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September 24, 1976 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1976-09-24

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C4e M1,4,* gan ma4*11
Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Alumnus asks halt to covert'

CIA

Friday, September 24, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Ohustlers and hucksters

JIMMY CARTER, according to for-
mer house speaker John McCormack,
has "the vision of Franklin Delano
Roosevelt, the courage of Harry S.
Truman, the intellect of John F. Ken-
nedy and the compassion of Lyndon
B. Johnson."
It is debatable as to whether or
not these are accurate comparisons,
but it's hard to imagine Harry Tru-
man or Franklin Roosevelt giving an
interview to Playboy Magazine,
though the periodical orientation has
increased in recent years.
It is quite easy to see that this is
an odd election year: a pair of cam-
paigns based predominantly on non-
issues, one candidate an ice age slick-
ster ,the other one a Pepsodent-flash
without exception . . . and both of
them straining to be media-popular
with the whole affair appearing as a
Kafkaesque joke.
Trouble is, it's a borderline case.
You can't tell if it is for real or If
it's just a cruel joke. Carter said he
doesn't think one man should con-
sider himself better than another if
that other guy goes around and

"screws" a lot of women. Well, that
is a little surprising for a presidential
candidate to say, but as long as at
least one candidate seems to have di-
rection, he should carry it to its fur-
thest extreme so we know exactly
where we're sitting. He should have
given the interview to Hustler, and
spiced it up some for these purposes.
So, unless we make the candidates
go to extremes to show us their true
colors, we're wasting our time. As
Dickens said, "It was the best of
times, it was the worst of times."
And that applies to us especially.
Moreover, he should have said "it was
the oddest of times" because it cer-
tainly is now.
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: James Tobin, Jeffrey Ristine,
William Turque, Stuart McGonnell
Editorial Page: Robert Meachum,
Thomas Stevens, Jon Pansius, Lisa
Zisook
Arts Page: Lois Josimovich, Michael
Jones
Photo Technician: Scott Eccker

CAPTAIN
TRUT- UORThY~

Editor's note: The following
open letter to University Presider
ben Fleming.
By JAMES HIPPS
AS A 1976 GRADUATE of the 1
sity of Michigan I am great
cerned by the possibility of the
ence of covert relations betwe<
University and the Central Intel
Agency.
In its final report issued in
the Senate Select Committee on
gence reported that the CIA car
clandestine activities on over 100
ican campuses. The Committee
"It is the responsibility of priv
stitutions and particularly the An
academic community to set the
sional and ethical standards of its
bers." As an alumnus, I call on
university president to accept ti
sponsibility and take action to e
secret CIA presence on campus.
The Senate Select Committee's
revealed a wide range of CIA ac
which raise important questions
the independence and integrity
University. For your information,
enclosing a copy of the relevant
ages, which you will note were "a
ed" at the CIA's request.
IN THE PAST, according to t
port, the CIA secretly funded ind
professors and even whole depar
to carry out secret research and
erwise perform covert missions f
CIA. In his Executive Order of]
ary 18, 1976, President Ford ga
CIA authority to contract for sec:
search - with knowledge of th
involvment limited to "appropriat
Nuke
WITH NUCLEAR POWER
slated to play a major role
in South American develop-
ment, concern is mounting that
the region could become the
scene of a nuclear arms race.
Already Argentina and Brazil
- traditional rivals - have
joined the nuclear club. Brazil,
whose atomic energy plants
are being built by West Ger-
many, will soon have an atomic
fuel reprocessing facility cap-
able of producing atomic bombs.
Shortly after Brazil and West
Germany concluded their nu-
clear agreement, the influential
Jornal do Brasil predicted that
Brazil would build a bomb once
it had the capacity to do so.
Unlike Argentina, Brazil has
not signed the Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Pact.
BRAZIL'S FIRST NUCLEAR
plant will go into operation
next year, while Argentina al-
ready generates 11 per cent of
its electricity by nuclear power.
But the greater sophistication
of the Brazilian nuclear system
has led to calls in Argentina for
more nuclear development.
Both countries have been trying
to develop nuclear power since
the early 1950s - Brazil to com-
plement its inadequate oil and
coal resources, and Argentina
as a hedge against depletion of
its plentiful oil deposits.
Latin American nations, many
of which joined the non-aligned
Third World movement three
years ago, were either absent
or strangely silent during the
recently concluded Conference
of Non-Aligned Nations in Co-
lombo, Sri Lanka. The low-level
participation was seen as a sign
of the continuing rightward
shift among Latin American
governments. Chile, for exam-
ple, an enthusiastic supporter of

