Page 10--Thursday, March 23, 1978-The Michigan Daily
WOMEN'S PROGRAMS HAMPERED
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130 South University
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By CUB SCHWARTZ
Jennie Gorham is an accomplished athlete.
At age 17, she has already claimed three gold
medals in the AAU Junior,Olympics for her per-
formance in the 100, 220 and 440 yard sprints. Her
time in the 220 (23.9) is a meet record, while her
marks in the 100 and 440 are just shades off.
The Gladstone, Missouri native is the type of
runner a college program could use. With
women's track a newcomer to the collegiate
scene, such a versatile performer could almost
singlehandedly bring success to a program.
SURELY GORHAM is recruited. One en-
visions an excited teenager jumping on a plane
each weekend off to visit State U, Urban'Tech or
any of the 300 other schools that want her so
desperately. While there, she lunches with the
athletic director, tours the campus and checks
out the social circuit. She has a royal time, com-
pliments of the athletic department.
The real picture is a lot different however. Fir-
st Gorham writes some letters to schools that she
is interested in attending. A few weeks later she
receives an invitation to visit the campus-at her
own expense. She has invitations to visit each
campus she has contacted, but she can only af-
ford to visit two. It costs a lot to be a wanted
athlete. If you are a woman that is.
FEMALE ATHLETICS are not governed by
the NCAA, whose rules allow the wining and
dining of prospective student-athletes. Rather
the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for
Women (AIAW) sets the recruiting standards,
and they have little resemblance to the rules for
The AIAW does not allow a school to foot the
bill for campus visits. Rather, it may hold an
audition for athletes to attend, where the coaches
evaluate their talent.
The rules are strict. A school may not:
* subsidize the visit of a student to the campus
for an interview.
* use any outside forms of subsidization
(alumni) for campus trips.
* send a recruiter out to a high school event to
contact a prospective athlete, nor may the
presence of the recruiter be made known to the
*.visit a student athlete off campus, even at -
the invitation of the student.
IN ADDITION, it was only two months ago
that the rules were changed to allow schools to
reimburse recruiters for the expense of going out
to look at prospective athletes, give 'full ride'
scholarships rather than just room and board,
and hold private auditions.
Education comes first in the eyes of the AIAW
officials, and as such, the recruiting rules must
be strict to prevent the exploitation of athletes
solely for their athletic ability.
"The (AIAWS) emphasis is for the kids to get
an education first along with playing sports," p
said Helen Connely, Women's Athletic Director
at Ann Arbor Pioneer. "With the men the em-
phasis is on the athletics with an education on the
"The philosophy is very sound. I don't feel that
they just exploit the athlete," she continued.
THE DIFFERENCE may not be that black-
and-white. "There are professional careers for
the men after they graduate so there may be
more incentives to excell," said Michigan's
Women's Ad, Phyllis Ocker. "The women feel
their playing days are limited so education is the
only thing they're going to take along."
The rules are so stringent however, that it
makes life very difficult for both the coach
looking to build a national competitor and the
athlete seeking a good program.
Women's swimming coach Stu Isadc is a case
in point. He has put together teams which hve
ranked in the top twenty for the past two years.
But maintaining that status requires the infusion
of high quality swimmers each year.
THE RULE outlawing the initiation of contact
makes his life quite difficult.
"When you go to a national meet it's unfor-
tunate because it is such a good place to make
contact. You can find out about the girl and she
can learn about your programs," he explains.
"They're just young girls and they don't take
the initiative (to make contact with coaches) like
they are supposed to," Isaac said.
"The intentions of the rules are good-to
prevent recruiting from getting out of hand like
in the men's money sports. However, I don't
really think they're going to do that," he con-
"SOME OF THE rules are just not lin line with
reality," he said. "We know a lot of coaches who
do it (initiate contact) constantly."
Violations of the rules have of late become a
sticky problem for the AIAW. A recent article in
Sports Illustrated charged widespread violation
of recruiting regulations in the area of women's
The allegations are only made stickier by the
fact that the AIAW has no enforcement commit-
tee to police recruiting practices. It relies only on
the integrity of the member institutions.
FOR THE MOST part this reliance works.
But the schools on the national scene in-
creasingly find it necessary to venture out in
search of high quality players. It is here that the
violations are occurring.
For the present the rules fit the interests of the
majority of developing programs in the AIAW.
As women's sports find more and more success
however, a relaxation of. rules appears
"I think the rules are definitely going to see
revision as we develop," Isaac said. "The idea
that they are recognizing the value of off campus
contact is a good indication."
Spring drills start for gridders;.
Don't be left out
1979 MICHIGANENSIAN Yearbook!
Bo sees tougher
By KEVIN ROSEBOROUGH also brings the squad
Although the season opener for the develops new leadership
Michigan football team lies some seven In'the 20 practices th4
months in the future, preparations for it this spring, Coach Sch
have already begun. his staff have a good me
Spring drills for the gridders are now Although Rick Leach h
underway, part of a long, tedious coach that he'll be bac
process that has resulted in top ten year at quarterback, ti
glory for Michigan gridders for the past weakened considerably
nne years. .Lost to the 1978 tear
"THE SPRING is a very, very impor- American lineman Mar
tant period of time," said coach Bo Walt Downing. Junior N
Schembechler. "It gives us a chance to only returning starter
adjust and replace the seniors that are defensive secondary.
gone,'said Schembechler. "Spring ball STILL. SCHEMBEC
Sign up for an appointment TODAY by call-
ing 764-0561, weekdays from 9 am-9 pm.
Or stop by our office at 420 Maynard (next
These portraits will appear in the SENIOR SECTION
of the 1979 Yearbook
on the team."
at he is allowed
any holes to fill.
as assured the
k for his senior
he offensive line
eld have been
m will be All-
rk Donahue and
Mike Jolly is the
in the depleted
HLER is sure
on the team to
e again. He has
orkouts to con-
elopment of the
s well as ex-
plays that may
s and the like,
" said Schem-
Minnesota 5. Montreal 4
St. Louis 8,Kansas City 0
Atlanta 7. Texas 0
Philadelphia 10. Chicago White Sox 5
Seattle 19, Oakland 4
San Francisco 7, California 6
that he has the talentc
finish in the top ten onc
dedicated his spring w
centrating on the. deve
individual player, as
perimentation with new
or may not be used in the
"We work on mores
skeleton passing drill
than during the fall,
bechler. The coach a
that he plans on "doing more ex-
perimentation this year" than in the
past due to "the changing trends in
Among these changes are the serious
implications of the reductions in grants
that are now allowed to be given out.
"It's not the same ballgame anymore,"
said Schembechler. Problems with in-
juries, combined with the reduction in
grants, has hurt the depth of all teams.
"There's not a team in the nation that I
know of that has great depth," he said.
"SOME WEEKS last season we had
20 guys who couldn't go," he said. "It
sounds like there are still a lot of guys
available, but when your injuries start
going two-deep, you have to start swit-
ching people around." The coach poin-
ted out that lineup shuffling like that
can put a tremendous strain on a
team's , practices and game
The team has only been ableto.run
two of its alloted sessions so far this
spring because of the weather, but the
Wolverines are sure to get in the rest of
the practices they are allowed, for they
Considering the 11 starting spots that
were vacated following the Rose Bowl,
and a '78 schedule that includes Notre
Dame, Arizona, and Ohio State, one
might expect Schembechler to be very
But taking the tough schedule and
replacement of half his starters into ac-.
count, the confident, smiling Schem-
bechler leaned way back in his chair
and conceded mildly that yes, this year,
"it'll take a little more to win the con-
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Giving blood is easy. You hardly feel it (in fact,
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