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February 17, 1974 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1974-02-17

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MAGAZINE
See inside

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SUNNY
High-40
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See Today for details

Eighty-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

VIl. LXXXIV, No. 116

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, February 17, 1974

Ten Cents

Eight Pages.

kTIF YOU SENWS A CALL76-M
More on McDonald's
This week's City Council meeting-with its all-
important final vote on the contaoversial building of a
McDonald's restaurant on campus-will take place
Tuesday night at 7:30 instead of Monday, due to tomor-
row's city primaries. The ad hoc "Stop McDonald's"
committee will present their petitions to council at this
time. So far, they report 6,000 signatures have been
counted, with many more to go. "It's a tremendous
number of signatures to have without a major organiza-
tional effort to circulate petitions," said David Fenton,
a member of the editorial board of the Ann Arbor Sun,
which has spearheaded the drive. The committee is ask-
ing all petitioners to return their petitions to the office
tomorrow or early Tuesday so they can be presented to
Council.
0
Honk for impeachment
The Committee to Impeach the President is asking
everyone to honk for impeachment between 4:30 and
5:30 p.m. tomorrow. The committee hopes to publicize
their activities through the measure and, in perhaps
one of the most informal polls in city history, gauge
public opinion for impeachment as well. Members of the
committee will greet rush hour traffic from street
corners with "Honk for Impeachment" signs. Volunteers
for sign-carrying will meet in Rm. 4114 of the Union at
4:15 p.m.
Local dope note

Kissinger, Arab

ministers

discuss

peace,

oil boycott

By The AP and Reuter
WASHINGTON-The foreign ministers of Saudi Arabia
and Egypt arrived here last night for a fresh round of talks on
the Middle East and the Arab boycott on oil shipments to the
United States.
Omar Sakkaf of Saudi Arabia and Ismail Fahmy of Egypt
flew here from Paris to present the views of Arab nations at an
Algiers summit conference earlier this week.
After the two were welcomed by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger,
Sakkaf said he hoped the talks would be fruitful and added, "We have
decided to come after being sure that something has to happen in this
long, long difficulty we have."
KISSINGER SAID in his welcoming remarks that the talks' would
be conducted in friendship and confidence but promised that the United
States intended to "state our own point of view with great frankness
and openess."
Sakkaf said that as well as representing their own countries, the
two ministers were also speaking for Algeria and Syria.
AMERICAN OFFICIALS HOPE Kissinger's meetings with the Arab

foreign ministers may pave the way for disengagement on the explosive
Golan Heights between Israel and Syria and ultimately to a relaxation
of the Arab oil boycott.
Kissinger was to have had talks with the Arab foreign ministers at
a State Department dinner last night. But a State Department spokes-
person said the ministers were weary after their long trip to Washington
from Algiers via Paris and by mutual agreement, had decided to meet
over lunch today instead.
Kissinger was also to have met the top Syrian di lornat inWashing-
ton, Sabah Iabani before last night's. dinner. This meeting was put back
to noon today, shortly before the ministers' lunch.
MEANWHILE, IN TRIPOLI, Libya, informants close to Libyan
President Moammar Khadafy said a full-scale Arab summit meeting
will be held in Lahore, Pakistan, next Friday to learn the results of the
Washington meeting from Sakkaf and Fahmy.
Most of the 19 Arab heads of state will be in Lahore then for a
30-nation Islamic summit conference.
KISSINGER HAD FLOWN up from Florida an hour before the Arab
envoys arrived after charting strategy with President Richard Nixon
at Key Biscayne.

