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Vol. XXXVIII, No. 119 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, February 22, 1978 Ten Cents 8 Pages
BY AMY SALTZMAN
There was a soothing, incessant
clicking sound-conjuring visions of
warm summer nights in the country
where the same sound permeates
the ambiance. The crickets were
buzzing and hopping on' the floor
where a bag of pete-moss had
spilled. In the next room, more
crickets were being raised in enor-
mous drawers, lined up like in a
Why all the crickets? Well, just
like'University dorm residents, the
8,000 frogs at the University's Am-
phibian Facility need something to
eat. In fact, according to John
SEE 'U', Page 2
tries to avoid
govt. intervention in
WASHINGTON (AP) - Coal industry
and United Mine Wojkers bargainers
agreed to resume negotiations yester-
day in an attempt to end the 78-day coal
strike before the government inter-
Officials of the Bituminous Coal
Operators Association, the 130-member.
employers group, criticized aspects of a
tentative contract agreement reached
earlier with an independent producer
but indicated willingness for a com-
UMW President Arnold Miller
followed by saying he, too, was willing
to sit down at the bargaining table
Daily Photo by ALAN BILINSKY:
John Gruschow, Laboratory Animal Supervisor at the University Am- j
phibian Facility dangles one of the center's 8,000 frogs.
despite what he called "the negative
tone of the BCOA announcement."
MARSHALL MET with the coal
operators for two hours earlier in the
day. No time was set for the startup of
BCOA Chairman E. B "Ted"
Leisenring said in the first industry
comment since talks broke Saturday,
that the union's settlement with the in-
dependent producer - Pittsburg and
Midway Coal Mining Co. - on Monday
did not adequately deal with several
major issues in the dispute.
However, he added, "We plan to vig-
orously present our case to the union
bargainers so that true collective bar-
gaining in good faith can be accom-
plished in the interest of all concer-
GOVERNMENT and indu'stry sour-
ces said several BCOA-member com-
panies were pressuring the group to
'consider the P&M agreement as the
basis for an industry-wide settlement.
Although that agreement still
requires ratification by its 700 UMW
employes, it gives an indication of what
the union's bargaining council will ac-
Carter, meeting with Republican and
Democratic congressional leaders at
the White House, won support for
"whatever he needs to do," according
to Senate Republican leader Howard
Baker of Tennessee.
DESPITE bipartisan congressional
Prof. Samoff denied te-nure again
By RICHARD BERKE
and MITCH CANTOR
Members of the Political Science
Department's tenured faculty met
yesterday and - duplicating their
decision of last November - denied
tenure to Assistant Professor Joel
"My position from the beginning was
that my work had not been judged
fairly or correctly," Samoff said last
night. "I'm still unsure my work has
been evaluated in an unbiased and'un-
He said until a "fair evaluation" is
conducted, he will pursue "any chan-
nels" which would be appropriate to
challenge the decision. This could mean
filing an official appeal to Literary
College Dean Billy Frye.
SAM BARNES, Political Science
Department chairman, said, "(The
department) may have made a mistake
in the Samoff case, but I believe the
procedures were fair." However, he
emphasized that any tenure recom-
mendation involves the possibility of
"The decision on him (Samoff) does
not reflect on our policy toward
political economists or the Afro-
American Center or good teachers,"
Samoff, is known for his expertise in
South African affairs and political
economy and has been called a
"Marxist political economist."
BARNES ADMITTED Samoff's
background may have played a role in
-the decision. "There's no place you can
stand and be without a previous notion
of these things," he said.
Critics of the Samoff decision'claim
too much emphasis is placed on
research ability in the department and
not enough on teaching skills. They say
Sanmoff received glowing "evaluations
from within and outside the University
and is respected for his teaching abil-
Faculty members other than Barnes
who attended yesterday's closed
session declined comment on the
decision. But one faculty member said
the vote was 9-7, which is closer than
the estimated 16-3 verdict in November.
