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October 13, 1977 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1977-10-13

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TUITION
TAX CREDIT
See Editorial Page

V' L

SirP

tt1 r

LACKLUSTER
See Today for details

VI. LXXXVIII, No. 21 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, October 13, 1977 Ten Cents Ten Pa
SURVEY MEASURES CITIZEN SATISFACTION:

Ann Arbor: It's a

nice place to live

By GREGG KRUPA
Ann Arbor is a pretty nice place to
live.'
That's the consensus of the people
responding to a survey conducted by
students in a graduate sociology-
psychology class through the Univer-
sity's Institute for Social Research.
NINETY-FOUR per cent of the
respondents "indicatedth y Were
either somewhat or very satisied with
Ann Arbor as a place to live.-
But the survey also shows that 68.5
per cent of the people polled feel the
city does not use their tax money well;
'69.9 per cent feel they are not getting

enough services in return for their tax
money and 53.4 per cent think city ser-
vices are better in wealthier areas of
town than in poorer ones.
The "Survey of Citizen Satisfaction in
Ann Arbor," conducted in August, was
intended to be a pilot professional sur-
vey on citizens' evaluations of city
government and its services. The poll
also gathered citizens' views on topics
relevant to housing, growth and
development policies.
THE SURVEY was conducted by
Professor 'Robert Quinn's "Survey
Research" class. Quinn emphasized the
survey was not intended to be a

"definitive study, but merely a pilot
study that could evolve into something
more definitive."
Quinn indicated that the small num-
ber of residents surveyed inhibited the
results. "Although the response rate of
77 per cent was unusually high,"
Quinn explained, "our survey base
was only 272 people."
The number polled included only 21
per cent students, while the 1970 census
indicated a student population of 37 per
cent in Ann Arbor.

appears to be that of a transient
culture, with over 50 per cent of survey
respondents having lived in the city for
less than 10 years. Most people view
Ann Arbor as a college town, cultural
center, and a small city.
"Furthermore, 60.4 per cent of those
responding seep Ann Arbor as really two
places: the University and the rest of
the city."
The study points to a clear anti-
growth sentiment among respondents.
"Citizens generally feel the growth of
the city should not occur by an increase
in population, but rather in the form of
more jobs, businesses and low income
housing," the studyreads. "Respon-

dents overwhelmingly agree that city
government should not try to get more
people to move to Ann Arbor."
DESPITE THE anti-growth feelings,
a majority of the people polled felt the
city "should try to obtain federal
assistance to improve homes and
buildings in need of repair and also
allow for mixed zoning, housing and
business, near downtown and the
University."
The respondents agreed with three
basic land use goals stated in the city's
Central Policies Plan. These include
preferences for allowing more high
rises and more-space for mixed zoning

in the downtown area, encouraging
preservation and rehabilitation of
central area, including downtown,
well as the character of the older sta
residential neighborhoods which adj
downtown, and using the Briarw
area as a possible site for high r
structures.
The downtown area has been
overriding goncern of many of the cii
fathers recently. Many council me
bers have expressed concern that
area may follow the route
deterioration, as in many other urh
areas.

ACCORDING to the
summary of the survey
nature of the population

interpretive,
results, "The
of Ann Arbor

._

See A2>;Page'1

I

o-A, ag

High Court hears opening

-;
- : _.

arguments
WASHINGTON (AP) - Allan Paul profound effect on the
Bakke's attorney told the Supreme so-called affirmative
Court yesterday his client "has a grams in education a
right not to be discriminated against across the nation.
because of race." But Archibald Cox Many civil rights h
countered that racial minorities are constitutional scholars
.entitled to special treatment to offset justice's decision could
:past discrimination, impact with the court's
With those arguments, the oppos- that outlawed segregatio
ing attorneys confronted the court The case drew wide at
with the most important race rela- hundreds of people line
tions controversy to reach it in a gen- the court building as
eration. ;Tuesday evening to be a

in Bakke case

e future of
action pro-
nd business
eaders ;and
believe the
rank in its
1954 ruling
n.
ttention, and
d up outside
s early as-
ble to see the
sition is that
be discrim-

THE JUDGMENT of the nine
justices on Bakke's "reverse dis-
crimination" case could have a

session..
"ALLAN BAKKE'S po
he has a right not to1

Armbands donned to
protest Kent St., gym

inated against because of race,"-San
Francisco attorney Reynold Colvin
argued in urging the court to uphold a
ruling by the California Supreme
Court.;
The state court ruled that a special,
admissions program used by the
University of Californials medical
school at Davis made Bakke a victim
of racial discrimination because it
allowed less academically qualified
minority students to enter while
excluding Bakke.
Bakke, a 37-year-old Sunnyvale,
Calif., engineer with the nation's
space program successfully contend-
ed in state courts that he would have
been admitted if the med school had
not set aside 16 of each year's
entering class for minority students.
THE UNIVERSITY appealed the
California court's ruling, and Cox, its
attorney, argued that such a pro-
gram is needed to aid persons' "long
victimized by racial discrimination."
While Cox's arguments focused on
the rights of minorities to have a real
opportunity for full membership in
American society, Colvin's conten-
tions centered on Bakke's rights as
an individual to be treated equally.
Both attorneys said the Constitu-
tion's 14th Amendment, which guar-
antees such equal protection, favored
their positions.
EACH MEMBER OF the court
posed questions to the attorneys, the
first coming only seven minutes after
Cox began his presentation.
Cox was joined by the Carter
administration's snicitor o avni

