The Michigan I
ke case no concern to officials at 'U'
ram Pa e 1)
:e; , ..:. .U C i g. 1
Martindale said. That level was set
after th'eUniversity adopted a simi-
lar policy in March, 1970.
University officials in graduate
and undergraduate departments said
they know of nosuits pending against
the University which might resemble
the Bakke case.
"By far and away, the number of
white students who complain would
b1geplaed by white students who
axe nare qualified," Martindale
said. ie said rejections for a 375-
npember class number nearly 3,000,
of whom only 40 might have cause for
:The basis of. the University's
protection from such suits, he said,
lies in the use of two words within the
policy. Those words, "aim to", in
place of, "going to get", make the
policy sufficiently4 vague to be pro-
tected in court. By saying the school
will aim for '10 per cent minority
representation in the student body,
Martindale explained, a goal is
But by saying 10 per cent of the
class will be made up of minority
students, a quota is established. And
quotas are precisely what are under
attack in the Bakke case.
"I suspect that as soon as you get
numerical in any way, you're going
to run into this issue,' said Bryon
Groesbeck, associate dean of the
Rackham Graduate School. -
But, he said, "There's nothing new
about race and sex preference."
There have always been other kinds
of special preference as well, he said,
including preference fortalented
athletes, the offspring of alumni' or
political figures, or veterans.
Groesbeck said Rackham, the
clearinghouse for nearly all appli-
cants to University. graduate pro-
grams, has nor special adissions,
program for minorities. By following
an affirmative action. program, he
said minority representation among
graduate students climbed to 12.5 per
cent in 1976.
But representation of minorities in
the undergraduate' student body is
still short of the 10 per cent goal set
for 1973. Representatives of black,
organizations say the University is
falling farther away from that goal
as each year goes by.
"They (University admissions per-
sonnel) are really diminishing the
number of black people in the schools
. and in the Ion run, that affects
the jobs we all get," said Russell:
Smith," president of the University
chapter of the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored
If affirmative action loses in the
Bakke court battle, Smith charged,
"Pretty soon we'll be back to the
number of blacks we had here in 1969
- two per ent.'
"Everybody is waiting with bated
breath to see what the Supreme
Court is going to say," Groesbeck
The Court will hear the arguments
in the case on October 12. Thus far,
speculations about the time of the
ruling range from the beginning of
1978 to late June.
"I don't think this year's classv
be affected," Martindale said.-
But "Whatever they (the justic
do, there's going to be some seric
analysis ,of whatever they ha
decided," he said..
That decision is expected to clar
the powers and principles of affirm
tive action; but also may lea
considerable confusion in its wa]
NOW WATCH OUR STEAM
Josiah Nornbloer brought Ameri
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September 9, 1753. It was used for o
twenty years in the copper mines
Col. John Schuyler in North Arlingt
New Jersey. Henry Ford Museu
Dearborn> Michigan, has an extens
collection of steam engines availa
Daily-Sunday, October 2, 1977-Page 7
Will * -
,ke. in the
March of Dimes '
THIS SPACE CONTRIBUTED BY THE PUBLISHER
US, Russians join in
statement to Israelis
'U' alumni return to Ann Arbor
to take walk down memory lane
(Continued from Pate 1)
Soviet-Aimerican cooperation since the
two'hations co-chaired the convening of
a brief opening session at the Geneva
conference of Dec. 1973, following the
last Arab-Israeli war.
THE STATE Department spokes-
man, Hodding Carter, said the "rights"
of the Palestinians, including the na-
ture of their eventual "homeland,"
should be negotiated at Geneva. He
stressedhat these "'rights" cannot be
afhieved without an end to belligerency
in the area apd "are not to be purchas-
ed at the expense of Israel."
In several respects, the statement ap-
peared to represent further pressure by
the Carter administration on Israel. It
said the Palestinians should participate
in the "work" of the Geneva conference
and it did not specifically call for peace
treaties between Israel and its Arab
Instead, Washington and Moscow
agreed there should be "termination of
the state of war and establishment of
normal peaceful relations."
