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Vol. IXXXVIIi, No. 88 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, January 17, 1978 Ten Cents 1 Pages
By ELISA ISAACSON
Black enrollment at the University has taken a sharp
decline to the 1972 level - 6.6 per cent - after a two-year
stall, according to a high-level administration report.
The announcement comes nearly eight years after a
searing campus controversy in 1970 that turned the Univer-
sity community's eyes toward a goal of ten per cent black
THE REPORT, made available by the Office of
Academic Affairs yesterday, showed a decline in enrollment
of all minority group students - from 10.2 per cent of all
students in the fall of 1976 to 9.5 per cent last fall.
The Flint and Dearborn campuses of the University saw
a'slight increase in minority enrollment last year, the report
said, but the Ann Arbor campus's decline of 2q21 students cast studies in the several years since the decline became ap-
a shadow over those encouraging figures. parent:
"well over one-half of the qualified minority high school
seniors" in the state are already applying to the University
* The number of minority students who stay at the Uni-
versity has dropped considerably.
President Robben Fleming said yesterday the University
has spent "an enormous amount" of effort in trying to raise
minority enrollment. In one of his major confrontations with
student dissidents as University president, Fleming in the
spring of 1970 dealt with an organization of black students
who staged an eight-day strike of the University.
After negotiations, the administration and the students
group emerged with a declaration that the University would
offer enough financial aid to ensure that black enrollment
would reach 10 per cent by the 1973-74 school year. The ad-
ministration kept its promise, but enrollment lagged around
the six-seven per cent mark nonetheless.
Only Asian Americans showed an increase in enrollment
for 1977. Last fall, 458 students were enrolled, compared to
415 in the fall of 1976.
Vice-President for Academic Affairs Harold Shapiro's
office prepared the lengthy report for the consumption of the
Regents at their monthly meeting this week.
SHAPIRO'S REPORT lists a number of explanations for
the decline, iost of which have been pointed to in various
. " Competition from other top-ranking colleges and
universities, many of which have recently improved recruit-
ing programsffor minority students as well as swelled their
financial aid coffers;'
" The Rackham School for Graduate Studies has cut back
on the number of fellowships it has granted minorities in the
* The report says "additional recruitment efforts may
not generate significantly larger numbers of applications
from in-state minority students." According to the report,
LSA FACULTYADOPTS NEWRULES
n glish comp. requirement upped
. Africa forum
lanned by 'U'
By RENE BE
In the first concrete action to be taken
on a nine-month old debate, the Univer-
sity's Committee on Communications
announced plans yesterday for a four-
day forum on South African investmen-
ts to be held later this month.
The forum will concern itself with the
University's holdings in corporations
operating in South Africa and will in-
clude lectures and panel discussions by
authorities in the field.
THE FORUM IS an administrative
response to various interest groups in
the community who demand that the
University sell all investments it has in
corporations with holdings in South
The committee was established last'
summer by University President Rob-
ben Fleming to cope with the South
African question. The committee is
charged with the task of collecting and
disseminating information from all
viewpoints on the issue.
The "jjniversity Forum on Corporate
Investments in South Africa" is the
culmination of several months
discussion on the subject. "We almost
gave up hope they'd do something
positively to resolve the situation," said
Ema Ema, president of the African
Students Association (ASA).
EARLY IN NOVEMBER of last year
the ASA sponsored a teach-in on South
Africa in response to adminstrative
inactivity on the issue.
Bob Cutler, chairman of the Commit-
tee on Communications said it is spon-
soring another discussion on the issue
at the request of the Senate Advisory
Committee on Financial Affairs (SAC-
"Its (the committee's forum) focus
will be slightly different than that of the
teach-in," said Cutler.
The tentative list of speakers in-
-Timothy Smith, Director, Inter-
faith Council on Corporate Respon-
sibility, The National Council of Chur-
-Prexy Nesbitt, American Commit-
tee on Africa;
-David Wiley, Director, African
Center, Michigan State University;
-Ted Lockwood, Director, The
Washington Office on Africa;
-Thomas Pond, Director, Overseas
Public Relations, General Motors Cor-
See S. AFRICAN, Page 7
By MARK PARRNT
The University is beginning a series
of fund cutbacks to avert a projected
deficit of more than $2 million.
Vice President for Academic Affairs
Harold Shapiro said the cuts will be
"widely distributed across the whole
STUDENT SERVICES, financial aid,
academic affairs, and research will
probably be the areas affected by the
cuts, Shapiro said.
