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October 15, 1976 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1976-10-15

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sie 3 ir41!zn DWaI!
Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Jim and Pat: Political antithesis

Friday, October 15, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Politics infect selection of
newest Nobel Prize winners

By KEITH RICHBURG
FOR FOLLOWERS OF the struggle of liberal versus
conservative, New York is proving to be the cru-
cial battleground. Vying for one of the state's Senate
seats there is a moderate to liberal Democrat, Daniel
Patrick Moynihan, and there is the incumbent, James
Buckley, who makes Ronald Reagan look like a Mc-
Governite. Buckley, as expected due to the inherent
advantage of incumbency, is starting out ahead, but
a close race is expected.
"Pat" Moynihan is the battered and bruised survi-
vor of a rough and tumble primary. You see, every
time a Senate seat comes up for election in New York,

IN THE FIRST day of Nobel Prize
awards, the United States made a
clear sweep, receiving the prizes for
both economics and medicine. The
recipients were Dr. Baruch S. Blum-
berg and Dr. D. Carleton Gajdusek,
and Milton Friedman, respectively.
We congratulate the three recipi-
ents for their noteworthy achieve-
ments, and are thankful for a little
extra salve to apply to our national
pride. However, the tumultuous con-
troversy involved in Milton Fried-
man's award reflect the central prob-
lem presently infecting the Nobel
awards: politics.
We shall reserve judgment here

on the economics of Professor Fried-
man which have been the object of
much recent controversy and which
probably rankle a good part of the
Economics Department here at the
University; that is not the object of
our concern. What irks us is the hit-
and-miss selection of Nobel Prize
candidates and recipients that has
become apparent over recent years.
Normally the process of granting
a Nobel is a mere formality; how-
ever, the selection of Mr. Friedman
took a full two hours of political
wrangling and co troversy. Granted,
the eminent economist and author
has the gifts of noteworthy intellect
and high principles. However, his ac-
tivities in conservative politics and
journalism (he is a regular column-
ist for Newsweek) apparently irked
some of the members of the Nobel
committee. Thus the judges engaged
in the unprecedented and heated de-
bate.
Friedman himself realized that the
award was less than scholarly. "I
would not myself choose the partic-
ular seven people who make these
awards as the jury to which I would
want to submit my scientific work,"
he commented. Rather, he preferred
that his work be judged by "differ-
ent people from all over the world."
The dean of the Chicago economics
school of thought has put the Nobel
prizes in their proper perspective.
Politics is involved in the awards all
too often. Regardless of his views
on politics a scientist, statesman, or
author should be judged entirely on
the merits of his work in the partic-
ular field in which he is a candi-
date for an award.
We do not argue with the selec-
tion of the influential economist as
fitting for the Nobel Prize for eco-
nomics. We do object to the unschol-
arly process of that selection. It be-
trays the will of Alfred Nobel and
the trust put in the committee by
that will's trustees and the Swedish
Cenral Bank, which set up the eco-
nomics award in 1968. It also makes
the award less one of meritorious
achievement and more one of politi-
cal popularity. With such a trend,
the value of the Nobel Prizes can
only decrease. Before long, the major
issue in the selection proceedings
may become one's articles or col-
umns in Newsweek.
Perhaus the Swedish Royal Acad-
emv of Sciences should take the hint
of Mr. Friedman and reform the No-
bel Prize committees to reresent a
concensus of world academic opinion.
Certainly an international prize
should have international input.
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: Elaine Fletcher, Robb Holmes,
Jav Levin, Rob Meachum, Karen
Schulkins, Liz Slowik, Bill Turque.
Editorial Pae: Michael Beckman,
Steve Kursman, Rob Meachum, Jon
Pansius, Keith Richburg, Tom
Stevens.
Arts Page: Lois Josimovich, Karen
Paul.
Photo Technician: Scott Eccker.

