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September 10, 1976 - Image 15

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-09-10

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Friday, September 10, 19



.Page Fifteen

Friday, September 10, 1 ~ ~76 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Fifteen
- __ -~ - -- - - - -- - - - , IF

Clinic seeks to rid
macho math myth

Jobs exist for law school
grads-but don't be picky

he Great Lakes-
~ ~ i LUNCH:
S. S

M-F 11:30-2:30
Seven Nites a
t Ellsworth

She's the only female student
in the mathematics class. If she
doesn't understand a concept
she may be afraid to ask for
clarification. If she knows the
correct answer to a question
she may not raise her hand to
And her teacher may discour-
age her from succeeding.
SHEILA TOBIAS says those
things happen to some female
students because American so-
ciety looks upon mathematics as
the domain of males. The result:
women become anxious, are
shut out of careers and may
suffer psychological damage.
But Tobias, associate provost
at Wesleyan University, has
helped to organize a math clinic
to encourage women to confront
the problem head-on.
"It's obvious in this culture
that mathematics is considered
a masculine field," says Tobias.
"We assume that adolescent
girls shy away from math, give
it less attention and actually
show hostility toward it to dem-
onstrate their femininity."
THE CLINIC, onerating under
a federal grant from the Fund
for the Improvement of Post-
Secondary Education, provides
math courses and psychological
Although the math avoidance
problem is more acute among
women, Tobias says about half
the persons who have used the
clinic are males.
Tobias, who says she hasn't
taken a math course since high
school and admits to being a bit
uncomfortable with the subject,
says the clinic isn't intended to
mass produce mathematicians.
ITS PURPOSE is to make
people more competent in using
math in everyday situations and
in breaking down resistance to
the subject based on factors
other and desire and ability.
"A check In a restaurant, a
checkbook at the end of the
month . .. will seem to them to
be no more than an ordinary
everyday problem to solve,"
she says.
The clinic, she adds, "is going
to cause people to be less for-
giving when their daughters or
female friends show weakness
in math.
"THE SECOND thing it's go-.
ing to do is make female stu-
dents angry," when they feel
math teachers are giving them
less attention than male sto-
dents because of their sex.
Tobias says she has received
reports that females who did
well in math in high school were
ridiculed by their peers and'
teachers. That, she says, may
turn women off the subject.
"Being unpopular is pretty
severe punishment when you're
16. years old," she adds.
BECAUSE society steers fe-
males into nonscientific courses
and fields, women who succeed

in math are not treated the
same as men, she says.
The good female performerl
is punished and the poor per-
former is forgiven. An ambitious
parent may permit a daughter

Tobias says: "If one starts
avoiding a difficult mental prob-
lem in adolescence one can de-
velop avoidance patterns and not
confront other inadequacies."


to fail algebra or not even take ABOUT 160 persons, mostly
algebra on the assumption that Wesleyan students, used the
it is appropriate for a daughter clinic in the year beginning Sept.
not to do well in mathematics." 1, 1975, says Tobias. She says
Bonnie Donady, a learning she expects more to use it in
disabilities counselor at the the second year.
clinic, says a study of the 1973 "I don't think people before
freshman class of the University us put counselors into a mathe-
of California at Berkeley shows matics learning situation," she
that 57 per cent of the males! says. "It's an almost therapeu-

DENVER (UPI) - If a law
school graduate tends bar is it
a sign law schools are over-
producing attorneys?
University of Denver Law
School Dean Robert Yegge be-
lieves otherwise - claiming
some graduates tending bar are
"too picky" about jobs.
"THERE IS THE perception
that lawyering is working for
a large firm making $100,000
per year and there is nothing
else for a lawyer to do," he
said. "That is a folk notion.
The jobs are there, but not
in that conventional sense."
Although there are not
enough "traditional" positions
for graduates of the nation's
160 law schools, Yegge said in
an interview, opportunities in
business, industry, government,
education and communications
are abundant.
Legal training has always
been an advantage, Yegge said,
but as society has become moret
complex and all enterprises gov-

erned by more laws, the need
for attorneys has increased.
"I HAVE A theory that the
law degree is the equivalentl
of a bachelor's degree at the
turn of the century. Law is
such a part of today's world,
that legal training is an in-
troduction into almost any-
There was a time when only
biy business and the rich could

es that an increase in the num-
ber of lawyers has led to more
personal damage suits, includ-
ing malpractice.
"I see the increased number
of such suits as good. If a per-
son has beenhwronged by a
physician, he has the right to
redress. If there are more peo-
ple able to get their rightful
redress, they hurry for more