Sen. Church says .oil

giants control

p0olicy

Sheriff Postill put his publicly-stated department policy
of not enforcing state and local marijuana laws into
practice this week. A University student was stopped on
Washtenaw for a traffic violation and, while being
searched, deputies found he had a lid of dope in his
pocket. When asked if he had any more, the student
handed over a total of three-quarters of a pound of
"middle-grade Jamaican." The deputies merely threw
the weed to the wind, and gave the student a ticket for
his burned-out taillight.
New bus system
A new bus line connecting Ann Arbor with Ypsilanti
will state tomorrow. Besides serving the main campus,
University and St. Joseph's Hospitals,. downtown, and
Briarwood, the new route will cover the Ypsi area. Buses
will leave Arborland for Ypsilianti every half-hour be-
tween 6:43 a.m. and 5:45 p.m. A mere 50 cents will
cover the ride to Ypsi without having to suffer, the
ravages of cold, wind and rain. The security of a friendly
bus .every 30 minutes might take away some of the
drama of "hiking it," but who needs the frozen fingers
and feet?
Happenings ...
.are scanty today, but picking up tomorrow .
the Stilyagi Air Corps' science fiction convention con-
tinues in the Faculty Club Lounge of the Union . .n.
tomorrow, Black History Week commences with City
Manager Sylvester Murray speaking at 1 p.m. in Rm.
101 of the Econ Bldg. .. the Senate Assembly meets at
3:15 pm. in the RackhamtAmphitheater . . . Malcolm
Miller will speak on the 13th century glass and sculpture
of Chartres Cathedral in the Rackham Lecture Hal) at
4 p.m. . . . a film titled "The Migrant Worker" will be
shown free of charge in W. Quad Dining Rm. 2 at
9 p.m. . . Nancy Cole will perform her one-woman
show "Gertrude Stein's Gertrude Stein" at 8 p.. . . .
and finally, don't forget to honk for impeachment from
4:30 to 5:30 p.m. anywhere in town.
Heroin addiction
Medical researchers report they have developed a
vaccine which freed a laboratory monkey from its
heroin addiction. The monkey, trained by the University
of Chicago team to press a lever when he wanted a fix,
rejected a heroin injection after being immunized. Dr.
Frank Fitch, a professor of pathology and one of the
researchers, is apparently not eager to promote the use
of the injection as a heroin cure. "We don't look upon
this as a vaccine for curing heroin addiction," he said.
"We see it as a means for understanding how the drugs
work. The idea of developing a vaccine to stop drug
abuse is romantic, but there are a lot of practical and
ethical questions involved."
Political ads
Political advertising on television can sway its viewer-
but not necessarily in favor of the candidate. A recent
study completed by the Citizens' Research Foundation
found that, contrary to popular belief, political com-
mercials are more effective when they issue information
to the viewer rather than when they try to project a
candidate image. The study also found that TV spots
effectively crack the barrier of voters with low interest
in politics who get little campaign information from other
sources, and they can reach supprters of the candidate's
opponent, but the effect may be a strengthening of the
voters' intention to support the opponent.
0
On the inside .. .
great and notorious University alumni review their
experiences at the big 'U' in theSunday Magazines.t.
and George Hastings offers some unusual insights into
yesterday's Michigan-Indiana on the Sports Page.
A . i

AP Photo
Bird Woodstock
Where's a pigeon to land in these overcrowded conditions? This
lone pigeon seeking a landing spot may cause problems if the
entire flock is forced to move over one space. The set of power
lines in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia is a popular "in" hang-
out for these Canadian pigeons.
'Michigan cagehrs fail;4
Hoosiecrs wn,938
z 93=8

WASHINGTON IP)-A Senate subcommittee goes
into its second phase of hearings on multi-national oil
this week with its chairperson persuaded that large
companies are making U.S. international oil decisions.
Sen. Frank Church (D-Idaho) declared, "The plain
truth is that during the past two decades U.S. inter-
national petroleum policy has been conceived and
implemented not by the U.S. government, but by the
multi-national oil companies.
"The government has roustinely acquiesced in and
abided by the wishes of the companies," he said in a
statement last week.
CHURCH HEADS the Senate Foreign Relations
subcommittee on multi-national corporations. On Feb.
6, the subcommittee concluded four days of hearings
concentrating on oil industry efforts to get together
in 1971 to meet escalating royalty and price demands
from Middle East oil producing nations. The hear-
ings resume Wednesday.
The subcommittee chairperson. said the hearing
showed not only a lack of co-ordination between the
oil companies and the government, but little in-
stitutional capability in the government for dealing
with international oil negotiations.

