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RAYS OF HOPE
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Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 136
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, March 23, 1978
Lebanon front still
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - The first
unit of a 4,000-person U.N.
peacekeeping force moved into
southern Lebanon yesterday as Israeli
troops were reported generally obser-
ving a two-day-old cease-fire.
Israel television reported the Israeli
invasion force would be withdrawn
from Lebanon "within the next few
days," but that report could not be con-
YASSER ARAFAT'S mainstream
guerrilla group, Al Fatah, has orders to
honor the cease-fire declared Tuesday
by Israel, The Associated Press lear-
ned. But the radical Popular Front for
the Liberation of Palestine, led by Dr.
George Habash, part of the Arafat's
Palestine Liberation Organization,
vowed to demolish the truce.
About-100 Iranian troops of the U.N.
force crossed into southern Lebanon
from their posts in the Golan Heights
buffer zone in Syria and began inspec-
ting military positions. French officials
said a reconnaissance party of 16 Fren-
ch officers arrived here from Cyprus as
vanguard of a 600-man force and will
take up station today.
Similar 600-man contingents of Nor-
wegians and Nepalese also are
scheduled to move into the area.
THE IRANIANS camped in the bur-
ned out village of Ghandouriyye near
the Litani River after being held up by
Christian Lebanese militiamen who
vigorously oppose the entry of U.N. for-
ces into their territory. Maj. Sa'ad
Hadad, leader of the Christian force,
said the U.N. troops would not be able
to prevent the Palestinian guerrillas
from returning once the Israelis with-
The Christians have been fighting,
with Israel's support, against the
Palestinians and leftist Moslem
Lebanese since the 1975-76 civil war.
Israeli forces control about 500
N. moves i
square miles of Lebanon north of the fire from Tyre was directed at Israeli
border to the Litani River, except for an troops and half a dozen Katyusha
area near the port city of Tyre, which rockets crashed into northeastern
they have said they will not take. Israel during the day, causing no
DESPITE GUERRILLA claims of casualties.
widespread violations, on-the-spot
reports indicated the Israelis generally A FATAH COMMANDER in Tyre
held their fire for the first time since said he had orders to honor the truce
crossing into Lebanon March 15 in a and another Fatah leader said his for-
thruse precipitated by a Palestinian ces would not fire unless fired upon.
guerrilla raid in Israel in which 35 Guerrilla sources said Arafat was
Israelis died. pressuring leaders of the more radical
Israel has said the purpose of the at- factions to honor the cease-fire and
tack was to clear the border area of make it unanimous among all guerrilla
guerrillas and insure it would not be groups.
used to launch such forays into Israel in Reporters said they saw about 100
the future. armed Palestinians in Tyre, a fraction
The Israeli military command said of their former force. But motorized
Palestinian guerrillas kept up sporadic guerrillas were seen moving toward
fire yesterday. Bursts of small-arms Tyre to reinforce the position.
Somber Carter says
Mideast peace distant'
Daily rnoto Oy vvm COL
DRAFT RESISTER BRUCE BEYER gives an account of his struggle against the American Selective Service system and
his self-exile in Canada at the third night of the Vietnam teach-in. Seated on his left are fellow speakers amnesty worker
Pat Simon, Vietnam vet Jim Drees, and sociologist John Pollack.
Vietnam amnesty urged
By MARTY LEVINE
Full and complete amnesty for all
Vietnam War deserters and draft
evaders should be one of the primary
goals of the anti-war movement today,
according to the four speakers at last
night's third session of the Vietnam
In an evening devoted to the
problems afflicting "Vietnam Vets and
other Victims," topics ranged from un-
fair aspects of the government's am-
nesty program, the American draft
system and unfavorable "media
characterizations" of Vietnam
"AMNESTY IS not a forgiveness
because there is nothing to forgive,"
declared Pat Simon, a member of Gold
Star Mothers for Amnesty (those
women who have had a son killed in
Saying that the amnesty movement
had "enormous effectiveness" to day,
Simon said she felt President Carter's
pardon and special discharge review
program, instituted shortly after his
election, would have brought real relief
to many draft resisters and evaders.
However, Simon noted, Congress
recently passed a bill that took away
benefits from less than honorably
discharged Vietnam veterans and
would force 16,000 vets whose
discharges had already been upgraded
under Carter's program to re-apply for
the tedious and frustrating review
board. In addition, those soldiers who
were AWOL( Absence without leave)
for more than 180 days were also ruled
to be ineligible for benefits.
IF SUCH trends continue, warned
Simon, "America will be duped and
plunged" into another Vietnam.
