-1-HE MICHIGAN DAILY
Thursday, September 9, 1916
Poge Four HE MICHIGAN DAILY Thursday, September 9, 1976
By STU McCONNELL
Discrimination is a systematic process, one that takes years
to become entrenched. Unfortunately, "affirmative action"
programs designed to rid the University of discriminatory hir-
ing and enrollment practices promise to be an equally long
The University has, in recent years, instituted programs
to increase the proportion of women and minorities on the in-
structional staff, the student body, and in the GSA (graduate
student assistant) ranks, but it has done so-only under pres-
"IT IS 40T ECONOMICAL to promote affirmative ac-
tion -- only from such pressures as HEW (Health Education
and Welfare)," said one administrative observer, referring to
staff hiring procedures. The story has been much the same in
other areas -- a minority student recruitment program was
instituted only after the fiery Black Action Movement (BAM)
strike in 1970, and the University only began steps against
discrimination in GSA hiring during the Graduate Employes
Organization (GEO) strike of last year.
The Regents set a goal of 10 per cent black enrollment by
1973-74 after the BAM strike, but the percentage in 1976 was
only 7.3, a figure which has remained constant for two years.
George Goodman of the University's Opportunity program at-
tributes part of the problem to a lack of preparation on the
part of minority students.
"A lot of those high school students were graduating with
nothing other than that empty diploma they got when they
walked across the stage," he said. "The students were gradu-
ating with literally no skills."
"THE ONE THING we will not do," said University Di-
rector of Admissions Cliff Sjogren, "is bring in bodies just to
achieve the ten per cent goal."
e action lag
The University also tries to hire the "best qualified"
personnel for instructional positions, but this means hiring
people from the "best" schools, which have, until recently,
been largely white and male.
Speaking of the all-white, all-male faculty of the Univer-
sity Law School, Vice President for Academic Affairs Vir-
ginia Nordby said the school hires "the top graduates from
the top law schools in the country. Among other things, that
means graduates who have clerked in the Supreme Court.
Now, the Supreme Court has only recently been open to wo-
men so there aren't that many to choose from."
AN AFFIRMATIVE ACTION progress report issued ear-
lier this year indicated that women have made substantial
gains on the instructional staff, while minority advances have
been sluggish. Non-minority (white) women increased their
percentage of the instructional staff from 13.6 to 14.6 - just
short of the University's 1974-75 goal of 14.7 per cent-but
minorities made up only 6.6 per cent, well short of the pro-
"The projections made in 1972 involved some guesses
about how many minority candidates we could find," said
Eva Mueller, LSA Dean Billy Frye's Assistant for Affirmative
Action. "Over the years more and more blacks got Ph.D's,
but no one could estimate then how many would be interested
in coming here."
The Graduate Employe's Organization (GEO) listed an
affirmative action program for GSA hiring as one of their
demands during last spring's strike, but economic issues
took precedence in the negotiations and GEO and the Uni-
versity finally signed a "memorandum of understanding".
GEd feels, however, that the memorandum has been ineffec-
tive and is demanding that affirmative action be included in
the actual language of this year's contract.
Tsang and others who have objected to the University's
slow progress on affirmative action contend that what is
needed is a change of administrative attitude.
"If we can get the whole purpose and process of affirm-
ative action involved and integrated into the hiring and pro-
motion process," said Gwengolyn Baker, Affirmative Action
Officer for the University, "If we get more than written
or verbal commitments, this is when the discrimination prac-
tices will stop."
Changes have been made
r egarding Basketball-
game dates which appear
in the Sports section.
Dec. 11- - Western Michigan is
Jan. 2-Indiana is moved to Feb.
3. The Jan. 2 game is to be an-
March 6-There will be a game
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Union ready with demands
By ELAINE FLETCHER weak contract and internal dif- have some common goals - specifies that they not be passed
ferences, been spreading the biggest difference of opin- onto students in the form of
University clericals are pre- across c -Decertification ion is how to reach them." higher tuition rates.
paring to confront the admin- organizers A;~ opportunity by Shudtevt oi ao f "h nywy'reral
istration this fall with demands the throat and began gather- Should the vote go in favor of 'The only way *e're really
ranging from a $50 across t h e ing signatures on petitions that the union, its presence on cam- gog to get more money,"
board weekly wage increase to asked the Michigan Employ- pus could have a profound ef- said Jensen, "is by putting
inclusion of students and tem- ment Relations Committee (ME feet on students this fall. pressure on Lansing (state le
porary workers into the bar- RC) to hold a clerical vote on "We are going to be bargain- islature) for achange of priori-
Weoae gong workersgin-ties in (state) spending.
gaining unit, whether to oust the union. ing at the table for the inclu-
But that is only if they are At the time this went to press sion of students ,and also tem- "We have got to hook up with
successful in thwarting a drive both sides were gearing up for poraries into the bargaining clericals statewide tohave more
to decertify (or dissolvve) t h e the final showdown. For if the unit," said bargaining commit- leverage in determining whee
UAW union local (2001), which decertification vote fails, an- tee chairwoman Mary Ann Jen- priorities are." But, she added,
is currently being conducted on other vote on the matter can- sen. "At this time students are an effective lobby may take
campus. not be taken. Similarly, if the hired into the University at a years to develop.
