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February 08, 1977 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1977-02-08

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Eie Snirdliral DUIU
Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

420 Mayna
Tuesday, February 8, 1977
Edited and managed b

3rd St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

News Phone: 764-0552

by students at the University of Michigan

Sec. Adams acts quickly
to end oil tanker disasters

Brock Adams has moved swiftly
in his new job as secretary of trans-
portation to attack an increasingly
worrisome problem. He has tough-
ened safety rules and ordered
thorough study of other methods that
might reduce oil tanker accidents and
spills in U.S. coastal waters.
Adams rightly regards as intol-
erable the record number of acci-
dents and spills in 1976, a record that
could rise annually as the nation
grows more dependent on foreign
oil and Alaska's giant pipeline be-
gins pumping oil to the tanker port
at Valdez.

Much more is at stake than pro-
tection of sea birds, marine life or
swimming beaches, as important as
those are. Entire industries, such as
fishing and recreation, can be ruin-
ed by major oil spills. The govern-
ment needs to serve notice on all
shipping companies, foreign and do-
mestic, that they, cannot do business
in U.S. ports if their ships fail to
meet stringent standards for equip-
-ment and sailing procedure.
The growing U.S. -thirst for for-
eign petroleum should not be quench-
ed so carelessly as to let great gobs
of oil be slobbered at the nation's

Is the University pricing
itself out of the market?

HE INFAMOUS dictatorship of the IN SPI
Shah has been oppressing the Iran- serves, the
ian people for well over three decades. people are
Imprisonment and torture of the Iranian poverty. W
people has become routine as the Shah people dyi
endeavors to maintain himself in power. lines by h
As the people's struggle has gained new for care,
momentum, particularly over the past each winte
six years, the Shah's repressive forces and housin
have intensified their attempts to gain economic c
total control over people's lives, adopt- tion, the S
ing the most fascist means of oppres- the worldt
sion. not as bad
The agency most responsible for put- dependenti
ting these terrorist methods into prac- lions of do
tice is SAVAK, certainly one of the most regime.
notorious and brutal secret police forces The mo
in the world. Created in 1956, and sup- - pay rai
ported and trained by the American CIA ditions -
and Israeli intelligence, SAVAK carries sioh, as the
out its program of terror against the tories whe
Iranian people with house to house $1.70 for a
searches by armed soldiers at night, strations b
kidnapping suspected political dissidents, with the sh
and using the most savage methods of the arrest
physical and psychological torture Progressive
against their unfortunate prisoners. tally suppr
These methods include raping women in ters and p
front of their husbands and children, or killed. Alln
burning prisoners by strapping them to trolled byS
a metal bed frame then heating it white- the regime
hot. Through such vicious activities,
SAVAK attempts to create an atmo- HAVING
sphere of fear and distrust among the that shape1
Iranian people, and to force them to ian peopleh
give up any idea of resistance. arms to de
against the
Is coffee
THE UNITED STATES is faced with a crisis. This
crisis has manifested itself in the form of a
little bean which comes primarily from South America.
I'm talking about coffee.
I'm a coffee addict, like many Americans. It would
have been impossible for me to make it through last
year's mid-terms, finals and term-papers without the
stimulant. I could have popped a few No-Doz, but I
have a fear of pills. It is my particular opinion that
unless I know exactly how a little pill will change my
body's chemistry that it is to be avoided. But coffee is
a different story. Coffee is American! And that may
be the problem.,
The United States is the largest consumer of coffee
in the world. And so, the coffee shortage hits us the
hardest. Last week I went to a local A&P to buy a
pound of coffee. Give or take a dime coffee is $2.59
a pound. I asked the manager why coffee was so cost-
ly. He told me the reason for the 200 per cent increase
(in the last year) was due to a shortage. "And per-
sonally I don't believe it!" he said. And neither, I
think, do most Americans. Yet coffee is still pur-
chased. People complain, but they still buy it. Some-
.body must buy it, because even with the "short sup-
ply" there is a huge demand. But why the demand?
FOR ONE THING, coffee is an intrinsic part of
American life. The early pioneers drank coffee. South-
erners were lost during the Civil War when coffee was
unattainable south of the Mason-Dixon line. And yet


