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November 05, 1977 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1977-11-05

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Page 4-Saturday, November 5, 1977-The Michigan Daily
U11e Mirbi an
Eighty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Vol. LXXX VIII, No. 51 News Phone: 7640552
Edified and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Get tough on S.

Africa

T WO WEEKS AGO, South African
Prime Minister John Vorster dis-
missed as "totally irrevelant" reports
from Washington that his recent crack-
down on South African blacks might
harm U.S. relations with that country.
A d for the first time, we find our-
s ves in agreement with Vorster.
The crisis in South Africa has been
c tapulted out of the reach of a dip-
1 atic solution.,Vorster drew the bat-
tlp lines last month when he banned all
black organizations, and in the face of
that, he is right that diplomatic threats
from Washington are "totally
irrelevant."
But, Washington apparently still
thinks the situation must be handled
delicately.
Earlier this week, in a session of the
U.N. Security Council, the U.S. joined
ith France and Britain to veto three
rican resolutions that called for
ringent economic sanctions, in-
uding a trade and arms embargo,
ainst South Africa. In place of these
oposals, the U.S. offered a simple
ms embargo against South Africa,
hich was approved by the Security
uncil.
The U.S. is trying to walk a tight-
pe between the Vorster regime and
ack African leaders, and this latest
ort comes up woefully short. An ar-
ms embargn is meaninlePss First the

try is concerned a U.N. resolution
would be a pointless gesture. But even
more important, the South African
weapons stockpile is already for-
midable. Informed sources say the
South African government could wage
war for some three years before de-
pleting its weapons supply. So, the ef-
fect of a U.N. arms embargo is nearly
nil.
The situation in South Africa has
reached the boiling point. Blacks are
prepared to fight' for their freedom,
and whites are ready and willing to
wage war to keep blacks enslaved. The
time for diplomatic talk and politicaly
fence-sitting has passed us. The only.
way to prevent massive bloodshed in
South Africa is by forcing the Vorster
regime to submit to the inevitable,
majority rule. And the only way to ac-
complish that is through economic
pressure. The white government of
South Africa cannot survive without
trade, and without the revenue it
receives from U.S. and British corpor-
ations with plants there. So it is from
this angle that the white government
must be attacked. Not only should
there be an international embargo
against all trade with South Africa, but
all governments must also ask corpor-
ations to withdraw their economic
support from the country.
South Africa is ready to explode

AC
QUESTION: Ca
and other symbols
ANSWER: Usui
button rarely disr
However, one cou
dents to wear butt(
out the buttons wer
other students in t
students were not a
cause, in the past,s
inflammatory butt
sions and disruptio.
Similarly, anoth
principal's ban on
bearing the word:
"stop the killing" jt
invasion of Cambo
students at Kent St
Guardsmen. The cc
body was divided o
potentially disrupti
would justify a tem
tain types of armba
The latter situ
ever, and the schoo
restrict the wearing
signia. The mere fa
message on yourl
valid reason to keep
QUESTION: Can
ities such as bullet
mimeograph mach
blies to express thei
ANSWER: If the
ties for expression o
be likely to disrupt
students should be a

LU

on the rights

Am erican? s
an students wear buttons a school may legitimately refuse to allow
to express their views? students to use its mimeograph machine if,
for example, it is used all day long in the
ally, yes, since wearing a preparation of course material.
upts any school activity. Of course, if any facility is made available
rt refused to permit stu- to one group, the school may not then deny
ons because those handing other groups the opportunity to use that facili-
e being noisy and stopping ty. Thus, a strong argument may also be
the hall. In another case, made for the right of students to conduct an
llowed to wear buttons be- anti-military assembly if representatives
students had worn racially from the armed forces are permitted to
ons that had caused ten- defend the government's military policies.
ns at the school.
er court upheld a school QUESTION: Can students beprohibited
the wearing of armbands from expressing their views if those who hold
s "strike," "rally," and opposing views become angry and
ust after the United States' boisterous?
dia and the killing of four
ate University by National ANSWER: No. Once the U.S. Supreme
ourt found that the school Court ruling in Tinker established the test of
Dn these issues and that a material and substantial disruption as a stan-
ve situation existed which dard for First Amendment activity, some
iporary restriction on cer- courts were faced with situations where,
nds. although the students who expressed their
ations are unusual, how- views were perfectly orderly, those who took
1 can. almost never legally exception to those views became threatening
g of any button or other in- and disorderly. Quite reasonably, the courts
act that someone finds the have consistently held that the rights of those
button offensive is not a who peacefully express their views may not
you from wearing it. so easily be defeated.
Thus, when school officials attempted to
n students use school facil- ban distribution of a student newspaper be-
tin boards, loudspeakers, cause of the hostility of other students, the
ines, and school assem- court said that if the student distributed the
r views? newspaper in an "orderly, non-disruptive
manner, then he should not suffer if other
use of these school facili- students, who are lacking in self-control, tend
f student views would not to over-react thereby becoming a disruptive
regular school activities, influence." Perhaps where tensions at a
ble to use them. However, school are very high, then regulation of

