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November 22, 1977 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1977-11-22

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WOMEN'S
CONFERENCE
See Editorial Page

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CREEPY
High.--35°
Low --25'0
See Today for details

Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 65 Ann Arbor, Michian-Tuesday, November 22, 1977 Ten Cents }0 Pages
MAYORAL SUIT HEARINGS RESUME

'Two

By JULIE ROVNER
An appeal was filed yesterday in the
'Michigan Supreme Court on behalf of
two University women protesting a
Monroe judge's ruling that they must
reveal their votes in the disputed city
mayoral election.
Meanwhile, hearings on the mayoral
-suit will resume tomorrow after a delay
-of nearly two months. The portion of the
suit concerning the two women and 18
--other voters who accidently voted ille-
gally in last spring's election will not be

city'
dealt with, pending the Supreme
Court's decision whether to hear the
case.
THE APPEAL is another step up the
judicial ladder in a controversy which
began last April when incumbent
mayor Albert Wheeler defeated Repub-
lican Councilman Louis Belcher by one
vote.
Belcher is suing Wheeler, charging
that he is holding his post illegally
because of a number of disputed votes.
While some of the disputed votes are
in the form of paper ballots and

oters
machine tallies which could not be
recounted, by far the most attention
had been given to the 20 illegal votes
cast by township residents.
DUE TO THE USE of faulty street
guides by some city registrars, the 20
were accidently registered to vote in an
election for which they were not eligi-
ble. Because the number of illegal votes
was far larger than the margin of vic-
tory, Judge James Kelley (Monroe), al-
lowed Belcher's attorney to ask the peo-
ple to reveal their votes.
The first three complied, but Univer-

Sadat returns home
to, hero 's welcome

file In
sity junior Susan VanHattum refused
on the grounds that it was her consti-
tutional right to keep her vote a secret.
Kelley cited her for contempt, and she
was handcuffed and held briefly before
being released.
Graduate student Diane Lazinsky
also refpsed to talk, but was not cited.
ATTORNEYS FOR VanHattum and
Lazinsky immediately went to the
Court of Appeals, which halted the
proceedings while it considered the
case.
Two weeks ago, the court ruled that
since the 20 had no right to vote in the
first place, they also had no right to
keep their votes secret.
In yesterday's appeal, VanHattim's
lawyer Jonathan Rose called that deci-
sion "an erosion of secrecy of the ballot,
long cherished as central to the concept
of democracy."~
HE ALSO CALLED the court's deci-
sion not to quash the subpeonas errone-
ous because "it will either force a pub-
lic disclosure of a'vote or jail sentences
for Susan VanHattum and Diane Lazin-
sky.
Robert Henry, Belcher's attorney,
said he thought Kelley would probably
ask for closing arguments on the suit's
first two counts, which include five dis-
puted absentee ballots and four voting
machines whose totals were incorrectly
recorded.
Robert Grace, Wheeler's lawyer, in-
dicated that he, too, would be ready
with closing arguments for the two
counts.
SHOULD KELLEY make a ruling
solely on the basis of testimony on two
of the three counts, the supreme court
case would automatically become
See TWO, Page 10

iew

appeal

CAIRO (AP)-President Anwar Sadat returned home to a
hero's welcome yesterday after opening a new chapter in
Middle East history by telling the Israeli people in their own
capital, "No more war."
Hundreds of thousands of Egyptians cheered their
president at the airport and along the motorcade route into
Cairo. '
A GOVERNMENT spokesperson said Sadat's historic
visit to Israel had succeeed "100 percent" in preparing for
new Geneva peace talks.'
"We can say that hostilities of the past 30 years have been
ended in 30 hours," the spokesperson said, according to the of-
ficial Middle East news agency. It said the spokesperson was
a member of Sadat's delegation on the trip to Jerusalem.
The news agency quoted him as saying Israeli leaders
: tried to persuade Sadat to settle their differences and sign a
peace treaty but Sadat refused, telling them the aim of his
visit was not to cdnclude a separate peace but to prepare
carefully for reconvening the Geneva conference.

