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March 20, 1977 - Image 7

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Michigan Daily, 1977-03-20
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)aide Six

THE MICHIGAN DAILY SUNDAY MAGAZINE

March 20, 1977 March 20, 1977

THE MICHIGAN DAILY SUNDAY MAGAZINE

.._...

-r

I

U

hap-penlngs ...

events and entertainment
week of March 20-26

all week
COMMERCIAL CINEMA
Airport '77-(Fox Village) .
Voyage of the Damned--(The Movies,
Briarwood).
A Star is Born - (The Movies, Briar-
wood).
The following it~ings were still ten-
Tatve at press tie. Please consult ad-
vertisements or call the theatre to avoid
any disappoint -et.
Chatterbox-(Campus).
The Town That Dreaded Sundown -
(State).
The Song Remains the Same-(State).
The Last Tycoon-(Michigan).
sundayT
.CINEMA
Film Festival Winners - (Cinema II,
Aud. A, 7, 9 & 11)-Climaxing a week-
ong exhibition of 16 MM filmsfrom
across the country, this series of screen-
ings presents the winners of the Ann Ar-
bor Film Festival. A different program
is scheduled for each show, offering a
wide variety of films from ambitious
documentaries to self-indulgent "experi-
mental" and "avant garde" films.
The Sun Shines Bright and The Quiet
Man-(Ann Arbor Film Co-op, MLB 4, 7
& 9 respectively)-Another double bill of
John Ford films, this time from the
1950's. The Sun Shines Bright is Ford's
personal favorite, an underrated film
that centers on a series of incidents in
which-a judge shames his community in-
to an awareness of its intolerance. In
The Quiet Man, John Wayne plays
straight man to familiar Ford actors and
a host of Hollywood comics in an Irish
comedy that won an Oscar as best pic-
ture of 1952.
BARS
Anchor Inn-Tantrum (rock), $2 cover.
Ann Arbor Inn-Rainbo (dance music),
no cover.
Ark-David Bromberg, 8 & 10:30 p.m.,
$4.
Del Rio--(jazz), no cover.
Mr. Flood's Party - Springfield Ohio
Gang; 75c cover.
Second Chance - Freewheelin' (rock),
$1.50 cover, $1 for students.
EVENTS
Musical Society - The Detroit Sym-
phony, with the University Choral Union,
performing Beethoven's "Missa Solem-
nis,' 2:30 p.m., Hill Aud.
The Jongleurs, performing Medieval
and Renaissance music, 3 p.m., Museum
of Art.
Piano Chamber Music-4 p.m., Recital
Hall.
monday
CINEMA
Dead Birds-FREE (Center for Human
Growth and Development, MLB 3, 8 only)
-One of the most widely acclaimed eth-
nographic documentaries-a study of the
Dani tribe of Western New Guinea, for
whom warfare is an integral part of
daily life.
BARS
Ann Arbor Inn-Rainbo (dance music),
no cover.
Mr. Flood's Party - Springfield Ohio
Gang, 75c cover.
Second Chance-McCaffrey and Shot-
gun (bth rock), $3 cover, $2 for students.
EVENTS
Composers Forum - 8 p.m., Recital
Hall.
Stearns Collection Lecture - Concert
Series-Edward Parmentier, harpsichord,
performing works by J. S. Bach, Scar-
latti, Sweelinck, and Coperin. 8 p.m.,
Stearns Building.

