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Vo. XXVI, o.14 n AbrMihga-husay Arl 3 17
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Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 154 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, April 13, 1978 Ten Cents lipag=s
Carter seeks boost for
student aid programs
it _ ry
By JUDY RAKOWSKY
Second in a three-part series
The Carter Administration has attempted to counter the
flood of tuition tax credit bills in Congress with a proposal to
beef up existing federal financial aid programs.
The Administration says its plan, unlike the tax credit
proposals, will get aid funds to the students who really need
them. But Congressional critics say the Carter financial aid
proposal would create a ballooning Washington bureaucracy to
administer the funds.
CARTER'S PROPOSAL, called the Middle Income Student
Assistance Act, would make federal financial aid available to 60
per cent of college students, according to administration
spokespersons. It would boost federal financial aid spending by
$3.1 billion a year, from $2.2 billion allocated this year.
Rep. William,Ford (D-Michigan), introduced Carter's plan
in the House. The bill would increase funding of the Basic
Educational Opportunity Program (BEOG), Supplemental
Educational Opportunity Grant Program (SEOG), College
Work Study Program and Guaranteed Student Loan Program
Some four million additional students would get federal
financiat aid under the bill for a total of seven million.
THE PRESIDENT estimates that 3.1 million additional
students will qualify under the BEOG extension. Two million
students with family income in the $16,000 to $25,000 range would
become eligible for a $250 BEOG grant. Some 70 per cent of the,
$1 billion increase in BEOG funding would go to students from
these middle income households.
At present, students with family incomes over $15,000 can-
not qualify for this type of aid.'
The maximum grant for students with household incomes
under $8,500 for a family of four would increase by $200, from
$1,600 to $1,800 per year. Students from families with incomes in
the $8,000 to $16,000 range would get an average increase of $200*
from BEOG under the proposal.
THE COLLEGE WORK STUDY Program (CWS) would
receive an increase in appropriations from $435 million to $600
million in fiscal 1978 if the Carter bill goes through. CWS money
is distributed to almost 3,000 institutions, based on the number of
students enrolled in the school who need financial aid. The
program provides 80 per cent of students' salaries for part-time
jobs at the school.
The Guaranteed Student Loan Program will be bestowed
with a $297 million increase over the $530 million appropriated
for Fiscal 1978. The Carter bill removes the $25,000 income
ceiling for federal interest subsidies.
New loans would be supported with an additional $70
million. The rest of the increase would pay for defaults and in-
creases in interest allowances paid to banks.
NOW, $450 MILLION is doled out yearly to pay the interest
See CARTER, Page 5 1
'There is no reason why
low and middle income
families should have to
subsidize the education of
the very rich.'
clash in Lebanon
Daily Photo by WAYNE CABLE
Here come those tunes agam
SINGER-COMPOSER Jackson Browne warms up before his concert last night in Crisler Arena.
Gays ask support tomorrow
By AP and UPI
Threats of war again emanated from
basttle-scarred Lebanon yesterday, as
Syrians and Christian rightists battled'
near Beirut and a U.N. official ex-
pressed fears of new fighting between
Israelis and Palestinians in the South.
Syrian troops pumped cannon and
rocket fire into a crowded Christian
neighborhood in Beirut yesterday,
trying to quell fighting between
Christians and Moslems that has'
claimed 35 lives in four days.
Meanwhile, the commander of U.N.
peace-keeping troops says he may need
more men if his forces are to prevent
southern Lebanon from becoming a
battleground once again.
THE SYRIANS were trying to blast
Christian militiamen out of sniper nests
and machine-gun postions in the neigh-
borhood of Ein Rummaneh in east
Residents of the adjacent Moslem
district of Chiyah said the Syrians were
not firing their way, but said they were
receiving some fire from the Christian
The flare-up came on the eve of the
third anniversary of the outbreak of the
19-month civil war between Moslems
and Christians that claimed 37,000 lives
in 1975-76. The predominantly Syrian
Arab League peacekeepers were sent to
end the fighting and police the truce.
SHOOTING FROM Chiyah eased up
as the Syrians concentrated fire onEin
* MSA polling ended yesterday
with a record turnout reported.
See story, Page 2.
* Three Bursley residents re-
main hospitalized with injuries
received when they were hit by a
car Tuesday night. See story,
For happenings, weather
'and local briefs,
see TODAY, page 3.
