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September 17, 1976 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-09-17

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Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109



roots entangle


Friday, September 17, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Ford's sickening speech

speech Wednesday night in Cris-
ler Arena was typical of what the ma-
jor presidential candiates have been
doing during this campaign year:
clearly identifying the issues, but
failing miserably in proposing con-
crete and progressive solutions. Ford's
image is that close to a big corpora-
tion's chairman of the board: stick
to a, well-proven formula, exercise
moderation, sacrifice creativity for
stability and take action only in self
interest. It isn't really that the Presi-
dent is dishonest - in fact he is pro-
bably a decent sort, a person that
will stand up for what he believes -
but that is not a reason in itself to
lead the most powerful nation in the
Ford spoke of all the things that
appeal to the common citizen: infla-
tion, crime and unemployment. He
spoke vaguely of what had to be done
on the gut level to combat those evils
and offered no suggestions for curing
the underlying causes for such Amer-
ican maladies. Perhaps this is over-
analyzing, however, for what he said
amidst the Rah! Rah! atmosphere of
the spectacle amounts only to that
familiar hot air.
We know right now for a fact that
the only national goal Gerald Ford
is certainly interested in is that of
getting elected to the presidency for
the first time in his life. His chatter
Editorial Staff
Rob Meachum......... . ........... Bill Turque
Jeff Ristine ....... . ......... .. Managing Editor
rlm eebl .................aEecutive Nttor
Stephen Hersh................ Magazine Editor
Rob Meachum...............Editorial Director
Lois Josimovich......... ........ Arts Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Susan Ades, Dana Bauman,
Michael Beckman, Dana Bauman, James Burns,
Jodi Dimick, Elaine Fletcher, Mark Friedlander,
Tom Godell, Kurt Harju, Charlotte Heeg, Rich-
ard James, Tom Kettler, Chris Kochmha nski
Stephen Kursman, Jay Levin, Ann Marie Lip-
inski, George Lobsenz, Pauline Lubens, Ter
Maneau, Maureen Nolan, Mike Norton, Jon
Pansius, Kim Potter, Cathy Reutter, Ann Marie
Schiavi, Karen Schulkins, Jeff Selbst, Rock
Sobel, Tom Stevens, Steve Stoic, Cathi Suyak,
Jim Tobin, Jim Valk, Margaret Yao, Andrew
Sports Staff
Bill Stieg .......................... Sports Editor
Rich Lerner..........Executive Sports Editor
Andy Glazer......... ,. Managing Sports Editor
Rick Bonino..........Associate Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Tom Cameron, Enid Goldman,
Kathy Henneghan, Scott Lewis, Rick Maddock,
Bob Miller, John Niemeyer, Mark Whitney.
STAFF WRITERS: Leslie Brown, Paul Campbell.
Marybeth Dillon, Ernie Dunbar, Henry Engel-
hardt, Jeff Frank, Cindy Gatziolis, Don Mac-
Lachlan, Rich Ovshinsky, Jim Powers, Pat Rode,
John Schwartz.
Business Staff
Beth Friedman .... . .......... Business Manager
Deborah Dreyfuss......Operations Manager
Kathleen Mulhern........Advertising Manager
David Harlan.................Finance Manager
Dan Blugerman................Sales Manager
Pete Peterson .......... Advertising Coordinator
Cassie St. Clair...........Circulation Manager
Beth Stratford.......Circulation Director
Photography Staff
PAULINE LUBENS...........Chief Photographer
SCOTT ECCKER ............ Staff Photographer
ALAN BILINSKY............Staff Photographer

