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Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 106 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, February 7, 1978 Ten Cents 12 Pages1 Plus Supplement
Bertoia describes four rustratingyears
By KEITH RICHBURG
First in a Three Part Series 'The on tything thatwill "THE ONLY THING that will straighten this "W ' "
A former aide to President John F. Kennedy
once said every politician believes in democracy
until he gets elected. "Then you begin to believe
in dictatorship, because it's so hard to get things
It is no secret that, once elected, many poli-
ticians find themselves frustrated with the work-
ings of government, the constant negotiating and
the slow pace of policy-making. Retiring Coun-
cilman Roger Bertoia is no exception.
WHEN HE WAS running for reelection to his
third ward seat in April of 1976, Bertoia accused
Mayor Albert Wheeler and the Ann Arbor Demo-
crats of establishing a city "machine, much like
the Daley machine in Chicago."
"The Wheeler machine is dedicated to exclud-
straighten this city out is a
Mayor Daley. Someone who will
mold the city in his image and
stay there long enough to do
ing citizen input to lining their pockets and to
political cronyism," Bertoia said then.
Now, after two years and countless frustra-
tions, Roger Bertoia thinks that only a strong
mayoral boss can get anything done in the city of
city out is a Mayor Daley," Bertoia says now.
"Someone who will mold the city in his image
and who can stay in there long enough to do
A strong mayor and a political machine are
"the only way you're going to take a city and
make it real and make it liveable," he com-
Bertoia's statements reflect the feelings of
many others on Council who have become frus-
trated with the partisan deadlock that has
resulted in a virtual standstill for Ann Arbor.
CURRENTLY, THE Republicans maintain a
six-to-five majority on the Council, but the
Democratic mayor holds the veto power over all
It s a frustration for both parties, says Ber-
toia. "It's just frustrating. You don't get all the
things done you wanted to."
At least one other councilman, Democrat
Jamie Kenworthy, has voiced similar regrets in
announcing a decision not to seek another term.
"Some of his frustrations are similar to the ones
I have," Bertoia says.
BERTOIA ALSO SAYS that partisan bicker-
ing has kept City Council from addressing the
major issues over his last two years in- office.
"There's too damn much politics," he says.
"Maybe politics is the wrong word. Politics is the
art of compromise. There's no compromise
See BERTOIA, Page 5
By SHELLEY WOLSON
University of Michigan is ranked
third in overall quality out of 1,644
colleges and universities in the U.S. ac-
cording to a study by California State
University (Northridge) political
science professor Jack Gourman.
The recently published "Gourman
Report: Ratings of American and Inter-
national colleges and Universities"
contains the study which is based on
confidential reports from all the Uni-
versities' and colleges' faculty, chair-
men, college presidents and trustees.
Information was also compiled from
corporations, state and federal agen-
cies and public reports.
THE TOP TEN ranked schools ac-
cording to the study are (in order):
Princeton, Harvard, Michigan, Yale,
Stanford, California (Berkley), Wiscon-
sin (Madison), Cornell, Chicago, and
UCLA. Wisconsin was the only -other
Big Ten school listed in the top ten.
Gourman said his report is not con-
cl4ive, however, because it is updated
annually and information is constantly
coming in. "But University of Michigan
is the best state university in the coun-
try right now where I'm concerned and
third in the overall ranking," he said.
The University is rated highly be-
cause of its strength academically and
professionally in many of its depart-
ments according to Gourman.
"Whether they want to believe it or not,
I don't care," he said.
UNIVERSITY of Michigan's arch
rivals Ohio State and Michigan State
ranked thirty-second and forty-third re-
spectively. "Michigan is completely
thousands of miles apart from
Michigan State University in academic
excellence - there's no comparison,"
See 'U,' Page 9
WASHINGTON (AP) - Negotiators
reached tentative agreement yesterday
on contract terms that could end a
record 63-day nationwide coal strike
that has shrunk winter coal stockpiles
and forced cutbacks in electrical
The tentative pact was announced at
a news conference by United Mine
Workers President Arnold Miller and
chielf federal mediator Wayne Horvitz.
"I THINK this is a good tentative
agreement," said Miller, emphasizing
that it would restore pension and health
benefits that have been cut off to some
The proposed settlement would mean.
an increase of almost 37 per cent in
wages and fringe benefits for miners
over a three-year period.
Daily Photo by BRAD BENJAMIN
These festively dressed popcorn purveyors drum up some holiday spirit for Friday's Michigras. The clowns (Don Simon,
Susan Clark and Mike Froy) offer some of their wares to Steve Hicks in the Fishbowl.
STRICT ZONING FOR ADUL T BUSINESSES:
Pornography law gets first OK
By KEITH RICHBURG
Despite a plea from the American
Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), City
Council last night passed the first draft
of a new pornography bill, but major
surgery is expected before the ordinan-
ce becomes law.
The bill is the second part of a two-
, step anti-pornography package spon-
sored by Mayor Pro-Tem Louis Belcher
(R-Fifth Ward). The first part of the
bill, which passed on first reading last
November, would limit the growth of
"adult entertainment centers" through'
a strict rezoning process.
THE PART of the bill which finally
passed last night, despite constitutional
"objections from two councilmen
prohibits the display of "sexually ex-
plicit material," unless that material is
four feet from the floor. Only three in-
ches of the front cover may be
Before the session began, ACLU
spokesman Don Coleman told council,
"There are sometimes laws that per-
Sadat asks Carter to press ure
Israelfor peace concessions
petrate mre danger to society. I am
not speaking in favor of or trying to
defend any material in the ordinance.
