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Vol. Lxxxviii, No. 80 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, January 7, 1978 Ten Cents. Eight Pages
By DENISE FOX
Supporters of a campaign to lower the penalty
for prostitution to a five-dollar fine have failed
in their effort to place a referendum on Ann
Arbor's April ballot.
The Prostitution Education Project (PEP), a
local women's organization which spearheaded
the drive, needed 4,000 signatures by January 3
to place the proposal on the ballot. According to
Sarah Paul, a PEP organizer, the group
received about half the needed number.
A prostitution conviction is punishable by a
$100 fine and often an additional jail sentence.
PAUL SAID THE group, composed of
feminists, prostitutes, and former prostitutes,
is considering a second drive in the spring in
hopes of placing the proposal on the November
general election ballot. PEP members said
they were surprised by many persons'
favorable response to the proposal, Paul said.
ket or prostituti
"We expected t e proposal would be met . ...:.:...... . .:.-:-.:-::-:. .
with hostility, ignorance, and resistance, but l
it wasn't," Paul said. When I compare how I felt s
According to Paul, PEP was organized to when I was waitressing to how i
deepen public understanding of the prostitution.j
issue after a November police raid on two Ann prostitutes feel about their fob,
Arbor massage parlors.dp
ON THE EVENING of November 10, city th.y get a better deal. had w
police raided the U.S. Health Spa at 212 W. to smile, be nice and let men t
Huron Street and the Velvet Touch Lounge at.b
215 S. Fourth Avenue. Eleven female employes put their hands on me. With p
charged with accosting and soliciting were setuit's an
free on $100 bond pending pre-trial prostitutes, i ps
examination. thing.' i
On November 19, Washtenaw County w
Sheriff's deputies closed down the U.S. Health -PEP organizer l
Spa, which was located above The Whiffletree Sarah Paul
restaurant. The spa's rent was late by several ...............
days. -:-+:.-.-----................ . .................
PEP MAINTAINS prostitution is a
egitimate form of employment, said Paul. She
aid the group believes prostitution is neither
mmoral nor any more demeaning than other
obs held by women. ,
"It's not more degrading than waitressing,"
Paul said. "When I compare how I felt when I
was waitressing to how prostitutes feel about
heir job, they get a better deal. I had to smile,
be nice and let men put their hands on me. With
prostitution, it's an up-front thing," she said.
Ann Arbor Police Chief Walter Krasny, who
aid the raids were the result of a three-month
nvestigation into the massage parlors, said he
would not evaluate the current prostitution
"IT ISN'T UP to us to determine if a law is
good or bad," Krasny said.
David Lady, one of the attorneys prosecuting
the women, said he saw a difference between
prostitutes' offenses and those of customers,
"The women are offering sex for money,"
Lady said. "The men are just participating."
The former president of the Ann Arbor chap-
ter of the National Organization of Women,
Mary Pence, said the group's executive board
has discussed PEP's proposal but hasn't taken
PENCE SAID SHE believes both clients and
prostitutes should be held accountable under
the law for their actions.
"In the long run I think society's attitude
should be changed, but in the short run I am
concerned about their effect on (other)
businesses," she said.
See DRIVE, Page 2
Situation Normal Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
Some things never change and Auditorium D in Angell Hall will always be a fine place to catch up on sleep. Just because
yesterday was the first day of class, that didn't stop Evan Witt from grabbing a quick nap during his American History class.
in birthday tribute
BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) - Presi-
dent Carter told America's European
allies yesterday the U.S. defense com-
mitment and the American economy
Carter arrived aboard Air Force One
at Andrews Air Force Base outside
Washington last night, ending his
16,000-mile, nine-day journey. A crowd
of about 250 persons welcomed the
President home in a moderate rain.,
Carter met with Belgian officials and
with leaders of the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization (NATO) and the
European Common Market, both of
which have headquarters here, before
departing for Washington.
HE TOLD THE NATO officials the
upcoming U.S. defense budget "will
provide for real increases in U.S.
defense spending, more than compen-
sating for the effects of inflation."
Carter noted in the hour-long session
that the United States will add 8,000
troops to its 300,000-strong NATO con-
tingent within the .next 18 months, ad-
ditions White House officials said had
been long planned.
The President also reassured alliance
officials any U.S.-Soviet strategic arms
limitation agreement would take into
account Western Europe's security in-
IF THEY HAVE any question on
American policy - from defense com-.
mitments to the strength of the dollar -
"contact me personally," Carter told
The European press reacts to the
gaffes and diplomacy on Carter's
seven-nation tour. See article on page
White House spokesmen said they
would have no immediate comment on
a New York Times report yesterday
that a five-month U.S. study had found
the United States and its allies would
have difficulty defending against a con-
ventional Soviet attack. The study also
determined neither the United States
nor the Soviets could win a strategic nu-
clear war, the report said.