THE POLITICAL Science Executive
Committee met Monday to ask the
tenured faculty to reconsider their
earlier denial following an offer by the
Center for Afro-American and African
Studies (CAAS) to pay half of Samoff's
salary for the next year if he stays at
the University, whether he is granted
tenure or not.
Pauline Stone, Assistant Director of
CAAS, called the decision "unfor-
tunate," but declined to elaborate on
Other observers said while they were
not surprised by the decision, they did
not believe it a fair one.
"I THINK we've come to the end of
the line," said Earl Obika, a Political
Science graduate student and teaching
assistant for Samoff. "This again
comes as a great disappointment to all
of us. (The decision) made it clear that
they (the Political Science Depar-I
tment) will remain very unmoved and
rigid in their commitment to the in-
tellectual direction of the department."
Jan O'Neill, a Political Science
graduate student and supporter of
Samoff, called the decision a "disser-
vice to students and the department."
She said Samoff backers will have to
regroup to decide what, if any; future
protest measures will be taken.
support to take strong steps to end the
walkout, the administration continued
to play a waiting game in hopes the two
parties would settle the dispute the-
The administration is considering
three "final" steps to deal with the
strike, or a combination of the three.
The choices include invoking the Taft-
Hartley Act; asking Congress for
legislation to seize the mines, or asking
for legislation to impose binding arbi-
tration in the dispute.
As an interim step, Labor Secretary
Ray Marshall has drafted a contract
proposal which sources said he planned
to present to both sides before Carter
takes any of the final options.
HOUSE SPEAKER Thomas O'Neill
said after meeting with the President
he felt it would be at least 25 days
before the coal strike could tie up the
There are several differences bet-
ween a BCOA contract proposal rejec-
ted by the union in a pre-dawn vote last
Saturday and the P&M offer accepted
The P&M agreement drops proposals
for penalties against miners on wildcat
strikes, although it retains penalties
against strike leaders and pickets.
THE BCOA offer called for produc-
tion incentives, the right to operate
mines on Sunday and a 30-day
probationary period for new miners, all
points the union objected to. The P&M
agreement does not.
The BCOA also wanted the right to
process unlimited non-union coal at
UMW mines without paying royalties
into UMW funds. That proposal was
dropped from the P&M agreement.
The question of health and pension
funds was left open in the P&M contract
until the BCOA agreement is con-
Meanwhile, police reported that a
bomb exploded Monday in southwest
Virginia and a pickup truck triggered
land mine-type device near a mine en-
trance. No injuries were reported. In
Columbus, Ohio, about 30 striking coal
miners and their families from New
Lexington picketed atthe State House
to gain support for the strike.
" The Ann Arbor Chapter of NOW
presents its annual awards hon-,
oring those who have aided the:
women's movement in the past.
year. See story, page 8.
" Local gays meet to work out
problems of being gay and
Christian. See story, page 2.
" A State House committee has
approved legislation which
would raise Michigan's drinking
age from 18 to 19. See-story, page
" The women's basketball team
fell victim to Western Michigan
85-80 last night at Crisler Arena.
See story, page 7.
Commoner scans energy issues
By PAULA LASHINSKY
The energy crisis is a fundamental
cause of inflation, unemployment and
deteriorating economy in the United
States, renowned environmentalist
Barry Commoner said last night.
Commoner explained his position in a
Rackham Auditorium speech entitled
"The Politics of Energy," or, as he
retitled it, "How Carter Mucked Up."
"YOU CAN laugh but this is a very
serious matter. Carter staked his entire
political future on solving the energy
crisis and I feel that he literally lost,"
Speaking before a crowd of over 500,
Commoner traced the history ofCar-
ter's energy plan. He emphasized the
fact that the president had made
solving the energy crisis his top priority
at the beginning of his term and now, a
year later, the plan is, according to
Commoner "in shambles."
