See Editorial Page
, Ci Fau
For details, see today .
Vol. LXXXIII, No. 87 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, January 16, 1973 Ten Cents
mith says Ufancial picture9g
By DAVE BURHENN partment's number of staff members, pri- perpetuity red
and T marily in the temporary or visiting faculty necessary to cu
CHRIS PARKS o faculty salary increases expected category, or, as in the case of some engi- In fact, says7
The outlook for requested state funding neering departments, to force a reduction posed that since
to the University, appears, in a word, dim. in new equipment purchases. our department
In a speech yesterday before the Senate requests are "Not very good. In fact, very Of course, Milliken's budget must be ap- ments. The reasons given for the reduc- to accept a cut
Assembly, A c t i n g University President poor. proved by the legislature but chances for tion was a gap between money needed for The one per cent cut seems small to a to wept
Allan Smith indicated that there would be Student aid and minority enrollment pro- substantial increases in University appro- student aid, especially in the area of mi- casual observer, but when figured from a "If the cleg
a gap between what the Regents asked in grams are expected to be among the pro- priations appear historically speaking doubt- nority assistance programs, and funds al- total departmental budget of perhaps than 1.3 per ce
September and what Gov. William Milliken grams hardest hit. Smith indicated that his ful. located by the state legislature. $500,000 it becomes quite substantial. Char- Another depa
was willing to appropriate, sources believe Milliken's budget will pro- Smith's address suggests that the Uni- Along with the reduction ordered for this les Smith, chairman of the geology and to be named,i
Milliken is now preparing his budget vide in the neighborhood of only one-fifth versity may soon face a very serious finan- school year, 1.3 per cent cuts "in per- minerology department says that the re- in which mone
proposals for the next fiscal year. They to one-sixth of the University's original cial crisis with one important consequence petuity" were also requested. This slice in duction is "beginning to cut to the quick." mance Languag
will be presented to the legislature some. student aid request. looming large-a decrease in the quantity funds will affect the 1973-1974 budget and S not replaced. M
time during the first week in February. In addition, according to Smith, the gov- and quality of faculty. Smith said that his department was able and you don't r
The acting president said chances that ernor is apparently "not thinking in terms Last fall, cuts amounting to approximate- others in the foreseeable future. to slice two per cent off its budget because "We have be
the governor's recommendations for the of any salary increases" (for University ly one per cent were ordered for the The effect of the budget cuts varied, but of an unfilled teaching position. But he of January we
University will come close to the 1973-1974 faculty). budgets of all University operating depart- the net effect was either to limit the de- continued that in order to meet the in- Se
uctions it might become
t into other funds.
Prof. Smith, "We have pro-
this cut was going to affect
so much, we were willing
in whatever salary raises
to get next year."
e asks us to save us more
nt, we are in real trouble."
rtment head who asked not
identified some other ways
y can be saved. "In Ro-
es a professor died and was
Maybe a secretary will quit
en promised that at the end
will know how much the
e 'U', Page 10
if you see news happen call 76-DAILY
W aterga te
Action in South goes
on; peace rumors fly
Join The Daily
Time to get in a plug for our favorite publication. If you're
even the least bit interested in newspapers-in writing, producing,
selling ads for, or simply being around-you are urged (begged?
implored?) to come to The Daily's mass meeting 'tonight at
7 p.m., at our palatial offices in the Student Publications Bldg.,
Attention brilliant women
Jan. 31 is your last chance to earn a two-year Rhodes fellow-
ship at St. Hilda's College, Oxford. Anybody can qualify-all you
need is postdoctoral status (actual or imminent), be under 35
years old and female. "Fellows" are required to undertake re-
search and may be asked to do a limited amount of teaching.
Interested? Send six copies of a statement of qualifications to:
The Principal, St. Hilda's College, Oxford OX4 1 DY, England
. . . The Ford Foundation is offering 12 faculty fellowships for
the 1973-74 academic year for research on the changing role of
women in society. Prerequisites for nominees: A doctorate or
equivalent research training and a faculty position at a U. S.
or Canadian college or~University. Sound good? See your depart-
Out for blood
Your blood is needed to alleviate the seasonal shortage in
Washtenaw County, says University Hospital Blood Bank direc-
tor Dr. Harold Oberman. If you are physically qualified you may
donate blood at any of the three Washtenaw Red Cross clinics
today or tomorrow. For appointments, call 971-5300.
Happenings . .
.. .If you care about the University and its relationship to
social change, come to the first of the State of the University
Debates, 7:30 p.m. in the Nat. Sci. Aud. Tomorrow's and Thurs-
day's debates, on the University and Minorities, and the Uni-
versity and Washtenaw County respectively, will be in Aud. B
instead. The debates will feature a cross-section of the Univer-
sity community, from students to vice presidents, and should
be well worh while . . . Before the debates, take in the LSA
coffee hour, from 3 to 4 p.m. This week's coffee hour features
the Romance Languages Department, at 4310 MLB . . . Also at
7:30 p.m. tomorrow, the University Council will meet in Room
903 of the Legal Research Bldg. of the law school, to consider
revised rules of conduct for the University community, and the
topic of police on campus . . . Still also at 7:30, the University
Skydiving club will hold an organizational meeting at 3532 SAB.
