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January 25, 1978 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1978-01-25

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See Today for details

Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 95.Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, January 25, 1978 Ten Cents 10 Pages
Carter orders curb on covert activities

Masses dishevel the shelves

in stacks
The Undergraduate Library
(UGLI) has been nicknamed the
"Social Library." Library lounge
crowds overflow into hallways and
stairwells. Some other study havens
have posted signs saying, "Please
use your own libraries."
Overcrowding in the larger librar-
ies across campus has been widely
acknowledged by administrators as
well as students, but suggested solu-
tions vary - none completely solve
the problem.
"WE KNOW THE libraries are
crowded," Director of Libraries
Frederick Wagman said. "There are
well over 6,000 seats in all the
various libraries, but they're scat-
One solution already in the works
is the transfer of the engineering li-
brary from the UGLI to North Cam-
pus, freeing up one and a half floors.
The head of the UGLI, Rose-Grace
Faucher, noting the move will allevi-
ate some of the overcrowding, said:
"Now, all the social science collec-
tion is in one area, and everyone
must be in that area. When the engi-
neering library moves, we will be
able to spread the collection out."
gest problem is not overcrowding.
"It's not so much that there are too
many students," freshwoman Irene
Esteves asserted. "It's that too'
many students are not here to,
Any night of the week one can hear.
conversations echoing through the
halls of the Graduate Library as
clusters of students cascade down
the stairway. Outside the Reference
Room, decibel levels of late night
See LIBRARY, Page 10

WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Carter yesterday ordered a reorgani-
zation of the U.S. intelligence com-
munity, terming his action a "major
step forward" in safeguarding both
the national interest and civil liber-
Carter signed at a White House
ceremony a bulky executive order
designed not only to streamline the
intelligence setup, but also 'to put
strict new curbs on covert activities
that drew fire from congressional
investigators. The restrictions in-
clude an outright ban on attempted
political assassinations.
THE PRESIDENT took the occa-
sion to expres his "sincere and com-
plete confidence" in Adm. Stansfield
Turner, an Annapolis classmate he
named as director of the Central In-
telligence Agency.
Turner emerges from the reorgani-
zation with enhanced authority, par-
ticularly over the preparation of
budgets not only for CIA but also for
the Pentagon's National Security
Agency and Defense Intelligence
Agency. However, administration
officials acknowledged Turner did
not get all the expanded powers he
The CIA chief has caused dissatis-
faction in the CIA, especially for
abruptly firing a large number of
senior agents last year.
TURNER AND other intelligence
bosses attended the ceremony, as did
a sizable delegation from Congress
as well as Vice President Walter
Mondale, who helped direct a
months-long administration review
that led to the executive order.
"In my opinion," said Mondale,
"the most important principle this
executive order stands for is that we
can protect our nation and do it
within the law."
Calling attention' to illegalities
exposed by Congress, Mondale said
the order takes direct issue with
those who argue that illegal means
are necessary if intelligence activi-
ties are to succeed.
See related item, Page 5
oversight role to Attorney General
Griffin Bell, who henceforth must
personally authorize the use of
electronic surveillance, television
monitoring, physical searches or
mail openings by the intelligence
community when American citizens
or organizations are the targets.
Mail may be opened only when the
items involved have passed beyond
the care" of the Postal Service.
The restricted activities, in gener-
al, can only be directed against
Americans if there is cause to believes
they are foreign agents.
THE ORDER says intelligence ac-
tivities "should be responsive to

legitimate governmental needs and
must be conducted in a manner that
preserves andrespects established
concepts of privacy and civil liber-
In regard to reorganization, two
standing committees of the National
Security Council are given newly
defined and expanded roles:
-The Policy Review Committee,
chaired by Turner, will set intelli-
gence priorities and make sure
budgets take them into account.
Carter said, "This ensures that the
needs of the most important users of
intelligence will guide the entire
intelligence process."
-The Special Coordination Com-
mittee, headed by presidential assist-
ant Zbigniew Brzezinski, "will re-
view and make recommendations to
the President on the most sensitive
intelligence activities" and, for the
first time, coordinate all counter-
intelligence work.
main tains.
CAIRO, Egypt (AP)-Most Egyptians
blame Israel rather than Anwar Sadat
for the abrupt halt in peace negotiations
and analysts say the limping economy,
rather than the Mideast crisis, con-
tinues to be the Egyptian president's
chief problem at home.
"I believe Sadat can rule Egypt as
long as he wants. There is no organized
opposition in Egypt and Egyptians tend
to worship their lelader," a leading lef-
tist professor of politics said yesterday.
"HE WOULD NOT be toppled by the
handling of the negotiations with Israel
but by the economy."
As long as Sadat continues to receive
the support of the Egyptian army,
analysts say, and as long as the
economy continues to make "dramatic
improvements," in the words of World
Bank President Robert McNamara,
Sadat seems assured of maintaining a
free negotiating hand.
The Egyptian public greeted with
jubilation Sadat's Nov. 19-21 fence-
mending visit' to Jerusalem and his
subsequent declaration of "no more
war." Many saw it as a solution to
Egypt's economic depression -and
hoped more money could be diverted'
from defense spending into social
programs aimed at improving the
See EGYPT, Page 5

Daily Photo by ALAN BILINSKY
Bud Cribar (left) and Mick Estes (right) try to study amid the debris on the Graduate Library's third floor. It's all
part of the routine for'library regulars, and the problem is only getting worse.