TAX EXPERTS testified that U.S. tax laws sig-
nificantly benefit U.S. oil companies doing business
abroad by allowing credit for taxes paid to foreign
governments for oil production.
Stanford Ross, Washington tax attorney, estimated
that in 1972 the 19 leading oil companies paid about
$700 million in federal income taxes and about $5.1
billion to foreign governments.
The U.S. tax rate on income earned abroad is
"close to zero," he said.
GLENN JENKINS, Harvard professor, estimated
that in 1971 the five major U.S. oil companies had a
backlog of $2 billion in unused foreign tax credits to
carry forward on U.S. income tax forms for five
years.
Church said the decision to allow payments to
foreign governments to be deducted from U.S. taxes
as foreign taxes instead of royalties was made by
U.S. officials in 1950 without concurrence of Congress.
The next series of hearings, Church said, will ex-
amine other government decisions which encouraged
joint production arrangements among major oil com-
panies for operations in Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Senior State Department officials
view the visit of Fahmy and Sak-
kaf with some optimism. Their re-
nort is understood to involve at
least preliminary terms that have
the approval of King Faisal of
Sauidi Arabia, President Houari
Boubedienne of Algeria, President
Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Presi-
dent Hafez Assad of Syria.
PRESUMABLY a compromise is
being worked out so Syria can drop
its refusal to participate in the
Geneva peace conference.
This would involve some anticipa-
tion of an Israeli withdrawal.
At the same time, Israel presum-
ably would have assurances that it
would receive the names of its war
prisoners after negatiations reach-
ed a substantive point.
KISSINGER has offered to me-
diate a disengagement much like
the agreement he worked out last
month between Egypt and Israel
to separate their armies near the
Suez Canal. But he is known to
have told Assad in Damascus Jan.
20 and Israeli leaders a few days
earlier that he would first have to
see evidence that the two sides
were serious about reaching a
settlement.

By MARC FELDMAN
Special To The Daily
BLOOMINGTON - Thebhustling
Indiana Hoosiers, paced by a su-
perlative individual performance
by Steve Green and an inpenetra-
ble defense, moved into sole pos-
session of first place in the Big
Ten by drubbing the Michigan
Wolverines, 93-81, before a rabid
record Assembly Hall crowd of
17,521 yesterday.
Shooting and scoring with pin-
point accuracy from all over the
court, the 6-7 Green converted 17
of his 24 field goal attempts en
route to his game-high total of 37
points. Four Wolverines tried to
contain the Hoosiers' forward but
their collective failure mirrored the
frustration of the entire game.
PLAGUED WITH foul trouble on
an assortment of charging calls
and "Who me!" fouls, the Wol-
verines were able to stay with the
Hoosiers until about nine minutes
in the second half when the flood-
gates opened.
Michigan trailed by nine points
at the half, 44-35, and prospects
for the visitors looked bleak as the
South Viet
Shie-m
rebuilds
cabionet
By AP and Reuter
South Vietnamese Prime Minister
Tran Thien Khiem set about the
task of rebuilding his government
yesterday after the shock resigna-
tion of the whole cabinet.
The mass resignation, which was
completely unexpected in the gov-
ernment and diplomatic circles,
came yesterday amid a worsening
economic situation and allegations
of corruption involving government
officials.
SAIGON SOURCES said Khiem,
who did not "resign, was meeting
So'ith Vietnamese political leaders
to form a new government in
which the emphasis would be on
technical experts rather than ca-
reer politicians.
The resignations, which camne
after a special cabinet meeting
yesterday, were announced in a
brief communique read over the
Saigon Radio. They followed the

Hoosiers ripped out to a 13 point
lead.
Trailing 50-37, the Wolverines
went to work on'one of their for-
tes, the running game. Clearing
the defensive boards with reckless
abandon, Campy Russell led the
Wolverines on a 11-2 spurt that
left them just four points behind
with over 15 to play.
BUT GETTINGBACK
See INDIANA, Page 8

