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November 05, 1976 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1976-11-05

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Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Greenpace

pro-whale
for the lei

action

Friday, November 5, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
e have a new sheriff, so
be oin your best behavior

TOM MINICK, a hard-line law and
order advocate, is Washtenaw
County's new sheriff. As opposed to
ex-Sheriff Fred Postill, Minick is a
particularly regressive man whose
leanings do not seem to lie in the
best interests of the citizens of the
county, and the City of Ann Arbor
specifically.
Outstanding in the sheer outrage-
ousness of Minick's proposals so far
is his desire to rejoin the Washte-
naw Area Narcotics Team (WANT).
While in office, Postill withdrew
Washtenaw police from WANT ob-
viously because he recognized the
Team as both a waste of money and
a tool for harassment. WANT was
supposed to get big, hard drug dealer,
but all it seems to do is catch and
mess up the lives of many individ-
uals who choose to pursue the vic-
Editorial Staff

timless crime of smoking marijuana.
Postill also made important im-
provements in county jails and got
federal funds for police patrols of
outlying county areas. He would
probably have kept up his good re-
cord if re-elected.
Unfortunately, Minick's ployfull
appeal to fight the horrid drug
scourge and punish other offenders
to the full extent of the law by
throwing them in ratholes probably
sat well with many of the less-in-.
formed citizens of the county. So
they gave Minick their vote.
Fred Postill was a good sheriff
and his ouster from office is probab-
ly attributal not only to Minick's
out-dated hard-line position, but to
the fact that Postill broke a golden
rule by getting into a fist-fight at a
wedding reception some months ago.
What kind of man -thought the
voters - who calls himself a sheriff,
would get into a common brawl?
We say a good man. He was a pro-
gressive, sensible sheriff. Minick is
something less than that.
Only if the citizens of Washtenaw
County demand sense on the part
of Minick will we get it. But maybe
not for another four years.
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: Elaine Fletcher, Mike Norton,
Bill Turque, Ken Parsigion, Lani
Jordan, Linda Willcox, Robb
Holmes, Eileen Daley, Jessica
Mitchell
Editorial Page: Rob Meachum, Tom
Stevens

Rob Meachurn

Bill Tdrque

Co-Editors-in-Chief
Jeff Ristine ..............Managing Editor
Tim Schick................ Executive Editor
Stephen Hersh.Magazine Editor
Rob Meachum Editorial Director
Lois Josimuvich Arts Editor
STAFP WRITERS: Susan Ades, Susan Barry,
Dana Baumann, Michael Berman, Philip Bo-
kovoy, Jodi Dimick, Chris Dyhdale, Elaine
Fletcher, Larry Friske, Debra Gale, Tom Go-
dell; Eric Gressman, Kurt Haru, Char Heeg,
James Hynes, Michael Jones, Lant Jordan,
Lois Josim-ivIch, Joanne Kaufman, David
Keeps, Steve Kursman, Jay Levin, Ann Marie
Lipinski, George Lobsenz, Pauline Lubens, Stu
OcConneil, Jennifer Miller, Michael Nortnrn
Jon Pansius, Ken Parsigian, Karen Paw.
Stephen Pickover, Christopher Potter, Ihan
Rose, Lucy Saunders, Annemarie- Schiavi, Kar-
en Schulkins, Jeffrey Selbst, Jim Shahin, Rick
Soble, Tom Stevens, Jim Stlmsnn. David
Strauss, Mike Taylor, Jim Tobin, Loran Walker,
Laurie Young. Barbara Zahs.