non-alignment at the 1973 con-
ference, was conspicuous by its
absence. And Peru, which has
hosted similar conferences in
the past, was virtually silent.
O F T H E S E V E N
Latin American nations that are
full members of the non-aligned
movement - as well as the 10
observer countries - only Pan-
ama sent a top-level delegation,
headed by Gen. Omar Torrijos,
who was appointed a vice pres-
ident of the conference. Among
the full members, Jamaica was
the only other Latin American
country to come out in strong
support of the socialist econom-
ic policies adopted by the con-
ference.
Just a month after the deaths
of two top guerrilla leaders

activitie,
an for officials of the academic institutions
Rob- and to senior project officials." Those
officials presumably would include you
and a few other key administrators and
professors.
ver- However, unless your a.lministration
con- alerts the University community as z
xist- whole, lower level professors, research-
the ers and students may unwittingly be
ence enlisted to work for the CIA on projects
they would find ethically unacceptable
pril, of they were aware of the funding source
elli and the possible application of the re-
elli- search. I call upon you to make public
on the past or present existence of such
ter- secret CIA research on campus - or
in' elsewhere under the university's auspi-
ican ces - and make it university policy
that the true funding source of all re-
.fem- search be publicly identified.
em- The Senate report states that the CIA
ias is currently using several hundred Amer-
re- ican academics located on over 100 cam-
any puses for "providing leads and, on occa-
sion, making introductions for intelli-
port gence purposes." These professors and
ities other university personnel apparently
s to are under secret contract to the CIA
the and specilize in "spotting" foreign stu-
am dents who are then covertly recruited
ass- as American intelligence agents (and
idg- hence become in most cases traitors to
their own countries). Whereas open re-
cruitment on campus can be defended
Re- on First Amendment grounds, the ef-
dual ployment of professors as spies against
ents their own students - whether foreign
oth- or American - is a violation not only
the of principles of academic freedom but
bru- of fundamental notions of decency.
the ADDITIONALLY, the Senate report
re- states that some of the academics with
CeA whom the CIA maintains secret rela-
CIA tionships "occasionally write books and
sen- other material to be used for propagan-

s on ca
da purposes abroad." These publications
were part of the more than 1,250 books
the Senate Committee reported were pub-
lished over the last three decades by
the CIA both in the United States and
overseas. The Center for International
Studies at the Massachusetts Institute
for Technology was one of the institu-
tions identified as having cooperated with
the CIA and accepted covert funds to
publish works of this sort. I am sure
you share my objection on ethical and
professional grounds to professors par-
ticipating in such deceptive practices.
I call on you to make it university
policy that no employe shall perform
services of any kind for any government
agency, unless that employe's relation-
ships to the government is made a mat-
ter of public record within the Univer-
sity.
The Senate report states that Ameri-
can academics are used abroad by the
CIA for operational purposes. In other
words, so-called professors and students
overseas are actually intelligence opera-
tives under cover. According to the Sen-
ate report, Fulbright scholars are the
only category of American academics
abroad exempt from use by the CIA,
and even that exemption is not complete.
I believe that as long as foreigners have
reason to fear that some American aca-
demics are secretly working for the CIA,
then all legitimate scholars traveling and
working abroad will be suspect and po-
tentially subject to limitations. The CIA
has already issued internal prohibitions
against the operational use of accredited
newsmen and missionaries, as well as
Fulbright grantees. These prohibitions
should be extended to all American aca-
demics abroad and at home. I call upon
you to make your voice heard in Wash-

