riday, October 22, 1976
55th LEBANESE CEASE-FIRE:
By AP and Renter fic along the road and the t
BEIRUT - Lebanon's 55th is being observed perfectly
ceasefire in 18 months of civil A Palestinian officer on
war began to take hold hesitant- few hundred yards down
ly yesterday amid sporadic mountain road, where the w
shooting and shelling. most cavage battles were fo
The truce was part of a last week, also proclaimed
seven-point peace plan worked truce a success. He said s
out by the leaders of Syria, of his men drank coffee
Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Syrian soldiers to celebrate
Lebanon and the Palestinian beginning.
Liberation Organization (PLO)
in the Saudi Arabian capital of THE LULL followed on
Riyadh. . the worst nights of ran
shelling which Beirut has en
BUT THE crack of high-pow- ed since the civil war, w
ered sniper rifles and the thun- has claimed more than 4
der of exploding shells echoed lives, began on April 13, 1
through areas along the con- Rightwing sources estim
frontation line dividing Beirut that about 4,000 shells slam
long after the 6 a.m. deadline into residential areas during
set for the beginning of the night. According to local p
ceasefire. reports, at least 90 civil
"We are warning the other were killed and 240
side," announced the largest wounded by shrapnel.
Moslem militia, the Ambushers,
after renewed shelling in Bei- President Elias Sarkis
rut's commercial district. the Saudi military attach
"Whether those doing the shoot- Beirut, Lieutenant - Genera
ing are uncontrollable elements al-Shaer, discussed arra
or not the existence of such ments for the Arab sir
shelling puts into question whe- meeting in Cairo next Mon
ther any cease-fire can be ap- which is to endorse and m
plied." arrangements for the Ri
Spokespersons of the right- peace plan.
wing Christian militias assessed ALL SIDES in the civil
the truce's debut, as "encour- aLL s i th c
aging," but added "radical Pal- announced last ight that
estinian groups are trying hard would respect the latest c
to volae te c~iyahfiepe fi re. Observers here have
to violate the cease - fire and pressed doubt that it we
sabotage the Riyadh peace prove more durable than
plan." predecessors, and pointed
S I G N I F I C A N T Y, loopholes in the Riyadh
which could threaten its im
however, calm reigned along mentation.
fronts where Syrian armv troons
and Palestinian $iierrillas are The reinforced Arab Lea
head-to-head. Neither Palestin- force in Lebanon, which
ians nor Syrians accused the numbers only 2,500 men, i
other of truce violations. be placed under the comm
"This new cease-fire is work- of President Sarkis.
ing marvelously," said a Syrian Reliable sources in rigt
captain manning a roadside held East Beirut said offi
checkpoint at the mountain s
town of Bhamdoun, 12, miles assigned by Sarkis and the1
east of Beirut. "There is traf- command of the leftist-Pale
-. - ian alliance had already e
P t lished informal truce supe
r~e P ec ory committees.
THERE WAS no fresh w
(Continued from Page 4) on military operations in
the people" they have neglect-
ed to take in all of the people,
that is the minority populations " F
of dissenters are left out. In an
area such as South Africa an
immediate transition to major-
ity rule would only increase ten-
sions and problems. How could
the various tribes and factions
co-exist if the, system were .
suddenly inverted? What is
needed is a gradual transition "T
from white rule to rule by all
The South African govern-
ment is now trying to work out
a solution by giving the various
tribal homelands independence
from South Africa. The first to
become independent will be the
Transkei which will officially
become Independent at 12:001
AGAIN THOUGH THE PEO-
PLE have been forgotten some-
where. The Chief - Minister Kai-
ser D. Montanzima and his "Naturally, our pleas
party won the electian primar- and nice waitr sse
ily by jailing the leadership of give you for your foo
their opposition party. Is this
self - determination and self-
So, South Africa has remov-
ed many of the more superflu-
ous provisions of apartheid bit F
has left the heart of the prob- Where we're all
lem untouched. What is needed'
here as well as wherever mi-
ority governments are in cues- 2080 West S
Ion is transition through educa-
tion and integration. In the
ong run all of South Africa
would be better off if the
blacks were to be educated and
prepared to be part of the gov-
ernment and able to educatedlr
participate in democracy. By vhE I
lessening apartheid until it is -R E IE b
removed and educating the gen-
eral populace on how govern-
ment works and why, the end F
tanding and cooperation thus
essening friction and tension.
nderstanding and cooneration --Deposit $2
hen will take the "Iubricating" man year
lace that the apartheid policy
u -Your mone
THESE SOLUTIONS W0Jn Israel. Yo
indoubtably be unsuitable for -
he power hungry radicals that accrued
would immediately bring down
South Africa's government. Thev ! -Tuition to
do have an advantage thollhe
in that no one, whether maior- Governm
itv or minority, would be de-
nied the right to live in peace
n the land their forefathers
The repressive nature of
partheid is clearly inarcent- -Schedules
ble to a world that should
value the rights of all neonle. to Israel.