Surprise. Someone has been bad-mouthing the evil weed
again. This time it's the Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer
Research. High in the Alps, the researchers found that some
1,300 specimens of lung tissue cultures exposed to both tobacco
and marijuana smoke produced abnormalities of a potentially
cancerous nature. And in case you roll your own cigarettes and
sprinkle in a little extra pizazz to heighten your enjoyment, that
all-in-one reefer won't do you any more harm than a plain old
cancer stick. The researchers did bring some good tidings: A
pure joint has a milder effect on your lungs, so keep those
stashes clean. You'll be a healthier and happier person for it.
Gaimes people play
WASHINGTON - Secretary of State William Rogers and
Henry Kissinger, the Nixon Administration's champion "I've Got
a Secret" contestants, were warned by Sen. Stuart Symington
(D-Mo.) yesterday to switch their roles to "Truth or Conse-
quences." Rogers in particular may be held in contempt of the
Senate if he continues his refusal to testify on the war in Indo-
china, Symington said. The announcement came after last week's
vote by the caucus of Senate Democrats to require presidential
cabinet nominees to agree in advance to testify before future
Senate committees or face Senate rejection of thir appointments.
The top two defense department cabinet nominees have agreed
to give testimony. Only Kissinger and Rogers, so far, hold out.
On the inside . .
. . . The Daily's own Charles Stein writes on Nixon,
football, and God, all at once, on the Editorial Page .
On Arts Page, Richard Glatzer reviews The Getaway .. .
Sports Editor and Daily Libels Coach John Papanek writes
hi -nl - - n e- C na -ul nn-De a
By AP and Reuters
defendants in the Watergate
espionage case pleaded guilty
yesterday to all charges, dim-
ming the prospects that the
full story behind the break-in
at Democratic party head-
quarters last year would come
out in the trial.
Bernard Barker, Eugenio Mar-
tinez, Frank Sturgis and Virgilio
Gonzalez joined E. Howard Hunt
in their guilty pleas - leaving only
two defendants still on trial, James
McCord Jr., security chief for the
Committee to Re-elect the Presi-
dent, and G. Gordon Liddy, coun-
sel to President Nixon's campaign
Lawyers for the two remaining
defendants subsequently asked for
a mistrial, contending their clients
could no longer get a fair hearing
before the present jury because
their five alleged co-conspirators
had pleaded guilty. But the judge
refused the plea and ordered the
trial to proceed.
Court observers said that if the
trial continued with only two defen-
dants, its scope might be nar-
rowed through the elimination of
some witnesses who would have
testified against the five who now
have pleaded guilty.
The decisions of the four were
accepted by District Court Judge
John Sirica only after he grilled
them for over an hour in what
Sirica said was an effort to estab-
lish that their change of plea wasj
voluntary and they were not co-
erced or threatened.
Questioned by the judge,the four
contended no one paid them to
break into Democratic Headquar-
ters and that they received only ex-
penses. They said they did not
know where the money for this
WhenaBarker,ta Miami real es-
tate man, told the judge that ex-
pense money was sent to him by
post from someone whose iden-
tity he did not know, Sirica told
him: "I'm sorry, I don't believe
In response to other questions
by the judge, the four denied that
1 Hunt or anyone else urged them
to change their pleas to guilty and1
denied anyone told them their fa-
milies would be taken care of or
that they could expect relatively
early release from prisonif they
Hunt was reported by the Wash-
ington Post yesterday to have led
the four to believe that if they
pleaded guilty their families wouldI
be taken care of and they could
expectprelatively early release
Sirica also questioned the de-
fendants at length to pry loose in-
formation about their motives and
others who might be involved.
All four denied any pressure or
promises behind their plea and
said they were acting only under
Q ..:+-vni e i - T xin ii tn _n
KEY BISCAYNE (Reuters)
-President Nixon ordered a
halt to all bombing, shelling
and mining of North Vietnam
yesterday, citing progress in
the Paris peace negotiations.
Nixon's order, which went into
effect at 10 a.m. EST, does not
affect military operations in the
Presidential spokesman Ron
Zeigler said U.S. negotiator Henry
Kissinger would return to Paris
"in the relatively near future,"
presumably for another round of
talks with North Vietnamese nego-
tiator Le Duc Tho.
Another Presidential envoy, Gen-
eral Alexander Haig, was on his
way yesterday to Saigon to report
to South Vietnamese President
Nguyen Van Thieu on what some-
sources claim is a package of
basic proposals for a cease fire.
A Swedish-led delegation in Hanoi
yesterday claimed that North Viet-
namese officials are prepared to
sign a peace treaty, broadly based
on a set of proposals offered last
Ziegler implied yesterday's ac-
tion was not necessarily being
matched by any reduction in North
Vietnamese military activities.
"It is a unilateral action taken
by the president because of prog-
ress in the talks," Ziegler said.