tuesday
CINEMA
American Documentaries - FREE
(Cinema Guild, Arch. Aud., 7 & 9:05)-
The first part of this program offers the
classic Nanook of the North, Robert
Flaherty's groundbreaking documentary
about a family of Eskimos. Shot on loca-
tion in 1952. Following Nanook, The Plow
That Broks the Plains, a sweeping study
of the economic and social history of the
Great Plains, and Edward R. Murrow's
famous "See It Now" program, a tele-
vision documentary that dissects the par-
anoia machine of witchhunter Joseph
McCarthy. The second portion of the
show includes two Frederick Wiseman
films, High School and Law and Order.
The Earrings of Madame de . . . and
Lola Montes - (Ann Arbor Film Co-op,
Aud. A, 7 & 9:15 respectively) - Two
classic films by the highly revered
French director Max Ophuls.
BARS
Ann Arbor Inn-Rainbo (dance music),
no cover.
Mr. Flood's Party - Springfield Ohio
Gang, 75c.
Second Chance - Masquerade (rock),
$1.50 cover, $1 for male students; women
free.
EVENTS
Musical Society-Brueggen and Curtis,
flute and recorder, harpsichord, perform-
ing works by J. S. Bach, Dieupart, Vir-
giliano ,and Cimo. 8:30 p.m., Rackham
Aud.
Honors Assembly - Marvin Eisenberg,
"The Place of Historical Literacy in
Artistic Interpretation," 8 p.m., Recital
Hall.
aMaizin' Blues-John A. Smith, direc-
tor, 8 p.m., Power Center.
wednesday
CINEMA
Every Man For H i m s e l f and God
Against All - (Ann Arbor Film Co-op,
Aud. A, 7 & 9)-A landmark film by Ger-
man director Werner Herzog, this story
is based on a legend about a man who
mysteriously appears in a German town
with no memory or experience, of life.
Plus: Last Words, a Herzog short.
The Red and The White - (Cinema
Guild, Arch. Aud., 7 & 9:05) - Miklos
Jansco makes brilliant use of Cinema-
scope and wide-screen photography in
this film ;considered to be his master-
piece, which follows the factions of the
red and white armies in the Russian
Revolution.
BARS
Ann Arbor Inn-Rainbo (dance music),
no cover.
Ark-Amateur Nite, 75c.
Blind Pig - Danny Spencer and the
Shock Patrol (jazz), $1 cover.
Casa Nova - John Brown & George
Mallory, no cover.
Mr. Flood's Party - Springfield Ohio
Gang, 75c.
Second Chance - Masquerade (rock),
$1.50 cover, 50c for students.
EVENTS
Degree Recital-Richard Price, French
horn, 8 p.m., Recital Hall.
thursdayT
CIMENA
Dinner at Eight-(Cinema Guild, Arch.
Aud., 7 & 9:05)-A genuine example of
the "all-star" movie, this George Cukor
film shines with the help of a sterling
cast including Jean Harlow, Wallace
Beery, Marie Dressler, John Barrymore
and Billie Burke, who became famous for
her role as Glinda, the good witch, in
The Wizard of Oz. Burke plays a daffy
society matron who is throwing the din-
ner party that is preceded by episodic
vignettes - some wildly comic, others

stiltedly dramatic - that introduce the
characters.
If . ..-(PBC Films, Nat. Sci., 7 & 9)-
Malcolm McDowell, always the anar-
chist, stars in this hip and outrageously
comic look at an English boys' boarding
school under siege by the student body.
Cul-de-Sac and Fearless Vampire Kill-
ers--(Ann Arbor Film Co-op, Aud. A, 7
& 9 respectively)-O.K. all you Polanski
fans, here are two of his best. Cul-de-
Sac, Polanski's confessed favorite, is the
strange tale of a middle-aged man whose
wife, played by Jacqueline Bisset, dress-
es him in her nighties. Fearless Vampire
Killers is not only the best horror film
send-up ever made, but a visually gor-
geous, atmospheric film that could, with-
out the generous applications of Polan-
ski's deft, macabre humour, scare a
corpse back to life. When Angels' Fall,
a color short by Polanski, will also be
screened.
BARS
Anchor Inn-Muggsy (rock), $2 cover.
Ann Arbor Inn-Rainbo (dance music),
no cover.
Casa Nova - John Brown and George
Mallory, no cover.
Mr. Flood's Party_- Springfield Ohio
Gang, 75c.
Second Chance - Masquerade (rock),
$1.50 cover, $1 for students.
EVENTS
Musical Society-Yugoslav Folk Ballet,
8 p.m., Power Center.
Opera-Cosifan Tutte by W. A. Mozart;
Gustav T-feier, conductor: 8 p.m., Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
Woodwind Quintet - Faculty members
play works by Hayden, Mozart, Sphor:
8 p.m., Rackham Aud.
Degree Recital - Lynn Hansen, con-
ducting: 8 p.m., Recital Hall.
friday
CINEMA
Face to Face-(Ann Arbor Co-op, MLB
4, 7 & 9:30)-Ingmar Bergman's film de-
tails the mental breakdown of a psychia-
trist played by the ever-tearful Liv Ull-
mann.
The Bad News Bears - (Mediatrics,
Nat. Sci., 7:30 & 9:30)-Tatum O'Neal is
evertyhing Shirley Temple wasn't, and
is consequently qiute entertaining as the
star pitcher of a little league team com-
posed of all-American suburban brats
coached by grouchy Walter Matthau. Up-
roariously funny and entertaining.
The Long Goodbye-(Cinema II, Aud.
A., 7 & 9)-Robert Altman's detective
film boasts a strong Raymond Chandler
story, but unlikely casting with Elliot
Gould starring as Phillip Marlowe, a
character that has been previously por-
trayed by Bogart, Robert Montgomery,
and James Garner.
W.C. Fields and Me - (Cinema Guild,
Arch. Aud., 7 & 9:05)-This biographic
film opened and closed in one week last
year, but nevertheless seems to be a
beautiful film, made by an expert, Arthur
Hiller. A unique portrayal of a great
comedian and his very private life.
Short: Pool Sharks, W.C. Fields' first
film (9:15).
BARS
Anchor Inn-Muggsy (rock), $2 cover.
Ann Arbor Inn-Rainbo (lance music),
no cover. -
Blind Pig-Carolyn Peyton, $1 cover.
Casa Nova - John Brown and George
Mallory, no cover.
Mr. Flood's Party-Tucker Blues Band,
$1.50 cover.
Pretzel Bell-RFD Boys, $1.50 cover.
Second Chance - Masquerade (rock),
$2.50 cover, $2 for students.
EVENTS
Opera-Cosi fan Tutte by W. A. Mo-
zart; Gustav Meier, conductor: 8 p.m.,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Degree Recital-John Griffiths, tuba:
8 p.m., Recital Hall,

