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March 30, 1974 - Image 1

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See Today for details

See Editorial Page

Eighty-Four Years of Editorial Freedom

Vol. LXXXIV, No. 143

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, March 30, 1974

Ten Cents

Ten Pages

Candidates' page
Today is Saturday, and that leaves only two more
days before Monday's city elections. As an aid to voters
in deciding their choices in the five City Council races,
The Daily's election bureau has compiled responses from
all the Council candidates on a slew of key local issues,
and the information appears on Page 5 of today's paper.
It's an insert page, so you can pull it out and take it to
tdie polls with you. And by the way, be sure to vote.
Women in media
Today marks the beginning of a two-day regional con-
ference entitled "Progress Report: Women in Media."
Located in Rackham, the conference provides an oppor-
tunity for professional journalists to meet with students
and exchange information and experiences about the
advertising, broadcasting and print media professions.
Speaking this morning are: Colleen Dishon, founder and
president of Features & News, Inc. and editor of the
new national magazine Woman News; Dorothy Jurney,
assistant managing editor of Philadelphia Inquirer; Mar-
jorie Hunter of the New York Times' Washington Bu-
reau; Laura Jackson, director of Creative Package in
Detroit; and Beverly Payne, reporter for WJBK in De-
troit. This afternoon hosts several seminars and the day
ends with Jo Ann Albers, Cincinnati Inquirer reporter,
speaking at the dinner. For more information call 761-
084 or 761-6085.
Housing office appeal
The Staff Selection Appeals Committee in the Uni-
versity Housing Office yesterday reached a decision on
the seven Baits Housing staffers whose requests for
renewed employment were denied by Ed Salowitz,
North Campus area housing director. However, accord-
ing to Archie Andrews, housing program director and
chairman of the appeals committee, the decision will not
be made public until all affected persons are notified
in writing. Salowitz has admitted violating Housing Of-
fice rules when he made Baits staff selections for next
A winner!
Thursday's Michigan lottery drew a local mini-win-
ner, Bruce Kingsbury, a second year grad student in so-
cial work. Bruce won $25 for holding number 603, but
he says, "Even though I won the lottery, I'll remember
all my friends. I won't let fame interfere with my
Happenings.. .
. are as scarce as tulips . . . They begin with the
conference on Women in the Media at 10 a.m. in Rack-
ham . . . then the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity per-
forms its initiation rites at 1 p.m. at 611% E. William
. . or perhaps you prefer a more relaxing environ-
ment. Try the Uptown poetry reading at 2 p.m. at the
Del Rio, 122 W. Washington where Georgia poet Coleman
Barks and local poet Fred Wolven will do their thing
and finally, at 8:30 p.m. in Hill Aud. the Men's
Glee Club will present their "Spring Concert" totally
oblivious to the actual weather conditions of the day.
U.S. spy missions?
North Vietnam has accused the United States of send-
ing new reconnaissance missions over its territory, the
North Vietnam news agency reported yesterday. The
agency said an American SR 71 spy plane on two oc-
casions Thursday "intruded into the airspace of the
Democratic Republic of Vietnam to reconnoitre many
areas, including the capital of Hanoi and Haiphong port
city . . ." The agency quoted the North Vietnamese
foreign ministry as having "sternly condemned this ac-
tion taken by the United States in violation of the Paris
Fugitive makes TV
Dutch police yesterday began a hunt in Amsterdam
for Kenneth Littlejohn, the fugitive bank robber and
self-styled British spy, but held out little hope of catch-
ing him. Police thought it more likely that Littlejohn,
who escaped from Dublin's Mountjoy prison 18 days ago,
had headed either for Brussels or Paris since disclosing
his presence here in a clandestine television interview
Thursday. In an interview with the British Broadcasting

Corporation (BBC), the 32-year-old Englishman said he
intended to make an appeal to the European Human
Rights Commission in Strasbourg against his 20-year sen-
tence for Ireland's biggest bank robbery. He also pro-
mised to reveal more details about his alleged work for
the British Secret Service.
Han bites man
"Crunch" went the customs officer's arm as Lynn
Crewswell bit him in order to prevent what Crewswell
felt was an unlawful search at Blaine, Wash. The re-
sult of this unusual behavior netted Crewswell 50 hours
of mandatory public service in a hospital or nationaj
forest and a year's probation. According to the rules,
customs officers have the authority to search persons
entering the country, including asking them to strip.
Searchees are not authorized to bite back.
On the insde . .
. sports columnist Marc Feldman examines Michi-
gan's high school basketball tournament structure . . .
on page three today, the Arts page features Beth Nissen's
review of MUSKET's original mutsical, "Counterpoint"
-and nn the Editorial nape. letteres.Manv letters.

