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September 07, 1972 - Image 25

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1972-09-07

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Freshman Issue




Freshman Issue

Section One-General


Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, September 7, 1972

Fifty-Eight Pages


Liberal pot law
L approved by city
City Council last May passed
what may be the most liberal
marijuana ordinance in the
country. By a vote of six-five,
council approved a fine of five
dollars for the possession or
sale of pot.
The ordinance, which be-
came effective early in June,
sets the minimum penalty under
that of state law. The fine of
five dollars includes judgement
fee and court costs. Four dol-
lars will go to the state - as
with all fines - and one dol-
lar to the city.
The new ordinance also calls
for a summons procedure rath-
er than arrest for violators of
the new law. The procedure will
be similar to that used for park-
ing tickets and building code
The new ordinance also sets
a five-dollar fine for the sale
of marijuana. The city attorney
will have the discretion to turn
the case over to county offic-
ials if the sale is considered as
"commercial distribution." The
definition of the term is ex-
pected to be handled on a case-
by-case basis.'
The new ordinance is an
amendment to the old law. Pre-
viously, the city penalty allowed
for a maximum $500 fine and
up to 90 days in jail for pos-
session and non-profit distribu-
tion. It had no provision for
r sale.
The state law has a maxi-
mum penalty of a 90-day jail
sentence and $100 fine for "use"
and one year sentence, and a
$1,000 fine for possession." The
penalty for sale of marijuana
under the- state law is a maxi-
mum four years in jail and
$2,000 fine.
Both City Attorney Jerry Lax
and Police Chief Walter Krasny
have agreed that the "police
will come to the city attorney
first" to decide under which
law a case will be prosecuted.
The council room was crowd-
See $5, Page 11 f



di cra
To the sounds of rock music
and anti-war speeches, four
symbolic "bomb craters" were
dug on the diag last May dur-
ing a party in celebration of the
birthdays of Malcolm X and
Ho Chi Minh.
During that day's Regents
meeting, other anti-war pro-
testers symbolically "mined"
the Administration Bldg. with
balloons while four unknown
youths flooded the lobby with
tomato juice representing "the
blood of the Vietnamese people."
The demonstrators were pro-
testing what they called the
University's involvement in war
The University had previous-
ly offered an alternative site
for a bomb crater, but the dem-
onstrators rejected the site in
favor of the Diag because "we
want it (the hole) to be a visi-
ble daily reminder of what the
countryside of Vietnam looks
like," said protest leader Genie



on diag

The University objected to
the Diag sites primarily be-
cause of the danger of cutting
power lines and water pipes.
The first two craters - in
front of the Economics Bldg.
and at the corner of State and
North University - reached a
size of about 15 feet in diam-
eter and four feet deep. No
wires or pipes were encountered.
When protesters began dig-
ging the Diag crater, Rolland
Gainsley, the University's chief
security officer, informed the
diggers that they were violating
the law and were subject to
prosecution. -
In a statement issued late
that night, the University said
every effort would be made to
identify the crater diggers and
to "prosecute those individuals
who defied the warning."
The University's suggested
alternative site, on the mall
between Hill Aud. and the
Michigan League, was the site
of the third crater. A pipe be-
lieved to be encasing electrical
wiring was found two feet un-

Back pay won in



sex bias case

Outside City Hall... after the diag dig in

WIillo w Run finally running

A $2 million loan guarantee
from the state has become the
first step toward the Univer-
sity's avowed goal of disengag-
ing itself officially from large
scale classified research.
Under a pian adopted in prin-
ciple by the Regents in Febru-

ary, the University is attempt-
ing to divest itself of its Wil-
low Run Laboratories, recently
renamed "The Environmental
Research Center of Michigan,"
which perform about 90 per
cent of the classified research
done on campus.
The loan guarantee, approved
by the State Legislature as part

of the Higher Education Bill,
will provide Willow Run with
funds to weather a transition-
al period during which it will
leave the auspices of the Uni-
versity to become a 'non-profit
Specifically, the loan will al-
low the labs to meet their fi-
nancial commitments during
the first year. This is essential
because all government classi-
fied research work is done on a
reimbursement basis - with
payment often coming following
the completion of the project.
Previously, the University had
paid the Willow Run bills until
the federal funds arrived.
The plan under which the
University will dispose of its
controversial role in secret war
research dates back to last
February. At that time the Re-
gents rejected proposals by the
Senate Assembly and the Stu-
dent Government Council to end
all research, "the results of
which would not be published
after one year."
The Regents in a 7-1 vote
called for the separation from
Willow Run Laboratories as an
alternative to an out-right ban
on such research.
Several issues involved in
what is officially termed "the
orderly total separation" cloud
the ultimate relationship be-
tween the University and the
Specifically, five professors
currently working at Willow
Run might want to transfer