Degree Recital - Erik Haugen, bas-
soon: 8 p.m., Cady Music Room, Stearns
Building.
.saturday
CINEMA
Scenes From a Marriage-(Cinema 11,
Aud. A, 7 & 10)-Originally a television
series directed by Ingmar Bergman, this
three-hour-fihn follows the rocky course
of a marriage.
Claire's Knee - (Cinema Guild, Arch.
Aud., 7 & 9:05)-Eric Rohmer's success-
ful 1974 comedy-a sophisticated film
about a bachelor, whose well-ordered ex-
istence is thrown out of balance by three
women -he meets on summer vacation.
French with subtitles.
Bad News Years-See Friday's listing.
Face to Face-See Friday's listing.
BARS
Anchor Inn-Muggsy (rock), $2 cover.
Ann Arbor Inn-Rainbo (dance music),
no cover.
Ark-Alistair Anderson, concertina vir-
tuoso, $3 cover.
Blind Pig--Carolyn Peyton, $1 cover.
Casa Nova - John Brown and George
Mallory, no cover.
Mr. Flood's Party-Tucker Blues Band,
$1.50 cover.
Prettel Bell--RFD Boys, $1.50 cover.
Second Chance - Masquerade (rock),
$2.50 cover, $2 for students.
EVENTS
Opera-Cosi fan Tutte by W. A. Mo-
zart; Gustav Meier, conductor: 8 p.m.,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Horn Students Recital - 8 p.m., Cady
Music Room, Stearns Building.
Musical Society - Osipov Balalaika,
with guests from the Bolshoi Opefra and
the Bolshoi Ballet: 8:30 p.m., Hill Aud.
Robert Altman Film Festival - Elliot
Gould: 7:30 p.m., Rackham Aud.
Second Michigan Conference on Music
Theory-9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Cady Music
Room, Stearns Building.
Degree Recital-Kathleen Segar, mez-
zo soprano: 2 p.m., Recital Hall.
Degree Recital-Nancy Harknett Steel,
viol da gamba: 4 p.m., Recital Hall.
Degree Recital-Paul Yee, trombone:
8 p.m., Recital Hall.
IV tips
SUNDAY-Ilenry Winkler (alias "The
Fonz") meets William Shakespeare (Ch.
2, 5 p.m.).. The Wizard of Oz (Ch. 2, 7
p.m.).
MONDAY-In Love and War, a vintage
war film with an all-star cast from the
" 1950's including Robert Wagner, Sherree
North, and Mort Sahl (Ch. 50, 9 p.m.).
The. American Film Institute salutes
grande dame of- the screen, Bette Davis
in a star-studded cavalcade of film clips
and. benedictions (Ch. 2, 9:30 p.m.). Leo
Kottke on Soundstage (Ch. 56, 10 p.m.).
TUESDAY-Funny Face, Audrey Hep-
burn and Fred Astaire painting Paris a
fashionable shade of red (Ch. 11, 4 p,m.).
CBS Reports presents a grim view of the
Bronx (Ch. 2, 8 p.m.). Economist John
Kenneth Galbraith is scheduled on 90
Minutes Live (Ch. 9, 11:35).
WEDNESDAY -Ch. 56's Nova series
chronicles the life of birth-control advo-
cate Margaret Sanger at 8. E. Howard
Hunt, Watergate conspirator, appears
with Tom Snyder on Tomorrow (Ch. 4,
1 a.m.).
THURSDAY - Take the afternoon and
evening off to catch three black and
white movie masterpieces from Holly-
wood's hard-boiled era Mildred Pierce,
with Joan Crawford (Ch. 50, 1 p.m.). Sun-
set Boulevard (Ch. 11, 4 p.m.) and Kiss
of Death, which launched the psychotic
career of R i c h a r d Widmark (Ch. 20,
6:35).
Happenings film revies are written
by David B. Keeps. Bars and events are
compiled by Jim Stimson.

