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January 09, 1974 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1974-01-09

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C I -

tr t


Eighty-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

Vol. LXXXIV, No. 82

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, January 9, 1974

Ten Cents

Eight Pages












Doc sez ...
Hazel "Doc" Losh tops this month's State of the Cos-
mos report with the cheery news that the days are grad-
ually getting longer and, by the end of the month, we
will have about 50 more minutes of daylight. She adds,
however, that longer days do not necessarily mean
warmer days, because the earth's northern atmosphere
continues to lose more heat at night than it gains during
the relatively short days. Losh tells backyard astrono-
mers to look for Gemini (two parallel lines of stars ex-
tending in a northeasterly direction) and Cancer (an in-
verted 'Y' shaped constellation rising in the east some-
what later than Gemini.) She also says to be on the look-
out for Venus, which changes from an evening to a
morning star on the 23rd.
Prize offered
If you're a grad student and feel you have anything
meaningful to say about your experiences, it could be
worth $1,000 to you. The William James Center of the
Wright Institute in Berkeley, California is sponsoring a
competition seeking autobiographical essays from grad
students "that focus on a specific aspect of graduate
education, whether it be teaching as a graduate student,
writing a dissertation, events that have enhanced your
competence or any other topic that interests you." First
prize is $1,000 and there are five second prizes of $250
each. To enter, write: The William James Center, The
Wright Institute, 2728 Durant Ave., Berkeley, California,
94704. Send your name, address, school and proposed
topic. Entry deadline is Jan. 31.
In a story in yesterday's Daily concerning a proposed
overhaul of University health studies we reported that
the proposed Allied Health Professions school would be
an umbrella organization covering various existing
health-related schools. In fact, the new school would be
a separate entity from existing units, involved with dif-
ferent areas of health activities.
Youngblood in trouble
State Sen. Charles Youngblood (D-Detroit), who was
convicted last October for conspiring to bribe the state
liquor commissioner, was urged by state party leaders
yesterday to resign from his post. "In the event that he
(Youngblood) does not choose to resign, we call upon
the members of the Senate to expel him when the Senate
reconvenes in session this week," they said in a pre-
pared statement. In a highly controversial move last
December, Senate Democrats blocked a Republican-
backed move to oust Youngblood. Senate Democratic
Floor Leader Jerome Hart of Saginaw said yesterday
Youngblood's resignation, "would certainly save a lot
of agony for my colleagues on both sides of the aisle"
Up, up, and away . .
Officials of the Air Transport Association told energy
czar William Simon yesterday that rising fuel prices
caused by the energy shortage threaten to price air
transportation beyond the means of most Americans.
They indicated that a revenue increase of $1 billion may
be necessary in 1974, and requested to meet with Simon
to discuss the situation.
Bobby forks over
Bobby Baker has agreed to pay $40,000 into the U.S.
Treasury in return for the dropping of a federal influ-
ence-peddling suit against him. Baker had no comment
for the court or reporters on the action that went back
more than 10 years to when he was chief Senate oper-
ative for then-Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson. The
Justice Department sought to recover $108,000 it said
Baker collected as a Johnson aide to influence govern-
ment decisions.
Detente with Cuba?
The possibility of a U.S.-Cuban dialogue on the renewal
of diplomatic relations was under study at the State De-
partment yesterday following reports of Cuba's willing-
ness to considerthensubject under certain circumstances.
Cuba's ambassador to Mexico, Fernando Lopez Muino,
said his government is "ready to discuss, not establish,"
relations with the United States if Washington is pre-
pared to end its support of the nine-year-old hemi-
spheric embargo of the Caribbean island.
"All aliens must report . ..
It's that time of year again when aliens must report

their addresses to the Office of Immigration and Natur-
alization. If you're an alien and not a diplomat or of-
ficial of the United Nations you have to hop down to
the post office, fill out the proper forms, and mail them
off to the Justice Denartment by the end of the month,
according to Leonard Chapman, commissioner of immi-
gration and naturalization.
On the inside . .
on the Sports Page, Dan Borus writes about the
b=skntball team . . . Arts Page features a story on the
Bob Dvhn tour . . . nd '!rk Gld of PESC writes
ant h a intc a--an i-trn n h irn ny