their projects to the Engineer-
ing College labs in order to re-
tain their University teaching
Vice President for Research A.
Geoffr y Norman emphatically
claims such project transfers
"will not be allowed if they in-
volve a classified project."
Norman is adamant in disa-
vowing any suggestion that the
separation is a symbolic ges-
"If this is to be a separation
then it will have to be a real
separation. Our relation to Wil-
low Run will be no different
than ou' relation with Bendix,
Parke Davis or other local re-
search corporations." he says.
According to Norman, Uni-
versity professors will not be
allowed to hold major respon-
sibilities at Willow Run and
still retain their tenure.
The disengagement of Willow
Run Laboratories will not elimi-
nate all classified research at
the University. Both the Cooley
a n d Radiation Laboratories
conduct secret research under
contract by the Defense Der
Most of the work at the Ra-
diation Laboratory is being done
on perfecting radar and other
tracking systems, while the
Cooley installation is heavily in-
volved in devising electronic
countermeasures, which help
missiles and planes evade the
electronic tracking systems of
opponents on the ground.
In February, during the time
See WILLOW, Page 11

Cheryl Clark, the first woman
in the nation to demand back
pay from a university on grounds
of sex discrimination, won her
request last July, in the test
case of the University's new
complaint appeal procedure..
"This is a terrific step for-
ward. It indicates that if women
persist in their complaints they
will be vindicated," says Vir-
ginia Nordin, chairwoman of the
University's Commission f o r
The decision represents a ma-
jor victory for women seeking
to end sexism in campus em-
ployment policies, according to
spokespersons of University wo-
men's groups.
Clark, a research associate in
the University's Highway Safety
R e s e a r c h Institute, will be
.......... ... ......... ?..' ..... . .. . . . . ..
"This is a terrific step for-.
ward. It indicates that if
women persist in their
complaints they will be
Virginia Nordin
Commission for Women
awarded a minimum increase of
$1,320 yearly, retroactive to Jan.
26, 1971.
"I'm very pleased. It was al-
most anticlimatic. I thought we
would lose," said Clark.
"This shows that the com-
plaint appeal procedure is dif-
ferent than the regular proced-
ure. I. hope that its essential
fairness will encourage more
women to come forward with
complaints," said Zena Zumeta,
former University Women's Rep-
"If salaries are made public,
that will give women a better

idea of their relative salary po-
sitions and they can decide
w h e t h e r to complain," said
Clark filed an original com-
plaint in' January, 1971, charg-
ing that she was receiving a
lesser salary than a man with
the same job.
After this complaint, heard
through the standard procedure,
was denied, law Prof. Harry Ed-
wards,tClark's lawyer,charged
that the procedure denied a
complainant due process of law.
As a result, the Commission
for Women and the University's
executive officers drew up the
new complaint appeal proced-
ure. For each case, the Univer-
sity and the complainant each
select one member of a three-
person board. And an impartial
chairperson is chosen from a list
submitted by President Robben
Fleming to the two members.
The board, after hearing the
case, formulates a recommenda-
tion and submits it to Fleming.
Several points of the Clark de-
cision upheld key arguments put
forward by Edwards.
The unanimous ruling by the
board shifts the "burden of
proof" to the University in cases
of salary inequity between men
and women.
"Once a disparity is shown,
it's up to the University to show
that it's based on criteria other
than sex. The University has not
developed a clear set of cri-
teria for establishment of sala-
ries. Women were always paid
less," says Edwards.
Another major outcome of the
case is the board's reaffirma-
tion of state law which rules
that discrimination need not be
intentional to be unlawful.
University lawyers claimed in
the case that any discrimination
against Clark was unintentional.
Therefore, they argued, it did
not constitute discrimination.
"It was frustrating" to prove
intent in such cases, according
to Nordin.
The procedure, whose trial
period ran out on Sept. 1, will
undergo evaluation.
"The procedure should be
maintained or else there will be
no neutral hearing at all. But
the procedure is so timhe-consum-
ing, I can't imagine there'll be
an enormous number of women
to go through it," says Univer-
sity. Women's Representative
Kathy Shortridge. "Women are
often reluctant to come forward
with complaints. They're some-
times afraid of losing their job,"
she adds,
The Clark case also provides
more evidence of sex discrim-
ination in University employ-
ment practices.
The Department of Health, Ed-
ucation and Welfare (HEW)
charged the University with sex-
ism in its employment practices
two years ago. The University
submitted an affirmative action
plan which has not yet been
approved by HEW.
The Clark decision, however,
according to Shortridge, "doesn't