Members were scheduled to measure is approved mem- very cheap rate. The Univer-
vote on the question early in Au- bers would be prohibited from sity is using the students as a While the Graduate Em-
gust. Said union president Deb- organizing or attempting to or- cutting knife; they are able to ployes Organization strike of:a
by Moorehead before the refer- ganize a union for a n o t h e r wear down the possibility of a year ago was felt mainly in
endum, "There is probably a year. strike by using students as scab class organization and attend-
fifty-fifty chance (that mem- Both CDU and Unity Caucus labor and temporaries." ance, a joint strike of both the
bers will vote to decertify). It were making genuine attempts. GEO and the clericals could
could go either way." to put aside political differ- Furthermore, said Jensen, shut down virtually all of the
The decertification v o t e ences, in order to assure the the inclusion of students and University's day to day busi-
comes only 17 months after the union's very existence. temporaries would help unify ness.
local's birth. It culminates a Said Morehead, "conflict is the union with those groups on "We consider the GEO de-
year wracked by factional dif- always going to exist and that's campus who might otherwise mands our struggle as well,"
ferences which surfaced during good because it means that peo- be required to cross fellow said Hansen, "and we hop.
the union's first contract nego- ple are thinking. But we (the workers' picket lines in the that they are going to be sup-
tiations last summer, when a two factions) have been func- event of a strike, porting ours."
group of clericals accused the tioning together and we hope Students will be happy to Added Morehead "We, (GEO
bargaining team of negotiating we will get better at communi- know that no matter what sort and the clericals will certainly
a sellout contract with the Uni- cating with each other. We are of economic concessions the be in communication with each
Tha group later united to be- trying to establish some com- clericals win from the Univer- other about what's going on at
come known as Clericals for a mon ground. I think we already sity, a clause in the contract the (bargaining) table."
Democratic Union (CDU). Mem-
bers of the former bargaining
team joined with their support-
ers under the title of "Unity untsi
The two groups became repre-
sentative o abasic idologas urs ourageunw
contract ratification, CDU em-
barked on a crusade for a grass- By PHILLIP BOKOVOY the judge to take action on it. Bullock's mother, Esther Bul-
roots democratic union struc- On February 8, two b I a c k Meanwhile Bullock was charg- lock, when asked if she eas a-
ture, which included half-time youths, Larry Edwards, 18, and ed with armed robbery and is tisfied with the prosecutor's
officers, and provisions for his companion Ricky Bullock, awaiting trial. According to Pro- opinion that there was no qrim-
"membership control" of many 19, were both shot as they al- secutor William Delhey, the trial inality involved on the part of
union decisions. legedly attempted to rob a has been delayed because there the officers, said, "Of c u r e
Unity Caucus took a differ- Pump 'n Pantry store on Broad- must be a hearing. not." She declined further con-
ent position and campaigned way. Edwards died of the ment.
for a more representative form wounds inflicted by the police THE PROSECUTOR'S office
of government which would put and his family claimed he had has recently completed an in- COUNCILWOMAN Elizabeth
more of the union control into been the object of a racially- vestigation of the affair and Keough (D-First Ward) said, "I
the hands of the executive of- motivated killing. Delhey said, "There was no think there were a lot of quest
ficers. Subsequent controversy moved criminal wrong-doing on the part tions that were unanswered."
In the end of that controversy city officials to place new re- of the police." City Administrator Sylvester
CDU had its way. Meanwhile straints on police weapons use. In his judgment only Ed- Murray, disagreed: "I accepted
elections had been called - A law was passed which required wards and Bullock had commit- his (Delhey's) judgement
and subsequently declared in- a police officer to use a weapon ted any crime. He based his (but) I think we will have a
valid by UAW higher-ups after only to protect his or her life opinion on the deceased broth- new firearms policy, one t h a.t
the votes which put CDU over or to protect other persons from er's statement, which he would the City Council has approv-
the top were contested by Unity death or serious injury. not release, and the ballistics re- ed."
caucus. port. Wheeler expressed the I o p e
A new series of elections in THE ANN ARBOR Police Of- But Mayor Alberti Wheeler that the policy would be upheld
June brought a split leadership ficers' Association took the mat- said he doesn't believe the of- in court. "I think we nay get
into office. CDU member Mary ter to court and obtained a re- ficers, George Anderson and it into the position (that) if we
Ann Jensen now chairs the straining order to prohibit im- Tom Pressly, exhausted "all get enough b partisan support
bargaining team, while Pres plementation of the new policy other means of apprehending on the council, then the court
dent Debby Morehead aligns until it could be studied by the the suspects . - . I am not al- question is moot," he said.
herself with Unity Caucus. judge hearing the case. leging criminality on the part
Meanwhile, a wave of disillu- As of this printing, there the of the officers because I have "I really think the decision
sionment over the union, its matter still lies: waiting for no such evidence at this time." See AATA, Page 9
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