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October 18, 1977 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1977-10-18

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Page 4-Tuesday, October 18, 1977-The Michigan Daily

i tdghtYearsfin a
Eighty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom

The side effects

42
Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 35
Edited andr

20 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

News Phone: 764-0552
managed by students at the University of Michigan

Students need more space

T HE ISSUE is space. There are two
kinds of real estate being discussed
student organizations, and floor room
and equipment for fine arts and
Various crafts.
Former Michigan Student Assembly
(MSA) head Scott Kellman r and
University Activities .Center (UAC)
leader Steve Carnevale have been
asked by the Regents to bring
proposals to this week's Regents
meeting to help ease the crunch in arts
and crafts space.
The need for space for theater
groups, arts and graphics, conference
and meeting space, and general room
for lounges and meeting places was
brought to light during the deliberation
diver the razing of Waterman-Barbour
gym during the early part of the year.
''Dozens of talented performing
groups on campus are now forced to
sphearse in cramped quarters or pay
ient to use' the League Studio. Also,
dtazzling costurmes and props are
amaged and destroyed because of
fhadequate storage spaces.
Currently, UAC holds photography
,nd arts classes in the basement of the
Union under unsafe and uncomfortable
conditions.
s Students are welding and spray pain-
ing in close quarters in the Student
activities Building.
But perhaps worst of all, there just
isn't any where to go on a lazy after-
iroon. Other campuses around the
6untry have commons, lounges,
rathskellers a "common meeting

place-with elbow room-where all
are members," as the builders of the
Union originally intended 50 years ago.
Kellman and Carnevale have
proposed that the Regents use the
coliseum, build a new building next to
the coliseum, or give back to the.
students space in buildings around
campus like the Student Activitied
Building (SAB), the Union, and the
Burr building. Space that is funded by
tuition assessments that was once, and
ought to be now, used by and for
students.
T HE OTHER type of space is of-
fices. The Regents will not be
discussing office space this
week, but a decision or statement
about recreational, educational space
would affect the future of office allot-
ments to student groups.
Various ethnic and political
organizations -have charged that of-
fices have been assigned on the basis of
political and racial preference. They
have a right to demand an office, a
center of activity for their group if they
will use it productively.
But there shouldn't be a conflict over
offices. If the University considered it
important that organizations be
allowed a meeting place, thee is plenty
of room in the SAB, the League, the
Union, and- other pieces of property
around campus to provide for all
serious committees, clubs,
associations, alliances, and sects that
desire a room to call their own.

"We interrup this program for a special
report," says the voice on the TV. Walter
Cronkite appears. Just as he begins to speak,
however, the picture waves. "Breaker 1-9 get
me a handle on that, good buddy," comes
from the set.
Unsuspecting persons are being affected by
the CB craze, and some don't like it. The
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
received 135,000 complaints last year, and an
FCC spokerperson said 80 per cent were about
CB radios.
TELEVISION sets are not the only elc-
tronic devices affected by CB's. Complaints
have been filed with the FCC by churches
whose electric organs have picked up CB
jargon durng sermons. Citizens, whose elec-
tric garage doors have been mysteriously
opening and closing have also complained.
According to the Cronicle of Higher
Education, former Sen. Sam Ervin of North
Carolina had toshalt the Watergate
proceedings and silence amateur radio
broadcasts from a Senate office because the
microphones were humming with CB conver-
sation.
The problem is so widespread that a House
of Representative subcommittee has
scheduled a hearing to try and clear up the
situation. Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz.), a
CB buff, has drafted a bill that would require
an anti-interference device built into all CB
radios.
INTERFERENCE is a problem because all
electronic devices operate on frequencies and
these are often very close together.
Federal regulations limit the amount of
wattage (power) in CBs. The 23 channel
models are allowed five watts and the 40
channel units are allowed four watts.
"The legal CBs are not the problem," says
Don Elmore, manager of Audioland in the
Briarwood Mall, "it's the souped-up models
that are illegal and are causing the inter-
ference"
Elm e says Ann Arbor has a severe inter-
ferenc problem simply because there are so
many FBs, and attributes the high number to
Ann Arbor's proximity to the highways.
A LINEAR is the device that boosts the wat-
tage, of CBs. Many Ann Arbor stores, in-
cluding Radio Shack and Audioland, will not
sell'them.
An FCC spokesperson explained that a
linear is not illegal, but it is illegal to connect
them to a CB radio. "Linears are sold for ham