The hot, sunny day was filled
with rock music and speeches,
wine and crater-digging.
Mayor Robert Harris, along
with the Democratic and Hu-
man Rights Party City Coun-
cil members, People Against the
Air War, Tribal Council, Viet-
nam Veterans Against the War's
local branch and many other
community groups co-sponsor-
ed the birthday party.
Almost two weeks later, war-
rants were issued for the ar-
rests, of four local anti-war ac-
tivists charged with malicious
destruction of University pro-
Charged were Genie Plamon-
don, member of the Rainbow
Peoples Party, Jay Hack, for-
mer administrative vice-presi-
dent of Student Government
Council, John Goldman, '73,
and Richard England, Grad.
Police also sought a warrant
for an unnamed juvenile.
The warrants were signed by
Frederick Davids, head of the
University's Safety Dept. The
University pressed for police
action after the craters were
"We are not doing this to
make an example," Davids said,
"but to prove that we meant
what we said when we warned
them not to dig on these Diag
The four sought people turn-
ed themselves in to authorities
early the next week. A crowd
of over 100 supporters accom-
panied them to City Hall where
the four were placed under ar-
The 'Crater Four' pleaded
not guilty and were released on
a $50 personal bond.
Their trial was set for July
20 and later postponed until
During their arraignment,
they presented District Judge
Sandorf Elden with a testimonial
signed by over 280 people
which asserted that "t h e
signers of this statement ack-
knowledge organizing 'and dig-
ging those craters . . . We de-
mand that. charges. be dropped
and the University confess to its
war crimes."
Among the signers were City
Councilman Jerry DeGrieck,
John Sinclair of the Rainbow
Peoples Party and a large num-
ber of University students.
One month following the first
crater dig, an anti-war group
re-enacted the digging of simu-
lated bomb craters on the Diag.
Thirty-six persons were ar-
rested on that June evening,
most of them charged with ma-
licious destruction of proper-
ty and released on $25 bond.
Several others were charged
with assault and battery on po-
lice, throwing firecrackers, and
the use of firecrackers.
At press time, the original
date of the 'Crater Four' trial
had just ben postponed to al-
low time for a pre-trial session.
Chief defense counsel Thomas
Bentley called the prosecution's
request for the pretrial "a pret-
ty clear admission that the de-
fendants are-not guilty of ma-
liciou§ destruction of proper-
ty. "
"I think they (the prosecu-
tion) are now looking for some
new charge because they know
the original one won't hold,"
Bentley said in an' interview.
"They may present some new
allegation at the pretrial based
on .some old 1888 statute about
illegal trampling of hay."
Bentley has subpoenaed Uni-
versity President Robben Flem-
ing, A. Geoffrey Norman, Vice
President for Research, Richard.
Kennedy, Secretary of the Uni-

versity, and University Attor-
p)ey Roderick Daane 'to appear
as witnesses t the trial.


Willow Run . .. siteof classified research

Soviet poet takes 'U'post

Exiled poet Iosif Br o d s k y
arrived in Ann Arbor last July
to assume the University's posi-
tion of poet-in-residence.
Brodsky's journey here was
marked by a strange sequence
of events that began when So-
viet 'officials "invited" him to
leave the country, even though
Brodsky had made no previous
application to do so. They offer-
ed to arrange the necessary
papers for him to emigrate to
University Prof. of 'Slavic Lan-
guages Carl Proffer, who is a
friend of Brodsky's and his main
American publisher, was visit-
ing Brodlsky in Russia when the
Soviet authorities issued their

Brodsky had to pay the equi-
valent of $1000 to leave, $500 to
forfeit his Soviet citizenship and
$500 to cover paperwork. He was
permitted to carry only $104 and
two suitcases out of the country.
Brodsky arrived here on July
10 after attending the London
Poetry Festival with poet W.H.
It is believed that Brodsky is
the first Russian poet to be ac-
tively encouraged to emigrate to
Brodsky had long been con-
sidered an irritant by the Soviet
government. In 1964 he was con-
victed for being an "idler and
parasite" and sentenced to five
years at hard labor. He never
xxon to nlnh r m hit. npn

though some of his poetry cir-
culated in the underground. All
his manuscripts were confiscated
by Soviet authorities when he
left the country.
This will probably be his most
difficult task reconstructing
his manuscripts from memory.
Brodsky, who was born in
1942 in Leningrad during the
Nazi seige, is a short man who
is rapidly losing his hair. His
dark brown penetrating eyes re-
flect his problematic, question-
ing soul, and his voice is reso-
nant with the pessimistic fatal-
ism with which Russian people
confront life.
It is easy to imagine his stocky
build wranned in a full-length

"He has no animosity toward
the Soviet Union," Proffer said.
"And he hopes that his n a m e
remains in Russian literature."
According to Proffer, Brod-
sky's "culture is English, wes-
tern and he wanted to come
somewhere where Slavis studies
were developed. The University
has an excellent department. We
also publish the Russian Tri-
quarterly, which has printed a
great deal of Brodsky's poetry
over the past few years."
"He will be a tremendous
campus resource," said Literary
College Dean Frank Rhodes.
"He'll be able to give all of us
a unique perspective on Soviet
Brodsky's duties as poet-in-

of summer news.
CULTURE: Films, drama, liter-
ature, music, art galleries, res-
taurants and bars.
SPORTS: Football, basketball,
wrestling, swimming, baseball,
hockey, lacrosse, tennis.
STUDENT LIFE: The season of
the student, local housing, stu-
dent organizations, health ser-
vice, campus security, Student


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