Second of \Two Parts
Departmental strife within the literary college
(LSA) over tenure refusal for five English professors
has focused new attention on the procedure by which
LSA grants or denies tenure.
LSA Dean Frank Rhodes calls the process "fair and
scrupulously careful," but a number, of English pro-
fessors agree that the college's tightened salary
budget, the drop in department enrollees, and the
proliferation of qualified, unemployed professors may
have eroded the element of fairness.
WHEN LSA departments choose a list of tenure
candidates to submit to LSA for promotion, the college
receives the list in December on standardized pro-
motion forms which cover the three basic tenure
criteria: teaching ability, scholarship, and service to




English professors dispute crit

the department and the University.
The forms go to the LSA Executive Committee,
which consists of six elected faculty members, and
three five-person subcommittees to handle each of
three general areas-Humanities, Natural Sciences
and Social Sciences.
Officially, the "teaching criterion" takes importance,
equal to that of the other two.
But while the subcommittees can scan "scholarly"
efforts in the form of tangible research and published
works, in the words of Rhodes' assistant Edward
Dougherty, it is "harder to make an objective evalua-
tion of teaching."
RAYMOND GREW, a History professor who served

on the LSA Executive Committee from
reasons that if economics have had a s
on the granting of tenure, then the C(
do an even better job of reviewing ca
dards might rise but the process stays
According to Grew there is no inte
LSA administrators on tenure decisiot
the Executive Committee meets admi
duct a general discussion on the needs
Current LSA Executive Committee
Wilbert McKeachie says, "When consid
for tenure we ask, 'Is this the best
field for the particular role he is filling?
McKeachie says that with a great supl
individuals in the national market
simply becomes a tougher one to mee

BUT ARE THE higher standards, the nation's huge
_ri number of graduates capable of becoming first-rate
professors, and current economic tightness in higher
education leading to the de facto establishment of
n 1970 to 1973, limits on the granting of tenure?
ubtle influence
)mmittee must LSA officials and Executive Committee members
ndidates. Stan- vehemently deny the existence of such limits.
fair. But the College is heading toward an almost totally
rference from tenured faculty, according to a 1973 study. And another
ns, but before study maintains that the only factor which can ef-
nistrators con- fectively be manipulated to keepthepercentage of
of the college. tenured faculty down is the refusal to grantmore
member Prof. tenure.
ering a person Also, while the English department has three pro-
person in his fessors currently in their terminal year, only two new
professors will be hired to replace them, leading at
leastsone English professor to speculate that LSA
ply of qualified sought to limit tenure and save money by not re
the "criterion filling a teaching position.
t." See TEACHERS, Page 10


Jury rndicts



::.:.: .:.. V. : :::: ":::"::":":"} ti :" y'..".".} "Jr.

guards men
Eight charged with
civil rights violations
By AP and Reuter
CLEVELAND-A federal grand jury reopened a painful
episode of the Vietnam war era yesterday by lodging criminal
charges against eight Ohio National Guardsmen who fired into
a crowd of college students during a 1970 anti-war demon-
Nearly four years after the students were gunned down
during a springtime antiwar demonstration, the grand jury
completed its 39-day investigation and three days of secret
deliberations by turning over to a federal judge the 590-word
indictment against one present and seven former guardsmen.
THE DEFENDANTS were charged with willfully assaulting and
intimidating demonstrators on the Kent State campus by firing in their

Let me be the first to shake your . .. hand?
Two visitors who later said they came from the planet "Spongae Dilecti" shake their third "hands" as they await the start of yesterday's
Future Worlds 2000 A.D. costume contest on the Diag. The odd-limbed visiors, who numbered five in all, were saddened when the contest failed
to get off the ground, but they did enjoy a quick visit to the graduate library. The library; otherwise known for its love of scientific advance-
ment in the "Research Center of the Midwest," promptly ejected the aliens.,