Admits 1poitical considerations'
influenced 1971 dairy settlement

By The AP and Reuter
The White House said yester-
day that President Nixon was
influenced by "traditional po-
litical considerations" but not
campaign contributions when
he ordered a 1971 increase in
federal milk price supports.
Issuing two White House
white papers, Nixon again
denied that campaign contri-
butions or pledges influenced
his action on dairy prices or
on the settlement of an anti-
trust case against. Interna-
tional Telephone & Telegraph
Corp. (ITT).
broad circulation, have been re--
neatedly denied and are utterly
false," a White House statement
Nixon acknowledged he approved
the increase in milk price supports
partly because he feared failure to
do so would lose him votes in farm
states in the 1972 Presidential elec-
He also acknowledged that at the
time he approved the increase, he
knew milk producers had pledged
to give him financial support in
his 1972 re-election effort.

cent of the total contributions to
President Nixon's re-election cam-
paign," the statement claimed.
IN HIS OTHER white paper, the
President rejected as false an al-
legation that his Administration
made an out-of-court settlement of
an antitrust suit against ITT in
exchange for a pledge of financial
support from the company for the
1972 Republican National Conven-
Issuing a sheaf of papers as part
of Nixon's so-called Operation Can-
dor, the White House said no docu-

ments or tape recordings were be-
ing released because the President
is determined to maintain their
"In view of the fact that the
documents are on file with the
special prosecutor, it should be
clear that the accounts published
today are consistent with the basic
facts contained in those documents
and tapes," the statement said. At
the same time, it urged the Water-
gate prosecutor and grand jury to
keep them confidential.
See NIXON, Page 2


costs lead
price rises

Brown bflggilg it
Barred from filling up metal containers with gasoline
gas rationing law, this Swedish motorist-in the best
the American drunk-cleverly disguises his container
paper bag.


the settlement "totally proper,"
basing his claim on the allegation
that neither he nor his aides ever
AP Photo discussed campaign contributions
AP Poto with. dairy representatives.
The statement said 'the political
power of the dairy industry lobby"
the new was brought to Nixon's attention at
dition of at a meeting of then-Secretary of
a brown the Treasury John Connally who
was quoted as having said, "their
votes would be important in sev-
eral midwestern states" and that
the industry would be making 1972
campaign contributions in congres-
sional races.
It said that neither Connally "nor
anyone else discussed possible con-
tributions to the President's cam-


of C seeks

By AP and Reuter
WASHINGTON - Another round
of sharp fuel and food price in-
creases in December wrote a dis-
mal end to the worst annual whole-
sale price rise in a quarter cen-
tury, the government reported yes-
The Labor Department said the
December seasonally adjusted in-
crease of 2.2 per cent pushed
wholesale prices inr1973 to a level
18.2 per cent higher than a year
ago, most in any year since the
31.7 per cent increase in 1946 dur-
ing the post-World War II infla-
RETAIL PRICES rose about
eight per cent in 1973.
The Wholesale Price Index, a
barometer of consumer price in-
creases forecast for the months
ahead, showed that over-all ener-
gy prices soared by 65.1 per cent
last year, with costs of refined
petroleum products up an unpre-
cedented 125 per cent.
The year's over-all increase
meant it costs $145.30 to buy the
same amount of wholesale goods
that $100 purchased in the 1967
base period.
FARM PRODUCTS prices rose
36.1 per cent over the past 12
months while processed foods and
feeds climbed 20.3 per cent.
About 40 per cent of the Decem-
ber rise was accounted for by a
12.2 per cent gain in the price level
of fuel and related products. This
followed a jump of 19.3 per cent in
November. The prices of refined
petroleum products alone gained
19.5 per cent, the Labor Depart-
ment's report said.
Food prices, after declining for
several months, once again began
to move upward, rising 1.4 per cent
in December.
CHAIRMAN Herbert Stein of the
President's Council of Economic
Advisers predicted the rate of in-