Food for thought causes mess
By CAROLYN MORGAN buildings but it is difficult to Graduate Library, said, "If peop
While library users grumble ir. catch violators, according to Rob- are reasonably careful and d
Disgust over. damaged volumes ert -Starring, assistant to the creet, it won't interfere wi
nd sticky study tables, many of associate director for public serv- others' rights. And after all, that
hese same people continue to ices. the reason behind the restrictinn

"1 ,

sneak food and drink into the
University's libraries.
Both the Undergraduate Li-
brary and the Harlan Hatcher
Graduate Library have rules con-
fining eating, drinking and smok-
ing to certain sections of the

AN ATTITUDE articulated by
one student seems to represent
most students' double standard on
food and drink. The graduate
student, who admits he occasion-
ally sneaks food and drink into the

Lamenting that about one of
every 10 books and articles he has
used had been damaged in some
way, he called that "the most
important problem in the li-
See FOOD, Page 10


State m
Students could save $100 on this
year's state income tax return, and
gven more in future years, if the state
legislature passes a controversial bill
now in committee.
The bill, sponsored by Rep. Jackie
Vaughn (D-Detroit), calls for a credit
against state income tax for under-
graduates who file a state return, or
for their parents if the student does
not file a return.
However, Rep. George Montgom-
ery (D-Detroit), chairman of the
Committee on Taxation which is now
considering the bill, is opposed to the
"It wouldn't help those who need it
the most," said Montgomery. "There

aygive s
are many better ways to do the job
than the Vaughn proposal."
As chairman of the committee,
Montgomery holds substantial power
over the fate of the bill. It has been
prevented from coming onto the floor
of the House for debate and a vote
since it was introduced by Vaughn
one year ago today.
"They (the state legislature) are
notoriously slow on moving on any
kind of changes on tax laws," said
Richard Kennedy, University vice-
president for state relations. "The
chairman probably hasn't been per-
suaded that this bill has any particu-
larly hard support."
In fact, Kennedy as well as
several University economists ques-

tudents tax aid

tion the efficiency and'equity of the
Kennedy said it is possible that the
decreased state revenue due to the
credit could result in smaller in-
creases in state appropriations to the
University. "The gains of the stu-
dents might be offset by our need to
increase tuition due to decreased
appropriations," he cautioned.
The University has not taken an
official positionon the bill, but if it
were to support the bill, Kennedy
warned, "(we could), in one sense, be
cutting our own throats."
Economics Prof. William Neenan
said the proposed tax credit would be
a departure from ,the state's tradi-
tional emphasis on aid to institutions

rather than directly to citizens.
Neenan shared Kennedy's concern
over the tax credit's effect on the size
of the University's state appropria-
tion. "The amount of money for edu-
cation is a finite amount," he said.
"This isn't a big enough amount to
induce someone whether or not to go
to college," complained Paul Cour-
ant, an economics professor who is
affiliated with the University's Insti-
tute of Public Policy Studies. He said
the credit would amount to a "gift"
for most of the people receiving the
"I think it's a funny way to spend
public money," said Courant, sug-
See $100, Page5

Beatnik emeritus
Ginsberg charms crowd

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hic. 00.
You are staggering back to West
Quad after last call at Dooley's. You've
made the trip countless weekends be-
fore, and sometimes in worse condition.
You're thinking that maybe you
shouldn't have had that eighth pitcher
when a fire hydrant steps in your way
and you find yourself flat on your face.
"OKAY, BUDDY, let's go," says a
voice from above.
It's not the voice of rectitude, just
your friendly neighborhood police of-
ficer, offering you "someplace where
you can sleep it off."
That "someplace' is the downtown
jail, and you find yourself locked in a
cell that makes your dorm room look
like the presidential suite of the Renais-
sance Center. Your cellmates are a
motley assortment of murders. rapists.

" A

,gyp%.v MAN ,

pc hic!
police pick up can only be taken to
detoxication facilities, which are de-
signated by the state.
Ann Arbor currently has no such
facility, so police are taking drunks to
the emergency room of University Hos-
"WE MONITOR them, and hold them
overnight until 7:00 in the morning,"
says Janet Lamp, an emergency room
nurse. "After that, if they're still drunk,
and there's no family or friend avail-
able, we will admit them."
University Hospital's makeshift de-
toxification center is "only for people
brought here by police," according to
Lamp. The hospital discourages people
from unloading their slightly sauced
friends and roommates on their already
overloaded facilities.
Police Chief Walter Krasny favors
the new law as a money-saver for the

Over the last three decades, Allen
Ginsberg has been a force in American
culture all by himself. He is a
philosopher, a social critic, and a foun-
ding father of the "beatnik movement."
He was a musician on Bob Dylan's
"Rolling Thunder" tour, and spent time
teaching at the "Jack Kerouac Scool of
Disembodied Poetics."
But ' last night at Rackham
Auditorium, Ginsberg played his best-
known role for a packed house: Gin-
sberg the poet.
HIS BLACK HAIR and beard spotted
with grey, Ginsberg enjoyed a rapport
with his responsive audience from the
start. At one point during the first half
of his reading, Ginsberg requested that
the crowd do some "homework for the
next poem" by sitting silently for five
Instructing the several hundred
listeners to think of nothing, to keep
their eyes open, to concentrate on their
exhalation and to sit so that "your spine
supports your body rather than your
body supporting your spine," Ginsberg
created an atmosphere of absolute
silence for a full five minutes.
Jingling a bell to mark the end of the
"silent sitting," the aging poet read
"Mindbreaths," a poem he wrote


fering. . . and transitoriness. You no
longer know who you are .. .
Ginsberg, who describes his poems as
the sound of the "wind talking," is also:
a very politically opinionated artist. His
beliefs are made evident in poems titled
"CIA Dope Calpyso," which was
dedicated to John Sinclair, and
"Gospel, Noble Truths."

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