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January 25, 1974 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1974-01-25

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Eighty-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


See Today for details

See Editorial Page

Vol. LXXXIV, No. 96 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, January 25, 1974 Ten Cents

Eight Pages



image concerns Smith

392 and 923.*
are the winning lottery numbers in this week's
statewide drawing. The second chance numbers are
620 and 058.
Job outlook bright
Despite the energy crisis and its depressing effects
on the national economy, the outlook for job-hunting
college graduates this spring is bright. According to
Evart Ardis, director of the office of career planning
and placement office, "Most students will get one of their
top three choices for jobs this spring. There is a feeling
of optimism now that we haven't experienced since the
late 1960's." One area in which job opportunities are not
so plentiful, however, is teaching. Though a few more
teaching jobs will be available this year than last, the
outlook is 'still glum.
Notes on research
University oceanographers will take to the high seas
in the next few weeks to evaluate methods of measuring
currents. The research will be conducted by Prof.
Edward Monahan, who will join a group of oceanog-
raphers aboard the U.S. vessel KNORR for a six-week
Caribbean study cruise. Monahan said once scientists
can predict the flow of currents, they can predict the
flow of artificial or natural pollutants.
GM announces layoffs
General Motors yesterday announced plans to lay off
about 75,000 workers, as a result of the recent auto
industry slump. The firm's components plant will adjust
their operation in line with assembly plant requirements,
the firm said, meaning there might be still more layoffs.
These and other cutbacks could trim GM production by
about 16 per cent for the first quarter of this year. The
production level for the same quarter last year was
more than 4 million units.
Happenings .
are few. Today is the deadline for drop-add in
LSA Get those forms in, or prepare for untold adminis-
trative hassle . . . women students are invited to a lunch-
hour discussion on careers for women in banking, spon-
sored by the career planning and placement office -. -
representatives of the teaching fellows at the University
of Wisconsin will be in Angell Hall today at noon and
will discuss the history of teaching fellow unionization
at Wisconsin . . . A film called Japan: Peasants of the
Second Fortress will be shown tonight in East Quad,
Rm. 126, at 8 p.m. Admission is free.
dear Mr. Agnew
Random House confirmed yesterday that the pub-
lishing, firm has rejected a proposed manuscript idea
from former Vice President Spiro Agnew. The outlines
of the novel that Agnew proposed to write concerned a
future vice presigIent of the United States who turns out
to have been programmed for disaster by Chinese Com-
munists. Random House officials called the book, "not
Schlesinger defe ds military
Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger yesterday
strongly defended top Pentagon officials against charges
of military spying on Henry Kissinger and the White
House National Security Council. The Secretary, in a
press conference, defended the country's top military
officer-Admiral Thomas Moorer, chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff-against allegations that he had been a
part. of a 1971 spy ring taking information that was
being closely guarded by Kissinger. "I do not think
there was a spy ring or any of these 'Seven Days in
May' exaggerations that have cropped up," Schlesinger
said. "The thing has been blown out of context."
Soviets rebuke writer
The Soviet Foreign Ministry has accused a U.S. news
agency writer of "provocatory actions inadmissable with
the status of a foreign journalist," the rebuked cor-
respondent claimed yesterday: The reporter, Gordon
Joseloff of United Press International, said he was called
in to the ministry press department where he was
warned about his conduct. The action apparently resulted
from interviews Joseloff was conducting with Soviet Jews

active in the emigration movement. UPI has lodged a
formal protest over the incident.
Crackdown in Argentina
Tight security precautions were enforced in Buenos
Aires, Argentina, yesterday, while the national legisla-
ture debated controversial measures which the govern-
ment claims are necessary to combat violence. The
proposed restrictions were seen as the latest step in a
campaign re-frocked President Juan Peron has been
waging against leftists. Many of Peron's opponents feel
the bill-which would sevserely stiffen the country's penal
code-might be used to stifle freedom of expression.
On the inside .. .
History Prof. John Whitmore, discusses Vietnam
a year after ceasefire on the Editorial Page . . . on the
Arts Page, David Blomquist reviews Ann Arbor Civic
Theater's production of Company . . . and Leslie Reister
discusses intramural sports at the University, on the
Sports Page.

Last of Two Parts
The Research Center of the Mid-
west, the state's highest-powered
graduate and professional training
institute and one of the nation's top
public universities-this is the side
of the University whose image has
in great part motivated the policies
and allocations of Vice President
for Academic Affairs since 1965,
Allan Smith.
Although Smith is not concerned
with student views on his decisions,
he is passionately concerned with
one issue-the University's position
at the top of the academic ladder.
SMITH'S VISION of the Univer-
sity as a super-selective, graduate
oriented, special institute has been
reflected consistently in his admin-