Wade McCree, who appeared as a
friend of the court to urge the justices
to overturn the California ruling.
"To be blind to race today is to be
blind to reality," he said in arguing,
thht governmental affirmative ac-
tion programs have not yet achieved
their stated goals of equal justice and
equal opportunity.
WHILE COX argued that the
medical school program had the
valid "objective of breaking down
isolation," Colvin claimed that "race
itself is an improper guide for
selection to the medical school."
While Colvin said the California
court was correct in its finding that
"there were alternatives" to a
race-conscious admissions policy,
Cox contended, "The other alterna-
tives suggested simply will not
work."
Cox and Colvin also entered into a
semantic discussion over whether
the admissions program at Davis
represented a "racial quota."
BUT JUSTICE Lewis Powell
asked, "Does it really matter what
we call this program?"
Cox agreed that the central issue
was whether the university's pro-
gram could "take race into account."
Many of the justices' questions
centered not on the constitutional
question, but one of federal law.
The California courts found that
the program not only violated the
Corstitution's 14th Amendment but
also a portion of the Civil Rights Act
of 1964, which prohibits racial dis-
crimination in educational programs
receiving federal funding.
Chief Justice Warren Burger and
Justices William Brennan and Byron
White pressed Colvin and Cox on
whether the case could be decided
without reaching the constitutional
question. If the court takes such a
route, the chances of an expected
"landmark" decision would decline.

By PAULINE TOOLE
For some students, the Kent State
tragedy took place so long ago that it
can only be vaguely recalled. But yes-
terday, 2,000 students donned yellow
armbands bearing the slogan
"Remember Kent State. Move the
Gym," lest others forget what hap-
pened on the Ohio campus five years
ago.
"I'm just wearing this to show sup-
port. I agree with their cause," ex-
plained LSA senior Jodi Wolens.

BUT THE ARMBANDS were intend-
ed to be more than a reminder of the
past. They also signified the struggle
occurring right now at Kent State. Last
year, the Kent State trustees made
public a plan to construct a gymnasium
on the site where four students were
killed on May 4, 1972. The May 4 coal-
ition was formed to try to stop con-
struction.
Diane Clark, a member of the Coal-
ition, explained yesterday's tactic:
"Today's Armband Day is happening at

DailyCHRISTINA SC
U.S. Indians' -plgb
is subject of, talk,

x'

$y LISA FISHER
Moving quietly in front of the burn-
ing fireplace in the Pendleton room
of the Michigan Union, Philip Deere,
delegate to the International Treaty
Conference of the United Nations,
spoke yesterday evening on the
problems of the American Indian.
Deere, who was recently in
Geneva, Switzerland as part of the
U.N.;International Treaty Conferens
ce to discuss treaties the U.S. has
made with American Indians, last.
night concentrated on the difficulties
Native Americans face in urban
areas.

"Many of the people have moved
to urban areas because of the
necessities of life,", said beere. "We
have no Indian judges erurors so it
has been hard for them in urban
areas."
Native Americans in urban areas
of the country reportedly have high
drop-outs, crime, suicide and
alcoholism rates. To counteract
these problems, centers for young
people known as Survival Schools
have been set up in American cities.
They exist to help Native
Americans adapt to city life after
See U.S., Page 7

See U.S.. Page 7

Local Amnesty International
members 'share' Nobel Prize

By SUE WARNER
A group of Ann Arbor residents have,
at least indirectly, won the 1977 Nobel
peace prize.
Approximately 20 local members of
Amnesty International, the world-wide
organization seeking the release of
'prisoners of conscience,' have been
writing letters and offering support to
prisoners throughout the world since
the Ann Arbor chapter was formed in
1976.
"WE'RE A group of human beings
concerned with other human beings,"
said Barbara Fransisco of the
organization's local chapter yesterday.
According to Fransisco, Amnesty In-
ternational sends its local affiliates
names of foreign prisoners and urges
members to correspond with gover-
nment officials in the prisoners' coun-
tries and the U.S.
"We only receive cases of people who
fit Amnesty International guidelines,"
explained Fransisco. "These are
prisoners who are jailed because of
- . har a linfe. "C-~.. o n % r~l nn

Howard Stewart, adoption group
coordinator, said his unit is primarily
concerned with the release of Juan
Balbuena, a prisoner in Paraguay who
was arrested in May 1975.
"No charges have been made against
him and he is being held in detention
without a trial and is not allowed a
.lawyer," Stewart asserted. "Prison
conditions are very harsh there and he
is probably being tortured."
STEWART SAID Amnesty Inter-

national sends its chapters the names of
three prisoners who local citizens sup-
port until the prisoners are "cleared,
murdered or die."
Amnesty International tries to
recognise prisoners from countries of
all ideological positions:
"This is to maintain an apolitical.
stance," ,said Fransisco. "We're not
saying that any country or ideology is
better for human rights than any
other."
See A2, Page 10

Shoot down ascending
airfares-buy now

By BETH ROSENBERG

What goes up must come down.
Newton was right about apples falling
off trees, but his theory does not apply
Fn anv~i, ^rni.tr ,+i m ,- " -i

increase are unaffected, according to
Kathleen Phibbs, an agent for Boersma
Travel, in Nickels Arcade. In the past,
airlines collected the monetary dif-
ference at the airport before the cus-
tomer boarded the nlane

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