"Carter is no longer seen as a power-
ful leader, he is viewed more or less as
an uncertain one and I think this is due
to hisntreatment of the energy crisis,"
COMMONER, who was brought to
the University as part of the Viewpoint
Lecture Series, stressed that energy is
not something relegated only to the
-running of cars or machinery. The
basic laws of thermodynamics, based
on the ideas of work and energy, are
what controls everything that occurs,
"Work, the force exerted through
distance, is required for everything
that occurs and energy is the necessary
force," Commoner explained.
He said the entire enconomy depends
on work being done and the access to
energy adding that the crucial problem
stems from the fact that since 1973, the
price of energy has been rising with no
end to the upward trend in sight.
COMMONER attacked Carter's
national energy plan, saying it ignores
the major issues. As an environmen-
talist, he opposes the use of nuclear
energy and would like to see solar
energy methods adopted.
He stressed the dangers of nuclear
energy and said the only true alter-
native to the crisis is transition to solar
Commoner also attracked many
campus environmentalist groups who
rallied for student support by cir-
culating petitions outside of Rackham.
Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
Ann Arbor publisher and Democrat, Phil Power discusses his candidacy for
the U.S. Senate.
Ann Arbor's Power
aims at Senate seat
By KEITH RICHBURG
By all accounts, journalism and poli-
tics are two fields which must remain
mutually exclusive. The relationship,
based on suspicion, does not make for
Ann Arbor publisher Phil Power,
however, has managed to walk the deli--
cate tightrope between his two favorite
endeavors. In fact, Democrat Power
sees his role as a journalist as the best
preparation for his newest hat - candi-
date for the U.S. Senate.
"IN JOURNALISM what you're
trying to do is find out what's going on
and write it as clearly as you know how.
In politics what you're trying to do is
find out what's going on and talk about
it as clearly as you know how, and you
try to convince other people," he ex-
Power, the 39-year-old former
editorial director of The Michigan
Daily, has spent the last eleven years
finding out what's going on and writing
about it in his columns and editorials
for his string of Suburban weeklies.
See POWER, Page 2
For happenings, weather
and local briefs,
see TODAY, page 3.
By MARIANNE EGRI
An unpublished University report has revealed great dif-
ferences between faculty salaries in humanities depar-
tments and those in the Sciences within the Literary College
A striking example of these disparities is that in 1976-77,
the highest paid full professor in the Physics department
received $55,330 while the highest paid full professor in the
Germanic Languages and Literatures received $24,960 - a
difference of $30,270.y
SIMILARLY, THE average salary for a full professor in
the Astronomy Department is $37,702, while the average
salary for a full professor in the Philosophy Department is
aryl~ M(1fl A7A9 ace.*
popularity and the candidates are scarce, this pushes the
According to Prof. Bill Neenan, chairman of the Commit-
tee on the Economic Status of the Faculty, the differences
are a "reflection of the values of society because society is
'Salaries are a (o mb in ation o
market, time, rank, and age structures,
and therefore one should be rerv cau-
tious about any conclusions from arer-
,..jb r how, fthev don 't tell much.'
"I don't think it's a special circumstance here," said Jay
Robinson, chairman of the English Department. "The kin-
ds of pressures we have to face are inevitable because of
the external market so there's not much we can do about it.
But it's frustrating, particularly when you look at the
salaries we pay our young, talented and distinguished.
Claiborne Thompson, chairman of the Germanic
Languages and Literatures Department said, "Some
reasons for the differences could be considered fair, but not
all the reasons. However, society doesn't value the
humanities as much as the other disciplines anyway."
"SALARIES DEPEND ON what other institutions are
willing to pay," said W. A. Hiltner, Astronomy Department
fields are more competitive so the University has to pay
ACCORDING TO ANOTHER salary comparison - this
one officially released by the University last week -
average salaries do not differ significantly between LSA
departments. For instance, the average salary rate in 1977-
For years the University has refused to disclose faculty
salaries, maintaining that this would be a violation of per-
sonal privacy. See story, Page 8.
78 for Germanic Languages and Literatures is $19,278,
while the average salary rate for Physics is $23,202. This
nncih n _ . 4 frn o n t@ GO nrins h c