Page 2-Wednesday, April 12, 1978-The Michigan Daily
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Volume LXXXVIII, No. 153
Wednesday, April 12, 1978
is edited and managed by students at the University
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A Public Service of
This Newspaper &
to meet with Carter
WASHINGTON (AP) - Romanian
President Nicolae Ceausescu will
become the first leader of a Warsaw
Pact nation to be received by President
Carter when he opens a two-day state
visit here today.
Trade, global security issues and
Romania's role as a maverick, Com-
munist state will be discussed but the
subject which may overshadow all
others during the visit is Romania's
human rights record.
CEAUSESCU IS highly regarded
here for pursuing foreign policy
initiatives which are often at odds with
the Soviet Union but he also heads one
of the more authoritarian regimes in,
Officials say that the human rights
issue is certain to come up in
Ceausescu's talks with Carter and that
the President has been briefed on
Romania's internal situation. Officials
are uncertain however, how hard Car-
ter will press Ceausescu on the subject.
Ceausescu flew here yesterday and
will begin his discussions with Carter
and other top administration officials
ON FRIDAY, HE will leave Washing-
ton and will spend an additional four
days in the United States, visiting Chat-
tanooga, Tenn., Dallas, Houston, New
Orleans and New York.
Reps. Millicent Fenwick (R-N. J.),
and Christopher Dodd (D-Conn.),
recently sent a letter to Carter urging
him to confront Ceausescu "candidly
and forcefully" on Romania's human
rights practices. The letter was co-
signed by 64 other members of the
Romania does not have an abundance
of political prisoners, but according to
U.S. analysts, the regime deals with
dissidents in ways which are more sub-
tIe'but nonetheless effective. Dissidents
routinely are deprived of their housing,
their jobs or their state subsidy. I
SOME OFFICIALS believe, however,
that repression of dissent may be the
price Ceausescu has to pay to ensure
that Romania will be able to maintain
its cherished independence from the
Soviet Union.. ..
The country has a long border with
the Soviet Union and Romanians are
said to fear that a significant loosening
up of their internal practices could
prompt Moscow to take the same action
it did against Hungary in 1956 and
against Czechoslovakia a decade ago.
The chief issue facing Carter and
Ceausescu is whether the United States
will renew again this year Romania's
status as a so-called most favored
nation. This entitles Romanian produc-
ts to enter the United States with low
FENWICK AND DODD, along with
several American Jewish groups, have
called Carter's attention to what they
consider to be an alarming decline in
the number of Jews permitted to leave
Romania. The figure has dropped from
about 3,000 in 194 to about 1,300 last
year, officials said.
But the officials also point out that
estimates of the total number of
Romanian Jews left in the country
range between 25,000 and 40,000, many
of them older persons who prefer to
remain in Romania.
Although Fenwick and Dodd disputed
this in their letter, officials said there AP P
has been a steady increase in ROMANIAN PRESIDENT Nicolas Ceausescu waves to onlookers at his arrival in Washington last night as Secretary ofc
Romanian immigration to the United Cyrus Vance looks on. Ceausescu will be the first leader of a Warsaw Pact country to be received by President Carter v
States. he meets with the President today.
Tuition tax credits still in limbo
(Continued from Page t)
sions for separationm ofchurch and $250 per student in 1979, $350 in 1980 and strongest for the middle-income group loans, and to alert students of avaf
state. Many private elementary and the full $500 allowance in 1981. During who have too much money to qualify for funds.
secondary schools are church-related. 1981 Roth has declared plans to expand present aid programs, but not enough to "It seems to me that we could fu
- _ __ _ L_ ___&. .- 3 pa. educate the irchildre nwithoutsubstan- least 1. 000. 00$0ax creditg
In the heart of
Ann Arbor's theatre district
300 S. Thayer
BreakfastV7:00 a.m. Weekdays 8:00 a.m. Sundays
Secue9 Am ofi
A lecture by DR. WERNER 4L~S
Director, Waldorf Institute of Mercy College of Detroit
Thursday, April 13
1923 Geddes Ave.
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Tke pudtic is hWiite..
ROTH'S BILL HAS been passed by
the Senate Finance Committee three
times in the last eighteen months, but it
won't move on to the Senate until the
constitutional question is answered.
Its twin bill has been introduced by
Rep. Tom Corcoran (R-Ill.) in the
House, but it has encountered con-
siderable political obstruction. The
Democratic leadership has repeatedly
prevented Corcoran's bill from
reaching the floor for a vote.