s to play
seemed to signal success for activist
the Argentine military junta in squads.
its "war against subversion," WHIL
the junta is facing rising resist- is stric
ance in civilian sectors. sities a
Industrial workers, angered lice he
by wage freezes in the face of discipli'
continued inflation and govern- bellion
ment drives to increase produc- campus
tivity, have staged slowdowns, section
strikes and even acts of sabo- lit upc
tage. At a Mercedes Benz plant, was re
workers pounded factory walls the stri
with hammers and shouted for wall sl
pay raises during a series of 15- -- have
minute strikes. At an Ika-Re- calling
nault plant, worker painted the jun
newly finished car bodies with litical '
slogans like "down with the A ke
military" and lists of exorbi- junta i
tant prices of basic goods. High are spo
voltage cables feeding iron ore ganized
ovens have been cut; prime politica
beef has been hacked by meat- leftist
cutters to prevent export. In-
cidents continue to mount de- IN C
spite laws against strikes and Boliviar
despite arrests of key union Hugo
leaders and assaults on labor onstrat

major

Latin role

rmpus
ington for a total ban on CIA operation-
al use of people associated with univer-
sities or of CIA operatives representing
themselves as students, researchers, or
professors.
THE UNIVERSITY has a long his-
tory of cooperation with our government.
Whether that cooperation has always
been fruitful for both parties is a de-
batable question. However, I would main-
tain - and I hope you will agree - that
secret cooperation with an intelligence
agency is another matter altogether. It
is contrary to the openness and trust
necessary for true academic freedom.
This is the position of the American
Association of University Professors,
whose convention in June 1976 adopted
a resolution calling for an end to the
use of academics in covert intelligence
operations.
The time has come to clear the air
and to end any secret ties to the CIA.
I call upon you to sever any such ties
and to make a full report on any past
or present connections between the CIA
and your university. You may have been
informed of some of these connections
- if any - In your capacity as uni-
versity president. If you do not believe
you are fully informed, however, you
might consider using the Freedom of
Information Act or a direct letter to
CIA Director Bush to obtain a list of
all past or present CIA activities on
your campus. I am sending a copy of
this letter to the student newspaper and
the alumni magazine to open up a cam-
pus-wide debate on the question of the
CIA's use of the University community.
James Hlipps graduated from the Una-
Versity last May and now resides in
Washington, D.C.

s by para-police death
LE POLITICAL activity
tly prohibited at univer-
s well - and secret po-
lp maintain order and
ne - small acts of re-
have sprouted up on
ses. In one philosophy
, almost an entire class
cigarets when a student
primanded for violating
ct ban on smoking. And
ogans strongly penalized
begun to appear, some
for the overthrow of
ta or the freeing of po-
prisoners.
y question now for the
s whether the protests
ontaneous - or being or-
in part by clandestine
A groups with ties to
guerrillas.
"RUSHING THE recent
to miners' strike, Gen.
Banzer again has dem-
ed the combination of

sophistication and force that has
helped him stay in power for
five years - a modern record
for Bolivian rulers.
Avoiding the kind of bloody
clash between troops and work-
ers necessary to crush past
strikes, Banzer arrested hun-
dreds of union leaders, tem-
porarily cut off food to mining
areas, fired more than 400 min-
ers and put strike areas off
limits to the press. He then
invited 100 carefully screened
miners to La Paz, where they
were wined and dined by gov-
ernment officials while wage
negotiations were resumed. The
selected miners agreed to a 30
per cent wage boost, the same
offer union leaders - who had
demanded 100 per cent to keep
up with inflation - had re-
jected before the strike.
SIMILAR TACTICS
have been used against stu-
dents who shut down seven of

the nation's nine universities
and many high schools in sup-
port of the miners and in pro-
test against compulsory mili-
tary service.
Just as the Peruvian junta
has stopped calling itself "so-
cialist, reports have begun to
circulate that Peru has con-
cluded a deal with the Soviet
Union to buy 40 Russian fighter-
bombers. Several newspapers
and magazines in Latin Ameri-
ca and Europe, including the
respected L o n d o n - b a s e d
Flight International, have car-
ried the reports. If they are
true and the purchase is car-
ried out - which some observ-
ers doubt because of Peru's re-
cent turn to the right - the
planes would change the mili-
tary balance on Latin Ameri-
ca's Pacific coast, now in
Chile's advantage after the re-
cent purchase of 18 U. S. planes.