Second of a Four-Part Series
chinist. He moved from
Boston to Seabrook, New Hamp-
shire five years ago. At 62 he
is still working, but he's defi-
nitely looking forward to retire-
Last year Tony stepped in a
hole on his property and sprain-
ed his ankle. He lost a year's
work, and never got a penny
from the Public Services Com-
pany (PSC) of New Hampshire,
which drilled the hole. He now
calls the PSC a "bunch of damn
liars," and has vowed to never
sell them his land, which the
company wants to take for a
twin 2300-megawatt, $1.6 billion
nuclear power plant.
Tony is hardly unique in this
town. A tight community . of
5,700, Seabrook is blessed with
magnificent marshland and an
active fishing and clamming
business. It is just over the
border from Salisbury, Massa-
chusetts, and it boasts many
families who can trace back
their ancestry in Seabrook for
enght generations.
thought it would have an easy
time when it announced plans
for a nuclear plant in Seabrook.
With promises of jobs, tax bene-
fits, and a giant influx of busi-
ness, the PSC figured to swamp
the small-town folk with a fi-
nancial offer they couldn't re-
But they failed to account for
a few things. For one, Sea-
brookers are fiercely independ-
ent, and not particularly trust-
ful of big corporations. The
PSC is one of the biggest in
New Hampshire, supplying the
state with 90% of its electrici-
Furthermore, many Seabrook-
ers still make their living from

the sea. They found the fact
that the PSC wants to dump
1 billion .gallons of 100* water
daily into the Atlantic a bit
hard to take. In addition, the
locals were more than a little
wary about the possible effects
of radiation.
As a result, the town voted
against the plant in March, 1976,
by a margin of 762 to 648.
n't listening. Governor Meldrim
Thomson, an ardent promoter
of the plant, said the defeat
came due to "outsiders," and
ordered the PSC to proceed as
planned. Thomson was satisfied
to see construction begin this
But it wasn't all as smooth
as that. Last January 4, Ron
Rieck, a 22-year-old apple pick-
er from Weare, New Hampshire,
staged a one-man occupation by
climbing the 175-foot PSC weath-
er tower at the site. He took
two sheets of plywood, a sleep-
ing bag and some food, and
lasted 36 hours up there be-
fore the cold forced him down.
When he returned to earth, he
found Seabrook police chief
Louis Promise waiting for him
with a thermos of hot tea.
On August 1, Rieck joined 17
other New Hampshirites to
stage a more pedestrian occu-
pation of the site. Marching
down a mile of abandoned Bos-
ton & Maine railroad track, the
occupiers carried with them
pine and maple saplings, plus
baby corn and sunflower plants.
They were accompanied by 40
representatives of the media,
and they weredmet by the Sea-
brook police department, and
officials of the PSC.
The PSC ordered the 18 to
leave, but they began gardening
instead. The Seabrook police
were then ordered to make ar-
rests, and the 18 sat down and

President Ford

on "the issues" in light of that fact
becomes both secondary and super-
A CHEAP SHOT, Mr. Ford, coming
to your alma mater - glowing as a
finely sharpened Madison Avenue ad
person does at having realized that
you can sell manure as gold by word-
ing the copy properly. Using an aca-
demic institution as a blatant po-
litical springboard for your political
aspirations was highly out of or-
der. And certain University personali-
ties using the spectacle for a political
whoopla speech, i.e. radio announc-
er Bob Ufer exclaiming "Marvin Esch,
the next senator from the state of
Michigan" and presenting Ford with
a warmup jacket with the best wishes
"from the great Michigan family,"
was equally out of order.
But, and we can be proud of this,
it didn't entirely go over in Ann Arbor
town; unfortunately, it was accept-
ed a bit more freely than it should
have been.
He also talked about the realiza-
tion of the American dream and the
duty of the United States to be the
leader of the free world, as epitomized
by Ford when he spoke of Henry Kis-
singer sticking our fingers into south-
ern Africa when perhaps they don't
belong there. He spoke of "earning
trust" as opposed to asking for it
like Jimmy Carter does, but he ne-
glected the fact that when it comes
down to basics, he's just as untrust-
worthy as the Democratic candidate.
Untrustworthy through pure ambig-
uity, and that's enough.
News: George Lobsenz, Jeff Ristine,
Tim Schick, Karen Schulkns, Bill
EDIT PAGE: Rob Meachum, Jon Pon-
sius, Tom Stevens.
ARTS PAGE: Lois Josimovich.
PHOTO TECHNICIAN: Allen Bilinski.'