Iraises
By SCOTT THURBER
Pacific News Service
"THE UNRELENTING efforts
of some small but dedi-
cated conservation groups have
finally achieved a glimmer of
hope for a truce in the Great
Whale War.
The recent hopeful signs in-
clude:
* A statement issued Oct. 18
by a coalition of 15 Japanese
environmental groups, calling
for a 10 - year moratorium on
whaling (Japan and Russia ac-
count for more than 80 per
cent of the international whale
kill);
" a progressive reduction in
worldwide whaling quotas de-
creed by the International Whal-
ing Commission (IWC) this
summer;
* and persistent rumors that
the governments of Japan and
Russia have agreed to -suspend
all whaling within two to three
years.
Yet in the wake of these
breakthroughs, cracks have ap-
peared in the Save the Whale
front over the various tactics
pursued by the organizations re-
sponsible for the progress.
The most controversial tactic
-a boycott of Japanese and
Russian products - has pro-
duced recent charges of "vic-
ious racism" against Japanese
and Japanese - Americans.
DR. CLIFFORD UYEDA,
head of the Japanese Ameri-
can Citizens' League's (JACL)
anti-whaling committee, claims
the boycott against Japanese
goods has led to the belief that
"American conservationists are
not really interested in saving
the whale." Many Japanese, he
says, believe the boycott has
served the interests of Ameri-
can industrialists more than
-it has the survival of the whale.
Dr. Uyeda adds that the boy-
cott tactic has prevented the
anti - whaling organizations
from gaining the important
Scott Thurber is a freelance
w'riter who reports freanenlyv
for PNS on. environmental is-
snes. He previonsly worked vv
years as a rehorter for The San
Francisco Chronicle.
ClA m
By E. THADEUS FLOOD
Pacific News Service
S H'OUGHNO PROOF has sur-
faced to back up Thai left-
ists' claims that the CIA engi-
neered the brutal Thai coup of
October 6, the key agitators for
the coup within the Thai mili-
tary were members of a coun-
terinsurgency unit established in
1965 at U.S. urging and funded
and trained by the U.S.
The unit, called the Internal
Security Operations Command
(ISOC), includes a core of activ-
ist colonels who havenargued
in recent months that only mili-
tary force could bring order to
Thailand - where years of re-
pressed social conflict burst in-
to the open after the 1973 over-
throw of a 15-year-old military
dictatorship.
As recently as 1974, ISOC's
then-deputy chief told a leading
Thai daily that both ISOC and
the Thai Border Patrol Police
- the force that used heavy

weapons against largely unarm-
ed students during the recent
coup - were still working with
the CIA.
ISOC Col. Thawat Phisuthi-
phan, according to Thai mili-
tary sources quoted in a lead-
ing Thai news weekly, was in-
volved in 11 efforts to organ-
ize a coup in the last year, only
to be thwarted by the army
commander-in-chief's refusal to
cooperate.
Gen. Bunchai Bamrungphong,
commander-in-chief since April
and the most powerful military
figure in Thailand, reportedly
insisted on unity within the
military before moving to seize
power. (Bunchai retired from
his post because of age Sept.
28, but continued in military
service under an unusual ap-
pointment by the king as "spe-
cial officer," retaining his pres-
tige and power.)
Bunchai was apparently con-
vinced the time was ripe in
late August when - according
to sources within the Thai mili-
tary - ISOC's Thawat persuad-
ed his close friend Adm. Sangad
Chaloryu, former supreme com-

Project Jonah, a Bolinas, Ca.,
group headed by Joan McIntyre
relies on friendly persuasion,
artful negotiation, education
and propaganda. McIntyre says
Jonah favors a "selective"
boycott involving products of
firms having corporate connec-
tions with whaling companies
(including Datsun, Toyota, Hon-
da, Hitachi, Westinghouse, Gen-
eral Electric, Ralston Purina
and Chase Manhattan Bank).'
SHE BELIEVES THE "total,
general bovcott" advocated by
some would engender interna-
tional hostilities and label Ja-
pan and Russia as "the ene-
mv."
Mcintyre also exnressed sken-
tcism about the "confronta-
tion tactics" of another leading
anti - whaling groin, the Van-
co"Ver, B. C.-based Green-
neace Foundation. For the last
two years Greenneace has been
sending men out in small boats
to interpose themselves be-
tween the whales and the Rus-
sian huters in the Pacific in
dramatic - and well nublicized
- conf-ontations.
A Greenneare snokesman
cntends that if the organira-
tion's confrontation tactics are
controversial, they are also

Quotas for all hinds
of whales have been re-
duced by almost 6,000
from last year, the
biggest cuts being for
Sperm and Sei whdles,
whch comprise a major
part of the catch.