tuden ts
"time, place, and manner" of expression of
views might be permitted because of the fear
of other students' reactions. But "the admini-
stration should, of course, take all reasonable
steps to control disturbances, however gen-
erated."
In a Texas case, where the school superin-
tendent barred the wearing of armbands
because of rumors of planned disruptions, the
court warned school officials against basing
their fear of disruption merely on "intuition"
and gave this advice to school officials who
too hastily prohibited students from express-
ing their views: "We believe that the Su-
preme Court (in Tinker) has declared a con-
stitutional right which school authorities
must nurture and protect, not extinguish,
unless they find the circumstances allow
them no practical alternative."
In a case involving a somewhat similar
issue, a federal court of appeals ruled that
while a lower court's injunction against the
use of the name "Rebels" and of the confed-
erate flag~ps the symbols of a recently de-
segregated school did not violate the First
Amendment rights of the students in light of
the serious problem of racial violence in the
school the injunction should not be permanent
and should only last as*long as absolutely
necessary to prevent disruption.
The following material is excerpted
from an American Civil Liberties Union
handbook, The Rights of Students, by
Alan Levine and Eve Cary. The paper-
back is available from American Civil
Liberties Union, 234 State St., #808, De-
troit, MI48226.

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U.S. has maintained a self-imposed and without swift, strong action by the
embargo on shipping arms to South U.S. as well as other nations, war is
Africa since 1963, so as far as this coun- inevitable.
Helms' justice is no Justice
T1 HE EASE with which Richard President, who coincidentally in 1973,
Helms, former CIA Director, was refused to divulge information for the
Lble t void g i ggtorial fmr twomss . isiaane .eaon Helms refused. The
eme or charges this week is test-;'Presidetv,.t'oo, hIs eluded justice
ony the double standard which this through extrordiq iry means.
dountry employs in dispensing justice. Whether or not there were any real
Helms was charged with failing to secrets threatened by Helms
tystify "fully, completely and ac- testimony is not an extenuating cir-
qurately" about the CIA's activities in cumstance in this case, despite what
Chile, while sitting before the Senate some may conclude. Helms was testi-
rIoreign Relations Committee in Feb- fying before a Senate committee, and
4uary, 1973. it could have used its option to close the
The Justice Department has ac- meeting to the press and public. Helms
'epted a plea of no contest from apparently did not trust some of our
elms, reportedly because the govern- nation's highest elected representa-
ient itself does not want to "jeopar- tives with the burden "of national
dize national secrets," which might security.
ow from a highly publicized trial. It seems that the Justice Depart-
i But by eliminating the trial for ment - as well as President Carter -
elms, the government is also should be reminded that our nation's
rowing away the opportunity to -- courts are to be utilized by all, not just
nce and for all - set a national prece- by us poor masses.
ent on the dilemma of loyalty to a gov-
rnment agency or loyalty to the laws [heEUntediS tates
f the United States.
The Helms case is not the first EDITORIAL STAFF
where an employe of a government in- ANN MARIE LIPINSKI JIM TOBIN
'lligence agency withheld informa- LOIS JOSIMOVICH.Editors-in-Chief. Managing Editor
on or committed illegal acts in the GEORGE LOBSENZ.......,............... Managing Editor
ame of national security. The Justice STNMcCONNELL...................Managing Editor
y.eTe utc JENNFRIFER MILLER..................... Managing Editor.
epartment seems to be slow in decid- PATRICIA MONTEMURRIg.............Maaging Editor
KEN PARSIG IAN........................ Managing Editor
g just how to handle this paradox in BOB ROSENBAUM...................Managing Editor
MARGARET YAO...................Managing Editor
e courts. A trial for Helms would SUSAN ADES JAY LEVIN
ave given the Department an almost EuAdaE FLECTCH e Edto' E
