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Eighty-two years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Paring the press on Philippine politics
420 Maynard St Ann Arbor, Mich.
News Phone: 764-0552
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1972
GERRYMANDERING, an old tactic,
reared its fashionable head last year
in the State Legislature-and the Ann
Arbor voter appears to be the poorer
In order to produce a solidly Demo-
cratic congressional district, the Legis-
lature implanted normally Democratic
but conservative and anti-busing Livonia
into the Second Congressional District
with Ann Arbor.
In last August's Democratic primary
Ann Arbor voted solidly for Walter Sha-
piro, a left-liberal candidate who receiv-
ed strong student backing. Unfortunate-
ly, Livonia voted even more strongly for
its own State Rep. Marvin Stempien who
emerged the victor-to large degree be-
cause of his strong anti-busing stand.
AS MORE STUDENTS in the Ann Arbor
and Ypsilanti area avail themselves
of the right to vote we would hope to see
candidates who will effectively represent
the people of this area. As it is we believe
neither of the two candidates, incum-
bent Marvin Esch (R-Ann Arbor) or
Stempien have established a consistently
progressive policy of the type needed to
effectively govern the United States.
Considering the liberal nature of his
district, Esch has certainly not distin-
guished himself in his four years of of-
fice. As expected, Esch has voted correct-
ly on issues directly related to students
and has also come out in general terms
against the Vietnam war. But the rest of
Esch's record leaves much to be desired.
*,Despite criticizing the President's
Vietnam policy, Esch has endorsed the
re-election of Richard Nixon.
He voted in favor of the ABM and
the B-1 bomber.
* He opposes busing in order to
achieve quality education.
He has consistently voted against
pollution control legislation.
BILL ABBOTT ...........Associate Business Manager
HARRY HIRSCH ................Advertising Manager
FRANCINE SCHERGER............Personnel Manager
DIANE CARNEVALE ...................Sales Manager
PAUL WENZLOFF ...............Promotions Manager
STEVE EVSEEFF..............Circulation Manager
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS, ASSOCIATES, AND AS-
SISTANTS: William Blackford, Sherry Kastle, Ray
Catkin, Linda Coleman, Jim Dykema Sandy Fen-.
berg, L'Tanya Haith, Dave Lawson, Elliot Legow.
STAFF AND TRAINEES: Joan Ades, Esat Al, Dawn
Bare, Michele Becker, Roy Chernus, Linda Cycow-
ski, Donald East, Michele Engel, Harriet Erlick,
Deborah Gelstein, Gregg Gunnel, Bo Hartrick, Nancy
Karp, Cynthia Kaufman, Alan Klein, Steve LeMire,
Beryl Levine, Jon Licht, Mike Luerich, Joyce Mc-
Clendon, Carol Meyer, Paula Schwach, Valerie Sief-
man, Ton Slykhouse, Edward Stieg, John Totte,
Dara Voss, Debra Weglarz, Jonnie Williams, San-
STAFF ARTIST: Denny Dittmar
SALES: Dave Burleson, Bob Fischer, Karen Laakko,
Ray Nurmi, Alexandra Paul, Ricki Rusting, Mike
Trebin, Debbie Whiting.
TERRY McCARTHY ..............Chief Photographer
ROLFE TESSEM ......................Picture Editr
DENNY GAINER................Staff Photographer
TOM GOTTLIEB...............Staff Photographer
DAVID MARGOLICK ..... ,...... Staff Photographer
* The AFL-CIO gives him only a 40
per cent rating.
* He voted against the only house re-
form bill proposed in the last term.
0 He voted for a bill making it harder
to get governmental action in a job dis-
UNFORTUNATELY, Stempien's record,
while considerably better, has too
many shortcomings in it to receive our
endorsement. On defense, environment
and labor related issues, Stempien's po-
sition have been been far better and
But on a number of other issues which
we believe important to this commun-
ity, Stempien has come up short.