ISRAELI diplomats here had no im-
mediate comment. But the statement
was expected to displease the Israelis,
Ao have opposed the creation of an in-
Opendent Palestinian state and have
resisted giving the Palestinians a sepa-
rate role at Geneva.
Israel also has ruled out any negotia-
tions with the Palestine Liberation Or-
ganization, which all Arab countries
and the Soviets consider the sole rep-
resentative of the Palestinian people.
And Israel takes the position that the
Geneva conference should have as its
objective formal peace treaties with its'
THE STATE Department spokesman
said Israel and the Arab parties were
informed of the statement in advance.
Vance turned over a copy to Foreign
Minister Masan Ibrahim of Jordan as
th'ey had breakfast together.
In the declaration, the two super-
powers affirmed their readiness to
guarantee a peace agreement between
Israel and the neighboring Arab coun-
tries "should the contracting parties so
"The U.S. and U.S.S.R. appeal to all
the parties in the conflict to understand
the necessity for careful consideration
of each other's legitimate rights and in-.
terests and to demonstrate mutual
readiness to act accordingly," it said.
In the view of U.S. officials, the
declaration does not call for participa-
tion by the Palestine Liberation Or-
ganization - PLO - in peace talks or
advocate creatipn of a Palentinian
state. At the same time, there is no
specific reference to the 1967 U.N. Se-
curity Council's Resolution 242 which
has served as basis for U.S. policy -
(Continued from Page 1)
to designate their gifts (to any University function)."
For the President's Club, this weekend's schedule was
filed with numerous seminars and discussions.
For instance, Harold Shapiro, vice president for academic
affairs, spoke Friday afternoon in, the Michigan League
Ballroom, Associate Vice President Carolyne Davis held a
panel discussion on "Michigan Women," and before the foot-
ball game Saturday, head basketball coach Johnny Orr
delivered remarks at a special luncheon.
'Any member of the club will speak endlessly of the merit of
these talks, and yet many of them also will confess to coming
back not so much for all the business and discussions, but just
to visit the University and see how things have changed.
"One thing I've really noticed," lamented Charles Stilec, a
graduate from 1933 and a charter member of the President's
Club, "is that all the tradition is gone."
Carl White, class of '33, and Fleming Barbour, class of '36
and Chairman of the Executive Committee, chimed in
"Where," said White, "are all the snake marches they used
to have on football Saturdays-kids today call them congo
lines-where.hundreds of people would bunny-hop all over
Bob Adams Jr., from the class of '23, was a night editor for
the Michigan Daily.
Adams remembers: "My buddy -Tom E. Dewey-he later
ran for the presidency-and I would stay up until one or two
in the morning trying to get the paper out. I'd do the repor-
ting and work the linotype machine, and he would handle the
"Our class was tremendous; we came afterWWI, and so it
was very large. We dedicated Ohio State's stadium.
Everybody was there, we all went down in Model T's. We won
19-0; it was fantastic."
OPEN 1 P.M.
Fed credit sees" red
The English physician William
Harvey (1578-1657) was the first to
discover how blood circulated in the
Fidle singer shine
(Continu$ from Page 5)
their seats. A few instrumentals were
soft, moody pieces. On these, O'Don-
nell' fiddle did the lead singing.
Molengar, about the town in Ireland
by the same name, may have been writ-
ten by. James Joyce, according to
Moloney It's a parody of the era in,
which songwriters would write roman-
(Continued fom Page 5)
for me to play, so over the years its
really been the same thing. I still have
Several -times during his career
Rollins dropped out of the jazz world,
and in the early sixties was often spot-
ted playing his horn on the Brooklyn
Bridge in the middle of the night. Again
in the late-sixties he disappeared, living
for a time in India, studying Eastern
philosophy and religion, which plays an
important role in his life today.