As U.N. Ambassador, "Pat" is famous for his vigor-
ous defense of Israel against the Arab states, which
would account for his heavy Jewish vote block. Liber-
als are suspicious of him, however, because of his close
affiliations with Nixon-Ford, and he is not liked by
Blacks for his proposal to Mr. Nixon that the Govern-
ment institute a policy of "benign neglect" in race
relations. The theory itself was sound-that is, leave
Blacks and minorities alone instead of forced integra-
tion - but Moynihan's poor choice of wording -
"benign neglect" - has turned the Black voters off
to his candidacy.
... And in this corner, we have James Buckley.
First of all, let it be clarified that Mr. Buckley's
distorted sense of reality is not entirely his own fault
.-he comes from a family of conservatives who are
all demented. Jim Buckley's infamous brother Bill is
called the rapier of the right, and the two Buciley
sisters oncetstarted a movement to drive liberals and
"reds" off the campus of a woman's college. One of
the sisters assaulted a member of a women's lib group
for "insulting God and His mother."
ONCE IT IS established that Jim Buckley's con-
servatism is not entirely his own fault, it must also
be clarified that he won his U. S. Senate seat in a
fluke. The Senator ran on the "Conservative Party"
ticket, and the Republican party was too divided over
its own candidate, Charles Goodell, to pay him much
attention. Buckley is listed in the Congressional Direc-
tory as a "Conservative-Republican," as he allowed
the Republican Party in New York to absorb the Con-
servative Party after his election (Or as Jimmy says,
the Conservative Party offered the New York Republi-
can Party a chance to survive!). The relationship be-
tween Buckley and Senator Jacob Javitz is cool at
best. Javitz even opposed allowing Jimmy into the
Republican Party, saying that he had spent years
trying to make the party more progressive, and Buck-
ley was too much of a reactionary-extremist.
Now that that is out of the way, a little about Jim
Buckley himself. Basically, the man is sick in his con-
servatism. (His campaign manager was Barry Gold-
water's campaign manager in 1964, which should tell
something in itself.) During his successful fluke of a
campaign, Jimmy appealed to the middle-class Whites
of Forest Hills by promising that there would be no
public housing for middle class Blacks. He was
staunchly against gun control and abortion, and ad-
vocated a "get tough" policy on crime and against
foreign countries that shipped narcotics into the
United States.
In the Senate, Buckley continued along the same
lines of twisted thinking and advocated a more vigor-
ous prosecution of Vietnam, opposed the admission of
China to the U.N., and proposed to cut off all foreign
aid to any country that was a supplier of narcotics,
like France and Turkey. Jimmy also adheres to the
mandatory conservative mandate to stop "federal
meddling in our lives."
It's strange how a man who wants to stop federal
meddling in our lives could support federal laws pro-
hibiting abortion.
Charles Lam Markmann, author of the book The
Buckleys: A Family Examined, quotes Charles Good-
ell (whom Buckley beat for Senate) as saying "If Jim
Buckley were President of the United States for a

year or two and carried through his basic philosophy
. . . it would reverse the trend to conservatism or de-
stroy this country in very fast order."
hANIEL MOYNIHAN SAYS that his opponent "never
got over the horror of the New Deal."
Normal people tend to laugh off James Buckley,
while some liberals think that once a conservative is
elected, the people will see for themselves how de-
mented thir philosophy really it. That is, it is believed
that the conservative will destroy himself.
Charles Markmann in his book, however, cautions

Jintes Buckley

Daniel Moynihan

Democrats opting for it have a tendency to end up
destroying their party in the primaries so that the pri-
mary winner has no chance in November. It happened
in 1968, when Jacob Javitz was elected for the Repub-
licans, and it happened in 1970 to Buckley's fortune. At
any rate, Moynihan won by a scant 1 per cent of the
vote over five contenders, which is hardly a vast
majority.
Moynihan did well in the primary with the Jews
and Catholics, and he captured the conservative dem-
ocratic and the while middle-class vote. His closest
rival, Representative Bella Abzug (known for her char-
acteristic floppy hats) crushed Pat with the liberal
Democrats, and left him only eight per cent of the
Black vote. And all through the primary campaign,
Bella painted Moynihan a "Nixonite in Democratic
clothing," referring to Moynihan's post as an advisor
to Nixon and United Nations Ambassador under Ford.
DANIEL PATRICK MOYNIHAN'S career is in-
deed wide and varied, and he has combined intellect
with public service like naught since Adlai Stevenson.
He is the author of a book and co-author of another. He
is a Harvard Professor when he is not campaigning,
he was White House advisor to Nixon and, later, am-
baddasor to India.
Keith Richburg is a member of the Editorial Page
staff.

against this attitude, and warns his readers to take
this extremist nut very seriously. "Neither Nazism or
Facism fell for internal reasons. . . . There, is no
reason to suppose that conservatism or reactionism
necessarily implies its own suicide, and that is pre-
cisely why the Buckleys, who are its extremely talent-
ed and attractive leaders, must be taken with utmost
seriousness."
... Look how close Ronald Reagan came to being
the Republican nominee for the Presidency of the
United States . .
CHARLES GOODELL CALLED Jimmy Buckley's
philosophies nonsense, but a "very persuasive-sound-
ing form of nonsense."
The voters of New York clearly have a choice.
Jim Buckley is trying to paint his opponent, Pat May-
nihan, a "liberal" who is out of Ystep with the voters.
Moynihan, who gladly accepts the role, is painting
Buckley as an extremist, elitist reactionary basket
case, and all the while, Pat is attempting to reach
across the political spectrum and scoop up the mod-
erates who are afraid of reelecting James Buckley.
(As a freshman Senator, he wasn't largely a real ef-
fect. )
Both men are intelligent, witty, and very literary.
In a campaign that will largely consist of light humor
and multi-syllable words, with Daniel Patrick Moyni-
han in his polka-dot bow tie and James Buckley with
his crew cut, the voters of New York will clearly have
a choice for a change.

