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September 13, 1977 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1977-09-13

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y, September 13, 1977-The Michigan Daily

. (171 h

:.L 1.

t SiAigtr luli
Eighty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Ban the bomb movement
hasa nuclearpower use

or. LXVII', No. 5

News Phone: 764-0552


Edited and managed by students at the University of M
akke s. afrmative
!ome quotas are nec

rule soon on a case which could
have an impact as far reaching as the
court's 1954 decision in Brown v. Board
of Education which declared public dis-
crimination unconstitutional,
Allan Bakke sued the University of
California at Davis after he was refused
admission to its medical school. Bakke
claimed he was denied his rights under,
the 14th amendment to the Constitution
because of the university's affirmative
action program.
The University of California at Davis
sets aside 16 places in each 100-member
medical class for minority students in
order to bring more blacks and chicanos
into the medical profession.
Bakke's suit charges that this system
discriminated against him as a white
On the other side, the University of
California claims its minority admis-
sions program is a legitimate effort to
overcome the effects of prior discrim-
ination against minority group mem-
M EANWHILE, CIVIL rights groups
say a Supreme Court decision in
favor of Bakke would undermine the en-
tire foundation of affirmative action and
cripple efforts to achieve racial equality
in our country.
President Carter faces a tough deci-
sion on what role his administration will
play in the case. The Justice Depart-
ment has recommended filing a brief
supporting Bakke on a limited basis.
Black- leaders will be leaning hard on
Carter to take the opposite position.
,Regardless of the wisdom of the Uni-
versity of California's- particular mi-
nority admissions system, the Daily.
believes that programs which give
special consideration to victims of past
and present discrimination are a vital

part of a national E
racially just society.
It is not enough t
barriers to blacks a:
seeking college adn
portunities. To ignor
upon these people 1
and the residual eff
and slavery is in efi
- in its recomm
that, although speci
minority group me
tional, quotas for a
are not.
This position igno
Institutions often fig
cases, minimum qu
to force them to tak
action efforts serious
A good examplei
Michigan. Little p
made in bringing mi
the campus and min
onto the faculty. On
though the 'U's affii
grams are filled wits
biage, they lack enfo
of affirmative ac
er minorities are bec
group in our society
are themselves anc
But at a time wh(
ment is at a post-Del
black incomes are or
of whites and when
black youths have n
ting any job at all,
We have a long
country to achieve t
The Bakke case is jL
how resistant our s
and how tough the ba