"I stopped playing for different rea-
sons," he said smiling, speaking in his
soft, raspy voice. "One time I wanted to
get away and practice. I wanted to
study more and practice more and my
working schedule was too heavy. I was
a young kid at the time, I was trying to.
get myself together and everyone was
saying Sonny's so great and such. They
were putting me 'up so high that I
couldn't really do what I wanted to do.
So I said, well I'm going to stop now and
do the things I want to do and I did
them. I wouldn't recommend this for
everyone, but it happened to work in
Does Sonny Rollins, who has
produced such an incredible wealth of
music, consider himself to be a jzzz
"It's difficult because I'm not a
master to myself, I'm still trying to do
things," he told me before returning to
the stage for the late show. "On the
other hand I know there's certain things
I've learned through all these years,
and all the people I've been around and
everything that qualifies me to be a
master in certain respects. But to
myself, I still have things I'm working
on, I still have a lot to do."
tic ballads about insignificant towns.
Moloney frequently taught the audi-
ence bits and pieces of Irish history.
Father McFadden is asong about the
struggle between the people and the
landlords which was so important. It is
still known and sung about by fourth
and fifth generation Irish Philadel-
The Town I Love So Well, Phil Coter's'
contemporary ballad about the strike in
Northern Ireland, provoked an unusual-
ly emotional response from the audi-
ence. Folks sat frozen, glassy-eyed,
staring, picturing, 'remembering.' It
was a beautiful, but very sad song.
"With the tanks and the guns,
Oh my God, what have they done
To the town that I love so well."
(Continued from Pages).
cast of 1776) is oily and utterly detest-
able; Holgate plays him as such. His
brother Oscar (Wayne Turnage) and
Oscar's son Leo (Joe Kolinski) are each
as evil, and as well-performed, as
Other cast members worth mention
are Dorris Berry (Addie), whose
second-act aria, sung to Birdie, was
perhaps the highlight of the show;
Sarah Rice as an occasionally thin-
voiced but well-acted Alexandra.
That's another point. Opera so often
means gorgeous music and rotten act-
ing; MOT stresses acting equally. The
acting in this production was fine
throughout - none of the traditional
stiffness or inappropriate movement
was present. Which is probably also a
tribute to the director, Francis Rizzo.
It is perhaps hard to imagine an
opera better than this; Regina is not
only, an important production for MOT
and the musical world (in terms of the
opera's to-be-hoped-for resurgence),
but one of the few events I would actu-
ally call a MUST-see. It runs Oct. 2, 5, 7
WASHINGTON (AP)-The govern-
ment'spower to borrow money to pay
its debts expired yesterday, thanks to a
Senate filibuster over natural gas price
The Treasury Department, im-
plementing a contingency plan to keep
the government functioning, borrowed
$2.5 billion from the Federal Reserve
System to meet immediate needs and,
announced the immediate suspension of
sales of U.S. savings bonds.
A department spokesman said
Congress' 'failutr 6
0a sein theettci -i
Firiday does not presnt;in t
problem in paying the government's
bills. Enough funds remain to pay bills
for about three weeks and Congress is
expected to approve a new 'debt ceiling
well before then, the spokesman said.
THE GOVERNMENT has more than
$18 billion in banks around the country.
But until the public debt ceiling is ap-
proved by the Congress and signed into
law by President Carter, the gover-
nment lacks authority to incur new
The Treasury Department
spokesman said some 40,000 agents
across the country have been told to
stop selling U.S. savings bonds. Savings
bonds are considered debt obligations.
"UNTIL THE DEBT ceiling is raised,
the Treasury Department also will be
unable to complete scheduled transac-
tions involving so-called special ar-
bitrage securities which are issued in
connection with the refunding of tax-
exempt bond issues by state and local
governments," the spokesman said.
However, the Treasury said
securities auctions of bills and notes
will be held as scheduled.
The spokesman said the government
will lose a small amount of interest
because it will be unable to issue
securities in which it customarily in-
vests the receipt of such federal trust
funds as Social Security.
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