.
During their long reign, the Liberals

tion down under

had consolidated the "White Australia
Policy," restricting Asian entry while
encouraging low-skilled European labor.
The Liberals favored big business and
massive foreign investment. Their wel-
fare programs were thin. And they joined
the U.S. in the Vietnam war.
Then came Whitlam. Steamrolling his
way to Labour Party leadership, he
fought and won the 1972 election with
promises to normalize relations with the
world, provide for the sick, poor and
unemployed, foster the arts and keep
Australia's resource wealth inside the
country.
IN THE HEADY days of 1972, Whitlam
and his self-declared Socialist deputy
Dr. Jim Cairns closeted themselves away
and virtually rewrote Australia's book
of truths. Almost overnight Australia
was out of South Vietnam and into the
North, with an embassy in Hanoi; diplo-
mats left for Peking and North Korea;
and the activities of ASIO, Australia's
version of the CIA, were curtailed.
Millionstof dollars were earmarked for
fostering the arts, and a flurry' of film-
making, writing and production began
that continues today. Now in the unac-
customed opposition seats, the Liberals
decried the renaissance as a "scandalous
waste of money and a monstrous gamble
with the country's economy."
Whitlam continued to ride roughshod
and confident over all opposition. But
about a year ago Labour's euphoric
bubble burst.
Although Australia's 60 percent self-
sufficiency in oil has shielded it from
the effects of the oil crisis, the global
inflationary wave proved too big to dive
under. Prices spiralled, incomes followed
suit and the government caught the
blame. "Our inflation rate is less than
that of comparable nations," Whitlara
countered, but small wage earners still
felt the crunch. On top of everything
el§e, scandals forced two Labour treas-
urers from office during the year.
LABOUR'S CHANCES for reelection
are now regarded as even at best. Whit-
lam is concentrating on the emotional
issue of his dismissal by the governor
general.
Should Labour be reelected, it would

Whitlam

doubtless attempt a rewrite of the Con-
stitution, possibly with the intention of
abolishing the hitherto unabused power
of the governor general. Whitlam would
certainly dismiss Sir John Kerr (oddly,
they can fire each other at present), who
ironically was a Labourite and Whitlam
appointee in the first place.
If the Liberals win, Fraser would pre-
serve the last-resort power of Govern-
ment House, and presumably maintain
Kerr in it. He would encourage U.S.
investment in Australia, ease the tax
burden on the private sector of industry,
and vastly decrease public expenditures,
especially for welfare andsthe arts. He
would reverse the present demobiliza-
tion trend in the armed forces, and pos-
sibly reestablish a military presence in
friendly Southeast Asian countries.
JUST 200 YEARS ago, Australia was
a penal colony, divided into jailed and
j ailor.
Today, Australians still trace their an-
cestry to one of those two sides and
seem as polarized as ever. Whoever wins
the election, the divisions are likely to
remain.
Robin Osborne has been a correspon-
dent for PNS, the Far Eastern Economic
Review and Australian newspapers, cov-
ering Australia and Southeast Asia for
the past six years.

::

IKerr

Letters-

to

The

Daily

petition
To The Daily:
WE THOROUGHLY detest the
actions of SGC president, Debi
Goodman, in her removal of
Rick David from his post as As-
sociate Vice President. Student
government on this campus is in
a crisis. It is actions like this
that cause the students to lose
confidence in Student Govern-
ment Council.
Rick David was one of the
most dedicated members of
council. He was always willing
to go out of his way to help the
students. His zeal for service
was also evident as he served
as Associate Vice President.
What is wrong with SGC? Why
has the Personnel Director re-
signed from office? Why has
the Chairman of the Student

Organizations Board resigned?
Why was Rick David kicked out
of office?
Perhaps Rick's removal from
office was due to the fact that
Rick David believed that a stu-
dent government belonged to the
students.
HOW STRANGE that Ms.
Goodman waited until elections
were over before making this
regrettable move!
-Michael Pehala,
John Podzol,
Thomas Cojore,
and 70 others
December 9
clericals
To The Daily:
DO CLERICALS on campus
need a union? A little more than

a year ago in a certification
election the answer to this ques-
tion was a strong YES!, but the
current decertification d r i v e
forces every clerical to reexam-
ine this question. What exactly
can a Union do for wages and
working conditions at the Uni-
versity of Michigan?
A recent letter to the Daily
proposed several interesting hy-
potheses:
" Without a union, clericals
achieved good increases based
on a merit system.
How true is this statement?
A study conducted by the Uni-
versity itself in 1973 discovered
the following data (at random):
Of 73 persons employed that
year as Library Assistant III
(C-3), 1 was making a salary
above the third quartile in the