TE OF IRAN'S huge oil re-
great majority of Iranian
forced to live in extreme
Ve are concerned about our
ng for lack of food, dying in
hospital doors while waiting
and thousands more dying
r for lack of proper heat
g. While faced with chronic
crisis and skyrocketing infla-
Shah still tries to- prove to
that the situation in Iran is
as has been reported by in-
investigators, spending mil-
allars on propaganda for his
st basic demands of workers
ses and better working con-
are met with violent repres-
Shah's troops storm the fac-
re workers earn only about
12-hour work day. Demon-
y university students are met
ooting of some students, and
and torture of many more.
literature and art are to-
essed, and progressive wri-
oets are jailed, tortured and
news media are tightly con-
SAVAK, and no criticism of
is allowed.
NO VOICE in the decisions
their own -destiny, the Iran-
have been forced to take up
fend themselves and to fight
fascist rule of the Shah and

his terrorist secret police SAVAK. The
armed struggle in Iran is now in its
seventh year, under the leadership of
the Organization of Iranian People's.
. Fedayee Guerillas (OIPFG) and the Or-
ganization of Mujahedeen of the People
of Iran (OMPI), organizations which
have gained support from the people of
Iran, inflicting heavy losses on the ene-
my while giving 600 martyrs to the cause
of the people killed under torture, by
firing squads, or in gun battles with
the regime's forces, while hundreds more
must carry on their struggle in prison.
The Iranian people have a long and
glorious history of now-defeated, now-vic-
torious struggle against class'oppression
and foreign domination. The content and
farm of this struggle, however, has dif-
fered from time to time, in accordance
with the correspondance to the objec-
tive underlying conditions of the society
and the way in which the ruling class
has exerted its dictatorship.
WITH THE TOTAL penetration of
foreign capital, the integration of Iran
into the world imperialist market, the
imposition of the imperialist culture on
the Iranian people, the rapid capitaliza-
tion of the countryside and the conse-
quent conversion of Iran's socio-econom-
ic formation into a dependent capitalist
one; a new phase has been marked in
the history of the Iranian people anti-
imperialist, anti-reactionary movement.
The police role assigned to the Shah by


his imperialist masters in the Gulf re-
gion has turned Iran into a political,
economic and military base for U.S. im-
perialism, (the forerunner of all the im-
perialist powers in the world) and has
extended the- Shah's dictatorial rule to
the surrounding and nearby countries,
Taking the regional role of the Shah
into consideration (e.g. the existance of
30,000 Iranian troops in Oman), it be-
comes ,clear that the, Iranian peoples'
movement is not only destined to an-
nihilate the regime which is directly re-
sponsible for the oppression and exploi-
tation of the Iranian people, but also the
regime which has gone beyond Iran's
borders in an attempt to suppress the
struggle of other masses fighting against
imperialism and internal reaction. As
such, it is imperative for all anti-im-
perialist and progressive forces to real-
ize the fact that the struggle to expose
the antiquated regime,-of the Shah can
not be effectively done without fully and
unconditionally rendering active support
to the revolutionary movement in Iran,
which in this stage of its development,
has taken the form of armed struggle
and is now gloriously advancing towards
its seventh year,
TOMORROW: To what socio-political
conditions does the armed struggle cor-

This article was written by
Students Organization.

the Iranian

LAST YEAR, students were hit with
a double whammy when both
dorm rates and tuition were hiked
about 9 per cent. "Inflation," the ad-
ministration claimed. "Not enough
funding from the state," the Regents
explained. "We wuz robbed," the stu-
dents moaned.
Well, it's beginning to look as if
we're going to get "robbed" again.
Last month Gov. Milliken released
his proposed budget, which included
a $9.7 million increase for the Uni-
versity. But even that amount ap-
pears not to be enough to another
tuition hike. Vice-president for Aca-
demic Affairs Frank Rhodes inform-
ed the Regents that even the gov-
ernor's seemingly generous proposed.
increase would barely bring us back
to the level of the 1974-75 budget,
and that either drastic cuts, or an
increase in tuition would be required
to maintain quality education at the
Now, we find that the housing-
committee has completed a study, and
will ask the Regents, at this month's
meeting, to raise dorm rates by an
average 8.4 per cent. This would mean
that a traditional dorm double which
now costs $1,511 per year, would jump
to a staggering $1,650 (approximate),
while a dorm 'single which costed
$1,754 this year would skyrocket to
over $1,900.
"WHERE IS IT all going to end?
When is someone important
enough to change things going to
come to the realization that the Uni-
versity of yichigan is rapidly be-
coming unaffordable?
The inflation argument, which
seems somewhat acceptable, falls
apart when you realize that we have
the highest dorm rates of any col-
lege or university in the state of
Michigan, and also the highest in the
Big Ten. There are actually Big Ten
schools that charge as much as $250
less per year for a standard double,
and all those peer institutions serve
20 or 21 meals per week compared to
the 13.served here.
Editorial positions represent a
consensus of The Daily Editorial staff.