We are concerned about freedom of
"The real danger rests in the law it-
self," Coleman said. "It has a chilling
effect on the first amendment of the
During the heated debate that
touched on issues ranging from first
amendment freedoms to the role of
government and the responsibility of
parents, Councilman Wendell Allen (R-
First Ward) appealed on the ground of
morality. "I'm not concerned with the
constitutional questions raised here
tonight," Allen said.
"AS THE FATHER of a four-year-old
girl I'd like to create a moral at-
mosphere I can raise that kid in. As a
parent I'm going to vote for this."
When he introduced his bill, Coun-
cilman Belcher said, "We're not
denying anyone their constitutional
rights to buy whatever it is they want to
buy. The ordinance grew out of stores
displaying sexually explicit materials
that small children have access to.
However, Mayor Albert Wheeler
questioned the ordinance's arbitrary
restriction of four feet. "What happens
if it's four and one half feet from the
WHEELER ALSO questioned the or-
dinance's definition of sexually ex-
plicity material. The material included
magazines or books emphasizing
photographs or illustrations "erotically
portraying human genitals or pubic
regions or acts of human masturbation,
sexual intercourse or sodomy."
"Sexually explicit material seems to
be narrowly defined," Wheeler said,
pointing out a laundry list of perver-
sions that could have been included.
Belcher, defending his law, said "It is
not designed to take care of the problem
as far as adult entertainment centers
AS FOR THE other sex acts not in-
cluded, Belcher told Wheeler, "You
seem to know all the titles."
"I know of the explicit acts, but I
don't read the magazines," Wheeler
Belcher responded, "You must have
.gotten it from the movies."
Miller said he would present the ten-
tative agreement to his 39-member
bargaining council this morning and
would urge its approval.
THE BARGAINING council's con-
sideration of the proposed contract is
the first step in a ratification process
that normally takes about 10 days.
Even after ratification, it likely will be
several more days before coal moves
again through the supply pipeline.
Approval by the bargaining council is
not a foregone conclusion. Its members
rejected one proposed contract
agreement in 1974 before accepting a
Miller declined to predict whether the
council would approve the terms but he
appealed to all UMW members to urge
their representatives to -accept the
THE BITUMINOUS Coal Operators
Association declined comment on the
tentative agreement. Its 130 members
also must ratify any contract, but that
process is viewed largely as a for-
Labor Secretary Ray Marshall said
in a statement that he was delighted at
the tentative settlement and said "this
is a fair contract, genuinely good for
"The strike has meant great suf-
fering from UMW members and their
families," Marshall said. "The losses to
the coal companies'are reckoned in the
HUMAN RIGHTS SYMPOSIUM
The week-long University symposium
on Human Rights in the USSR and
Eastern Europe got underway Sunday.
See page two for stories.
tens of millions of dollars and the strike
has brought the country perilously
close to widespread coal shortages in
the midst of a severe winter."
HORVITZ, ANNOUNCING the con-
clusion of negotiations which began
four months ago, said, "We have
reached a tentative agreement wl h I
hope will end this protracted and dif-
But he emphasized that the ac. )rd
See END, Page 9
WASHINGTON (AP) - Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat said yesterday
that there could be peace in the Middle
East "in less than a week" if Israel
agreed to return to its old borders and
make Jerusalem an open city.
But he foresaw little prospect of that
unless the United States exerted
pressure on Israel.
"YOU CAN insist," Sadat said in a
speech to the National Press Club,
"that disputes should be settled through
compliance with the rule of law, not by
submission to the dictates of force."
So far, there has been no indication
that Sadat has persuaded President
Carter to lean harder on Israel. A White
House statement issued at the con-
clusion of Carter's weekend talks with
Sadat at Camp David, Md., said the
U.S. role was that"of a "friend of both
At the same time, though, the ad-
ministration appeared to be nearing a
'Baboon Six' saved;
decision to sell a squadron of F5E jets
to Egypt. Carter invited a small group
of influential members of Congress to
the White House Sunday night, and Vice
President Walter Mondale met with
others yesterday on Capitol Hill.
SADAT, ANSWERING questions af-
ter his speech, his first major exposure
to the American public on his five and a
half day visit, promised. not to use U.S.
weapons against Israel. "I have chosen
my faith-with peace," he said.
The political negotiations between
Egypt and Israel have been in suspen-
sion since Jan. 18 when they broke up
over the Palestinian issue and amid
some high-voltage rhetoric between
leaders of the two sides.
Over the weekend, it was decided to
have Assistant Secretary of State
Alfred Atherton Jr. shuttle between
Cairo and Jerusalem to try to complete
an agreement on a declaration of prin-
"IT IS TRUE that I am rather disap-
pointed, but I am determined to per-
severe," Sadat said of the snagged
negotiations. "I shall continue my
mission for the sake of Arabs and
In outlining the Egyptian views, he
gave no hint that any have softened.
Sadat insisted that Israel give up all
By MITCH CANTOR
University researchers have decided
to halt auto crash experiments which
would "sacrifice" up to six baboons.
According to Hurley Robbins, project
director for the experiments, results
received from one such test performed
last Thursday has supplied the resear-
chers with facts which "complete our
"IF THAT TEST had not completed
The tests on the six baboons were to
involve anesthetizing each animal and
placing it in an impact sled which would
simulate a car crash at speeds up to 40
miles per hour. The results of the ex-
periments were to be used to create bet-
ter crash dummies.
THOUGH BOTH Melvin and Robbins
insist the project was halted because
the Thursday experiment supplied all
the essential information required,
t o Vi king
By RON GIFFORD
He's only 23, but Tim Ryback has
already lived in the tenth, twelfth and
twentieth centuries.. He's been a
pre-law student searching for free-
dom, a Viking seeking mythical
Vinland and now a medieval knight
crusading towards the Holy Land.
These trips have not been voyages
1, F e n fJS. %' , I