radios," he said, "but they are being abused
by CB operators."
Linears come in different sizes and can
boost the wattage of a CB by 1000 watts. At
some times during the day, CBs with linears
can reach from Detroit to Texas, as the
beams transmitted bounce off the layer of sky
known as the ionosphere.
"Those who use linears are ruining the air
waves for others," the FCC says. "An illegal
CB jams the channel it is operating on and
prevents others from using it."
THE FCC IS virtually powerless against
"pirate" CB users. Occasionally, FCC agents
will go into a town and make an example of it
by using sophisticated detection equipment to

of 0CBS,
locate illegal CBs, "but the process is expen-t
sive and the fine (usually $50 and confiscation:
of the CB), is not severe enough to:
discourage users of illegal CBs," says the
FCC.
Purchase Radio of 327 Hoover St. sells
linears, but will ask for a ham radio
operator's license before it will sell it.
"That protects us," says Roy Purchase,
"linears are for ham radios, and we sell them
for that purpose only." Linears cost from $50
to $500depending on the wattage they
produce.
If a neighbor's CB is making your television:
go crazy, your stereo play poorly, or your,
garage door open unexpectedly, it seems for-
now it's just tough luck ... good buddy.

V

FOR, THE LAST 1'[ME
Nvn t5 Act
0 l E, MERE
0 r)
t
0

-"mod

First Amendment rights
I oil

Letters to

The Daily

hurt it porn. t
4 UESTIbN' of government'
regulation of the sale of porno-
-graphic materials has once againaris-
ep. Since the 1972 decision of the U.S.
Supreme Court, which left the defini-
tion of obscene materials up to local
standards, the Michigan Legislature
and various city governments have at-
tempted to define what those local
standards are, and use that definition
to cover the sale of pornographic mate-
rials. A state pornographic law passed
under these circumstances was found
to be too broad and vague, and too dif-
ficult for the state Supreme Court to in-
terpret. Two weeks ago the state Su-
preme court found locaranti-pornogra-
phy laws to be illegal and unneeded in
the case of a theater owner convicted
under an East Detroit anti-obscenity
ordinance.
Thus the stage was set for new anti-
obscenity legislation, for with local or-
dinances illegal and the state law no
good, Michigan was left with no law to
regulate pornography.
Work is expected to start this week

X111 passes-
on that new law. At. the moment the
Michigan House is considering a bill
which would regulate the sale of porno-
graphic materials to minors. But what
is worrisome is that the House
Judiciary Committee is reportedly
ready to start work ori' a bill which
would cover the sale of pornographic
materials, and their distribution, to
adults.

HAT IS IMPORTANT here is
W that the bill regulating the sale
of these materials to adults be not
passed. A new bill covering the sale to
minors is needed, but the bill for the
adults is a gross infringement of our
First Amendments rights. It is the in-
herent right of all adults to be per-
mitted to read, see, and buy pornogra-
phic materials whenever they so
choose. One does not try to alleviate
the ills of a society by censorship, but
by allowing the free flow of ideas, any
ideas. By passing a bill regulating the
sale of pornography to adults, another
example of government attempts at
forms of censorship comes to light.

unintended sexism
To The Daily:
I very much enjoyed the article"
entitled "Nobel to 3 Americans"
but I find it very disgusting that
you mentioned that Dr. Yalow is
the mother of two children and do
not state the family status of Drs.
Schally and Guillemin. It is obvi-
ous that she was singled out be-
cause of her sex. Having been fa-
miliar with Dr. Yalow's work for
many years, I can certainly ap-
preciate her vast contributions to
the field of radioimmunoassay.
She, as well as the two men hon-
ored, won the Nobel prize be-
cause of her scientific work and
not because she is a parent.
- Harriet L. Behm
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The fact that
Dr. Yalow is the mother of two chil-
dren, appeared in the Daily in error.
Although the Associated Press often
mentions a woman's marital status in
a story, it is our policy to remove all
such references unless it is pertinent to
the story because we consider it a sex-
ist practice (since men's marital status
is almost never mentioned). We apolo-
gize for our error in the Nobel story.
"
reactionary editorials
To The Daily:
This is in response to two of the
most reactionary editorials that
you have had the audacity to
print in recent weeks. I am re-
ferring to "Lowering out-of-state
fees will make 'U' costs soar"
and "Release of pay hike good,
whether selfish, sympathetic."
With regard to the first,leaving
aside the fact that it is selfish,
petty, provincial and thoroughly
unworthy of a university of this'
one's supposed standing, it gross-
ly ignores one simple fact.
You base a good deal of your
argument on the payment of
taxes by in-state residents, crass-
ly ignoring the fact that there are
a large number of 'out-of-state'
students especially among the
graduate and law students, who
live in Ann Arbor and elsewhere
in Michigan year-round, work
here to support themselves and
who pay the same state income
tax as the 'residents.' Many of
these people have applied for
residency to avoid the crippling
high out-of-state rates, nearly