"ISRAELI LEADERS showed understanding and real
interest in peace," the spokesperson told the news agency.
Sadat, addressing the Israelis before leaving for Cairo,
said, "We've had enough-four wars in 30 years."
The Egyptian president had gambled Arab unity, his
political future and even his life on the success of his 44-hour
visit.
See related local stories, Page 7
Thousands of Egyptians were bused to the Cairo airport
for Sadat's return. Many carried banners reading,
"Welcome hero of peace," "Long live the leadership of
Egypt," and "God bless your moves for peace."
HASTILY-ERECTED arches lined the motorcade route
with signs saying, "God is with you," and "The people rally
behind Sadat."
In Cairo, sirens wailed and car horns honked as crowds
packed 10-deep behind barricades chanted, "Live, Live 0
See SADAT, Page 7

Silly cone
Freshperson Marla Horovitz tried out three ice cream flavors at once yesterday,
but the sloppy sunshine caused some sloppy coning.

A SPECIAL SECTION;
The University's dilemma

over South Africa

stock

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The pro and con
of pulling out

By RENE BECKER,
BRIAN BLANCHARD,.
and JULIE ROVNER
As tensions rise ever higher in the
black ghettoes of South Africa, a
storm is brewing an ocean away over
American corporations whose busi-
ness activities in that country lend
strength to its apartheid govern-
ment. I
Institutions such as the University
have come under fire for investing in
corporations with South African hold-
ings. Africans living in the U.S. as
well as many Americans argue that
investors in South Africa are partly
responsible for buoying the white
minority regime, and that withdraw-
al of the funds would hasten the
coming of a new South African politi-
cal order.
The New York Times has reported
that as much as 80 per cent of the

country's private sector is wholly or
partly foreign-owned, or dependent
on foreign financing. It is that broad
support, some critics of the white
regime say, that can be used as a
lkver for change.
THE PRESSURE for withdrawal
of investments has been particularly
strong on American college cam-
puses, where foreign students have
prompted debate over the invest-
ments question. Though revenue
from investments comprises less
than three per cent of the Univer-
sity's total revenue, administrators
have reacted with extreme caution,
avoiding the rhetoric of the debate as
well as substantive action.
United Nations ambassador An-
drew Young has said, "It is import-
ant for us to use this coming dec-
ade to promote peaceful changes- (in
South Africa). We must use our ...
economic power to accomplish this."
But administrators such as Univer-
sity President Robben Fleming are
not so sure that unilateral economic
action oromises constructive change.
"I DON'T THINK anyone approves
of apartheid," Fleming said, "but
you get the very emotional reactions,
to' two main issues. One is the
question of whether the withdrawal
of investments will possibly do more
harm to the blacks than to the whites,
because of the loss of jobs.
"The other is the problem that if
you do precipitate a revolutioi,
whether you might end up with a
totalitarian regime where no one
would have any human rights at all."
But Fleming, like many others who
have been challenged on the issue,
says he has made "no firm conclu-
sions" as yet.
Of the top ten multi-national ei-
ployers in South Africa, the Univer-
sity has holdings in siv - Ouin-

Investments, The Daily, and the

Board for
The Daily staff was caught off
guard when it realized last month
that its own financial governing
body, the Board for Student Publica-
tions, is indirectly investing funds -
mostly Daily profits - in corpora-
tions which do business in South
Africa.
Indignation was the first reac-
tion. The Daily has repeatedly con-
demned such investments by the
University, and the discovery that
University investments included the
Board's own prompted many staffers
to feel hypocrisy had been forced on
them.

Student Publications

Neil Shine, managing editor of the
Detroit Free Press, questioned the
thoughtfulness of withdrawing the
funds.
"If I was sure we could take some-
thing out of the hands of the white
racists by withdrawing money, then I
would support (the motion)," he
said. "But I'm not sure." He said the
withdrawal might force blacks out of
work without hurting the minority
regime.
OTHERS NOTED that the Board
has no editorial jurisdiction over The
Daily, and thus no political function,

The Board rejected the proposal by
a vote of seven to two.
AT A DAILY staff meeting Novem-
ber 13, firm objections were raised to
the Board's vote. Despite the under-
standing that the staff is not respon-
sible for Board investments, it was
felt by many staffers that The Daily's
editorial position had nevertheless
been compromised. The thought of
Daily profits being invested in South
Africa, when the paper had con-
demned such investments, seemed
totally incongruous and improper to
many.
RnmP felt that n evmhnlie ,nP2dn3

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