Stempien prides himself on being a
longtime opponent of busing. While cam-
paigning in Livonia this summer the
House majority floor leader threatened
to go to jail rather than comply with an
order by Judge Stephen Roth to pur-
chase 295 buses to facilitate the Detroit
area school integration.
Stempien has consistently opposed lib-
eralization of abortion laws except in
cases of rape or incest.
The eight year veteran of the State
Legislature has opposed legalization of
marijuana and the Michigan Marijuana
Initiative petition drive.
He has also fared poorly on the voting
records compiled by the American Civil
Liberties Union and the Michigan Wo-
men's Political Caucus.
F;OR THESE reasons we choose not to
endorse a candidate for Congress.
This endorsement represents the majority
opinion of The Daily's editorial staff.
Recommended- Bob Black, S a n d y
Green, Louis Lessem, Margaret Miller, Ken
Acceptable- David Faye, David Horn-
Unacceptable- Debbie Allen, Elliot
Chikofsky, Mat Dunaskiss, Fred Friedman,
Thon Gillis, Ed Lipiner, Jeff Lis, Curt
Steinhauer, Timothy Trop, Theresa Weber,
No position-Betty Martin, Michele
(These endorsements were prepared
by an open committee of The Daily's
editorial staff members, were explain-
ed on Saturday's editorial page.
By JOHN CAMDEN
IF THE AMERICAN press and
people learn anything from the
Vietnam imbroglio it should be to
be wary of "official" announce-
ments, and to seek a deeper under-
standing of Asian politics. This in-
cludes Associated Press (AP) and
United Press International (UPI)
news services, which were in full
operation throughout America's
steady march into the Vietnam
On recent developments in ano-
ther Asian country, the Philippines,
newspapers have continued to rely
on AP and UPI news. These reports
stress spreading crime and an-
archy, and an expanding commun-
ist guerrilla threat as having forc-
ed President Ferdinand Marcos to
declare martial law.
These reports havenot mention-
ed that on October 20 a new con-
stitutional provision was adopted
allowing Marcos to stay in power
indefinitely. According to Monday's
Times, the Constitutional Conven-
tion delegates, now forces loyal to
Marcos, were told that ". . only
those who voted for it would be
eligible to serve in the interim
This action is a clue to Marcos'
true intentions since constitution-
ally he is prohibited from running
for a third presidential term in
Crime and communism have been
issues in the Philippines for many
years. They are not new issues.
There have been many campaigns
againstthem, most of which have
floundered on greed and corrup-
tion, especially d u r i n g Marcos'
seven years as president.
IN AN ATTEMPT to discover
a more satisfactory explanation for
Marcos' take over, sources inti-
mately acquainted with the situa-
tion have been consulted (Far Eas-
tern Economic Review from Hong
Kong, Filipino students at the Uni-
versity, and professors). Some of
what follows is found in the U.S.
press. Too much of it is not.
There is no doubt the Marcos
consolidation of power was plan-
ned long in advance and was not a
last minute reaction to an impend-
ing coup. Three months ago Mar-
cos stated he would use his major-
ity support in Congress to kill the
convention outright. "But if I do
that I will be misunderstood."
Days before Marcos "emergency"
action, Marcos' representatives
were consulting Alejandro Melchor
in Washington, D.C., Carlos Rom-
ulo at the United Nations, and Car-
nelio Villareal in Japan on his
way to Moscow.
Senator Benigno Aquino, the op-
position Liberal Party's front rup-
ner for the presidential election
next year, stated in late June that
he had "solid information" that
at least 3000 guns were bought on
behalf of President Marcos s i x
months ago in Hong Kong. He
guessed that the weapons would be
"unearthed" by security forces as
a way to prepare the country for
martial law. Aquino was one of
the first to be arrested in the mili-
The Philippines does have a Com-
munist party, though its threat is
less real now than it was in 1950,
when Secretary of Defense Ramon
Magsaysay, with United States aid,
put down the aprising without re-
sort to unctnstitutional measures.
