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January 28, 1973 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1973-01-28

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SUNDAY
DAILY
See Editorial Page

Y

Lw 43au

4I A*IV

TENUOUS
High-40
Law-25
For details sde today.,

Vol. LXXXIII, No. 98 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, January 28, 1973 Ten Cents

Ten Pages

ietnam
lint fighi

cease-fire
ing goes

pact

signed
outh

tI

on

in

-C7

today...
if you see news happen call 76-DAILY
State HRP meets
The Human Rights Party (HRP) kicked-off its state conven-
tion here yesterday. Over 40 HRP members, primarily from
Lansing, Kalamazoo, and the city attended the working session
held in the SAB. Various workshops discussed the establishment
of a statewide party organizer post, the relationship between
non-electoral and electoral activities within HRP, and HRP's
current financial status. Today, discussion will focus on possible
changes in the party constitution and platform. Tentatively a
statewide organizer will be chosen in the afternoon, shortly be-
fore the convention's adjournment.
RAP's lapse
The Responsible Alternative Party (RAP) contingent in LSA
Student Government is apparently not so responsible. The aver-
age meeting, attendance mark of the seven RAP government
members is only 55.1 per cent; the other ten voting members
show up better than 80 per cent of the time. Bob Black, whose
own function on the government is ill-defined at best, says he
intends to "prefer charges" against RAPpie Stuart Weiner, who
has attended only two of 16 meetings.
Happenings ...
...Today and tomorrow promise several diversions, both
serious and less so. For politically-motivated persons, try the
second (and last) day of the "People's Conference for U n i t y
Against Repression" at 7 p.m., in Rackham Aud. . . . or the
second day of the Human Rights Party's state convention, at the
SAB at noon . . . if you feel like ethnic food, Hillel's sponsoring
a bagel and lox brunch at 11 for 75c - plus you get to listen to
Dr. Armand Lauffer on "American Judaism as an Ecology of
Games" . . . or check out the Ark Coffee Houses' communal
supper at 6 . . . for those interested in canvassing for Lisa
North (running for HRP's Second Ward nomination) and Ann
Bobroff (trying for HRP's mayoral nomination), there will be
a campaign meeting at 4 today in theDHRP's offices . . . At 2,
. there's the international Children's Day at Rive Gauche --
bring the whole family . . . And tomorrow's offerings are also
varied. Political events range from the Democrat's lunch box
forum in Union Station at noon . . . to the Senate Assembly I
meeting at 3:15 in Rackham (see your faculty in action) . . .
to the 7:30 p.m. City Council meeting, where Human Rights
Party members have called for a 7 p.m. mass show of support
at City Hall for their motion to hold public hearings on the
police department.
Flu blues
ATLANTA - The National Center for Disease Control (CDC)
officially declared Friday that the nation is in the midst of a
London flu epidemic, with 908 deaths attributable to influenza
and pneumonia through January 20. CDC said the West coast
has been hardest hit, with the most deaths reported in California,
Oregon, and Washington state. The total of states reporting
London flu cases now stands at 27, but a CDC spokesperson says
the outbreak may not become as severe as last year's Hong
Kong flu epidemic.

Groups join

in

formalit ies
By AP, UPI, and Reuters
PARIS-The United States, North- and South Vietnam,
and the Viet Cong yesterday- signed the treaty bringing an
uncertain peace to Vietnam after a generation of war which
killed more than two million people and left immutable
scars on the Vietnamese and American societies.
The official cease-fire began in North and South Viet-
nam at 7 p.m. EST, amid reports of continued fighting as
both sides attempted to hold as much territory as possible.
Almost immediately after the truce began, Cambodian
President Lon Nol announced suspension of all offensive ac-
tivities by Cambodian troops. However the status of the con-
flict in the rest of Indochina remained unclear last night.
Foreign ministers from the four warring parties in Viet-

SECRETARY OF STATE William Rogers signs the cease-fire agreement at a formal ceremony in Paris yesterday. Participating are,
from left: Undersecretary of state for Southeast Asian affairs William Sullivan, Ambassador William Porter, Rogers, Assistant Secre-
tary of State Marshal Green (partly hidden) and acting chief of the U.S. delegation to the peace talks Hayward Isham.