"This action is not an element in
But diplomatic observers said it
was extremely unlikely that Nixon
would have taken such a step with-
out good indications that it could
help sway North Vietnam over to
agreeing on a ceasefire accord in
the near future.
Nixon ordered a drastic stepping
up of the bombing, including at-
tacks on targets in the Hanoi and
Haiphong areas, last month after
the peace talks broke down.
October that peace was at hand,
and some observers said it seemed
extremely unlikely that the White
House was so willing to risk mak-
ing a second wrong estimate.
Ziegler said the order to sus-
pend bombing was sent to the U.S.
Military Command Sunday night-
the bombers were pulled back
south of the 20th parallel Dec. 29-
following a day of meetings be-
tween Nixon and Kissinger, who
'had returned from Paris shortly
Ziegler indicated the United
States did not expect a peace an-
nouncement to come at least be-
fore Saturday. He said Nixon had
no plans to make any public
speeches before then, his presiden-
tial Inauguration Day.
The spokesman refused. to be
drawn into predicting any date for
a ceasefire and said he did not
know when Nixon would leave his,
See BOMBING, Page 6
G. UUODN LIDUY renaers a snappy salute on is arrival yesterday at U.S. District Court for appear-
ance in connection with the Watergate trial. It wa s understood that Liddy and another defendant were
standing firm in their determination to go through with the political espionage trial. Four others have
switched their pleas to guilty.
ONLY ONE REMAINS:
By CHRIS PARKS
Foreign policy experts contacted
by The Daily last night cautiously
predicted that President Nixon's
bombing halt indicates an agree-
mnent has finally been reached
settlinghthe Vietnam war. How-
ever, they largely discounted Nix-
on's use of bombing as a signifi-
cant factor in bringing that agree-
Political Science Prof. Allen
Whiting, one of the nation's lead-
ing Far East policy experts, said
the bombing has had little effect
and predicted the agreement will
be basically similar, to the one
tenatively reached last October.
"Nixon," Whiting said, "has made
two unilateral moves to reverse
the course of his escalation since
the turn of the year. First he
stopped bombing above the 20th
parallel. All he said he got was an
agreement by the North Viet-
namese to negotiate seriously and
they've always been willing to do
that. With his announcement to-
day he expressedly said there were
no concessions. He seems to have
come to terms rather than making
any kind of quid pro quo."
Political Science Prof. David
Singer, a specialist in international
affairs, echoed Whiting's assess-
"I can only wonder," Singer said,
"why we couldn't get the thing
resolved back in October. All we
are getting is a slight increase in
the number of truce inspectors and
some words about the alleged
See LOCAL, Page 10
candidates leave race
In a surprise move yesterday
afternoon, the community slate
endorsed by the Rainbow People's
Party withdrew all but one of
their candidates in the Feb. 19
Human Rights Party City Council
The community slate will run
only one candidate-David Sin-
clair in the Second Ward.
The slate withdrawal came af-
ter a week of friction between
various factions of the party-
the Chocolate Almond Caucus,
the Mushroom Militant Middle
and the Rainbow People.
The community slate withdrew
Genie Plamondon from the may-
oral race, Skip Taube from the
Third Ward, Mary Wreford from
the Fourth Ward, and Tom
Wormski from the Fifth Ward.
"We tried to open up the HRP
to the community and we were
met with distrust and paranoia.
We want to eliminate all the ele-
ments and work to build the
HRP," said Linda Ross, a
spokesperson for both the RPP
son for the HRP and a member
of the party's Chocolate Almond
Ross said that such a forum
will be provided in the crucial
Second Ward race where Sinclair
will face Lisa North, a Chocolate
Almond, and Frank Shoichet, a
member of the Militant Middle.
The question that has yet to
be answered is how the Rainbow
People will relate to the rest of
HRP in the future.
Some speculations point to a
hard-fought race in the Second
Ward, which might be an outlet
for RPP involvement.
"They (the RPP) might have
withdrawn to put all their energy
into the Second Ward race," said
Ross emphasized RPP's com-
mitment to working with HRP
in all facets of the organization,
both election and non-election
Steigerwalt has also withdr awn
as a primary candidate. Her res-
ignation in the Third Ward 'eaves
no HRP candidate in that pre-
dominantly Republican a r e a.
Steigerwalt withdrew in order
to fulfill her responsibiilties as
coordinator of the HRP.
By GORDON ATCHESON
After intense, heated debate City Council
last night voted down two Human Rights
Party (HRP) resolutions calling for support
of Saturday's counter-inaugural demonstra-
tion in Washington.
Council first defeated by a 5-5 vote a reso-
lution calling on President Nixon to sign last
October's neace accords and reaffirm his com-
vote with fellow Democrats and HRP council
members in favor of the measure, did not at-
tend the council meeting.
Only Jerry De Grieck (HRP-First Ward)
and Nancy Wechsler (HRP-Second Ward) sup-
ported the second resolution, which would
have given financial aid to AACIC.
"We have been bombing and destroying
both North and South Vietnam for years; it is