Bruce Beyer, a draft evader who has
returned from self-exile in Canada, was
emphatic in his speech on the American
draft system. "The Selective Service
system," he said, "was a tool of class
and racial oppression" during the Viet-
Vietnam vet Jim Drees echoed
Beyer's appraisal of the draft system,
labeling it "the root of the problem" in
the war. Because middle-class whites
and those with valuable skills and
education could more easily avoid the
draft, Drees observed, a highly
disproportionate number of blacks and
other minorities were drafted and
killed during the war.
Drees also blasted the, "media
characterization" of the Vietnam
veteran. "They are portrayed as
homicidal, drug-crazy and bitter. That
kind of reputation costs veterans jobs,
and it just ain't true."
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Carter ended talks yesterday with
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem
Begin and somberly announced that
"peace still seems far away" in the
Carter urged Begin to count on U.S.
support and come to terms with the
Arabs. "This opportunity must not be
allowed to slip into the cycle of hatred
and violence,'. the president said.
BRIGHT SUNSHINE on the White
House lawn could not hide the strains as
Carter called anew for Israel to commit
itself to a pullback on the West Bank of
the Jordan River, in the Sinai and on
the Golan Heights.
Later,. Carter's national security ad-
viser, Zbigniev Brzezinski, was asked if
things were as grim as they appeared
during the parting of the two leaders.
"Appearances were not misleading,"
he replied. And after a later meeting
between Begin and Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance, Vance told reporters, "I:
can't say we've reduced the differences
at this point.
In bidding goodbye to Begin, Carter
said the 1967 U.N. Security Council
resolution calling for Israeli with-
drawal "must apply to all fronts if
peace negotiations are to succeed."
ON THIS POINT, the administration
is in sharp conflict with begin. He has
offered to negotiate the West Bank's
See SOMBER, Page 7
City gets old
post office -and
BY JULIE ROVNER
Would you pay $147,000 for a 68-year-,
old building with a leaky roof you,
weren't even sure you could fix?
That's exactly what the city is about
-ON TUESDAY, THE U.S. General
Services Administration (GSA) notified
city officials that it had accepted the,
city's bid to buy the old post office
building on the corner of Catherine and
Because the building has an
historical designation, one of the con-
ditions for acceptance of the bid was,
that the city sign an agreement not to
change the facade of the building.
The only problem is that the
renovations necessary to fix the leaky
roof - and city engineers have
estimated that it -might cost up to
$40,000 to do it - may be in violation of
the federal guidelines protecting such
"THE REGULATIONS get right
down to the color of paint you can use on
the trim and what kinds of glass you
can use for the windows," said Coun-
cilman Louis Belcher (R-Fifth Ward).
"We've been in touch with GSA for
about a month now and we can't even
find anyone with the authority to waive
the regulation if we need it," he said.
Councilman Roger Bertoia (R=Third
Ward) stressed the fact that it is not yet
certain whether or not the needed
repairs will be in violation of the federal
regulations. "There's no indication the
roof is historical, but we've known all
along that the roof leaked," he said.
"That's why we wanted to gain oc-
cupancy as soon as we could. Any
unused building will deteriorate."
The building has been vacant since
last year yhen the post office moved to
its new home on Liberty Street.
MAYOR ALBERT Wheeler vowed to
protect the city's investment. "We'll fix
the roof," he said. "We're not going to
pay $147,000 for the damn thing and not
be able to fix the roof. I don't care what
the damn regulations say."
See CITY, Page 7
Filling a need
Dental clinic s fate
hinges on election
c- Th ursda;
OF* Larry Brown, national
recruitment director for AC-
TION, says the Peace Corps and
VISTA programs are getting
back on their feet after neglect by
Republican administrations. See
story, Page 7.
* Psychiatrist and University
By KEITH RICHBURG
To three-year-old Denise, the second
floor office of the Model Cities Dental
Clinic is nothing more than a playpen,
with the overfilled box of toys tucked
away in one corner, and the rack of
Walt Disney books off to one side.
Denise wheels her plastic red tricycle
around the corner into the cramped
waiting area, where, if shehpeeks down
the stairs to her right, she could see the
bearded dentist peering into mother's
FOR 18-YEAR-OLD Felton, the trip
other dentists in the city.
"We babysit here, we also do tran-
sportation, so if the patient cannot get
here we transport them," said Taylor.
For reluctant and infrequent visitors
like Felton, Taylor says, "We chide him
and try to get hiin to come in. No one
else would do that for that child."
"WE DO A lot of teaching here, too,"
Taylor adds. "We tell a patient, sup-
pose we're not here next year - that's
always a threat - you can take care of
your teeth yourself."
If Model Cities Dental Clinic is indeed
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