To add insult to injury, the hous-
ing committee is also planning to
reduce services to the students in
an effort to reduce cost, in addition
to the rate hike.
It is difficult to believe that
all these other universities can pro-
vide more .services for considerably
less money than it costs to live here
- extremely difficult. Perhaps the
answer lies in President Robben Flem-
ing's $70,000-plus yearly salary, or in,
the 11 per cent pay increase the fac-
ulty is seeking, to be honest we really
don't know. But we do know that
students can't afford to continue
shelling out more and more money
for college degrees that are becom-
ing less and less marketable. This
University, and the Regents had bet-
ter wake up to that fact before they
price themselves right out of the
News: Gwen Barr, Ken Chotner, Jay
Levin, George Lobsenz, Amenie
Pinski, Jim Tobin, Sue Warner,
Barb Zahs
Editorial: Ken Parsigion
Arts: Lois Josimovich, Mike Taylor
Editorial Staff
KEN PARSIGIAN..............Editorial Director
Managing Editors
LOIS JOSIMOVICH ................. Art Editor
Magazine Editors
Business Staff
Deborah Dreyfuss ............ Business Manager
Kathleen Muin . Assistant Adv. Coordinator
David Harlan..,............:..Finance Manager
Don Simpson ....................Sales Manager
Pete Peterson.......... Advertising Coordinator
Cassie St. Clair.. ...Circulation Manager
Beth Strattord............Circulation Director
Photography Staff
PAULINE LUBENS.......... Chief Photographer
ALAN BILINSKY................Picture Editor
BRAD BENJAMIN...........Staff Photographer
ANDY FREEBERG..........Staff Photographer
CHRISTINA SCHNEIDER . ... Staff Photographer


northerners were at a loss without an equally precious
What do coffee and tobacco have in common? For
that matter I suggest coffee and liquor have the same
thing in common, and that similarity may be the prob-
Liquor prices go up steadily and cigarette prices
have gone up one hundred per cent in the past decade,
but nobody has stopped drinking or smoking.
Remember last summer all you beer drinkers?
There was a strike at Anheuser-Busch and a "beer
shortage" followed. Beer drinkers did as they did two
years ago when a similar shortage hit, they switched
to other brands. But, just like two years ago, beer
prices went up in the fall. People still guzzle brew. Now
there is a coffee shortage, but that brew still sells too.
What do these similarities indicate? I think they point
out a fundamental weakness in the American consumer
- created needs.
DURING THE OIL shortage people cut back on con-
sumption. During the sugar shortage people also cut
black on consumption. In both cases prices dropped.
But how much has consumption been cut back on cof-
fee? Five per cent, ten per cent? Even so, prices
haven't dropped. The demand is still there. How long"
will it be before consumption decreases effectively
enough to make coffee prices drop? People need coffee
enough to drink it, even though they know they're being
robbed. And that's where cigarettes and liquor come
in. You want it, you pay for it.
If coffee is related to cigarettes and alcohol, as I

believe, it is a sad case indeed. This means those
who control the needed items control the needy.
All of this may seem too drastic an interpretation.
You could argue that Americans merely like coffee a
lot and are willing to pay for it. But when the cost ex-
ceeds the desire we will say "enough!" That's plaus-
ible, and comforting. You could point to the gas short-
age and the sugar shortage and say: "We licked those
problems, why not coffee?" But if you consider how
much trouble created needs have caused Americans
before we've said "enough", just think about the trou-
ble the consumer faces when we are met with a real
need. A need we cannot say "enough" to is going to be
a rough road to travel.
Think about how the shortages of created needs;
like sugar and, coffee have affected us. Think how the
energy crisis is affecting us. And here we are in Ann
Arbor with a housing shortage. The sugar, beer and
coffee shortages hurt, but they are not real needs. What
would you do if there simply were no gas, no homes,
no land, no food? Yet all these problems are staring
us in the face. Reat needs «:e in short supply and in
high demand. You pay for the gas, or you don't drive.
You pay the second highest housing rates in the U.S.,
or you sleep in the streets. What happens when land is
in short supply, as it is becoming, or good?
The whole point is that a few control the many. I
don't advocate communist or socialist politics as an
answer. I am a United States citizen and proud of my
country. I am a Republican.- But I'm scared as hell
because I'm not free. And neither are you.