Pacific News Service



4 t

HERE IN THE central high-
lands of Tanzania, a coun-
try where self-reliance is the
national theme and democratic
socialism the goal, plans are
being laid to build what could
be Africa's - if not the world's
- most innovative city.
If all goes according to plan,
Tanzania by 1990 will sport a
true "people's capital" - a
city of 350,000 where small com-
munities of 7,000 lie tucked
amidst neighborhood parks,
farmlands and wildlife reserves;
where each family, living among
a small cluster of 10 homes,
has its own garden plot; and
where an extensive public bus
system shuttle people wherever
they cannot go by foot or bi-
The city, called Dodoma, lies
in a temperate climate almost
a mile above sea level. Unlike
the hot and muggy current cap-
ital of Dar es Salaam - a teem-
ing old Arab port far removed
from Tanzania's largely rural
population - Dodoma will be
built with both rural African
lifestyles and Tanzania's "peo-
ple's democracy" in mind.
NO LONGER will villagers
and local political leaders face
a foreign maze of streets, con-
fusing bus routes and fast-paced
urban sprawl when they visit
their capital.
Even President Julius Nyerere
and other government officials
spend a month or more each

fly Our
year in their home districts cul-
tivating their plots with hoes
and draught animals. And in
the most interesting experiment
of all, Tanzanians are moving
into cooperative self-help vil-
lages known as "ujamaa," in-
tended to be the backbone of
this poor agricultural nation's
socialist program.
Clement George Kahama, the
director of the Capital Develop-
ment Authority, the agency
building Dodoma, says the basic
principle of his master plan is
complete integration of man-
made structures with the land
on which they stand. "Agricul-
ture will always be an integral
part of the capital's life," he
Through some government of-
fices have already moved to
Dodoma, the real building has
yet to begin. The main govern-
ment buildings - to be visible
from almost every part of the
city-will be situated on a slop-
ing ridge that gives a command-
ing view of the city and the
s'irrounding ,countryside.
BESIDES THE President's of-
fice and the headquarters of
TANU (Tanganyika African Na-
tional Union), Tanzania's ruling
and democratically run party,
the National Assembly will rise
above the residential and com-
mercial areas below. Other gov-
ernment offices, a university
campus, a convention hall and
parks will round out the city
To keep to the theme of a
human-centered capital, the city
center won't have towering
buildings or mammoth express-
ways. Most Tanzanians can nev-
er hope to own a car or sleep
in a Hilton hotel.
Public housing will be no'
more than three stories high.
"High rise residential develop-
ment," Mr. Kahama explains,
"apart from being totally un-
necessary in this case and so-
ciologically unsound for families
with children, is inconsistent
with the aim of enabling every-
one to be near the land to work
The plan to build houses in
clusters of 10 each will keep
the city life close to the coun-
try's village traditions, narrow-