Despite the wide appeal of the idea of
a tax credit for education, the methods
of raising the revenue and the amount
to be spent are divisive aspects of the
proposals. On one end of the spectrum
of awards is a flat $1,500 offer or one
half of educational expenses proposed
by Rep. Jerome Ambro (D-N.Y.) Other
bills are more frugal with tax dollars
awarding $100-$250 per year.
SOME PLANS provide for amounts to in-
crease gradually over the next few
years, to soften the blow on the federal
treasury. Roth's bill would hand over
the benefits to part-time and graduate
Sometax credit plans are regressive
in awards such as Sen. Ernest Hollings'
(D-S.C.) bill proposing amounts of $250
per student, then dwindlingto $75 and
$100 as additional expenses are in-
curred. This means as school costs in-
crease, government aid will cover less
of them. Fiscally-conscious legislators
find the regressive approach attrac-
tive, although it provides less substan-
tial gains to the tuition-burdened
A commonly proposed equalizing
rate for incomes is a one per cent
reduction in credits for incomes ex-
ceeding $25,000. That means if yearly
income is $30,000 a one per cent reduc-
tion would lower a regular $250 tax
credit to $200.
TAX CREDITS WOULD be void for
recipients of scholarships and
decreased if a student is receiving
another type of federal aid for
Lawmakers agree that need is
Rep. Abner Mikva (D-Ill.), pointed
out that 73 per cent of all direct finan-
cial assistance has gone to families
with incomes below $15,000. Meanwhile,
15 per cent of federal aid has gone to
middle-income students since 1972.
Califano maintains that aid should be
based on financial need and, "The tax
credit proposals are too blunt an in-
strument to take these factors into ac-
CALIFANO FURTHER criticizes
tuition tax credits on the basis that they
will, "fragment education policy and
increase regulations and paperwork."
Ford echoed Califano's concern, "We
have to try to keep education and tax
legislation separate - they don't
In response, Roth's press secretary
said, "HEW really believes all federal
money belongs to the government."
Califano said tax credits place the
responsibility in the hands of the
treasury prompting duplication of
Califano's statement incited sharp at-
tacks on the sprawling HEW
bureaucracy which presently supports
a staff of more than 1,000 workers to
process grant and loan applications in
Washington. 'Iax credit proponents
counter that only one additional line on
the yearly income tax form is required
to receive a tax credit compared to con-
siderably longer grant and loan ap-
REP. BOB FRENZEL (R-Minn.),
questioned the $535.5 million in HEW
administrative costs the agency says it
needs to reduce fraud on grants and
NATIONAL GAY BLUE JEANS DAY
FRIDAY, APRIL 14th
This day has been set aside on college campuses across the country to
promote solidarity among gay people and to demonstrate that we will not
have our human rights denied.
" Gay solidarity by wearing blue jeans.
" Support for lesbians and gay men by wearing
for the same price HEW spends in at-
tempting to carry out its program,"
University Associate Director of
Financial Aid Harvey Grotrian, said
the money is needed to disseminate
consumer information because of the
growing complexity of the forms and
ROTH SAID, "We need a program
that complements, not complicates the
existing student aid program. One out
of every six loan recipients defaults on
their loans, including 16 recipients in
HEW and 6,783 federal employees in
Califano and the Carter ad-
ministration maintain that the $1.2
billion per year speculated cost of a $250
tax credit program would drain the
treasury and sap money from other
assistance programs without providing
substantial aid. Roth accused the ad-
ministration of inflating revenue
estimates of the tax credit costs. An
aide to tax credit proponent Rep.
Lawrence Coughlin (R-Pa.) concurred,
"Over the years the treasury has been
notorious in overestimating tax loss."
Mikva opposes the tax credit
because, "It must always be com-
paratively small, and therefore unhelp-
ful to the taxpayer, in order to, keep
from busting the budget." Supporters
of the credit argue that any tax credit is
better than none at all.
Ford said that the Internal Revenue
Service (IRS) already provides advan-
tages, for the rich through loopholes,
"Tax credits are another loophololes.
my tax credit is your loophole."
June 5-July 1
Rost islav I)ubinsky
June 25-July 15
July 3-July 29
Each program isdesigned
tol rovidc professional
rio rnan&c preparation.
* Homophobia by not wearing blue jeans
Supported by LSA-SG, Gay Liberation Front, Gay Advocates