hope
support of Japanese industry
or trade unions.
The JACL supports the de-
mand for a 10-year moratorium
on whaling, but opposes any
kind of boycott.
Among the groups in the fore-
front of the anti-whaling effort,
few favor the inclusive boycott
headed by the Washington, D.
C. - based Animal Welfare In-
stitute.

highly effective. He adds that
the highly publicized adven-
tures on the high seas aren't
Greenpeace's only ploy. A dele-
gation of Greenpeace represen-
tatives joined members. of the
Florida - based Dolphin Pro-
ject recently for a one-month
visit to Japan, where they work-
ed closely with environmental
groups "in an effort to bring
our views to the Japanese peo-
ple themselves."
That delegation, coordinated
by Greenpeace's Mark Lavelle,
made a point of not endorsing
the boycott, and instead joined
Japanese environmental groups
to protest a variety of issues,
including nuclear power, pollu-
tion and whaling.
THE DOLPHIN Project,
headed by Ric O'Feldman -
trainer of TV's "Flipper"
/concentrated on emphasizing
the link between the dolphin and
whale to Flipper's Japanese
fans.
"The Flipper fans would be
aghast at the thought of eating
Flipper," said O'Feldman. "I'm
here to bridge the gap to the.
great whale."
The delegation announced
plans for a "Rolling Coconut
Review" benefit concert in To-
kyo next March to raise funds
for the anti-whaling campaign.
According to a spokesperson
for the Dolphin Project, Amer-
ican performers , tentatively
scheduled to appear include
Odetta, Neil Young, John Se-
bastian, Richie Havens, Steven
Stills, Joanie Mitchell and Da-
vid Crosby. The concert will
be produced by Michael Lang,
who organized the Woodstock
concert in 1968.
But a snag appeared when
the delegation returned to Cali-
fornia last month. Greenpeace's
acting president, Dr. Paul
Soong, issued a statement call-
ing the boycott "a powerful and
potentially verv effective stra-
tegy." He added that Green-
peace "has adopted a policy of
neutralty . . . to the boycott
issue," but urged "organiza-
tions adopting the bovcott
strategy to continue to keep
the nressiire on."
The statement dismayed
man", who felt it &ould threa-
ten the progress already made

iathans

in Japan. Lavelle parted from
the organization after issuing
his own statement opposing the
boycott.
DESPITE THE in - fighting
and disagreements over tac-
tics, all of the anti - whaling
groups agree that some pro-
gress has been made in lower-
ing the IWC quotas, which both
the Japanese and Russians have
resisted.
Quotas for all kinds of whales
have been reduced by almost
6,000 from last year, the big-
gest cuts being for sperm and
Sei whales, which comprise a
major part of the catch.
According to Jonah's McIn-
tyre, Russian embassy offic-
ials in Ottawa indicated to Jo-
nah that "since the quotas were
being lowered, they'd probably
be out in two years." She add-
ed, "I consider the situation
and a powerful U.S. presence,
the reference was generally un-
derstood to mean the U.S.
Last January Watthana an-
nounced Navaphol would soon
undertake anti-communist ac-
tions to protect the state. Short-
ly afterward large numbers of
Navaphol representatives went
to the countryside carrying an
anti-communist message stres-
sing the danger of ihvasion
from Vietnam or Laos.

about what it's been all along
- which is that they'll leave
when they have to."
In any case, last year's Rus-J
sian catch of the sperm whale
- the Russians' main target-
was far below their quota. In
the Southern Hemisphere in
1975, the combined quotasfor
male and female sperm whale
was 10,740, and the catch, most-
ly by Russians, was only 7,046.
The failure to meet the quo-
ta could mean jthat the Rus-
sians can't find enough whales.
It could also mean that the
quotas are artificially high and
impose no real control.
FOR THIS REASON, conser-
vationists have urged the IWC
to adopt a plan by Sydney Holt
of the UN's Food and Agricul-
ture Organization for quotas
based on weight instead of
"body count."
COup
Their chief audience was gov-
ernment-appointed province, dis-
trict and village oficials, to
whom Navaphol leaders explain-
ed their demand for military
participation in the national
.government.
E. Thadeus Flood is a Thai-
land speiialist who teaches at the
University of Santa Clara. He is
fluent in Thai.