allowed themselves to be drag-
ged through 200 yards of mud
and underbrush to the police
18 became 180. On August
22, ten times the original num-
ber marched to the site of the
nuclear plant, again carrying
pine and maple saplings, plus
various vegetable seedlings.
This time they were met by 100
state police, the Seabrook po-
lice, several dozen sheriffs, and
the PSC. After some confusion,
the occupiers were allowed onto
the site for orderly arrests. It
was all strictly non-violent. The
Clamshell Alliance, which or-
ganized the demonstration, bar-
red anyone from participating
who had not been trained in
the practice of Gandhian pas-
sive resistance.
Fortunately, the state police
had enganged in similar train-
ing, and the day's proceedings1
were remarkably calm and
peaceful. Many of the state po-
lice are opposed to the plant
and told the demonstrators (as
they were dragging them away)
that they were glad the occu-
pation had happened.
But things weren't all that1
simple. Two days before the1
d e m o n stration, Rockingham
County Superior Court Judge1
Maurice Bois handed down a
blanket injunction against the
occupation. The day after the
arrests, 10 occupiers were sepa-
rated from the rest and charged
with violating the injunction.
The 10 were the only repeaters
from the August 1 demonstra-
tion, and were the only ones
named in the injunction arrest-
ed on August 22.
During their bail hearing,
. Judge Bois announced sevenf
times that he considered the1
10 to be guilty as charged. But
he refused to allow them a jury
ing the gap between urban and
rural lifestyles. Mr. Kahama
hopes the clusters will encour-
age good neighborliness, provid-
ing intimate support and assist-
ance to those who are new to
urban life.
have traditionally done many
domestic village tasks together
in a communal fashion and the
master plan intends to promote
this in the new city through the
self-help approach," Mr. Kaha-
ma says. He envisions commun-
al activities like building class-
rooms, forming adult literacy
classes or simply pounding corn,
a prerequisite for preparing the
staple food, "ugali."
The housing clusters will be
grouped into neighborhoods of
about 7,000 people, each with
its own elementary school, park
and community center.
Four neighborhoods will be
grouped in a residential com-
munity of 25,000 to 30,000 peo-
ple. Twelve such communities,
all with small scale industries,
are on the drawing boards
Heavy industry will be con-
centrated in the northwest cor-
ner of the city, so the prevail-
ing southern winds will blow
any pollutants away.
Transportation, including bicy-
cling and walking, is a major
consideration in Dodoma's mas-
ter plan. Children will be no
more than a few minutes walk

from their school - and they
will never have to cross a road
to get there.
walk to work will go by bus
along a route closed to other
vehicles and pedestrians, link-
ing the center of each commu-
nity with government buildings
and commercial areas. No one
will live more than 10 minutes
from a bus stop.
Only time will tell whether
Tanzania's dream will come
true. But if it does, Dodoma
will likely become - on a con-
tinent of ex-colonial capitals,
each with its contrasting sky-
scrapers and squatterycom-
pounds - the model city.
Roger Mann is a PNS cor-
respondent specializing in Afri-
can affairs.

Outof sight tuition
More educational
bang for students
IN WHAT HAS now become time-honored tradition, the
University has raised our tuition again. As if that is
not enough, we now have to pay a new Health Service fee.
To add to the insult, services and classes have been cut.
After stating the obvious, you may expect me to lay
into the Regents or some such group for exploiting the stu-
dents, etc., as so many others have done, but that approach
is a bit assinine, as most childish outbursts are. A search
for realistic alternative policies free from overblown cure-
alls makes more sense.
The University can do little about cuts in state aid ex-
cept beg and cajole, with unpredictable results, from our
fickle state legislature. The main avenue of attack should
be in cutting costs, as the University has made some feeble
attempts towards. Unfortunately, administrators seem to
have confused classes with costs (though classes do cost
money), since their economization programs consist mainly
of chopping out some of those interesting, rewarding, high-
level courses that are the real reason for the standard low-
level ones.
Administrators should instead try to cut the costs of
teaching and reduce the large overhead that has accumu-
lated through the fat years. This ranges from curing inept
management to stretching out the teaching staff. The Uni-
versity should review programs not involving teaching or
housing students to cut out non-essential elements.
For instance, there is no reason why the groundskeepers
need to relay the concrete walks in front of the Undergradu-
ate Library umpteen times to get the alignment right (or
whatever); besides wasting time and money, it is a damn
nuisance. In another case, South Quad got new doors and
front walks, it seems, just for fun. A macabre philosophy
of make-work apparently pervades many University depart-
Administrators with more knowledge about particulars
than myself can better suggest ways to get more education
out of our dollars. Even with these measures, however,
tuition may still have to increase with inflation. Providing
more student jobs can soften the blow, but instead of trying
to make work, the University should attempt to replace
high-paying jobs filled by non-students with part-time stu-
dent employment with reasonable pay.
THIS PROCESS WILL be difficult. Many unions that
represent University employes still regard the University
as an institution of employment rather than an institution
of learning, forgetting that it exists primarily for the bene-
fit of students. Understandably, nobody can afford to lose
his or her job for long; however, providing public jobs is
a matter for the state government instead of the University.
Making use of the long line of students looking for employ-
ment would better the interests of the University's true con-
stituency, the students.
Hopefully, these humble suggestions will filter through
the cerebral membranes and into the brains of some of our
eminent decision makers, resulting in some sort of action to
get more education from the tuition dollar. It would be tragic
for our tradition of excellent yet accessible education to fall
because of rampant course-cutting or sky-rocketing tuition.
Jon Pansius is a Daily staff member.