Laird
early
By AP, UPI and Reuters
WASHINGTON - Only a few
hours after the cease-fire agree-
ment was signed yesterday, De-
fense Secretary Melvin Laird
announced an immediate end to
the draft, more than five months
before the June 30 cutoff date
provided by law.
Laird told top defense depart-
ment officials that following the
cease-fire announcement and a
report on manpower needs from
the Secretary of the Army, "the
Armed Forces hence forth will
depend exclusively on volunteer

ends

military

0
in

a

soldiers, sailors, airmen and ma-
rines. Use of the draft has
ended."
Laird's sole qualification ap-
plied to conscription of "health
services personnel" - doctors
and dentists, who will still be
drafted, he said, in small num-
bers.
The announcement cancelled
the defense secretary's earlier
plans to order draft calls for 5,000
men in the four months of March
through June. There were no
draft calls for January or Febru-
ary.

irprise
But Laird warned that unless
Congress approved legislation
giving incentive pay bonuses to
volunteers, it would be "ex-
tremely difficult, if not impos-
sible to maintain the National
Guard and Reserves - and also
keep up military medical serv-
ices - at the required levels."
Laird conceded in a report to
Congress earlier this month that
"no one . . . can guarantee ab-
solutely that the United States
will be able to maintain an all-
volunteer force for the indefinite
future."

draft
move
The draft law itself does not
officially expire until the orig-
inal June 30 date, and local
boards will 'continue to require
18-year olds to register and re-
port for pre-induction physicals
for the next five months.
Congress will presumably be
asked to extend the President's
authority to draft young men
past Junt 30 as a backup mea-
sure in the event volunteer en-
listments fall below service man-
power needs. The annual draft
lottery, held to establish the or-
der of call by birth dates, will
continue.
The indefinite suspension of
the draft, barring a national
emergency, means that the last
draftees apparently will be the
2,500 who were inducted in De-
cember for two years of active
duty. They were the last of
51,800 who were drafted last
year.
At the height of the Vietnam
War buildup in 1966, draft calls
reached a peak of 364,000 men.
Except for a 13-month lapse after
World War II, the draft has af-
fected millions of American
young men since 1940.
Pentagon officials said there
were no plans now to draft medi-
cal personnel, but Laird retained
_ . See LAIRD, Page 6

nam took just 30 minutes in
two separate ceremonies to
sign an official end to the
war which lasted 13 years.
Mme. Nguyen Thi Binh of the
Viet Cong, Nguyen Duy Trinh of
North Vietnam, Secretary of State
William Rogers, and Saigon For-
eign Minister Tran Van Lam,
signed multiple copies of inch-
thick leather - bound documents
comprising the "Agreement On
Ending W a r and Restoring
Peace," in a solemn diplomatic
ceremony yesterday morning.
As the treaty was signed, the
United States acted on one of the
settlement provisions by formal.-
lv proposing in Washington that
the 12-nation peace conference be-
gin on Feb. 26 at a neutral city.
A second provision, calling for
a four-nation cease-fire supervisory
commission, began to take effect
as groups of military personnel
from Canada, Poland, and Hun-
gary departed for Saigon. Indone-
sia is the fourth commission mem-
ber.
Also, lists of prisoners-of-war
were exchanged by both sides and
the Pentagon released the first
several dozen names of American
prisoners. The pact provides for
all prisoners to be returned within
60 days, and for all American mili-
tary personnel to leave South Viet-
nam within the same period.
World reaction to the truce di-
vided along East-West ideological
lines. President Nixon called the
settlement an achievement of
"peace with honor" for America,
and Soviet leaders hailed the pact
as "a great victory in the strug-
See U.S., Page 6

U.S. starts
Publishing
POW lsts
By AP, UPI and Reuters
Military officers f a n n e d out
across the country last night,
bringing news to the waiting fami-
lies of nearly 2,000 missing or cap-
tured U.S. servicemen.
The lists of prisoners held by
both North Vietnamese and the
For other stories related to
the cease-fire, see Page 6.
Viet Cong were released yesterday
afternoon and phoned in to a wait-
ing room at the Pentagon-center
of t h e government's Operation
Homecoming-in a three-hour call
from Paris.
There was no word last night as
to how many names were on the
lists. U.S. officials said they hoped
the lists might contain more than
the 591 military prisoners known
to be captured. Some 1,334 service-
men are listed in U.S. records as
missing in action.
Yesterday evening, also, a list of
U.S. civilian prisoners-32 alive
and 13 dead-was released by the
communists, accounting for the re-
See POW, Page 6