perspective
Sports inturmoil:
Cash calls shots

By PAUL SHAPIRO
1)RUGS, LITIGATION, religion, poli-
tics, 'finance. Issues In a r e c e n t
campaign? No, simply the beginning of
a long list of subjects that have moved
from the front page to the sports page.
The world of professional athletes is
immersed in a heated turmoil that
threatens to change the face of all its
entities, from basketball and baseball
to hockey and football.
At the center of this movement is the
fast changing relationship between the
franchise owner and the athlete himself.
Throughout the history of commercial
athletics in this country, the team own-
er has also virtually owned the athlete.
In America, home of the free, etc., ath-
letes wishing to pursue a career in their
profession (I'm talking essentially about
baseball, football, and basketball) have
been selected in the manner of what is
called a draft and assigned to the team
that has chosen him. No ifs ands or
buts. No choices. It is to that team that
the athlete is bonded for the life of his
career, or until he is again traded by
his owner.
Baseball For Example .. .
N DECEMBER of 1969, outfielder
Curt Flood was traded from the St.
Louis Cardinals to the Philadelphia
Phillies. All the arrangements had been
>aid Shapiro is a Sunday Magazine
stafff writer.

made except for one: nobody asked Mr.
Flood if he wished to leave St. Louis.
In a letter to baseball commissioner
Bowie Kuhn, Flood announced his in-
tent to fight the move with litigation.
He had these words to say about the
transaction and baseball's reserve sys-
tem (the contractual law that binds the
player to the owner): "After twelve
years in the major leagues, I do 9-6t
feel that I am a piece of property to
be bought and sold irrespective of my
wishes. I believe that any system that
produces that result violates my basic
rights as a citizen and is inconsistent
with the laws of the United States."
This was not the first time the re-
serve system had been brought to the
nation's courts. In 1922 the Supreme
Court ruled that baseball was not sub-
ject to anti-trust laws because its busi-
ness was not fundamentally interstate
in nature; that is, while players were
transported across state lines, the pro-
duct itself (the- baseball game) was
not. This meant that an individual own-
er could claim a monopoly on any
players' talents, from the time that he
hired him until he decided to sell. The
ruling was again upheld in 1952, al-
though the court acknowledged that
-with the advent of radio and television,
baseball was clearly interstate busi-
ness.
Flood hired former Supreme Court
Justice Arthur Goldberg as his attorney,
and thus began the long struggle of a

fi CUR NEXT ...
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number of athletes for what they con-
sidered their freedom and constitutional
right: to live and work where they so
desired.
The Flood case presented two serious
questions to the courts: how fair a
chance does a man have to negotiate
when no other employer is available,
-and how much negotiating power -must
an individual yield in order to maintain
an orderly structure. Again the chal-
lenge of the reserve system was struck
down but Flood had cleared the road
for his co-workers. In 1975 pitchers
Andy Messersmith and Dave McNally
challenged the reserve system once
more but this time were declared free
agents by labor arbitrator Peter Seitz,
and were no longer bound to their team
owners.