and only 8 per cent of theefe-
males had taken four years of
high school math. That prepara-
tion was required to take any
calculus or intermediate level
statistics courses at the college.
THE LACK of math training'
keeps women out of many col-
lege major areas and careers
where such experience is re-
quired, she says.
For some people, she says,
math avoidance "is a phobia, a
fear. It really needs to be
brought out in the open and

tic situation."
Tobias says the clinic gives
people a chance to talk openly
about their feelings toward
mathematics and to recognize
that they can succeed in the
field despite what teachers,
parents and others have told
Wesleyan Prof. Robert Rosen-
baum is co-director with Tobias
of the clinic. The federal grant
that pays for it is shared with
Wellesley College in Wellesley,
Mass., where a similar project
is being done.

Lg fl l % ll *ilt *1161 .tUalt.+ -Y- .-.
hire lawyers, Yegge said, but More legal actions are being
that has passed with middle filed as the result of legal aid
income persons retaining attor-
neys more frequently and legal and community legal services,
aid offices providing services he said, while the number of
for the poor. consumer rights and sex dis-
crimination cases also has in-
ll 1of these things take moe read.
lawyers. Of course, you willl creased.
never make that $100,000 per ''These areas didn't really
year, and some law students exist 10 or 15 years ago and
don't want it. Most of the law- they have the legal profession
yers that are tending bar are dealing with nonrich, noncor-
too picky and have limited their porate clients," he said. "I see
own possibilities." such suits as a positive and
necessary force for change in
YEGGE ALSO rejected charg- our society."


TK E invites you to a
Sot.-Sept. 11th, 9:00-.?
Featuring "THUNDER"
805 Oxford
Guys $1.00 Girls 50c

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We're looking for certain majors
to become Lieutenants.
Mechanical and civil en- ferinig fu*.-scholarships. All
gineering majors . .. areo-. offering $100 a month
space and aeronautical en- allowance during the last
gineering majors... majors two years of the program.
in electronics ... computer Flying opportunities. And all
science . . . mathematics. leading to an Air Force offi-
The Air Force needs peo- cerscommission,plus ad-
ple... many with the above vanced education.
academic majors. And If you'd like to cash in on
AFROTC has several differ- these Air Force benefits,
ent programs where- you start by looking into the Air
can fit -...4-year, 3-year, or Force ROTC.
2-year -programs. Some of-
Contact: AFROTC, North Hall, Ph. 764-2403
Put it all together in Air Force ROTC.

Buy the Model 852 calculator
from National Semiconductor at
your campus store.
It'll figure a square root for you.
Not to mention trig and log
functions, degree/radian conver-
sions, Pi and a zillion-and-a-half

other terrific things like that (e.g.,
scientific notation).
And at a suggested price of
under $35, that solves another
problem for you.
0 National Semiconductor

Thesuper slide rule '
programmable powerhouse
...with 10 memories and 100 program steps.

a e
MEN'S SAND SHAG Women's Sand Shag $33
Black or Brown Leather
Sizes 13 and 14
Extra N, M, W Widths

The SR-56 is a tremen-
dously powerful slide rule
calculator. Yet you can pro-
gram it whenever you're
There are 74 prepro-
grammed functions and op-
erations. You can do
arithmetic within all 10
memoriesi. It has AOS - a
unique algebraic operating
system that lets you handle
problems with up to 9 levels
of parentheses. There's also
polar to rectangular con-
version-built in. Mean.
Standard deviation. De-
grees, radians, grads. And,
it works with TI's new
printer -the PC-100.
Chances are, you'll be pro-

gramming. That's what pro-
fessionals in your field are
doing-right now. And with
an SR-56 you're ready. It
has 100-merged prefix pro-
gram steps. 6 logical deci-
sion functions. 4 levels of
subroutines. You can decre-
ment and skip on zero to
iterate a loop as many times
as you specify. There are 4
levels of subroutine to let
you use your program steps
to maximum advantage.
And, you can even compare
a test register with the dis-
play to make a conditional
branch. So you can check an
intermediate result °
for convergence, or a

The edge you need. Now. And
Texas Instruments will rebate $10.00 of your original
SR-56 purchase price when you return this coupon
and your SR-56 customer information card post-
marked no later than October 31,1976. To apply:
1. Fill out this coupon
2. Fill out special serialized customer information
card inside SR-56 box
3. Return completed coupon and information card to:

in your career.




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