On the inside ...
Throw away your suntan lotion and break out the frost-
bite kit again. All you suckers who hoped the rest of the
winter was gonna be like Tahiti had best use your Daily,
for a headpiece, 'cause chances are about six in ten that
it's snowing as you read this. You'll be lucky if the
mercury hits 40 today, and even luckier if it don't go below
25 (aagh!) tonight. And tomorrow's supposed to be "cooler"
but things may be balmy come Tuesday. Don't bet your
overcoat on it though ...
The weather picture
A few members of The Daily's Washington bureau
give their own inimitable views on the doings surrounding
last weekend's inauguration of whats-his-name, on the
Editorial Page . . . Alvin Katz reviews Professional Theater
Program's version of Godspell, on Arts Page . . . and
sports Night Editor Frank Longo, faced with the awesome
responsibility for putting out Pages 7, 8, and 9, gibbers "we
have stories on basketball, swimming, wrestling, and track
oh yes, and gymnastics, too."

'U' dormitories begin battle
to cut back on power usagye

By DAVID BURHENN
Dorm residents: If you find your-
self groping blindly through murky,
half-lit hallways in search of your
room, take heed-you're experienc-
ing the opening barrage of the Uni-
versity's war against the power
crisis.
The energy shortage is a result
of an interruption in gas service
combined with a limited stand-by
of fuel oil. With a severe cold snap,
heat and lights could be curtailed
in campus buildings.
With this in mind, University ad-
ministrators have been meeting

this past week to try to find ways
to alleviate the problem. Incon-
junction, dormitory building direc-
tors have been planning strategy
for their respective structures.
Housing Office Associate Director
Claude Orr explained some of the
underlyingsassumptions behind the
discussions.
"We're trying to get wholeheart-
ed support and cooperation from
all of the residents. We're not try-
ing to do anything unreal. Z guess
it's a matter of being thrifty with
our utilities instead of enjoying all

of the affluency we've
past."

had in the

Heavy clashes occur
By AP, UPI, and Reuters
SAIGON-A long-awaited cease-fire went into effect at 8 a.m.
Sunday morning (Saigon time) today, but was shattered by severe
fighting in the Saigon area and near the Cambodian border.
The cease-fire brought to a close 24 hours comprising the heaviest
fighting of the entire war, and although all sides have vowed to uphold
the truce, major land-grabbing battles were still underway this
morning.
President Nguyen Van Thieu, speaking last night, asked his
troops to remain in the field, although all U.S. helicopters and
planes had returned to base within 15 minutes after the cease-fire
deadline.
We do not know whether peace will last or not, or will be
sabotaged bythetcommunists," saidhThieu, adding thathif the com-
munists violated the truce, "we will have to break their heads open."
The Saigon Command called yesterday's fighting the most in-
See VIET, Page 6

S E E KS POLITICAL POWER
Conference studies repression

Orr added that each resident hall
would work out its own response
to the energy shortage.
Measures taken in West Quad
are typical of those being instituted
or proposed in other dorms. On
Friday, residents received a memo
from building director Leon West,
outlining his power-saving recom-
mendations for the 33-year-old
structure.
Calling the situation "critical"
West asked quaddies to:
-Disconnect refrigerators and
other appliances, such as corn
poppers and hair dryers;
--Close windows and dim un-
necessary lights (hall lights are
already cut to half strength); and
-Use a minimum of hot water.
West emphasized that the recom-
mendations are just that, and not
orders. "There's no way we could
regulate the usage of power. But
every little bit helps."
University officials emphasized
that if the weather between now
mal no av >>nrv nttnnq te

y
1
t
t
V'
:

By DENISE GRAY
"All power comes out of knowledge."
The words of Hank Bryant summarized
4 the theme of the first session of the People's
Conference for Unity Against Repression last
night, but the conference was less than
unified.
- Billed as "an attempt to organize the citi-
zens of Washtenaw County into a strong
nnlitical bodv aoainst onnression and renres-

logical aspects of welfare organizing, defend-
ing NWRO's efforts to "erase America's
stereotypes of welfare recipients as ignorant,
lazy, and uneducated."
She referred many times to her own ex-
periences with poverty.
"My life has not changed significantly
since I was a child," she said. "I was poor
then, and I'm poor now."
When Emersnn finished sneaking a rnn

Organizers of the gathering predicted a
crowd of 500, but fewer than 100 people at-
tended last night's session.
Other speakers included Dave Martinez,
organizer of Ann Arbor's lettuce boycott, Lee
Eskredge of the Gay Liberation Front, Rich-
ard Kunnes of the Medical Committee for
H'iman Rights (MCHR), Larry Mann of
Ann Arbor Youth Liberation, and Mauree
McKaen sneaking on Women's rights

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