THE FROSH EXPERIENCE:

Tri'bulati'ons for the uninitiated

RIDL, VPREM4t6! M t"
IS NELSON4 tROK F~,uR
WELTIEST An)M06T
I).Ct yfMEN1 M

OR THE UNITED STATnS
OF AmEIA ...
.., SO up F YbuRt !
F

By MELINDA SCHULTHEIS
A S AN INCOMING freshwoman this fall, I have to admit that
I didn't know what to anticipate. I had heard that the school
was tough, and that it was fantastic for football, basketball and
MRS degrees, but beyond that, my knowledge amounted to a
huge void. As I am out-of-state, I knew next to nothing of Michi-
gan as a school or state. I was understandably shocked Septem-
ber 5th, when arriving in Ann Arbor, I checked into East Quad,
my home for the next eight months.
I have often wondered during my brief three weeks here who
it is that prepares the heart-warming brochure sent to naive
freshmen that describes the dorms. In this particular bulletin, the
Quad was defined as "rustic-looking". In my mind I had pictured
a quaint, ivy-covered villa, a meeting place for mild-mannered
philosophers and poets. When I arrived, my dreams were shat-
tered. My parents and I pulled up to a monolith of brick, glass, dirt
and utter confusion. I entered timidly with such necessities for
learning such as hot curlers, Hershey bars and a tennis raquet,
when I was swept into a mob of total hysteria. I followed the
crowd from sign-in sheet to sign-insheet, and watched in horror as
one poor boy tried to inform the main desk that he had no
mattress in his room. The people at the desk were very optimistic
and undauntedly informed him where he could go in the basement
to find some form of sleeping apparatus for his fourth floor room.
Off he trudged and I felt a growing feeling of insecurity envelope
me. After all, how rustic could it be?
Happily, when I did get to my room (also on the fourth floor),
there was a bed. Unhappily, there were three. I was in a triple
that was so small, we practically had to turn in unison. But that
was tolerable. It was getting used to the Ann Arbor ime schedule
that was a trip.
I do believe that 70 per cent of all Ann Arborites are nocturnal.
Being uninformed freshmen, we went to bed around 11:30 p.m.
What a surprise it was to discover that the whole town rouses itself
from slumber around midnight, followed by a period of revelry

until approx. 5:00 in the morning. Minnie Ripperton was express-
ing her love loudly throughout the courtyard while Joni Mitchell
definitely had her say in our corridor.
IT'S NOT THAT I object to being deafened to sleep by music,
but around the wee hours of 4:30 a.m., some jovial characters
were having a little morning exercise throwing beer bottles at the
Quad windows. I'm not against intramural sports, but I am partial
to my windows, especially when they're in one piece.
But I really didn't have to'worry as their interests soon shifted
to throwing trash cans in the street and fighting wih each oher,
after which they all had a good cry and frolicked home the best
of friends.
The food situation tended to irritate some, and it left me to-
tally unprepared. I didn't expect Chateaubriand weekly, but I
did expect something in the way of edible. One cannot imagine
the frustration experienced after waiting ravenously in line for
a half hour to discover (rightly so) that the cafeteria has been
christened the Quad's Official Fecal Headquarters. They often
conjure up something known as Tian which should actually be
called Pee-on as that is generally what one should do with it
when it is deposited on the plate. Tian is produced about three
times a week.
However, life at Michigan can be fun. There are such intra-
dorm activities planned such as communal hunts in the lava-
tories for toilet paper and camping out in the main lobby for room
changes. Although it may not appeal to the weak of heart, it does
induce togetherness and lasting friendships.
Happily for most, life at the University is enjoyable. There is
a lot of bureaucracy and red tape, but it can be circumvented.
And as soon as I discover the method behind it, I'll let every
incoming freshmen in on the big secret. I'm still looking, but I
hope I'll find out soon. Graduation is only four years away.
Melinda Schultheis is a freshwoman living in East Quad.

Letters
can assure everyone that the
makeup of the team was as t

to

the

Daily
some eight years of work.
Smith's excuses about the

To The Daily:
ALTHOUGH THE basketball

with Green's talents and statis-
tics can see that such mediocre

wishes. I certainly hope Michi-
gan fans will not accept his

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