Vassc cse b whch t fomulae aELAINE FLECTCHER TOM O'CONNELL
lassic case by which to formulate a Associate Magazine Editors
licy on the confusing situation. ArtREYELto
They instead chose to let Helms off STAFF WRITERS: Susan Barry, Richard Berke, Brian Blan-
htchard, Michael Beckman, Lori Carruthers, Ken Chotiner, Eileen
with something less than a guilty plea. Daley, Lisa Fisher, Denise Fox, Steve Gold, David Goodman,
President Carter reportedly approved Elisa Isaacson, Michael Jones, Lani Jordan, Janet Klein, Garth
Kriewall, Gregg Krupa, Paula Lashinsky, Marty Levine, Dobilas
tie bargain. Matunonis, Carolyn Morgan, Dan Oberdorfer, Mark Parrent,
Karen Paul, Stephen Pickover, Christopher Potter, Martha
What an action from a man who Retallick, Keith Richburg, Diane Robinson, Julie Rovner,Dennis
luilt a campagn issue on "big-shot Sabo, Annmarie Schiavi, Paul Shapiro, R. J. Smith, Elizabeth;
mpaigSlowik, Mike Taylor, Pauline Toole, Sue Warner, Jim Warren,
crooks going free." When Helms re- Linda Willcox, Shelley Wolson, Tim Yagle, Mike Yellin, Barbara
fused to divulge all that he knew about Mark Andrews, Mike Gilford, Richard Foltman
tMe Chilean CIA in 1973, he was com- Weather Forecasters
mitting a crime. He has still not come BUSINESS STAFF
to trial and will probably never be pun- DEBORAH DREYFUSS .....................Business Manager
COLLEEN HOGAN........................ Operations Manager
iWhed for his wrongdoing. Had a civil ROD KOSANN.............................. Sales Manager
servan or alain itizenbeen aught NANCY GRAU.......................... Display Manager
servant or a plain citizen been caught RBR APNR. ...FnneM
p ~~~ROBERT CARPENTER.................. Finance Manager
withholding information from a Senate SHELLEY SEEGER.................Classified Manager
thySUSAN BARRY ..................... National Ad Manager
knvestigating committee, they would PETE PETERSEN..............Advertising Coordinator
lave been tried sentenced and STAFF MEMBERS: Steve Barany, Bob Bernstein, Richard
Campbell, Joan Chartier, Fred Coale, Caren Collins, Pam Counen,
unished in a matter of weeks. Lisa Culberson, Kim Ford, Bob Friedman, Kathy Friedman,
~,unised inDenise Gilardone, Nancy Granadier, Cindy Greer, Amy Hart-
This is the post-Watergate system man, Susan Heiser, Larry Juran, Carol Keller, RandyKKelley,
Dough Kendall, Katie Klinkner, Jon Kottler, Lisa Krieger,
Of justice? Somewhere in details of this Debbie Litwak, Deb Meadows, Art Meyers, John Niemisto,
ease, it seems one is reminded of a John O'Connor, Seth Petok, Dennis Ritter, Arlene Saryan,
Carole Schults, Claudia Sills, Jim Tucker, Karen Urbani, Beth
a Warren
k.

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Letters to

housing
To The Daily:
Guest columnist Stephen Hersh
("Cast Your Vote to Ease
Housing Crunch", Oct. 28 Daily)
should be commended for his at-
tempt to arouse interest in Ann
Arbor rental housing problems.
As a community education direc-
tor of the MSA Housing Law
Reform Project, he is fulfilling
his obligation to inform the com-
munity of progress and problems
in local housing law reform. But
in the interest of accuracy, before
putting together another article
on the subject, he should put
more time and effort into infor-
ming himself.
While Ann Arbor's marathon
city council meetings may not
seem interesting in every detail
even to the most concerned
citizen, a regular scan of council
agenda packet material takes
only a fraction of the time. This
material is available in the public
library. I feel I can safely speak
for Democratic city council
members in offering such extra
background information as we
may be able to provide to Mr.
Hersh or other citizens interested
in housing problems.
in his article, Mr. Hersh
referred to four recommen-
dations from the report of the
Mayor's Fair Rental Practices
Committee. One of these recom-
mendations, thatthe city "enact
a 'lease clause' law which would
require landlords to notify their
tenants that some of the clauses
in their leases may be illegal"
was introduced by Mayor
Wheeler and acted on by the city
council last May 16. A public
hearing on June 13 produced
much testimony from tenants,
who gave numerous examples of
illegal lease clauses. The