Milton Friedman

Letters: Pro and

Con

Business Staff
Beth Friedman ............... Business Manager
Deborah Dreyfuss .......... Operations Manager
Kathleen Muihern ... Assistant Adv. Coordinator
Don Simpson . . ................ Display Manager
David Harlan............... Finance Manager
Dan Blugerman ................. Sales Manager
Pete Peterson.. Advertising Coordinator
Cassie St. Clair ............ Circulation Manager
Beth Stratford.............Circulation Director
Photography Staff
Pauline Lubens............ Chief Photographer
Brad Benjamin ........... .Staff Photographer
Alan Bilinsky.....Staff Photographer
Scott Eccker............... Staff Photographer.
Andy Freeberg..............Staff Photographer
Christina Schneider..........Staff Photographer

on

Editorial S#
Rub Meachium

Taff

To The Daily:
ONCE AGAIN the irresponsi-
ble editors of a newspaper have
tried to mislead the public. I
refer to the unsigned editorial
of The Michigan Daily. These
are usually written by "ideal-
ists" who have no responsibility
to any one or any thing.
The September 16 editorial on
nonreturnable containers (not
throwaways) is, to say the least,
disturbing. First of all, a little
research on their part would
tell them that there are very
stringent laws against false ad-
vertising by licensed compan-
ies so the cost figures being
released by soft drink and beer
companies are fact. Do you ex-
pect the companies and stores
to absorb the extra cost of
handling? Not on your life -
the consumer will pay it. That
includes you, Mr. and Ms. Stu-
dent.
You say that this law would
clean up litter, but in the same
breath you say that kids can
make extra money picking up
bottles.
You talk about.ynatural re-
sources and energy. It is ob-
vious that it is only talk be-
cause you don't mention an in-
crease in the use of the scarc-
est resource on earth-oil. The
increase in oil will be used for
the extra trucking, plus heat-

. Bill Turque

Co-Editors-in-Chief

Jeff Ristine..........Managing Editor
Tim Schick.................Executive Editor
Stephen Hersh...............Magazine Editor
Rob Meachzum .............. Editorial Director
Lois Josimouvich. Arts Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Susan Ades, Susan Barry,
Dana Baumann, Michael Beckman, Philip Bo-
kovoy, Jodi Dimick, Chris Dyhdale, Elaine
Fletcher, Larry Friske, Debra Gale, Tom Go-
dell, Eric Gressman, Kurt Harju, Char Heeg,
James Hynes, Michael Jones, Lani Jordan,
Lois Josimovich, Joanne Kaufman, David
Keeps, Steve Kursman, Jay Levin, Ann Marie
Lipinski, George Lobsena, Pauline Lubens, Stu
CcConnell, Jennifer Miller, Michael Norton,
Jon Pansius, Ken Parsigian, Karen Paul,
Stephen Pickover, Christopher Potter, Don
Rose, Lucy Saunders, Annemarie Schiavi, Kar-
en Schulkins, Jeffrey Selbst, Jim Shahin, Rick
Noble, Tom Stevens, Jim Stimson, David
Strauss, Mike Taylor, Jim Tobin, Loran Walker,
Laurie Young, Barbara Zahs.

ing of steam or water to clean
returnables.
What about cleanliness? A re-
turnable bottle may be handled
as many as 14 times. In addi-
tion, it may come in contact
with rodents, lice, roaches, etc.
A nonreturnable is seldom, if
ever, touched by anything but
a machine.
Oregon-a costly failure. The
documented facts are avail-
able. For the amount of mon-
ey spent for clean up, it should
be clean. If you want to com-
pare it with Michigan, why don't
you compare the arrest and
conviction rate for litter viola-
tors. There are state police rec-
ords; why don't you print them?
As far as Oregon's economy
not suffering is concerned, why
don't you tell the people who
lost their jobs at the Portland
Owens-Illinois glass plant there.
There never was a beverage
can plant in Oregon, but the
American Can plant in Wash-
ing closed on September 3, 1976.
What about the hundreds of
thousands of out-of-state tour-
ists who come to Michigan each
year? Do you expect them to
wait until they get to Michigan
so they can pay the higher
prices for beer and soft drinks,
and then stand in that return
line to get their money back?
I think they will buy out of
state where they can have a
choice of container at a cheap-
er rate. Because they can't turn
them in for deposit, they'll de-
posit them wherever they can.
Because I am the father of
five children, I resent being
penalized at the market be-
cause some slob violates the
law by littering. Because I work
at a glass factory, I again re-
sent being penalized by losing
my job.
We all hate litter and we all
agree that we must recycle our
waste. I mean total waste, not
just a small percentage. I
would suggest that the students
who wrote the editorial use