Reflected in VP's personal administrative policies

istrative policies.
"Our role in the past has been
graduate and professional educa-
tion in most fields," he says. "The
state can't afford many such in-
stitutions, but I believe it needs
one, and we should be it."
Although recent research has
shown that the University draws
90 per cent of its instate students
from families with incomes in the
state's top 10 per cent, Smith
denies that the University's admis-
sion policies are in any way slanted
to favor the rich.
"I DON'T like the term elitist
because it smacks of exclusion for

exclusion's sake," he says. "I do
believe we ought to, as we have in
the past, set a goal of high quality,
high level education."
Increased financial aid, Smith
says, is "the way to avoid eco-
nomic selectivity."
Smith also denies that the Uni-
versity has the responsibility of
educating the mass of low and
middle income students in the
state. "We've got 29 community
colleges in this state," he says.
"There's nobody in Michigan who
can't start college if he or she
wants to go."
THE RECORD OF Smith's vice

presidency shows he has stuck to
this view of the University in both
his academic and financial poli-
One notorious Smith action began
in 1971 when the student-faculty
Program for Educational and So-
cial Change (PESC) launched a
collection of innovations aimed at
promoting open education. Among
the PESC innovations was a move
to make classes taught by PESC
professors "open to all and free to
non-University people," whether or
not they were enrolled as students.
IN JANUARY 1972, Smith an-
nounced it was "not within the

province of the program personnel
nor the individual professor" to
open courses to non-fee-paying
Smith explains that his action
was based on a point of administra-
tive authority. "There are people
sitting in class all the time. When
you take a nice loose condition and
try to push it too far, it can't
work. If people don't press it too
far, we try very hard to make
those facilities available to faculty
members and outside groups."
Smith's r-ole, then, was to draw
the line when irresponsible radicals
tried to stretch the already liberal
rules past a tolerable limit. The

PESC professors, who envisioned
a University whose resources would
be accessible to the community,
f o u n d themselves up against
Smith's image of the University as
exclusive-and essentially closed.
WHILE SMITH calls his power
a burden rather than a weapon,
radical and liberal observers have
pointed to a political trend in his
In the summer of 1971, for .ex-
ample, Smith was instrumental in
closing down the Center for Re-
search on Conflict Resolution, a
"peace research" outfit that had
nursed the beginnings of the local
Students for a Democratic Society
(SDS) chapter and the Black Ac-
tion Movement (BAM) strike,
See 'U', Page 2

" +,




term given





WASHINGTON, (Reuter) - Egil Krogh, a former aide to
President Nixon and supervisor of the White House agents
known as the "plumbers," was sentenced to six months in
prison yesterday for his part in the break-in of the office of
Dr. Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist.
The sentencing makes Krogh the highest White House
official yet to be jailed in the Watergate scandals.
FOLLOWING the sentencing, Krogh declared that neither President
Nixon nor any of the President's current inner circle of advisors gave
him any instructions regarding the break-in.
U. S. District Judge Gerhard Gesell said Krogh, who made a lengthy
statement to the court before sentencing, appeared to need no rehabili-
tation but that "any punishment short of jail would, in the court's view,

AP Photo
EGIL KROGH, the boss of the White House plumbers, reacts with grimaces and a mindless stare to the news that he will spend the next six
months in jail for his part in the burglary of Daniel Ellsberg's psychia trist's office. Krogh is the first top-level White House staffer so far to
be sent to prison.


Major oil companies report large
prof it increase during past year

be inadequate."
Krogh could have been sentenced
to 10 years on the single conspir-
acy violation to which he pleaded
guilty Nov. 30.
GESELL sentenced the defendant
to two to six years behind bars,
but specified only the first six
months need actually be served,
with unsupervised probation to fol-
low. He gave Krogh 10 days to put
his affairs in order.
Krogh was charged with violat-
ing the federal conspiracy statute
by sending a team from Washing-
ton to California to break into the
office. of Dr. Lewis Fielding, Ells-
berg's psychiatrist.
Ellsberg was at the time being
prosecuted for circulating to vari-
ous major newspapers copies of a
multi - volume secret Pentagon
study on the origins of U. S. in-
volvement in the Vietnam war.
In his courtroom statement,
Krogh said there was no defense
for his actions and that they de-
prived both Dr. Ellsberg and Field-
ing of rights guaranteed by the
IN HIS statement issued to re-
porters after his sentencing, Krogh
declined to implicate Nixon, but
said that the President's former
domestic affairs chief, John Er-
lichman, "gave the unit authority
to engage in covert activity to ob-
tain information on Ellsberg.
The statement contrasted sharp-
ly with testimony by former
White Mouse lawyer John Dean
that Krogh indicated to him that
permission for the break-in came
from the President's Oval Office.