The tiny atom, a potentially ex-
ichigan -plosive alliance of polar opposite
energy forces, is attracting a
similar alliance of human ener-
n gies-a new, loose coalition of
a c tion .political activists who aim to turn
the destructive force of nuclear
power into the nation's number
1 t one political issue this fall.
es s a r y -These activists believe opposi-
tion to nuclear power - as ener-
effort to achieve a gy or as bombs - will do for the
dwindled anti-war movement
o remove the overt what the Vietnam War did for the
otheminthe orts small but persistent Ban the
nid other minorities Bomb movement of the 1950s:
nissions of job op- propel it into a massive, militant
e the burden placed grassroots campaign to dominate
by inferior schools American politics.
ects of segregation The campaign, under the um-
brella of the new Mobilization for
fect discriminatory Survival, officially kicked off ear-
lier this month when anti-nuclear
activists staged demonstrations
EPARTMENT said at some 140 sites throughout the
endation to Carter country, mainly at nuclear power
aondertonCrr stations.
al consideration for But the main thrust will come
mbers is constitu- this fall when college students re-
dmissions or hiring turn to campuses to find the most
elaborately organized series of
res common sense. sit-ins, teach-ins, speak-outs and
demonstrations since the height
ht change. In some of the anti-war movement.
otas are necessary Early next year the campaign
:e their affirmative will shift to local community
Sly demonstrations will be organized
iy. y in New York and other cities to
is the University of coincide with the United Nations
rogress has been Disarmament Conference.
nority students onto Organizers of the Mobilization,
orities and women such as anti-war activists Sidney
e reason is that, al- Lens, David McReynolds, Sidney
mative action pro- Peck and George Wald, trace
their own involvement in the
h well-meaning ver- peace movement back to the Ban
rcement teeth. the Bomb campaign. They and
some 20 others met in Boston last
LAIM that because Thanksgiving and, says Lens,
"decided we had to revive the old
tion blacks and oth- Ban the Bomb movement, but
coming a privileged with two additions."
y. They say whites "First, we had to bring in the
oppressed group. nuclear power issue because of
en black unemploy- the question of proliferation. And
pression high, when second, we had to give people
resswo-thigh, hsensome kind of hope that money
nly two-thirds those saved on the arms race would go
half of inner city for funding human needs."
o prospects of get- According to one organizer, the
these claims fall decision to include nuclear power
as an issue in the campaign orig-
way o o=inally met with resistance from
wayh to go in this those primarily concerned about
rue ra"i l equality, nuclear weapons and disar-
ust one symptom of mament.
ociety is to change But, says Lens, "We had to rec-
ttle will be. ognize that the nuclear power
issue was exciting a hell of a lot
more people and that we would
have to bring that movement
along with the anti-war move-
David McReynolds, a longtime
leader of the War Resisters
League and a Mobilization organ-
izer, agrees that the inclusion of
the nuclear power issue,'a nat-
ural common interest, was also
necessary to "expand our base. If
we want the anti-nuclear power
movement to hear what we're
saying - that nuclear power is
the. least dangerous way to use
nuclear energy, and that nuclear
bombs are infinitely more
dangerous - then they have to
hear us saying that we are again-
y st nuclear power, too."
In an effort to cement the tie to
the nuclear powermovement, the
Mobilization steering committee
includes an assortment of well-
known nuclear power activists,
including Sam Lovejoy of the
New England Clamshell Allian-
ce, and Richard Pollack of Ralph
Nader's anti-nuclear organiza-
resident. htion, CriticalnMass remains

Canal sellout.! pr"'ari and avowedly, ananti-
nuclear weapons and committed
ran ted to total disarmament.
Participants at an organizing
meeting in Philadelphia, the alli-
ason one game at a ance headquarters, on April 23
a lot more fun for were nearly all veteran antiwar
activists, including Lens, McRey-
Sto East Carolina of nolds, Peck, Norma Becker,
Dave Dellinger, Dan Ellsberg,
sn't have a prayer Pete Seeger, Cora Weiss and
iturday. Why should other familiar names of the Viet-
e thing, you can see nam era.
e that led the nation The anti-war thrust of the
al rushing and total Mobilization campaign has
naturally sparked some suspicion
Granted, the back- among kay figures in the anti-nu-
Lytle, Michigan's clear power movement, though it
ner, but wait until remains muted for now.
ckleby and Russell Some anti-nuclear power activ-
ists, who speak publicly of com-
mon interests, privately regard
just plain fun to sit the Mobilization campaign as an
back break through effort by a relatively small band
o see the best offen- of anti-war activists to jump on
football (those 80 the anti-nuclear bandwagon and
take over the reins.
pen by chance, you According to a key figure in the