the education they are getting
(which is the state's largest ex-
pense) and help develop a total
solid waste system.
I'm not afraid to sign my
name.
Gary D. Wilmore
Charlotte, Michigan
October 11
Editor's reply:
In the case of the highly vola-
tile issue of "throwaway" bot-
tles, it was felt a reply would
be most in order to help clarify
the chargesrmade in Mr. Wil-
more's letter.
1. We call them throwaways
because most people throw them
away. That's simply being real-
istic and unambiguous.
2. Yes, the law will clean up
a lot of litter - and Oregon's
bottle bill isa resounding suc-
cess - but some will still throw
deposit bottles along the road
and children can then pick them
up to earn pocket change.
3. We are aware that there
exists strong laws against false
advertising, but experience has
taught us that those laws mean
little and are subject to easy
manipulation by corporations.
4. Several Michigan state ag-
encies have predicted a con-
servative 4,000 extra jobs if the
bill passes. We think Michigan
state agencies are a whole lot
more unbiased than the Com-
mittee Against Forced Deposits,
a shabby front for the soda and
beer industry.
5. The savings in resources
by using returnables will prob-
ably more than enough make
up for the extra oil used to
power cleaning plants for the
bottles. We should have been
using solar energy by now, but
that has been suppressed and
that's a completely different
subject.
Also, cleaning facilities use
extremely hot, high - pressure
water to cleanse bottles. "Ro-
dents, lice and roaches" are of

Perspective
by W. L. SCHELLER
By W.L. SCHELLER
EARLY IN the morning a group of men meet in a predetermined
E location. They have their weapons ready and proceed to
their target. After a fexi moments of violence they've reached their
goal. Sometimes it is kidnapping a diplomat, holding hostages
for political ransom or otherwise it is simply murdering an adver-
sary.
This scene could take place just about anywhere: Munich,
Amsterdam, Athen's airport, Rome Ma'alot, or Los Angeles.
Names have become familiar too: Al Fatah, Black September, the
Japanese Red Army, the Symbionese Liberation Army and others.
What links all these groups together? It is what we have come
to know as terrorism.
No matter how terrorists attempt to legitimize their actions,
they are extremist groups that try to force their will on the major-
ity of people. Terrorism is a crime not only against a nation or a
group, but against all of humanity that believes in settling dis-
putes by negotiations rather than conflict. The increasing power
of terrorists is also alarming. They are divising new ways to infil-
trate areas sand slip by security at airports or other public facili-
ties. Only recently have we had to face what is possibly the
most alarming possibility; that terrorists could get hold of nu-
clear weapons.
Terrorism has been the topic of much debate at the United
Nations, unfortunately with almost no concrete results. What
is even worse is that Yasir Arafat's Palestinian Liberation Organ-
ization, probably the world's largest terrorist organization, has
been recognized as the only legitimate spokesman for the Pales-
tinian people.
Israel was the first to act against terrorism by declaring that
they would not bargain with terrorists. This policy was widened
this year by the raid on Entebbe airport in Uganda. The Nether-
lands have also refused to deal with terrorists, as in the siege of
a Dutch train last year.
The growing threat as well as the continuing damage, both
human as well as property, caused by terrorism mandate that
positive action be taken internationally, if not unilaterally on the
terrorist problem.
On the international, as well as the national level, we need a
working definition of "terrorist" and "terrorist act." It should also
be a widely held policy not to bargain with terrorists or give them
safe passage. Finally, apprehended terrorist should receive a fair
trial and if convicted be put to death as quickly as is legally

little consequence except but to
turn the public off to the re-
turnables. It is doubtful that any
of these creatures come in con-
tact with the bottles. If any do,
they would be ants, and ants
are nutritious, if you want to
look at it that way.
6. Other state surveys indicate
that if prices do change on bev-

erages, they may go down a few
cents.
We need the bottle bill. It is
at least a step in the right di-
rection and we regret that the
industry has seen so vital the
protection of its vested interests.
If the bottle bill represents
"idealism," then that's what we
need more of.

5 ARTED
IT .

w
/
" .
f- ;
i
d t

V

Contact your reps
Sen. Phillip Hart (Dem.), 253 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep.), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.

L.A 7 1I'"- F / v- 'ill 0

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