Arts Page: Lois
Sounders

Josimovich, Lucy

Photo Technician: Andy Freeberg

ay

hare set

Letes

right on!
To The Daily:
I write to ,register one alum's sadness
over the fact that his alma mater is now
mostly thought of across the land as a
football powerhouse ,rather than as a dis-
tinguished center of scholarship and learn-
ing.
James Stegenga
LSA 1959
Prof. of International Relations
Purdue University
November 2
geo reporting
I WAS QUOTED by The Daily on both.
Friday and Saturday as speaking in an of-
ficial capacity for GEO. To the extent that
I was responsible for what was thereby re-
ported, and to the extent that I mistaken-
ly represented the position of the union, I
apologize to the members of GEO.
In my self criticism I came to the con-
clusion that it is mostly best if only elected
union officials speak for the union to the
press. Otherwise there is the most defi-
nite danger that Ann Arbor factionalism
will take its irresistible course at the ex-
pense of union solidarity.
Bevides all that I am quite p - - -

about the following reporting practice of
The Daily: The comments I was quoted
as making were made on Thursday night.
However these comments were reported
over several days both Friday and Satur-
day thus giving the impression of continu-
ous interaction between myself and the
Daily, and also falsely and greatly inflat-
ing the significance of my role.
This creative placement of comments
distorts the true temporal order of events
and thus creates an illusory drama. Thus
in Saturday's 'article on GEO-University
relations there is a dynamic interaction of
Friday comments between GEO President
Moran and University negotiator Forsyth
with my (Thursday) comments interspers-
ed in between. It is most likely that Moran
and Forsyth were contacted only once that
day, but the impression is created of a
continuous dialogue between them. Makes
for drama maybe, but it's also illusion.
I know that seeming and appearance
are the province of the press whereas
truth is a matter for historians, and his-
tory is just trring one way or another,
but all the same we should be aware of
trying to get too far ahead of the story.
Bob Milbrath
October 31

mander of the armed forces and
previously a supporter of a ri-
val faction, to ally himself
with Bunchai.
A purge of generals after the
successful coup was eloquent
testimony to Bunchai's power:
All were members of the only
military faction to pose a real
challenge to his group.
Sangad, in turn, was made
head of the junta's key body,
The National Administration Re-
form Council, and is now min-
ister of defense.
Just as important as the ac-
tual maneuvering by the ISOC
colonels before and during the
coup has been their role in cre-
ating the atmosphere for a mili-
tary takeover.
In a press conference last Feb-
ruary, a former long-time ISOC
colonel charged that the U.S.
was using ISOC to create fears
of an invasion of Thailand by
its communist neighbors. Mili-
tary-controlled radio stations
and newspapers carried lurid
reports of atrocities in Cam-
bodia and a rising communist
threat within Thailand.
At the same time, ISOC mem-
bers have created two extreme
right-wing organizations that
have agitated for a military
takeover. The military junta's
newly announced prime minis-
ter, a civilian, named Thanin
Kraiwithien, is well known, ac-
cording to the Thai press and
U.S. State Department sources,
as a member of one of the
ISOC-backed groups, Navaphol.
The other group, called the
Red Bulls (also known as Red
Gaursa ndaKrathing Daeng)
helped lead lynch mobs during
the coup and has been widely
suspected of many of the politi-
cal murders and bombings that
have plagued Thailand over the
last year.
The Red Bulls were founded
by ISOC's Col. Sudsai Hatsadin-
thon to unite and organize
groups of rightist vocational
students who had been attack-
ing leftist students and intellec-
tuals since October 1973.