"sort of jumped on it and tried to
use it for their focus on the anti-
weapons thing."
Large segments of the anti-nu-
clear/environmental movement,
which crosses the political spec-
trum and includes many con-
servatives, are adamantly again-
st any form of civil disobedience,
a key tactic in the Mobilization
plans for the coming year. Frien-
ds of the Earth, for instance, a
leading anti-nuclear force both in
the U.S. and Western Europe, re-
cently adopted a policy of dis-
avowing demonstrations involv-
ing civil disobedience.
A California anti-nuclear ac-
tivist says his organization, the
Abalone Alliance, gill try to work
closely with the Mobilization, but
only with the understanding that
"nuclear power comes first and
nuclear weapons is a secondary
"What we're trying to do is co-
opt the anti-war movement as
much as they're trying to co-opt
us," he said.
The problems of anti-nuclear
coalition politics showed up plain-
ly in a recent West Coast meeting
called to coordinate teach-ins and
speaking engagements by
movement leaders this fall. While
all the participants were osten-
siblycommitted to the Mobiliza-
tion alliance, the various factions
fell to debating whether such-
and-such a teach-in or speaker
should emphasize nuclear
weapons, nuclear power, the ar-
ms race in general, or even South
African racism and 'the contro-
versial Bakke Supreme Court
case on minority school admis-
Mobilization spokesman McRey-
nolds says the "anti-nuclear
power people will have to come to
terms with the reality that nu-
clear power in a certain way is a
secondary question to nuclear
weapons. We're going to press
that question."
Environmentalists who won't
go along with civil disobedience,
he says, "will be pushed aside. I
have very little patience with the
environmentalists whoreject civ-
il disobedience as a tactic. My
guess is that many of them are
going to have to re-examine their
Republican party membership
and their faithmin capitalism."
The wide political disparities
among the groups with which the
Mobilization seeks to ally also
appear in the West European an-
tipuclear.movement. Moveover,
most of the European anti-
nuclear power forces, including
the French Socialists and Com-
munists, openly support France's
nuclear weapons program, the
force de frappe.
That factor could create strains
in the Mobilization's effort to
make the alliance international,
rather than strictly American.
"If you're talking disar-
mament you're talking about
world politics," admits
MvcReynolds, "not just
American. And the West
Europeans would feel very
uneasy about a situation where
the U.S. and Soviet Union were.
disarmed of nuclear weapons but
a large standing Soviet army re-
mained 'intact in the eastern
Zone. That's the reality of world
politics and you can't expect to

get political support in Europe
unless you're also going to
discuss the balance of military
forces as a whole."
Sidney Lens, whose 1976 maga-
zine article "The Doomsday
Strategy" (since expanded into a
book, The Day Before Dooms-
day) is really the seminal
document of the Mobilization, be-
lieves that the few disarmament
activists in France, Britain and
Sweden will eventually prevail
and forge a strong European link
with the Mobilization.
In the meantime, he says, the
momentum of the anti-nuclear
movement in the U.S. will over-'
come any potential political con-
flicts here.
"We consider nuclear weapons
the most important issue facing

the human race," says Lens. "In
eight years there will be 40 coun,
tries capable of making a nuclear
bomb. History is merely waiting
for a coagulation of war and tech-
A New England nuclear power
activist insists that for him '
moratorium on nuclear power is
the first order of business. But, he
adds, "If we stop the plants, and "
we well, we'll have gone a long
ways toward stopping the bomb,'
as well. There will be plenty of
grounds for agreement, and
grounds for' going our separate-
Jon Stewart is a PNS editor
who monitors military and en-'
vironmental affairs.

It *

r., ,
.9" 3


Distributed by jGos ngeles imes SYNDICATE
KEN PARSIGIAN......................... Editorial Director
JEFFREY P. SELBST......... . - .....Arts Editor
JYAY LEVIN..................Managing Editor
GEORGE LOBSENZ ...................Managing Editor
MIKE NORTON .............. .... ....... Managing Editor'
MARGARET YAO....................'Managing Editor
STU McCONNELL.....................Managing Editor
Magazine Editors
Weather Forecasters
STAFF WRITERS: Gwen Barr, Susan Barry, Brian Blanchard,
Michael Beckman, Phillip Bokovoy, Linda Brenners, Lori Car-
ruthers, Ken Chotiner, Eileen Daley, Ron DeKett, Lisa Fisher,
David Goodman, Marnie Heyn, Robb Helmes, Michael Jones,-
Lani Jordan, JanetsKlein, Gregg Kruppa, Steve Kursman,
Dobilas Matunonis, Stu McConnell, Tom Meyer, Jenny Miller,
Patti Montenturri, Tom O'Connell, Jon Pansius, Karen Paul,
Stephen Pickover, Kim Potter, Martha Retallick,,Keith Rich-
burg, Bob Rosenbaum, Dennis Sabo, Annmarie Schiavi, Eliza-
beth Slowik, Tom Stevens, Jim Stimpson, Mike Taylor, Pauline
Toole, Mark Wagner, Sue Warner, Shelley Wolson, Mike Yellin,
Laurie Young and Barb Zahs.
KATHY HENNEGHAN.............................Sports Editor
TOM CAMERON........................Executive Sports Editor
SCOTT LEWIS........ ...........Managing Sports Editor
DON MacLACHLAN.................. Associate Sports Editor
Contributing Editors
NIGHT EDITORS: Ernie Dunbar, Henry Engelhardt, Rick Mad-
dock, Bob Miller, Patrick Rode, Cub Schwartz.
ASST. NIGHT EDITORS: Jeff Frank, Cindy Gatziolis, Mike
Hal pin, Brian Martin, Brian Miller, Dave Renbarger, Errol
Shifman and Jamie Turner
BRAD BENJAMIN.........................Staff Photographer
JOHN KNOX........... ............ Staff Photographer
CHRISTINA SCHNEIDER ................ Staff Photographer