In an hour-and-a-half meeting with the
13-member commission that oversees
the Common Market, Carter cautioned
against protectionism in international
trade and discussed the health of the
"PRESIDENT CARTER underlined
both the strength and resilience of the
'U'to get increased
By DENNIS SABO Michigan, as well as for the other state
.he University will enjoy an increase universities," Miller said in a telephone
U ry eny e interview.
U.S. economy and the relatively good
inflation performance of the U.S.,"
commission' President Roy Jenkins
said afterward. The United States
generally has had a lower inflation rate
than most Western European nations.
Jenkins said commission members
told Carter they welcomed his admini-
stration's decision this week to inter-
vene on money markets and buy dollars
to halt the decline of the U.S. currency.
Some Europeans suspected the United
States was allowing the dollar's value
to fall to make American exports more
in its state appropriation for the up-
coming fiscal year thanks to the
healthy state economy, State Budget
Director Gerald Miller said yesterday.
He added that contrary to recent
reports of possible tax cuts, rebates, or
special assistance programs being
created from the present $68.7 million
state budget surplus, the extra money
would be held onto by the state to
balance any deficits in the present
"There will be a substantial increase
in appropriations for the University of
HOW MUCH THE University ac-
tually will receive has not been deter-
mined, Miller said. He added Governor
William Milliken will announce a figure
on January 23, but the exact amount
will not be finalized until June after
Last year, the University received
$121.5 million in state appropriations;
that was a $10.8 million increase from
the 1975-76 fiscal year amount. The ap-
propriations- are used only for the
See 'U', Page 8
attractive on the world market.
Carter met briefly with King
Baudouin and Premier Leo Tindemans
in downtown Brussels' elegant royal
palace. Belgian officials said later he
told them he believes there is still a
possibility for a multilateral Mideast
solution "supported by several states"
in the Middle East, where Egypt and
Israel have 'been pursuing bilateral
EARLIER yesterday, Carter had a
See CARTER, Page 8
GALESBURG, Ill. (AP)-Carl Sandburg, the poet,
historian and biographer of Abraham Lincoln was
remembered yesterday on the 100th anniversary of his
birth as a writer whose wbrks "were conceived in fire
but .. . delivered straight to his readers cool."
That tribute, from poet Gwendolyn Brooks who, like
Sandburg, was a Pulitzer Prize-winner, was one of
many offered at ceremonies which will continue
through the month.
"WHO CAN GO into Chicago without thinking 'hog
butcher .to the world' and 'city of big shoulders'?"
news commentator Howard Smith, the day's keynote
speaker, asked, recalling two of Sandburg's well-
known references to the Midwestern city.
Sandburg was born Jan. 6, 1878, son.of an illiterate
Swedish immigrant who worked as a blacksmith in the
railroad town of Galesburg.
Sandburg's ashes were buried in 1967 near the three-
room family home now preserved as a historic shrine.'
FOLK SINGER Burl Ives, born a few miles south of
Galesburg near Macomb, recalled nights of beer-
drinking and singing with Sandburg.
He said Sandburg's "individuality and style were all
his own. He was a special man and he was fun and he
was great fun to be with, and he had a great sense of
humor, which was delicious."
"He was a salty rascal," agreed Fred Emery, editor
of the weekly Galesburg Labor News, where Sandburg
as a young man wrote fiery, pro-labor articles under a
SMITH, IN THE ceremonies at Knox College, said he
"knew him as most Americans, long before he knew
me.... I share not his genius but his love of the English
Smith spoke to an audience of school children, grey-
haired retirees, historians and critics from throughout
In addition to phrases like "hog butcher to the
world," Sandburg is remembered for such additions to
the language as "Voice of America," the name of the
See SALUTE, Page 2
BORDER WAR IN DOUBT:
BANGKOK, Thailand (AP)-Cam-
bodian officials claimed yesterday
their forces killed or wounded more
than 40,000 Vietnamese in four
months of border fighting and ,drove
back some invading units. But ana-
lysts here strongly doubted the
Intelligence sources said reports
indicate the vastly superior Vietnam-
ese armed forces have badly mauled
20 miles into the country and the
fighting was continuing at several lo-
It said the heaviest strikes were
made into the Parrot's Beak, a
Cambodian region which juts into
southern Vietnam to within about 40
miles of Ho Chi Minh City, formerly
THAI INTELLIGENCE sources
sav the Vietnamese mav have ad-'
The Cambodian-Vietnamese bor-
der fighting, which began almost
three years ago, was first publicly
acknowledged by the two Communist
neighbors last weekend. It is believed
to stem from longstanding rival
territorial claims and old hostilities
between the two peoples.
THE VIETNAMESE have said
t h e i r military operation was
luinc'hed in retaliation for cross-
along Highway 7 near the border, the
Cambodians killed or wounded 18,000
Vietnamese while losing only 309 of
their own troops.
WESTERN ANALYSTS disputed
the claims as being far too high, and
observers here suggested the seem-
ingly unbalanced, figures may indi-
cate a sense of desperation in Phnom