The party was reorganized in 1968
as a Maoist, agrarian based system
under the leadership of Jose Maria
Sison. These people are to be
found in remote Isabela Province,
and not Manila where Marcos'
IN FACT, corrupt bullish power
politics and a stagnant Philippine
economy had created an increas-
ingly vocal disssatisfaction w i t h
Marcos among the educated urban
sector - a criticism to which Mar-
cos is especially sensitive. "He is
very vindictive. He never forgets
what is said about him," says a
local Filipine student.
Marcos' 1969 reelection cam-
paign ". . . was one of the shadiest
campaigns you can ever see." A
very reliable source says, "He
spent $900 million pesos ($100 mil-
lion U.S.) to win that election."
This action increased alienated
larger numbers of university and
media people and the traditionally
conservative local clerics of this
predominantly Catholic country.
The Christian Socialist Movement is
one of the new alternative organiza-
tions with a potential for a strong
mas base throughout the country.
But all of these ignore where the
real power is. Four hundred Fili-
pino families along with various
United States interests control the
Philippine economy. These families
divide themselves into various poli-
tical factions, often crossing party
lines (National and Liberal),iand
merge on the basis of mutual inter-
st to elect the president each term.
Each has its own private armed
force to insure its power:
FOR REASONS AS yet uncleir,
Marcos found himself increasingly
isolated. Perhaps there were "les-
ser spoils to divide due to natural
disasters" such as floods and crop
distruction, or because of increas-
ing ambitions of his supporters such
as the Lopez family. Or maybe
Marcos' bulling and expanding
power were alienating the families.
In any case there seemed to byc
a developing coalition of factions
favoring the liberal candidate.
Thus, faced with increasing press
criticism, the erosion A his poli-
tical connections with the elite cir-
cles, plus the fact that he legally
could not run for a third term in
1973, prompted Marcos to "change
the rules of the game." He has
Effectiveness makes Iullard
better choice for State. Rep
taken all power and forced all op-
position -- communist, Christian,
liberal and nationalist - under-
Marcos is appealing to the "si-
lent majority" for support of his
martial law. "If we do not show
results in the gut issues such as
providing cheap food and ending
crime, the battle may be lost." A
local source says, "If martial law
means more efficient public works
systems, reduced crime rate,
cheaper staple goods and communi-
cation then the common "Ta"
(average Joe) who does not under-
stand the complex aspects of mar-
tial law, would welcome martial
Thus, Marcos probably has a half
a year before the opposition re-
groups to sell martial law under
the banner of the New Society to a
population still outside politics, as
well ac to the American public. The
question is: can or does he wish
to thereby challenge the Philip-
pine power structure, or is he buy-
ing time for himself at the ex-
pense of guerilla warfare later?
John Camden is a staff writer
for The Daily.
THE ANN ARBOR race for state representative
is a noteworthy one, not so much for the issues
it has raised, but for one crucial question that has
largely been ignored. That issue is: what can
a new representative accomplish in Lansing?
Only two of the candidates, Perry Bullard, a
Democrat and Steve Burghardt, of the Human Rights
Party have indicated that they would propose the
kind of legislation so desperately needed in the state.
Both promise to introduce bills aimed at removing
the penalties for victimless crimes, making higher
education and health care more accessible, legaliz-
ing marijuana and protecting the rights of tenants.
The generally accepted rationale for a third party,
however, is that it should provide a forum for issues
which the two major parties have failed to present.
In this case HRP has not raised any substantial
issues which differ significantly from the radical
reforms Bullard has been proposing since he started
his campaign last March.
The deciding factor, then, should be the sharply
contrasting views of the candidates on the posibili-
ties of enacting change through the legislature.
"It is highly unlikely," as the HRP .tself admits,
"That any governmental level . . . will go along
with much HRP legislation." The function of any
HRP representative, in their own view, would be
to merely gain publicity for the same issues support-
ed by Bullard.