I'm not an unreasonable man, Mr. P
Come on over and we'll discuss your Panama
Don't take Blue for gi

The Panama Canal: Giveaway
at bargain basementprices

T HE MICHIGAN football team is ex-
pected to figure prominently in this
fall's national championship quest. So
what, you say? You know thw script.
Sure, it's exciting to read all the pre-
season magazines at the newsstand
singing the praises of Bo's boys. And it's
fun drinking in the stands while the
Wolverines obliterate the likes of Wake
Forest or Navy.
The Big Ten wins in October are con-
vincing, but somehow not quite
satisfying. The season hasn't really
begun, right?
The real season starts with the Ohio
State game. And if Bo loses that one you
can throw the rest of the season out the
window. Or maybe it's better that way.

Let's take this se
time-it should be
Okay, so Duke los
all people and doe
against Michigan Sa
you go? Well for on(
firsthand the offens(
in total yardage, tot
points last season.
field is minus Rob
record yardage gai
you see Harlan Hu
Davis break loose.
" BECAUSE it's
and watch a tail
for another 20. Go t
sive line in college
yard gains don't hap

The American debate over whether or not to give
"their canal" away to Panama has been made all
the more controversial by the proposal that they
must pay for the privilege of doing so.
But a look at the balance sheet shows that Ameri-
cans may actually be reaping a bargain: paying
some $50 million a year to prolong control over the
canal while maintaining, for free, base rights the
Pentagon says are worth $250 million a year.
also involve a separate initial payment by the U.S.
of $460 million, the savings in base rights may more
than compensate for this cost by the time the trea-
ties expire at the end of 1999.
At the same time, the cost of maintaining foreign
based is going up. Last year Washington signed a
five-year bases agreement with Spain at a cost of
$200 million in military credits. Recently, it agreed
to pay the Philippines $1 billion in military and
economic aid for the use of three military facili
In the Canal Zone some 163,000 acres are largely
taken up by U.S. bases having little or nothing to do
with its defense. They include a jungle warfare
school, the U.S. Army Southern Command
headquarters and the School of the Americas, for

Another item on the balance sheet is canal tolls.
Historically, they have been kept low to operate the,
canal on a non-profit basis and indeed remained un-_
changed for 60 years, from 1914 to 1974, although,
they have been increased twice in the past three
says the low rates have served, in effect, as a sub-
sidy for U.S. commerce since 70 per cent of the traf-
fic that passes through the waterway goes to or
comes from U.S. ports:
The subsidy has been estimated at $600 million a
year by the United Nations' Economic Commission
on Latin America (ECLA).
ECLA has also estimated that if tolls had been
raised to "realistic" levels in the past and split 50/50
with Panama, Panama could have been earning
$107 million a year-instead of the $2.3 million it is
currently paid by the U.S. for use of the waterway.
the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Co. that the
saving in shipping costs alone was $1.5 billion when
the U.S. Navy enjoyed free transit through the canal
after World War II.
, They also assert that Panamanian control of the
10-mile-wide Zone that splits their country would

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