NEW YORK (1P) - Three of the
nation's largest oil companies re-
ported yesterday large profit in-
creases in 1973, as debate con-
tinued over the industry's earnings
in the midst of rising prices and
Mobil Oil Co., the nation's sec-
ond largest oil company, reported
a 47 per cent profit increase in
1973 compared to 1972, while Tex-
aco, the industry's third largest,
announced a 45 per cent gain, and
Shell, seventh in size, said its prof-

its were up by 28 per cent.
EARLIER THIS week, Exxon
Corp., the nation's biggest oil com-
pany, reported a 59 per cent in-
crease while Cities Service and
Union Oil of California announced
gains of almost 50 per cent.
Meanwhile, J. K. Jamieson,
chairman of Exxon, denied yester-
day charges by Sen. Henry Jack-
son (D-Wash.) that his company's
reduction of oil supplies to the U.S.
military constituted a disloyal act.
Jamieson said Exxon had been

prohibited from making those de-
liveries by the Saudi Arabian- em-
bargo imposed against the United
States in late October, and its po-
sition was promptly reported to
the Department of Defense.
IN HOUSTON, Z. D. Bonner, the
president of Gulf Oil Co., said the
Senate subcommittee headed by
Jackson, which is investigating the
oil industry and its profits, "is not
the type of forum to get at the
truth" about the energy crisis.
"We've got politics mixed into this

Quaalude clinic cannot find
patients for research study
Despite widespread national publicity, University
Hospital's treatment-research program on quaalude
abuse is still lacking its main ingredient-patients.
Since its opening last September, the program,
designed to study the possible addictive effects of
methaqualone, a sedative, has failed to attract a
f... single patient.
METHAQUALONE is commonly referred to by
its brand names-Quaalude, Sopor, Parest, Man-
drax, and Optimil. It can be sold legally only by
Dr. Rodney Eiger, head of the program, ex-
plained the lack of patients as a result of a seem-
ing "change in the pattern of drug abuse in Ann
Arbor of this particular drug."
Reduction of the use of quaaludes may be partly
.,' due to recent federal and state restriction on the
sale of the drugs, which makes them harder to
: obtain, he added. As a result, people are switch-
r:. ing to other drugs or "withdrawing on the street."

and it shouldn't be there," he said.
Ashland Oil, the 16th largest in
the industry, reported yesterday
that profits for the last quarter of
1973 were $34.4 million, slightly
more than 50 per cent above the
$22.6 million it earned for the same
quarter a year ago. Ashland oper-
ates on a fiscal year that ends
Sept. 30.
Mobil said its profits last year
were $842.2 million compared with
$574.2 million in 1972. Texaco said
its 1973 income was $1.29 billion
compared to $889.04 million. Shell
reported 1973 profits of $332.7 ril-
lion, compared to $260.5 million
the previous year."
BOTH MOBIL and Texaco said
their profit gains primarily were
from foreign markets. Shell, a do-
mestically-based firm with no for-
eign earnings, showed lower profit
gains than the other two firms. 3ut
its earnings increase was consider-
ably higher than the domestic
profit increases reported by Mobil
and Texaco.
However, Shell said that during
the last three months of 1973, a
time of greatest oil price increases
and shortages, its earnings were
$79.4 million, 2. per cent less than
the same period in 1972. Texaco
reported a 70 per cent gain during
the last three months of 1973 with
profits of $453.49 million, while
Mobil said its profits for the same
period were $271.6 million, about a
68 per cent increase.
Shell, without foreign operations,
said it was adversely affected by
increased costs of raw materials-
"costs which in compliancedwith
governmentdregulations, could not
be recovered until 1974."
IN A RELATED development,
.Jaksonintrodced le~gition es-

SGC fa~ls
to vote on
Two Student Government Council
members last night abruptly left a
council discussion of whether to
support Local 1583 of the American
Federation of State, County and
Municipal Employes (AFSCME)-
a University employe union cur-
rently bargaining for a new con-
tract-to block a vote on the con-
troversial issue.
Jim Hudler and Rick Spillman of
the Screw SGC Party bolted from
council chambers during SGC's
weekly meeting when a vote on
backing AFSCME became appa-
THE ABSENCE of the two coun-
cil members denied council the
two-thirds majority of members
present it needs to vote, causing
the meeting to be suddenly ad-
The proposal to support AFSCME,
which represents 2,400 University
service and maintenance workers,
came from SGC member Marcia
Fishman (Students' Right Party).
Economic issues such as wage
hikes and cost of living allowances
have prevented the union and Uni-
versity negotiators from coming to
See AFSCME, Page 8

State court refuses
tax appeal by'county

The State Court of Appeals yes-
terday refused to hear a case-
filed by several Washtenaw County
townships-seeking a reversal of
an area property tax increase.
Last fall, the state tax commis-
sion ordered property tax increases
in most of the county to make up
for alleged under-assessment made
in 1972. The boost in the city
amounts to about five per cent.
THE CITY shortly afterwards
joined a lawsuit initiated by Ypsi-
lanti township opposing the tax

refiling the suit at the appellate
level xcould be entered.
When the city originally discuss-
ed taking legal action, local offi-
cials charged the tax commission
with multiple errors in determin-
ing the property reassessments
and questioned the legality of rais-
ing 1974 taxes to off-set problems
in the 1972 tax data.
AT THAT TIME City Assessor
Wayne Johnson said he found over
100 mistakes in the world done by
the~ commission.Consequiently. the

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