HEALTH SERVICE HANDBOOK
Shooting down diseases

SGC NOTES
David affair unravelled:
Explaining the pink slip

By SYLVIA HACKER
and NANCY PALCHIK GARWOOD
Editor's note: Because of technical
complications, a substantial part of the
first answer in the Health Service Hand-
book column was unintentionally omit-
ted last week. The answer is being re-
printed in full in this column.
Question: I have been under a great deal
of stress lately and have gotten into the ha-
bit of drinking several glasses of wine in
the evening to help me unwind. Although
I've never been able to tolerate much alco-
hol, I seem to be drinking more and more
now as it is the only thing that seems to
help. I also take phenobarbital for seizures
and valium to help me sleep. At one time
I was hooked on drugs, and need to know
if I am courting trouble by mixing wine and
drugs. Also my aunt was an alcoholic and
I am worried about any hereditary predis-
positions here.
Answer: An increased concern has de-
veloped over the practice of mixing alcohol
and other drugs and we referred your ques-
tion to Dr. Paul Seifert, the Chief of our
Medical Clinic, who has noted the follow-
ing:
The effects of alcohol and barbiturates on
the central nervous system (CNS) are
quite similar in several important respects.
First, both drugs (and alcohol is a drug)
are CNS depressants (i.e., drugs that pro-
duce sedation and hypnosis, or in toxic
wiantities, coma). Contrary to nonilar be-
lief, even in small doses, alcohol has no
direct stimulant effect on the nervous svs-
tem. Mixing sedative drugs or "downers"
of one of morP tvnes (;- a 'h, h4rhfer-
rt-t lranryrma~r nd al wnhnh-c he t

and alcohol on the nervous system occurs
when these drugs are abruptly withdrawn,
usually because of fear, disgust or the
presence of physical illness incidental to
or secondary to the drug use. These with-
drawal effects can be quite dramatic and
can be fatal. They may take the form of
hallucinations, seizures or a toxic delirium
- so called "DT's" in reference to alco-
hol. An individual with a history of seiz-
ures appears to be particularly vulnerable
to convulsions during a period of abrupt
withdrawal of alcohol or barbiturates.
To answer your question more specific-
ally, you may definitely be "courting trou-
ble". Although we are unaware of any well
documented hereditary predisposition to the
development of alcoholism, an individual
previously "hooked on drugs" may well
have a tendency toward psychological de-
pendence on drugs. This may respond to
appropriate psychotherapy.
We at Health Service would like very
much to deal with this problem on an indi-
vidual basis at the earliest possible oppor-
tunity, as always with our complete re-
spect for confidentiality.
Question: Is there any place a poor soph-
omore can see some slides or something on
V.D. (outside of taking a course in this
area) ?
Answer: The Sight and Sound Center on
the second floor of the Undergraduate Li-
brary has video cassettes which students
can see free of charge right there for the
asking. They do have one on V.D. as well
as one on contraception and the anatomy
of the renroductive system. These have
been renared by Dr. John Allen of the
7nnolnv m nartment who is in the process
_r . ..o,.« .. _ _ -._ m C 1 1 rT w^ O

By DEBRA GOODMAN
HALFWAY THROUGH MY term as presi-
dent of the Student Government Council,
it seems I've finally found the formula for
fame at the University of Michigan. After
spending the last five months working with
other members of council to change and im-
prove our internal structure so that it could
involve a constantly expanding number of
students in the issues that effect us all, I
hardly expected my most controversial act of
the year to be the firing of an associate vice-
president.
Since last Thursday night when Rick David
went to the Daily with the "inside scoop" on
his firing, it seems everyone wants to know
why this action occured. Was it a political
move?
David contends that I wanted "someone
who has the same political philosophy - even
though the job is basically administrative."
My foremost goal this year has been to help
bring students together to communicate and
act against the increasing costs and diminish-
ing quality of education at the University. Al-
though Student Government reflects a broad
spectrum of political viewpoints, most of us
agree the role of council is to take a strong
active stand on issues affecting the student
body.
AS A WORKING UNIT most of our effort is
directed toward supporting affirmative action,
increased student participation in decision-
making processes, and continued develop-
ment of students' legal rights at the Univer-
city nd inthe rmi ,i,, Tiion ad udet

