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November 03, 1977 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1977-11-03

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Page 2-Thursday, November 3, 1977-The Michigan Daily
U.S. extends arms embargo,
recalls attaehes from S. Afrjen

WASHINGTON (AP) -The United
States is prohibiting the export of
,, military and police equipment to
South Africa and will recall two U.S.
Embassy attaches in a further show
of U.S. opposition to Pretoria's
crackdown on dissent.
, The announcement yesterday by
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance rep-
resents a tightening of an arms
embargo the United States has ob-
served since 1963 and an escalation of
Carter administration efforts to dis-
'. associate itself from the white su-
premist regime.
MEANWHILE, the United Nations
African bloc, defeated in a bid for
economic sanctions, accepted a
Western proposal yesterday for a
mandatory arms embargo against
white-ruled South Africa, an African
spokesman said.
The Africans will push for Security
Council passage of the permanent
embargo today, said a spokesman for
the Benin delegation who reported
the agreement. Benin is one of three

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African nations on the Security
Council.
Donald McHenry, deputy U.S.
representative on the council, said
earlier the West was revising its
proposal from a temporary to a
permanent embargo to meet African
objections. Explicit prohibitions
against arms production licenses and
nuclear weapons trade also would be
added, he said.
THE 49-NATION African group
then met to discuss the Western con-
cessions and decided to support the
'revised proposal.
In Washington, Vance told a news
conference the U.S. arms ban will be
extended to cover so-called "gray
area" items, which have both mili-
.tary and civilian uses. The ban also
will encompass the export of spare
parts for equipment sold to South
Africa in the past.
He said the actions "reflect our
national concern" over South Af-
rica's decision two weeks ago to ban
18 civil rights groups, to shut down

the major black newspaper and
arrest scores of dissident leaders
both black and white.
"WE CONTINUE to hope that
South Africa will make progress and
reverse the recent actions it has
taken," Vance said.
He announced the recall of the U.S.
naval attache from Pretoria and the
commercial attache from Johannes-
burg. The latter move is being made
in connection with an administration
review of U.S. economic relations
with South Africa, Vance said.
However, he said American Am-
bassador William Bowdler, who was
recalled last month, will return to his
post "before long" and that South
Africa is still being counted on to help
promote a transition to black rule in
Rhodesia.
ON MONDAY, the United States
joined Britain and France in the
United Nations Security Council to
veto proposals by black African na-
tions for sweeping economic sanc-
tions against South Africa. Vance
said the U.S. veto was based on the
belief that there is no consensus for
such action in the Security Council.
But the recall of the commercial
attache suggests that the administra-
tion' may be considering some form
of unilateral economic retaliation
against the regime of Prime Minister
John Vorster.
The tightened arms embargo will
have minimal practical effect on
South Africa. For the past 14 years,
the export of items for use in combat
or training by South African mili-
tary, paramilitary or police forces
has been banned.
Vance's announcement will affect
such "gray area" items as civil air-
craft, computers, radar and com-
munications equipment.
Officials said spare parts for C-130
transport planes, which are not
covered by the 1963 embargo, also
will come under the new restrictions.

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Autumn eyes
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MOUNT PLEASANT, Mich. (AP)
- Actress Jane Fonda, whose last
speech here caused a stir in some
quarters, has now offered to do an
encore - for free. Her usual fee is
$3,400.
Student groups at Central Michi-
gan University were pondering the
offer Tuesday after her last speech
prompted Dow Chemical Co. to cut
off financial grants to the college.
The Association for Women Stu-
dents has decided to form a commit-
tee of its own members and others to
talk to the Dow executive who cut off
the money.
On Oct. 10, the actress criticized
large corporations for what she
described as "eliminating economic
freedom in America." She placed
Michigan-based Dow in that group.
Paul Oreffice, president of Dow
USA, wrote CMU president Harold
Abel and told him Central Michigan

would get no more grants "until we
are convinced our dollars are no
expended for those who would de
stroy us."
Last year, Dow grants to CMU
totaled at least $73,500, much of tha
for scientific equipment.

----;

Fly is
(Continued from Page 1)
clown make-up and set up a Kool-Aid
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"All sorts of things happened that
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didn't have before."
Breaking the rigid order of every-day
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"IT'S LEFT TO the clown to bring
chaos into ordered situations. In the
chaos we're given the opportunity to ob-
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and to laugh at it. We learn to see our-
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The clown, he insisted, is not a
failure, but a dreamer who represents
"a world beyond - the world of hope.
The clown says to us there is more t
reality than meets the eye."
In a serious age, in which even "
kindergartener has to declare a
major," Fly said clowns provide much-
needed comic relief.

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