Rummaneh. Thousands of Christian
civilians there were trapped in their
apartm'ents or hid in basement
Hospitals issued appeals for blood,
and ambulances and fire engines
braved heavy fire in the embattled
Christian leaders said they ordered
their militias not to fire "except in ex-
treme cases of self-defense." Calm
returned to the area by nightfall,
although there was no official cease-
FORMER PRESIDENT Camille
Chamoun, leader of the ultra-rightist
National Liberal Party, accused Syria
of "taking revenge," apparently
referring to a major Christian-Syrian
clash that claimed more than 150 lives
A Syrian Army captain, whose unit
was firing a Russian-made rocket into
the rightist strongholds, told the
Associated Press his orders were to
"show no favoritism. We. are only
shooting at the sources of fire."
Maj. Gen. Emmanuel Erskine of
Ghana supervised blue-bereted Nor-
wegian soliders of the U.N. force as
they took up positions Tuesday in
Rashiya Al Foukhar, one of seven
villages vacated by Israeli invaders.
ISRAEL ENTERED the region to
sweep it clean ,of Palestinian
strongholds such as Rashiya Al
Foukhar, a bombed-outshilltop village.
Erskine said the task of the U.N. for-
ces is to make sure the area "is not
again used for any hostile activity and
to make sure there is no recurrence of
"I think we need some more troops,
but I want to study that," Erskine said.
by symbolic wearing
By DAN OBERDORFER around the country
On any other day of the year, the act of wearing jeans fund-raisers, movies
should have no political significance to University students, straight world" abou
but not this Friday, the first national Gay Blue Jeans Day. IN ANN ARBOR,
If all goes as planned, students clad in jeans will show tivity will be an info
their support for gay human rights, and students dressed in several organization
other attire will demonstrate their opposition, says junior the Gay Liberation F
Mark Huck, ope of three organizers for the event. y
"EVERYBODY ON campus is going to make a definite Huck is hesitant
statement," claims Martina Myers, another of the they will receive. He
organizers. "It's just impossible to avoid-even people who they put-up on camp
ignore the day are making a statement." ts.
"Even people who wear jeans accidentally that day will "The posters a
be questioned by their friends," continued Huck. "To a very threatened," said D
minor extent they will feel the oppression we feel every day."
Gay Jeans Day in Ann Arbor is a part of a national event "It's just a popular ti
sponsored by the New York-based National Gay Task Force. position to black-soli
A spokesperson for the Task Force said about 30 universitites
are expected to participate by staging
s, dances and lectures to inform "the
it the social problems gays face.
, however, the day's only scheduled ac-
rmation table on the Diag sponsored by
is including the Gay Academics Union,
ront and Gay Advocates Office.
to predict how much student suppport
e says they have encountered difficulties
y because many of the 800 posters which
us have been torn down by other studen-
re ripped down by people, who feel
)avid Wick, another of the organizers.
hing to do, but you don't see any open op-
darity movements or Chicano-solidarity
Doily Photo by WAYNE CA
JOURNLIST-UTHORTOM WLFE gves dvi to irn wrier
See GAYS, Page 9q
By MARTY LEVINE
The blue and white balloons were flying by
10 a.m. yesterday, and by 12:30 the 300
celebrants of Israel's 30th anniversary had
engulfed the Diag in joyous song and dance.
"It's a non-political event," said Daniel
Grosse, chairman of the Union of Students for
Israel (USI) and one of the event's
organizers. "We're just trying to bring the
Jews of this campus together and create
solidarity between American Jews and
Israel," he added.
JOURNA LIST-AUTHOR TOM WOLFE gives advice, to aspiring writers
Rackham who gathered for the Hopwood Awards ceremony.
Author Wolfe warni
writers to be alert
By PAULA LASHINSKY
Be aware of your environment and
look at what is going on around you,
journalist-author Tom Wolfe told
aspiring writers yesterday.
Wolfe spoke at Rackham' in conjun-
ction with the announcement of the an-
nual Hopwood awards for creative
writing in drama, essay, fiction and
poetry. Author of The Kandy-Kolored
Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby
and the Electric Kool-aid Acid Test,
Wolfe discussed "Literary Technique in
the Last Quarter of the Twentieth Cen-
SPEAKING BEFORE a crowd of
over 700, he encouraged writers to take
a OMIA inn, nt the "nrdinarv" things
have wanted to be writers all their
WOLFE LOOKED back on both his
own experiences and what he has ob-
served, and characterized the stages
through which most new writers go.
Wolfe termed the first stage the
"musical stage." Writers it this
category "love the fact that they can
play with words. They are amazed with
the blends they themselves can devise.
Much of the work that comes out of this
stage is poetry because ,poetry is the
music of literature," Wolfe said.
The abundance of what Wolfe calls,
"natural material" is what leads into
the next stage,-prose. "The assumption
was that when you wrote, it would be
prose and it would be
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