TO AN EXTENT this argument is true; a lone
HRP representative without allies or political lever-
age, would have virtually no hope of enacting any
significant legislation. Whether he would even re-
ceive continuing press coverage - possibly as a
political "freak" - when his presence in the House
would mean so little is a moot point at best.
Perry Bullard's election would strengthen the potsi-
tion of several House Democrats, most'notably Jack-
ie Vaughn, Earl Nelson and William Brodhead, who
have already had considerable success in passing,
as well as publicizing radical reforms. With the
probable election this fall of progressive representa-
tives in Kalamazoo, East Lansing, and other cities
with student populations, electing Bullard becomes
even more urgent.
Although Bullard has the advantage of support
from members of the Democratic Party, he has on
many ocasions clashed with party bosses and refused
to go along with traditional party positions. He
would, in fact, have more freedom of action than
Burghardt, who is tightly bound to the HRP plat-
Bullard's experience with state politics is exten-
sive, including a year spent as legal assistant to
State Supreme Court Justice Paul Adams.
RATHER THAN address itself to these issues,
HRP has criticized Bullard personally and particu-
larly the depth of his commitment to organizations
like the Tenants Union and Vietnam Veterans
Bullard:Publicity and progress?
Union when it was forming from January through
March of 1969 (the first mass rent strike started in
February). He then continued doing legal research
for the union's anti-trust suit against apartment own-
ers, and aided in preparing TU'sddefense against
a conspiracy suit filed by the landlords throughout
the spring and early summer.
More recently he proposed ordinances to the Ann
Arbor and Ypsilanti city councils on behalf of the
Union, and has defended tenants at Congress Hill
Apartments during evictionhproceedings. ad
His efforts in protesting the Vietnam war date
back to service as a coordinator in Eugene Mc-
Carthy's 1968 presidential campaign.
Together with 1,000 other Vietnam Veterans
Against the War, Bullard went to the Capitol to
return his service medals to the government in
Although the impact and activity of VVAW has
diminished since then, Bullard has continued to
work against the war. Last December he lobbied
in the State Capitol for a resolution backed by
Veterans for Peace, demanding an immediate end
to the war.
IN SHORT, Bullard could gain publicity for rad-
ical proposals as adequately as Burghardt, and
more importantly, give them a good chance for
enactment. His experience and his effectiveness
make him the most realistic choice for state repre-
Jim O'Brien is a night editor for The .Daily. By
majority vote of its editorial staff, The Daily en-
dorsed HiRP candidate Steve Burghardt on Friday.
Against the War.
Bullard worked as an organizer
for the Tenants
SGC election endorsements,
News: Laura Berman, Linda Dreeben, T
Stein, David Stoll, Ralph Vartabedian
Editorial Page: Kathy Riche, Martin Stet
Arts Page: Gloria Jane Smith
Photo technician: Rolfe Tessem
_ .afri llirr r lYri Irl wl l
To The Daily:
rn ACCORDING TO the official SGC
election code "when a publication
endorses candidates and gives rea-
sons for its endorsements then the
endorsement and reasons should be
publicized soon enough so that the
candidates not endorsed can rea-
sonably answer charges in the time
remaining . .
THE DAILY'S Saturday endorse-
ments are a direct violation of this
In addition, the election code
states that "the publication should
offer candidates not endorsed at
least equal and adequate time and
space with which to respond to the
charges or points raised."
The Daily made no such offer to
the SURE party.
Nevertheless, for the record, it
should be known, that the forma-
tion of a "chess club" is not a
"primary consideration" of the
SURE Party as claimed in T h e
Daily SGC endorsements.
It seems, however, that the pri-
mary considerations of these en-
dorsements was the perpetuation of
this paper's record of incompe-
tence, irrelevance and untruth.