SEVENTY PER CENT of the American people fa-
vored Gary Gilmore's execution, and a solid
majority thinks that the remaining 354 Death Row in-
mates deserve the same fate. The Supreme Court has
said that the death penalty "does not invariably vio-
late the Constitution," and current state laws impos-
ing the penalty are constitutional.
The situation is clear-cut. The Constitution per-
mits it, the people desire it, and they have provided
laws to inflict it. There is a mandate to proceed.
Unfortunately, certain groups are working to thwart
the will of the people. The American Civil Liberties
Union, that august organization devoted to "minority
rule and miscreant rights," is one of them. The ACLU
made two last-ditch attempts to block Gilmore's exe-
cution, but both the Denver Appellate Court and the
U.S. Supreme Court were unimpressed by their quib-
THE ACLU'S RELIANCE on cavilling legal argu-
ment in federal courts reveals a great deal about that
organization. It shows that their case is so pitifully
weak that it cannot possibly impress the people. It

also shows that the ACLU has no qualms about us-
ing theAmerican legal system to defeat the will of
the majority.
The effete snobs of the ACLU may contend that
the public is not well enough informed to make a
rational decision on this important matter. But the
public is very well informed. It knows that homicide
rates have, nearly doubled in the past ten years, and
it knows that mild treatment of criminals, by creating
an atmosphere of general lawlessness, is to blame.
The time has come to unsheath the two-edged
sword of retribution and deterrence. The public de-
mand for retribution clearly demonstrates that it
serves a useful social function; and the wave of dread
striking Death Row inmates after Gilmore's execu-
tion gives abundant proof that criminals fear capital
punishment far more than life imprisonment.
Specious arguments can be made against the death
penalty. Some say it is racist. And in Terrebonne
Parish, Louisiana, in 1932, it undoubtedly was, But
current laws, comporting with the Supreme Court's
decisions, are indisputably non-racist.
What about the possibility of executing an inno-
cent person? In any legal system based on "reason-
able doubt" or probability, 'convicting innocent people
is unavoidable. Innocent persons have occasionally been
sent to jail or prison, and in extremely rare cases, they
have been executed. Such events are unfortunate, but
they are the price we will have to pay for an effec-
tive justice system.

IF Beau ARE W FAVJOR OF CrLPY0!.. em5~w, RJ4%4As 8irit



1~SING OfFICE r t,'3
I~LL W K T$ loo Al
~ KY ,' ,r

Distributed by

£os 'Zngecs nes SYNDICAT'E

r -d

natural gas
To The Daily:
I share your present concern
for the natural gas shortage.
However I consider your analy-
sis of the problem to be very
one-sided. The people of Texas
are not to blame; it is our fed-
eral government and the poli-
tics involved. Follow my analo-
You are selling your car in
hopes of buying a new one. A
"nice'man offers you $500 and
an average man offers you
$1000. This second offer is just

dents of Texas. There is enough i
demand within Texas, at a fairI
price, to absorb the supply of
Texas products. The only thing
Texans can be blamed for (or +
credited with) is taking care of
themselves. Governor Milliken's
statement was printed in The
Daily only a few days ago to
the effect that he too will pro-
tect Michigan natural gas sup-
plies from federal reallocation
except for emergency home and
hospital heating purposes.
Sounds similiar doesn't, it?
Our founding fathers were
concerned about freedom and


illegal act. Instead our federal
government has so hopelessly
confused the energy situation
that an emergency situation has
developed. Natural gas prices
have been held at an artific-
ially low level for so long that
now a fair price seems realis-
tic. Due to allocation and spe-
cial tax plans, we are now im-
porting more foreign oil than
ever before. If our government
is so farsighted with the con-
trols and allocation, why did
this crisis develop in the first
place? We can't hope to control
the weather and therefore have
onlV mild winters for lone. Our


and on. Instead our federal
bureaucracy involved has given
us more controls and alloca-
tions. The free enterprise sys-
tem can take careof itself. Give.
us Freedom not more controls
and legislation.
Robert L. Welo
foreign study
To The Daily:
As President of one of the re-
liable, ethical and financially
stable institutions which ar-
range international study pro-
ur , m . , a ric ad t +he

for Foreign Study is an estab-
lished, financially solvent edu-
cational concern in no way 'af-
filiated with or a part of the In-
ternational Cultural Exchange.
Our programs are of the high-
est quality and offer diversified
areas of academic study at fully
accredited universities. All tui-
tion, housing, board and round
trip transportation fees are paid
for prior to the student's depar-
ture foir study abroad. All Cen-
ter for Foreign Study students
traveling on the Center's char-
ters always receive a paid
round trip air ticket prior to de-


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