trial and he refused also to dis-
qualify himself, announcing "I
am not prejudiced in this case."
Thus the judge who handed
down the injunction also took
the opportunity to try and sen-
tence them.
trial he personally insulted the
defendents, calling them by
wrong names and refusing to
call one woman "Ms." as re-
Finally, after five days, he
surprised no one by finding
them guilty and sentencing them
to three months in prison.
Among others, the 10 include
two college students, a welder,
a farmer, two shipyard work-
ers, a shoe stitcher and a 45-
year-old mother of six who is
also a former town official in
Keene, New Hampshire.
Bois has also promised to
serve the rest of the 180 with
contempt citations. In addition,
he threw an American Civil
Liberties Union lawyer named
Robert Gross into prison along
with the 10. Gross had served
as a legal go-between at the
demonstration site, but did not
occupy. Gross has also been
conducting a campaign to re-
form the Rockingham County
prisons, and made a few ene-
mies in the legal machinery.
Bois apparently decided to take
the opportunity to get Gross out
of the way, and is also making
motions towards arresting two
other lawyers who were at the
As of now the Seabrook
defendants are in prison, as Bois
denied their motion to get free
on bail pending appeal.
MEANWHILE, the Clamshell
Alliance is continuing with plans
for another occupation of the
plant site on October 23. These
are the first mass civil dis-

obedience demonstrations in de-
fense of the environment. As
such, they mark a significant
development in the mid-seven-
ties American political scene.
The issues of the environment
are now being accepted as life
and death issues. The develop-
ment of the movement is very
similar to that of the Vietnam
campaign in the late sixties,
with the exception that, as at
Seabrook, the grass roots sup-
port is initially much stronger.
The people of Seabrook have
been further alienated from the
project by the fact that jobs
promised by the PSC project,
and now noise disruption from
the site has become a wide-
spread nuisance.
The fact that more than 200
arrests have now taken place
at a nuclear plant site in one
of the most conservative states
in the union is of no means
significant. The anti-nuclear
movement at Seabrook has been'
thrown slightly off-balance by
Bois' injunction, but seems to
have recovered in remarkable
time. Very few have illusions
that the movement to stop nu-
clear power will be fast or easy.
Indeed, those committed to it
are gearing up for a long strug-
gle with many sacrifices. "The
environment must be protect-
ed." is the watchword of the
And as the Seabrook defen-
dants told Judge Bois before
they were carted off to prison.
"We are only the first of hun-
dreds of thousands who will go
to prison in the necessary strug-
gle against nuclear power. We
are proud of the opportunity."
Harvey Wasserman was edi-
torial director of the Daily in
1966-7 and is the author of
Harvey Wasserman's History of
the United States.

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student housing
To The Daily:
clarify the distpute noted in
your September 11, 1976 arti-
cle, regarding the Michigan Stu-
dent Assembly Housing Law Re-

ters to
vey only accounts for student
non-university housing.
It is our experience that stu-
dent housing is usually in worse
condition than that of the gen-
eral community. This is largely
due to students often needing
to live within walking distance

the I
Thank you for your coverage,
and we hope this helps to clari-
fy the matter.
Richard Dutka,
Michigan Student
Assembly Housing Law
Reform Project
September 13, 1976


the Campus Management rent
strike, also TU organized, be-
gan in February of 1975 - 8
months before the Trony strike.
The photos, both on page 3
and on page 1 of section 1
part B are from the Campus
Management strike. Although

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