Friday, September 29, 1972
S 1345 W
MOVING ' GUIl
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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Page Seven I
THE MICHIGAN!' DA°ILYi PageT Seven^\*'
nt A Cheap Drunk with Live Music ?
Saturday, September 30, 9 PA
The Co-Ed Fraternity
The Brownsville Affray:'
Vindication after 66 years
_. w. . _ . _._ _ . ___ _ ______
" " ..
LD HOUSE-302 Monroe
oy 29: Noon Luncheon-35c
AMERICAN FRIENDS COMMITTEE
ats to Democratic Values & The'School"
SERIES: THREATS TO OUR COMMON LIFE
Evening 6:00 p.m.
Dinner, cost $1.15
RVATIONS CALL 662-5189 or 663-2362
WASHINGTON ,i0)-Nov. 5, 1906, President
Theodore Roosevelt ordered 167 black soldiers
"discharged without honor from the army" and
"forever debarred from re-enlisting in the army or
navy" because of what he called a "conspiracy of
Yesterday the army relented.
After 66 years the army finally cleared the
records of the 167 soldiers who had been dis-
honorably discharged for a frontier shooting in
Brownsville, Texas that resulted in what the army
says is the only documented case of mass punish-
ment in its history.
Roosevelt ordered the men punished after their
refusal to testify against their fellow soldiers during
the investigation of the shooting that history has
come to record as "The Brownsville Affray."
Declaring it a gross injustice, Secretary of the
Army Robert Froehlke yesterday ordered the dis-
charges changed to honorable for the members
of the 1st Battalion, 25th Infantry, an all-black
Officials said no attempt will be made to
determine if any of the men are still alive and
noted that the action rules out any back pay anti
allowances for their descendants.
A Pentagon spokesman said that while Froehlke's
action won't do the men any good now, the
"secretary felt the record should be cleared and
An army spokesman said the case was brought
to Froehlke's attention during a review of admin-
istrative and judicial'policies.
"Although the practice was occasionally invoked
under extreme circumstances during( 'frontier
times," Froehlke said, "the concept of mass
punishment has for decades been contrary to army
policy and is considered gross injustice."
The spokesman said this is believed to be the
only documented case of its kind, in which an
entire company was punished.
According to the history books, at about mid-
night, Aug. 13, 1906, some 16 to 20 armed men rode
on horseback through the streets of Brownsville,
firing wildly into the homes of whites. One resident
was killed and several others injured.
The shooting followed a fight between a black
soldier of the 1st Battalion and a white merchant,
which resulted in the town being placed off-limits
for the battalion, quartered in nearby Ft. Brown.
The incident drew national attention and Roose-
velt ordered an investigation.
The townspeople claimed the riders were black
troops from Ft. -Brown, but a series of military.
inquiries and a county grand juryfailed to estab-
lish the identity of any of the men involved. No
soldier would give evidence against his comrade.
Finally, all members of Companies B, C and D
of the 1st Battalion were assembled on the parade
ground at Ft. Brown. The guilty were told to step
forward and identify themselves or all would be
discharged without honor. No one moved.
Shortly therafter Roosevelt ordered their dis-
Tomorrow the Jews of the Soviet Union will be dancing in the
streets of Moscow and Leningrad in defiance of their govern-
ment and in celebration of SIMHA T TORAH-the Festival
We will be dancing on the Diag in
Solidarity with our brothers and sisters.
CANDLE-LIGHT PROCESSION rom HILLEL
7:45 P.M., Saturday, SEPT. 30
PROTEST RALLY and DANCING
8:1 P.M. on the DIAG
-Soviet Jewry Committee of Hillel
is a dange'rous thing.
_ . _ -.
Daily Official Bulletin
FRDAY. gF.PDI'F1L1IRR 29f
"The Radio Outburst of the X-Ray
Source Cygnus X-3," P&A Colloq. Rm,
Union Gallery: Grand Opening, mu-
sic and refreshments, lst Floor, Mich.
Union. 7 pm.
For * PLEXIGLASS
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DAY CALENDAR International Folk Dance: Barbour
Astronomy Colloquium: H. Aller,. Gym. 8 pm.
Women's Community School
NeedsPeople to Teach!
Music, Carpentry, literature,
Health, Basic ElectriCity, Poster Making,
or whatever you want to teach.
FOR DETAILS, CALL CLAIRE, 763-4186
333 MICHIGAN UNION
Safety Bulletin: All lab personnel
telephone no. change on Emergency
Procedure and First Aid Chart. New no.
to, call to report Utility Failure is 763-
11 1; 764-0520 has been discontinued.
CAREER PLANNING & PLACEMENT
VOCATIONS FOR SOCIAL CHANGE:
(a California collective that helps peo-
ple find or create alternative, non-tra-
ditional employment and life styles)
will have reps here from 9 a.m. to
noon. Mon., 'Oct. 2. They ,have assisted
many people in finding full-time jobs
working for various areas of social
change. Stop by and talk with them.
Michigan Sports Club Federation,
Oct. 1, 8:00 PM, 3rd Floor SAB. Funding
and allocations will be discussed.
Committee to Aid Disabled Students,
Oct. 3, 7:30 PM, Conference room,
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