required the addition to all Ann,
Arbor leases of a section,
acknowledging tenant receipt of
the Tenant Rights and Duties
booklet. Council Democrats hope
this small victory will increase
compliance with our city or-
dinance requiring distribution of
the booklet to tenants whenever a
lease is signed. We are aware of
past problems of massive non-
compliance by landlords, butcan
do nothing until tenants com-
plain. If your landlord failed to
give you a copy of this infor-
mation booklet on your legal
rights as a tenant, please call the
Democratic council office at 994-
2702 or the city attorney's office
at 994-2670. An improved, expan-
ded text for the booklet con-
taining examples of illegal lease
clauses and a concise, useful
check list of some Ann Arbor
housing code requirements has
been placed on the Nov. 7 council
agenda by Mayor Wheeler.
A unanimous recommendation
of theĀ° Fair Rental Practices
Committee urged the city, as Mr.
Hersh notes, to request that the
University provide more student
housing. At the recent annual
dinner meeting between city
council members and University
administrative officials, Mayor
Wheeler and I repeated this
request in strong terms. Other
city officials have made similar
requests in the past. The problem
here is that the city government
has no power to force the Univer-
sity, a state institution, to build
anything whatsoever. I agree
that the University has been
irresponsible in its failure to
build needed student housing on
its large land-holdings, but city
officials can do no more than ex-
press their opinions on this
urgent issue. We will continue to
an cn

The L
details. I intend to introduce later
this year an energy conservation
amendment to the codes
requiring storm windows or
thermopane glass in new building
construction. I need more infor-
mation on how to reasonably ap-
ply such a requirement to
existing construction.
Mr. Hersh refers to three
recommendations from a city-
commissioned Community Plan-
ning and Management study on.
problems of the local develop-
ment approval process. I per-
sonally was extremely disappoin-
ted with the quality of this study.
It was based on very incomplete
information on the processes of
city government, and contained
many errors.
One suggestion was that the
Zoning Board of Appeals meet
twice rather than once a month.
In spite of my reservations about
the report, I presented this par-
ticular recommendaton for con-
sideration at a meeting of the
Zoning Board of Appeals. The
unanimous reaction of ,,BA staff
and members pre ent was
negative. Two notification
deadlines would produce much
extra expense and confusion. The
improvement would be less
than the study authors had
assumed, since they had studied
a written procedure which is no
longer in effect. Incidentally, the
ZBA is very rarely involved in the,
development approval process.
Its function is to grant special
permission to violate some
provisions of city zoning laws to a
few individuals because of unique
circumstances. Those developers
able and willing to comply with
all city laws need never appear
before this board.
The suggested creation of a
special city Ombudsperson for
Developers I find insulting to

)aily I
engineer as overall coordinator.
of several city hall departments.
This should result in quicker city
hall processing of development
proposals.
Other recent housing-related
proposals of council Democrats
have included:
My amendment to the Human
Rights Ordinance, (passed Oct.
3) making discrimination illegal
on the basis of a tenant's age.
This will guarantee to families
with children and to younger
tenants in general the legal right
to occupy most city rental
housing.
Mayor Wheeler's resolution to
reserve some portion of Ann Ar-
bor's permitted additional
sewage quota for low and
moderate income housing (gut-
ted by Republicans Sept. 6). (The
city's sewage treatment plant is
overloaded. Until completion of
the new plant, we are restricted
in the amount of new sewage that
may be added to the system.)
On the Nov. 7 agenda for coun-
cil action is Councilman Jamie
Kenworthy's proposal to reserve
a small piece of city-owned land.-
between Main and Ashley for
high-density assisted housing,
and to authorize the Community
Development staff to request that
HUD Section 8 funds be set aside
for this project.
Finally, I would like to thank Mr.
Hersh for his efforts to increase
student interest in local voter
registration and political par-+k
ticipation. The densely-populated
central part of town suffers real
harm from lack of student in-
terest in local affairs. As a deputy
registrar I would offer one final
caution to would-be deputy
registrars: the registration,
process must be completely non-
Dartisan. Discussions of city af-

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