SINCE THEN, the
freedom has slowly
but not without leavin
and divisiveness ai
owners that threaten4
alter drastically, the
Americans hold dear
million viewed the
and 76 million watch
Series). The owners
resei've system is e.sc
iness. They claim th
allowed to freely ch
then the athletes, n=
stars, will flock to th
spots (i.e. New York
in search of the big
See BIG BUSINI

Sypace
By MIKE NORTON

to park,. space to wa

EAVERY DISCUSSION of d o w n t o w n Ann Arbor is
sooner or later bound to bump up against the be-
wildering and complex problem of parking structures.
Many businesses, for instance, consider plentiful park-
ing an absolute necessity if they are to compete suc-
cessfully with suburban shopping centers like Briar-
wood Mall. And developers claim that no large-scale
housing project can be considered for downtown unless
more parking is made available.
But other citizens and organizations disagree. On the
contrary, they say: new parking downtown could de-
stroy the character of the area and result in disaster.
Downtown should be built around people, they urge,
not around automobiles.
To a very real degree, the future of the central busi-
ness district depends on how this argument is settled.
Ann Arbor's parking dilemma began as far back as
the late 1940s, when Mayor William E. Brown-an early
advocate of off-street parking-persuaded the city to
build one of the nation's first municipal parking struc-
tures. For a time, the system worked. Parking struc-
tures kept the curbs uncluttered, and fees charged to
users were enough to support the maintenance costs of
the ramps.
But by the 1960s, when Ann Arbor started to feel the
first effects of suburban shopping centers, parking fees
were beginning to fall short of paying for the struc-
tures. Anxious downtown merchants were able to per-
suade the city not to raise rates any appreciable extent;
as a result, the municipal parking system has operated
at a loss for over a decade.
THIS SITUATION finally reached the point of crisis
last summer, when City Council was asked to finance
repairs to the city-owned structure on Maynard St. The
Maynard carport had been deteriorating steadily for
several years; lawsuits had even been brought against
the city from drivers whose cars had been damaged
by pieces of falling concrete. At the same time, it be-
came evident that repairs would also have to be fi-
Mike Norton is a Daily Managing Editor..

nanced at the two other city-owned carports at William
and Fourth and on Forest.
In addition, business and civic groups, notably Ann
Arbor Tomorrow (AAT), had begun to apply pressure
on Council to make a commitment to the construction
of additional structures. After all, they argued, the city
had agreed to the principle of an expanded parking
system when it endorsed the Downtown Plan in Feb-
ruary 1976.
The first public clash of wills took place when Coun-
cil decided to levy a special assessment on businesses
in the downtown area to finance the Maynard repairs.
A storm of protest followed; many merchants com-

downtown
plained that they derived little benefit from the May-
nard structure, and landlords and tenants objected to
paying for what was to them a problem for the store-
owners.
UNDER THE VIGOR of their outcry, Council beat a
hasty retreat. Mayor Albert Wheeler appointed an
Ad Hoc Committee to study the city's parking problem
and recommended some possible solutions.
The committee made its report in November, and
advised Council to begin raising funds to repair the
existing carports, to purchase a private-owned structure
on Forest, and to construct at least two new structures
somewhere in the downtown area. These measures, as
well as a sinking fund to finance future repairs, would
cost approximately $5.5 million; 0 per cent to be raised
by a special assessment and 40 per cent to be paid for
by a hike in parking rates.
Once again, the protests were loud and determined.
Clergymen from downtown churches vowed to go to
jail rather than pay a penny of the special assessment.
One landlord presented a petition signed by several

hundred tenants and small busine:
ing against the levy.
Once more, Council backed away
sion and partisan wrangling resultf
viated version of the original props
sented to Council late in Februa
(who generally have opposed the
concept) took advantage of a ten
defeat the measure.
HE REPUBLICANS could have t
back at Council's March 9 sess
not to do so-though Republican lea
to push downtown parking very
time is right. For the moment, they
enviable poistion, having a record
parking structures without having
enough to excite voter opposition i
large.
Meanwhile, the city's dilemma ir
zen backing for a comprehensive
far from resolved.
There is no doubt that those wl
against paying for new parking imi
tinue to oppose any kind of special
town area merchants and landlords.
"There are many separate and dis
town," says Council member Jar
Fourth Ward), who headed the
which recommended the original
"You've got merchants and landlor
ple who live in Bloomfield Hills or
some of these lots and just want to
out of them. These guys don't v
assessments or anything."
BUT WHILE A great deal of the
stems from such economic cc
residents oppose carports for more
they challenge the whole idea of bu
area around the automobile, and r
that a parking shortage even exists
See DOWNTOWN

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