Local citizens discuss problems
of amnesty at area conference

By JAMES SCHUSTER
"Even a limited amnesty is an
unfair amnesty," said Louise .Ran-
som, stressing the need for uni-
versal amnesty as she spoke at the
amnesty conference h e I d yester-
day.
The purpose of the conference
was to educate local citizens on
the problems of amnesty for men
who refused to fight in the Viet-
nam War. Held in the First United
Methodist Church, the conference
was co-sponsored by the Interfaith
Council for Peace and the Wesley
Foundation.
Approximately 65 residents at-
tended the workshop. Louise and
Robert Ransom, Gold Star parents
and leaders of Americans for
Amnesty highlighted the confer-
ence. The Ransoms were awarded
the Gold Star by the U.S. army
after one of their sons was killed
in yietnam in March of 1968.
THE CONFERENCE began with
a short speech by Louise Ransiom
addressing herself to the, question
"Why Amnesty?" Then several lo-
cal residents told of their personal
experiences with sons and brathers
currently in exile due to their op-
position to the Vietnam War.
Next Robert R a n s o m talked
about the legal aspects of the am-
nesty issue. Then several work-
shops dealt with: returning veter-
ans' problems; the role of religion
and amnesty; and the ciarious
ethical and legal angles of am-
nesty.
AMERICANS for Amnesty is
working to obtain universal, un-
conditional amnesty for draft re-
sisters, deserters of the military
and veterans who received less
than a honorable discharge. This
means that persons who fall ito
these categories would have their
records cleared and no punishment

There is no doubt as to the lcgrl
precedent involved. Amnesty has
been issued over 35 times. The
first time was when George Wash-
ington gave amnesty to the par-
ticipants in the Whiskey Rebellion.
And the most notable issuance of
amnesty was given to the South
after the Civil War.
LOUISE RANSOM mentioned two
justifications of amnesty saying:

-it is one way to gain something
good out of the Vietnam experi-
ence.
Louise Ransom views amnesty
as a way for the government to
recognizetthe need to turn in a
new direction.
THE MOST poignant pleas for
adopting amnesty were offered by
the members of the families who
have experienced the exile of one
of their number.
Local citizen Joan Chesler,
whose brother is now living in

Canada, told how the U.S. govern-
ment refused to allow her brother
to enter the U. S. to attend their
father's funeral.
Another local citizen, Ruth
Spann, whose sop is currently liv-
ing in Sweden, said that "as the
mother of an exiled son it's the
same as if he were dead."
A P P R O X I M A T E L Y
7,400 men have been convicted by
the federal courts for draft vio-
lations during the Vietnam era.
See PLIGHT, Page 2

-it is
right on
founded,l

merely an exercise of
which this country was
freedom to dissent; and

Kissinger

Relax-Icon: a salute
to sci fi fandom
By CINDY HILL
Four semi-nude men face the crowd, paper bag helmets
over their heads and swathed solely in towelsas though they
were in a Turkish bath.
They toss puns and bon mots to theaudience as if they
were peanuts. They are oracles.
"Since this is a mystery panel, one intones, "we can
speak without rev ealing our wisdom."
To an outsider, the events of the past weekend that
have converted the normally staid Union Faculty Lounge into
.well, into a madhouse, this scene may be a bit confusing.
It's the Stilyagi Air Corps' "Relax-Icon", a tribute to sci-
ence fiction.rOr rather, a salute to a completely different sci-
ence fiction phenomenon: fandom.
"They're mad, they're thoroughly mad," wailed a usually
sedate Daily reporter upon returning from his first hour on
the assignment. A more intrepid (perhaps less sane?) reporter
was later sent out.'
"People who just read science fiction are not like this,"
agreed a Stilyagi Air Corps veteran, nodding solemnly. "We're
strange."
Lloyd Biggle, author of "The Light That Never Was" and
other science fiction novels, groped for a description.
"One of the most confusing things is the role science fic-

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