The sons of small business-
men and skilled craftsmen, the
vocational students have higher
social standing and better pros-
pects than common laborers,
factory workers or peasants.
But they are not part of Thai-
land's elite, and they often re-
sent the privileges and status
of the university students, who
are bound for professional or
government positions.
Many vocational students join-
ed university students to bring
down the military government
three years ago. But since then
many of them have been recep-
tive to rightist charges that the
privileged university radicals
are destroying precious Thai
royal and religious traditions.
Admitted by its leadership to
be funded by businessmen, the
Red Bulls are highly organized,
with separate divisions of pub-
lic relations, rapid operations,
enforcement and welfare. The
head of the enforcement divi-
sion, Colonel Sudsai's nephew,
told the press in August that
the organization had 100,000
members throughout Thailand,
with 7,000 in Bangkok.
The same interview -revealed
that the Red Bulls receive sup-
port and advance intelligence
from ISOC and the Thai police,
special and regular.
Sudsai's nephew also claimed
the group had receivedl military
training and had sent paramili-
tary units to the northeast -
the scene of Thailand's com-
munist insurgency - to guard
construction sites.
The Red Bulls, however, have
been most visible in breaking
up demonstrations and strikes.
Suspicions of more violent activ-
ities were fueled when one Red
Bull was killed by the premature
explosion of a bomb he was
planting at a centrist party
headquarters.
Navaphol, whose meetings are
guarded by Red Bulls, is a
more sophisticated group spe-
cializing in organization and
propaganda. It was founded in
March 1975 by Watthana Khieo-
wimon, a special consultant to
ISOC who describes himself as
a champion of the nation, Budd-
hism and the monarchy.
Navaphol's members include
military officers, large landown-
ers, government officials and
professionals.
In an October 1975 speech
Watthana pledged that his group
would polarize the Thai situa-

Contact your reps
Sen. Phillip Hart (Dem.), 253 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep.), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Rep. Marvin Esch (Rep.), 2353 Rayburn Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Gilbert Bursley (Rep.), Senate, State Capitol Bldg.,
Lansing, MI 48933
Rep. Perry Bullard (Dem.), House of Representatives, State
Capitol Bldg., Lansing, MI 48933.
ti: ~' :,5 +1 + V.X"...+:}. :Y ^1''x '.T." ,v.V fY .Y" Y:r "",++''t1}" '?. , M r frV m .v ++ e d1

Perspective
by W. L. SCHELLER
HE ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES on the Korean pennin-
sula is an issue that has been debated ever since the United
Nations took military action there. Today South Korea is ruled
by Park Chung-Hee. Park is infamous for his increasingly op-
pressive measures in light of the threat from North Korea. He
has severely limited the personal freedoms of the Korean people
and now through the Korean Central Intelligence Agency has
begun measures against Korean-Americans who dissagree with
him.
Korea holds a strategic position in Asia. The Korean pennin-
sula points like a finger at Japan. Whoever controls this area
could conceivably control shipping to and from this region. The
United States troops stationbd in Korea are considered by the
Seoul government to be vital, if not their sole defense against
attack from the North. South Korea also receives a sizeable
amount of foreign aid from America each year.,
Park has not been content in merely suppressing his own
people, but has now turned on Koreans, some American citi-
zens, living in the United States. Last Saturday the New York
Times carried two .articles on how Seoul has been illegally op-
erating in the United States. One described how Park was using
the' church of Rev. Sun Myung Moon, though the church is not
currently under investigation. The other article dealt with how
the Korean Central Intelligence Agency has been systematically
harrassing the 70,000 Korean-American residents of Los Angeles.
THE ' HARRASSMENT HAS TAKEN many forms. An anti-
Park newspaper lost much of it's advertising after an anti-Park
editorial, and some influence by the K.C.I.A. Other harrass-
ments include threats of beatings, by karate experts, threats
of retaliation against relatives still in Korea and even the
lowest conceivable threat, that of harming the children of dis-
senters.
Though the right of the United States to meddle in the in-
ternal affairs of another nation is doubtful, the South Koreans
have no more right to mess with the internal affairs of the
United States. Our constitution guarantees all people in this
country the freedom of speech, yet the Seoul government is
trying to force Korean-Americans to give up that right. The
actions of the KCIA are in direct violation of American sovereign-
ty.
South Korea is dependent on the friendship and good will
of America, but these are hardly the actions of a nation want-
ing to be friends.

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