The immediate transition from
nartheid to black rule could Your mone
e disasteroi's and bloody. A
lower process that takes into any time.
accoumt all neonle is therefore
a better road to eomglity. -Students w
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Partisanship highlights race
he, Pr inu
(Continued from Page 1)
(of the convention) selected me'
over him and I'm honored by
south, where fighters, of Leba- that," says Gribbst "There are
non's leftist - Palestinian alli- probably 1,999 different rea-
ance yesterday stormed the sons why they voted for me.
Christian village of Ayshiyeh, I can't speak for those peo-
six miles (10 kilometers) from ple. I can only lay my rec-
the Israeli border. ord down." '
Palestinian commando a n d Gribbs says he can live with
Lebanese leftist sources yes- the present selection system,'
terday denied reports that 300 but only because he sees no
people were massacred in the workable alternatives.
attack. Captain Omar Abdul- "A state-wide non-partisan pri-
lah, deputy commander of the mary to select Supreme Court
pro-left Lebanese Arab Army nominees would be undesir-
(LAA), told reporters who visit- able, because only millionaires
ed the site yesterday that "un- could afford to run," says
armed inhabitants" of the vil- Gribbs.
lage were left unharmed.
Ayshiyeh is a Christian en- JAMES WELLS, the Ameri-
clave surrounded by predomi- can Independent Party nominee,
nantly Moslem villages. Press'Whose own funds are limited,
reports quoted the Maronite asserts that campaign expendi-
bishop of Tyre, Monsignor tures should be severely lim-j
Yousself el-Khoury, as saying ited, although he proposes no
about 300 people were killed particular plan.
there. Circuit Court Judge Joseph
Swallow, the Republican candi--
THE INDEPENDENiT Nas- date, however, suggests dividing
serite Party's Maurabitoun up the state into seven districts
militia - the biggest figlting selecting one judge from each:
force on the Lebanese left, ex- section, permitting the judges
chiding the Paldstinians - yes- to circulate petitions, and run-
terday warned that it might fing the elections in off-years
have to reconsider its attitude to attract more publicity.
on the truce. Swallow, disgruntled with
Kavanagh's publicity, declared,
The statement said that "iso- "Let's get out of the feel-sorry-
lationists (rightists) again todayfor-Tom Kavanagh syndrome'
shelled . . . populated areas in and get out the issues. Only
Beirut's western sector after 6 when it became obvious that
a.m.. we warn the isola- 'he wasn't going to get it (the'
tinnistq hat "of rnnn ha rnn-
renomination), he said 'I now
disavow the means of selection
of Supreme Court justices.' "
In the other two races interim
appointees to the bench, both
Republicans, favor, not surpris-
ingly, some form of gubernator-
ial participation in the selection
process. James Ryan and Law-:
rence Lindemer, were appoint-
ed by Gov. William Milliken in
1975 to fill vacancies left by
the death of Thomas M. Kava-
nagh and the resignation of
BOTH RYAN and Lindemer
favor a version of a plan used
in Missouri, where all judgesF
are appointed by the governor,
and are subject to a retention
vote at regular intervals.
Lindemer suggests a "filter-
ing process to review the quali-.
fications of thoseebeing con-
sidered by lawyers and laymen.
The retention vote would give
trial court judges, media and
others a chance to whip up a
negative campaign in the event
the iudge is not doing a good
Judge Charles Kaufman, the
Democratic nominee in the duel
with Ryan, disagrees with this
procedure. "You're taking too
much away from the people.
Appointments by the governor,
who is a partisan governor,re-
flect past service in the party,
except in extremely rare cir-
LIKEWISE, BOTH Zolton Fer-
ency, a Michigan State Univer-
sity professor, and Circuit Court
Judge Blair Moody Jr., running
against Lindemer, stress that
the choice of justices should re-
main "with the people."
"I don't agree with that (gu-
benatorial appointment) at all.
That takes it away from at
least an open party convention
right into the governor's chair
behind the closed doors of this
office," Moody declared.
But neither Ferency nor Moo-
dy know exactly what they wanttI
- they are only sure of what
they do not want.
"Dividing the state into seven
districts wouldn't be a bad
idea," Moody pondered, "but 1
wouldn't know where to divideI
,I' - _'
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- - m - -- -Cm m-
aI Ic*uVLs Jwe cannot 'e con-.
vinced by the traditional pre-
text that indisciplined elements
are responsible for the shell-
ing. We call on all sides .
to check violations, otherwise
we will be compelled to re-
consider our stand."
The radio station of the right-
wing Falangist Party, however,
accused the left of truce viola-
Falangist Party leader Pierre
Gemayel told reporters that
the truce was being observed
only 75 per cent. "We told the
other side it must adhere to the
truce, and we informed them
where their fire is coming
from," he said.
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Pictures end on Wednesday, Oct. 27th.
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Remember-it's FREE and it's your only
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