ernment, calling a job which involves coordi-
nating the functions of committees, assign-
ments of offices, desks, and meeting rooms,
and organizing administrative agendas is
ridiculous.
In past years council has been plagued with
opportunists who were more interested in scor-
ing personal brownie points for themselves or
their leaders than in putting in some hard
work on issues of real importance. Although
most of the present council is representing and
protecting the rights of the student body there
are still those who would rather have a good
laugh than see any improvements in student
life and student government.
VVEN IF RICK DAVD could manage to get
the calendar for November up before De-
cember rolled around or to give me a call
before he decided to change the established
constituents at one meeting, it might be over-
looked based on his enthusiasm and hard-
working interest in council. But when he
began making sensational insinuations to the
Daily about SGC officers co-sponsoring at-
tempts to undermine respected student or-
ganizations, and introducing phony motions to
council to make some sort of ridiculous point,
council members came to me from all sides
asking: just whose interests was he attempt-
ing to serve - the student body's or his own.?
Open dialog and self criticism are important
in any organization, and especially in a stu-.
dent government. We are always re-evaluating
the effectiveness of our structure and our
own individual work. But public name-calling
and similarly self-satisfying jokes only recon-

salary scale (8 years service);
Of 800 Senior Secretaries (C-4),
115 were in this category (1-25
years of service), and of 113
Principal Clerk (C-5), 38 were
getting near the top of their
salary range (4-32 years of serv-
ice). It clearly took a long time
(in most cases) to achieve a
decent salary.
WHAT DOES this mean in
human terms? During union
meetings, I had the opportunity
of talking with women who had
been with the University a long
time. One secretary with 30
years of service was finally
making $7680 a year (base pay
for her classification was $5680
that year). Another secretary
who supplemented her income
by teaching o f f i c e practice
courses at Washtenaw was mak-
ing $7500 a year after 15 years
(base salary for her job $6100).
Still a third who had been at the
Hospital for over 20 years (and
who had been prudent enough to
sign up for the University's re-
tirement system when first em-
ployed) was thinking of retiring
at the age of 40 with a't$192 an-
nunity/month to get a second
job (non University) to make
enough to meet the cost of liv-
ing.
Of course there were women
at the top of their classification
range; they had been rewarded
by an adequately funded de-
partment for their long years of
service. Yet there were cases
like this one where a friend of
a daughter of a prominent poli-
tician entered the University as
a C-3. Within six months she
had been promoted to a C-5 and
within a year to a supervisor.
It could be argued that the cler-
icals mentioned above didn't
have her ability; it could also
be argued that they didn't have
her connections.
* Clericals can not work to-
gether in a union.
ON THE SURFACE looking
at the three conflicting factions
in this union (CDU, Unity and
Decertification Clericals), most
people would agree with this
statement. This view, however,
is too simple and ignores the
deep ties of friendship that have
developed b e t w e e n clericals
from different parts of the Uni-
versity. There are many people
in the Union movement who
don't belong to any faction and
who work quietly encouraging
each other to better their work-
ing conditions. Our stewards are
among them.
Using the grievance machin-
ery negotiated in the last con-
tract, the Union has been able
to change the lives of many
clericals. For example there
was the individual who had been
trr. : neraefc1 F--r ,..'hra -

the C-6 whose job was eliminat-
ed by the University and re-
placed by three temporaries.
Filing a grievance instead of
collecting unemployment, she
was able to be reinstated by the
University. Clericals have dis-
covered by talking with each
other that conditions are not
equal in all areas of the Univer-
sity. (Why, for example, does
one department h a v e some
workers classified as C-4's while
similar workers are C-3s in an-
other?). Grievances, can and do
answer such questions.
A' UNION, HOWEVER, can
only be as strong as its mem-
bers. We can achieve a strong
contract only if we stand to-
gether, not alone, as those who
are urging us to decertify are
asking us to do. I personally
feel we need more union, not
less.
-Lili Kivisto
December S
SGC
To The Daily:
WHAT A CAUSE for rejoic-
ing! One small example of petty
tyranny has been rendered im-
potent. I'm referring, of course,
to t h e Student Government
Council whose mandatory fee
has been abolished. SGC Presi-
dent Debra Goodman claims
that because of this SGC is
"abolished as a government"
and is now a "membership
club." W e 11, Ms. Goodman
should realize that SGC was
never a government and always
a club whose members com-
prised ambitious students with
a political penchant for spend-
ing other people's expropriated
wealth. A government's only le-
gitimate claim to existence is
as a common repository of pro-
tection of life, liberty, or prop-
erty. SGC serves no such pur-
pose. It is a miniature travesty
of what all governments have
become: a means of benefiting
certain groups at the expense of
others. Appropriation ot money
to certain left-radical speakers
and causes is a club activity
and should be financed volun-
tarily. To take money from peo-
ple by force and spend it on
things they do not desire is call-
ed plunder and oppression whe-
ther committed by an individual
or a group calling itself a 'gov-
ernment." There is never any
excuse for theft, not even a ma-
jority vote, and SGC can't even
claim that when only 9 per cent
of the electorate votes.
EVEN WITH all the corrup-
tion that has characterized SGC
in past years some people will
want to supoort it. Fine, but
now it will have to adhere to

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