Shapiro attributed much ,of the $2.7
million deficit to the fact that the
University overestimated its tuition in-
come for this year. "The head count in
See IMPENDING, Page 2
By STEVE GOLD
The governing faculty of the Literary
College (LSA) overwhelmingly ap-
proved yesterday a beefed-up, college-
wide English Composition requrement.
The new program-an attempt to
meet the needs of the why-Johnny-
can't-write generation-includes an
upperclass writing requirement for all
LSA students and an assessment of
writing skills for all incoming students.
ON THE BASIS of the entrance
assessment freshpersons, starting with
the class of 1982, will either be exem-
pted from introductory composition,
placed in a course similar to the current
introductory composition course, of
placed in a one-to-four credit tutorial
course. Students placed into the tutorial
course will be required to take regular
introductory composition during their
second term in the College. '
The upperclass writing requirement
will require each individual depar-
tment in the College to integrate writ-
ten English into its program in a man-
ner still unspecified. Students will be
required to complete one such
program, generally in i their area of
THIS PROGRAM "connects literacy
to a particular subject, one in which the
student is interested," according to
English Composition Board Chairman
Dan Fader. Fader stressed that this
new approach to English Composition
is "a program rather than a course."
Although the manner in which each
department will meet the new upper
level requirement remains unclear,
possible solutions could include
creation of writing courses within
departments or integration of writing-
skills into present course content.
During the gradual implementation
of the program, each department will
submit its proposals to the English
Composition Board for discussion and
refinement. Members of the English
department will assist in the creation of
EVERY ENTERING LSA student
will be required to submit to an
'assessment '-probably some type of
written essay-including those whose
advanced placement' (AP) or
achievement test scores formerly
would have been high enough for exem-
ption from introductory composition.
"When Stanford included (students
with high AP scores) in their
assessment, three quarters of them
See MORE, Page 2
President Carter sits in mourning with Muriel Humphrey, wife of the late senator, at the Capitol Rotunda Sunday.
Hubert Humphrey, who died Friday, was buried yesterday in Waverly, Minnesota.
UVp against the wall .
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - The nation's leaders joined
farmer and factory worker yesterday in a final tribute to
Hubert Horatio Humphrey.
"He loved everybody," recalled Vice President Walter
Mondale, a fellow Minnesotan and Humphrey protege,
said the late senator "never found a person who wasn't
worthy of his time, concern and love."
PRESIDENT CARTER also paid tribute to Humphrey
at the funeral service in House of Good Hope Presbyterian
Church. Carter recalled the recent weekend he and Hum-
phrey spent at the presidential retreat at Camp David,
Although he served four years as vice president, Hum-
phrey never had been to Camb David and he thanked Car-
ter effusively for the invitation.
"It was the greatest favor I ever did for myself," said
"We spent two days on top of a mountain, in front of a.
fireplace, just talking and listening."
Describing that conversation, Carter said Humphrey
never expressed bitterness toward those who had dis-
appointed him in his many political campaigns. The presi-
dent also recalled Humphrey's yearning for peace and
"He was the expression of the good and decent and
peaceful attributes of our great, strong, powerful nation."
THE 3,000-SEAT CHURCH was filled with government
leaders, members of Congress, judges and diplomats, the
men of power who had come to love and respect Hum-
phrey during his 30 years in Washington.
After the service, Humphrey's body was taken to Lake-
wood Cemetery in Minneapolis for burial.
See FAREWELL, Page 2
PROTEST FOR 100% PARITY:
By RENE BECKER
Special to The Daily
ers shut down the Michigan Live-
stock Exchange here yesterday in
hopes of gathering support for their
fledgling American Agriculture
One young man was taken into
not disturbed, according to State Po-
lice Lt. James McGaffigan.
THE MANCHESTER branch is the
biggest handler of livestock in the
state dealing specifically in cattle,
hogs, and sheep. The protest thwart-
ed one day of business on the
exchange - an average of $500,000
and nationally, 100 per cent parity -
a condition which the Carter admin-
istration has declined to meet - is
necessary for them to combat grow-
The American Agriculture Move-
ment is a loosely organized national
coalition of farmers. "Nobody organ-
izes, nobody leads, everybody does
exchange, a cooperative owned and
operated by farmers, told the police,
"we'd like them removed now,"
When the police attempted to move
the farmers, said McGaffigan, they
were met by mild opposition. Shout-
ing and pushing and shoving ensued"
said the officer, but there was no real