be able to tell you their stories of
the quest for residency. I would
suggest that you direct your fire,
when complaining of in-state
costs either at Lansing for their
insufficient level of support, or
else at the probable cause of that
lack of support, the administra-
tion of this university, which
through year-long court battles
with the campus unions, a gen-
eral lack of foresight and one of
the most expensive
bureaucracies of any university
in' the world, has managed to
squander a good deal of the fund-
ing given them.
With regard to GEO, by your
generalmud-slinging you have
done as usual a great disservice,
to one of the most important or-
ganizations on this campus. I

have only recently begun to get
active in GEO myself, but a lot of
hard work by a number of people
over the course of the summer
has rebuilt this union to probably
a stronger internal structure than
it ever has possessed. Further-
more the fall recruitment drive is
going well, over 35 departments
have representation, on the Stew-
arts' Council and the most recent
stewarts' phone chain contained
60 active names, exclusive of the
executive officers. As far as it be-
ing "obvious . . . that GEO does
not have the.genuine support of
its constituency," I can say that
my department, German, has al-
ready over 60 per cent of the
GSAs signed up as dues paying
members, who are getting in-
creasingly active. It is the same
in other departments. GEO may

have suffered a setback last fall,
although the university certainly
had a hand in that, bargaining in
bad faith and calling it 'hard-
nosed bargaining,' but we are
building a union which will
protect the welfare of all gradu-
ate students and fight to provide
better academic conditions for all
students on campus.
You, on the other hand, already
taking a stand against your
fellow students from outside of
Michigan, are now placing your-
selves firmly in the camp of man-
agement, (though you may feel
very liberal and objective sitting
in your offices), as you attack one
organization most deserving of
your support, and through it,
every labor union on campus.
Which side are you on?!
- David Lechner

Your rights are

0

QUESTION - How does a child
becomeRmancipated?
ANSWER - Emancipation be-
fore a young person reaches the
age of majority can only be
granted by a court of law or by
the operation of law under cer-
tain circumstances, such as a
child marriage or a membership
in the armed forces.
A child may, however, under
other conditions, become eman-
cipated in whole or in part by im-
plication, consent, agreement, or
fact, even without permission or
approval of a court.
QUESTION - How, and under
what conditions, will a court de-
clare a child emancipated?
ANSWER - Historically,
emancipation was a privilege
granted to parents, not children.
A parent could, and still can, pe-
tition a court for a declaration of
emancipation so that he could be
released from his legal obliga-
tion of support, maintenance, and
education of the child.
Today, in most states, parents
still must consent to a judicial de-
gree of emancipation, even
though in some cases courts will
consider outrageous behavior of
parents toward children (such as

important, however, are finan-
cial considerations such as the
child's employment and source of
income, his ability to spend mon-
ey without parental permission,
whether the child pays room and
board if living at home, whether
the child pays his own debts, and
whether the parents have listed
the child as a dependent for tax
purposes. It is important to re-
member that in most cases the
right to obtain a judicial declara-
tion of emancipation is a right
which belongs to the parent
rather than the child.
QUESTION - Does a teacher
have a constitutional right to pro-
selytize in the classroom?
ANSWER - It is doubtful that
a teacher 'has such a right, at
least at the elementary and per-
haps at the secondary levels,
where students may be particu-
larly susceptible to the influence
of their teachers. As the Supreme
Court has said: "A teacher works
in a sensitive area in a school-
room. There he shapes the atti-
tude of young minds towards the
society in which they live. In this,
the state has a vital concern."
Thus, the courts have been
"keenly aware of the state's vital
interest in protecting the impres-

to attack marriage, to criticize
other teachers and to sway and
influence the minds of young peo-
ple without a full and proper ex-
planation of both sides of the is-
sue."
Of course, the Constitution does
not shield from discipline a teach-
er who uses his classroom for
partisan political purposes. The
more questionable the relevance
of a teacher's discussion to the
subject matter of his course, the
easier it will be for a court to find
that he has unacceptably in-.
truded his personal views into the
classroom.
It can reasonably be argued
that a teacher has a constitution-
al right to express his personal
view if relevant to the subject
matter, provided he refrains
from seeking to win student con-
verts but fairly presents all sides
of the issue. Indeed, a teacher
who avoids answering a student's
direct question about the teach
er's personal opinion may well
forfeit the respect of his class, It
is also conceivable that a teacher
who is disciplined because he has
propagandized for an unpopularA
view might successfully chal-
lenge such action on equal
protection grounds if he could
show that the school authorities
permitted teachers to propagan-

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