Such reporting is certainly not in
the interest of better student gov-
candidates for SGC
EDITOR'S NOTE: Space was
reserved Sunday and Tuesday
for candidates response in The
Dnly. No reonnnes were receiv-
grity" faction has already prejud-
iced the results - by packing the
Credentials & Rules Court, by mak-
ing voting difficult, expensive and
no longer secret, and by publishing
"Integrity" propaganda in t h e,
Michigan Student News at student
First, C&R. Last week the Cen-
tral Student Judiciary, ruling on a
suit brought by the Community
Coalition candidate, found that
C&R's composition denies the right
"to an independent, fair and im-
partial judiciary." The larger is-
sue, and which only the students
,an decide, is whether a court pack-
ed with "Integrity" dependents -
with appointed officials of SGC
-can possibly run a fair election.
How can an "Integrity" stalwart
like Dave Schaper, whom we prom-
ise to fire if we are elected for
dishonesty and incompetence, pos-
sibly sit on C&R and fairly judge
cases we are involved in? What-
ever happened to the separation of
Second, the election. In this SGC
election you must include enough of
your ID number on your actual
ballot that your full voting record
can later be traced - by "Inte-
grity" politicos, by the U.S. govern-
ment or anyone else. The system
itself is so complicated - and so
many people have lost their stick-
ers or never got them - that thous-
ands have effectively been disen-
Third, the Michigan S t u d e n t
News. The elections issues of this
rag may disgust students but
should not surprise them. "Integ-
Answering our criticism of Ja-
cobs and Shaper in their handling
of C&R, Koza observes sanctimon-
iously "no doubt, for every candi-
date, there is someone who doesn't
want to see him or her win." True
-but the point is that these are
the same people who messed up
the last election and seem well -n
their way toward messing up this
one. If there was any doubt, let
us state now that we intend to fire
Schaper, curb Jacobs, retire Koza
and Steinhauer and generally clean
house in SGC.
Whether this is desirableis for
the voters to decide - but with
these same people entrenched in
the electoral bureaucracy, the stu-
dents may not get the chance.
It is almost trivial to add that the
"Integrity" platform, unlike those
allowed all other candidates, is
tricked out in fancy letters, pic-
tures and what passes for a Fense
of design. Lost lines and typegra-
phical errors, though, crop up in
other candidates' platforms. Has-
n't this sort of thing gone far
enough? Use the power-vote.
To The Daily:
SINCE I took office last March,
The Daily has been misquoting me,
but now The Daily is even fabrica-
ting my statements without inter-
me about this or any related iss ue.
The entire article is atypical Daily
As to the secrecy issue its.lf,
you and your readers would know
all about the many complex as-
pects of our new election if fhe
Daily had met is responsibilities
to report the news on this campus.
The Daily last spring criticized
the old unnumbered ballot system,
and we are now numbering ballots
as all civil governments do in pap-
er ballot elections. Now, you have
criticized that, as well as making
remarks about the cost.
The only reporting you have done
about the new system has been this
fallacious "news" article and an
editorial blasting this new system
- written in a way that indicated
that the Daily writer had not even
bothered to find out how it works.
This campus would be better off
if The Daily started honestly re-
porting the news, instead of con-
stantly reporting headline grabbing
charges of those on this campus
with litigation diarrhea.
* * *
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily
acknowledged its mistaken re-
porting about Jacobs the next
day on Page 1. Jacobs, however,
is also mistaken. There was no
"editorial blasting the n e w
system" - in fact, there was no
editorial on the new system at
rot a member of Integrity, nor am
I supporting any candidates in this
To The Daily:
WE STRONGLY condemn an ad-
vertisement . appearing in Sunday's
Daily. The specific meaning of the
unsigned ad was unclear, but it
could easily beinterpreted as a
smear of the Human Rights Party.
Advertisements of this kind have.
no place in a political campaign.
We have repeatedly argued that
campaigns should be fought on the
issues. The HRP itself often in-
dulges in personality attacks and
smear campaigns. We feel t h a t
these tactics only serve to de-
mean politics, and would never in-
itiate or condone the type of ad-
vertisement that appeared in Sun-
Campaign Manager for
write your reps!
Sen. Philip Hart (Dem), Rm.
253, Old Senate Bldg., Capitol
Hill, Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep).
I r~i ~ i wmj W1