direction and violating their con-
stitutional rights. The 13-second
burst of gunfire on May 4, 1970,
from guardsmen perched atop a
grassy knoll on the campus during
the noon hour left four students
dead and nine wounded.
Parents of three of the four dead .
students expressed relief that the
grand jury had taken action
against the guardsmen.
The maximum penalty upon
conviction is one-year imprison-
ment and 'a $1,000 fine and, when
death results from the action, as
it did in four of the cases, any
number of years in prison up to
A Justice Department official
said the eight men would' not be
arrested, but would be summoned
to an arraignment at a later date.
touched off protest actions on doz-
ens of college campuses, causing
some to close down prematurely
that year.
It also prompted reappraisal of
how state militia should be armed
and trained for responding to civil
The shooting occurred when
John Mitchell was Attorney Gen-
eral. After a lengthy investigation
by the FBI, Mitchell said there
was no evidence of a conspiracy
among the National Guardsmen to
shoot the students and that there
was no point in attempting to
charge them with federal crimes.
Accordingly, no federal grand
jury was convened at that time.
The jury that began work last
See FEDERAL, Page 2.

Nixon won't
tax returns,
sources sa
WASHINGTON {P) - President
Nixon's tax lawyers have rejected
suggestions that he voluntarily
amend his questioned tax returns
and pay additional tax, and have
asked to arguetheir case before
an investigating congressional com-
mittee, sources close to the inquiry
said yesterday.
The sources said the Joint Com-
mittee on Internal Revenue Taxa-
tion will receive from its staff
within a week a report concluding
that Nixon owes substantially more
than the $78,651 tax he paid on
income totaling more than $1 mil-
lion received in the years 1969
through 1972.
The committee will meet in
executive session on the staff re-
port and, if the Nixon counsel press
their request, will give them a
chance to argue against the con-
clusions, sources said. Whether the
committee calls witnesses and
holds public hearings on questions
of fact will depend on develop-
ments, they said.
See NIXON, Page 2

ixon answers
sidesteps court


WASHINGTON (Reuter)-Presi-
dent Nixon relented at the last
minute yesterday and agreed to
hand over to the Special Watergate
Prosecutor further White House
material believed to relate to elec-
tion campaign contributions.
Prosecutor Leon Jaworski had
subpoenaed the material, consist-
ing of 27 tapes and an undisclosed
number of documents, on March 15
with a deadline originally set for.
last Monday. However, the dead-
line was extended until yesterday.
But the President and the con-
gressional committee studying the

basis for his possible impeachment
remained at loggerheads over tapes
of 42 conversations which the com-
mittee believes it needs in its
yesterday to hand over the ma-
terial sought by Jaworski was an-
nounced by his press secretary,
Ronald Ziegler, who did not elab-
orate on the contents. However,
informed sources said the material
relates to campaign contributions
by the dairy industry and the In-

ternational Telephone and Tele-
graph Corporation (ITT).
Prior to Ziegler's announcement,
Jaworski's staff had set up a meet-
ing at the White House this even-
ing with presidential lawyer James
St. Clair on the subpoena. A Ja-
worski spokesperson said later the
session had been cancelled in view
of the President's action.
Z i e g le r's announcement was
made hurriedly as the President
was leaving the White House to
address a Vietnam Veterans Day
ceremony at nearby Fort McNair

and then go on for a weekend stay
at his Key Biscayne home. He did
not say when the material would be
transferred to Jaworski.
THE WHITE HOUSE, while bow-
ing to Jaworski's subpoena, showed
no sign of acceding to the House
Judiciary Committee's bid to ob-
tain the tapes it wants.
But all these conversations might
not have been recorded, officials
have implied. Pressrreports have
speculated at least 10 of the con-
versations were not taped.
The committee, which earlier
this week received a secret Water-
gate grand jury report focusing on
Nixon, has said the tapes are
necessary for its inquiry.
The White House position is that
the panel should first assess 19
tapes and 700 White House docu-
ments it has received or is getting
before asking for any more ma-
BUT THERE were indications a
compromise might be reached.
House Republican Leader John
Rhnde aid Thursdav he exneted

SEC ex-boss Cook testifies
he lied to Mitchell grand jury

NEW YORK (A)-A former Securities and Exchange
Commission chairman testified yesterday at the Mit-
chell-Stans trial that he had lied under oath on at
least five occasions.
The witness, Bradford Cook, already had admitted
that he lied twice to the grand jury that indicted

the redrafting of a pargraph in the complaint in order
to cover up Vesco's secret $200,000 contribution to
President Nixon's re-election campaign.
Cook changed his testimony to say only that a top
SEC investigator agreed independently of Stans that

I t

OR,~ i i~ -~

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