flation would slow sharply when
the current round of price increas-
es for petroleum and energy sup-
plies have ended and when the
food supply catches up with de-
"We are now going through an
essentially one - time adjustment
to higher energy prices and we are
still making an adjustment to rel-
atively short food supplies," he
"These adjustments, which are
producing such skyrocketing pric-
es, will come to end," Stein claim-
HE SAID that the higher ener-
gy prices were "essential to maxi-
mizing imports and domestic pro-
ductionrin a time of shortage."
Labor Secretary Peter Brennan
said workers, whose earnings were
eroded by inflation last year, are
entitled to higher wages in 1974 to
cope with price increases.
But the administration's assur-
ances were not good enough for
AFL-CIO President George Meany.
MEANY CALLED for "an im-
mediate end to the administra-
tion's economic policy that is aim-
ed only at protecting the profits
of corporations and banks while
forgetting about the vast major-
ity of the American people who
work for a living."
Meany compared the 125 per
cent jump in refined petroleum
prices to the 27.5 per cent annual
increase in the wholesale price of
crude oil and said: "The result
has been outrageous profits for the
oil companies and underscores the
need for a genuine excess profits
Meanwhile at the Western White
House in San Clemente, Presiden-
tial spokesman Gerald Warren,
commenting on the steep rise in
the wholesale price index, said
President Nixon was prepared, if
necessary, to take further steps to
See PRICES, Page 2

tough porn


In sharp contrast to some of its neighbors, the city of Ann Arbor
has thus far managed to avoid a political fight over the issue of
Not everyone is happy about this truce, however-especially the
members of local Knights of Columbus Council No. 587 who for the
last year have been waging a quiet campaign aimed at pressuring
the City Council into enacting tougher anti-obscenity ordinances.
TO DATE, the Knights have submitted 14 petitions to the council,

decision was influenced primarily
by the knowledge that Congress
would increase milk price supports
anyway, no matter what he did as
The white paper said Nixon "con-
cluded that . . . he could not veto it
(the support legislation) without
alienating the farmers-an essen-
tial part of his political constitu-
"It is also worth noting that the
ultimate contributions by the dairy
industry to the President's re-
election effort 1) were far less
than the industry leaders had hop-
ed to raise; 2) were far less than
the dairy industry gave to other
candidates for the House and Sen-
ate, including many Democrats and
3) represented less than one per

, ,
Gas crisis
hits city
In the face of a possible 15 per
cent reduction in the city's already
scarce gasoline supply, public serv-
ices are conserving fuel to an un-
precedented extent.
According to city Purchasing Di-
rector Jack Bergren, only buses
and the police and sanitation de-
partments are receiving full gaso-
line allotments. All other city de-
partments were cut by 60 per cent
in December.
THIS ACTION became necessary
when Gulf Oil could not supply the
extra fuel needed for winter. Re-
sponding to a request from the
national Energy Office, Gulf sup-
plied the city with 30,000 gallons a
month'. 't411 10,000 gAllons short of

at times attacking pornography in
the harshest of terms.
"Pornography is essentially a
business of pandering to the im-
mature, preying on the weak and
stimulating b a s e r instincts for
monetary gain that can lead to
physical cruelty and criminal vio-
lence," read a petition presented
last Dec. 3.
More recently the group sent a
petition reportedly bearing 608 sig-
natures to the Justice Department,
commending the department for its
efforts in the obscenity area and
suggesting a crackdown on the in-
terstate transportation of pornog-
raphic materials.
SOMEWHAT surprisingly, the
Knights' efforts have not had much
impact on the conservatively-domi-
nated City Council.
"Frankly,Cwereally haven't dis-
cussed the issue," says Council-
man John McCormick (R-Fifth
Ward). "Other than the Knights,
there haven't been many groups
pushing it. I suppose if more com-
munity pressure is generated we
m i g h t back an anti-obscenity
In its landmark obscenity ruling
lst June, the Supreme Court
stated that "community standards".
should be the judge in determining
what is pornographic. This rather
nebulo-s term has been interpreted
ii , astly jifferent ways across the

Kohoutek: Cosmic dud

Hailed originally by scientists as
the "comet of the century" Comet
Kohoutek at this point looks like
it will be fortunate to leave our
part of the cosmos with "comet
of the year" honors.
A tail that was predicted to
stretch across one-sixth of the sky
will instead be so faint that an
untrained observor will need de-
tailed instructions just to see the
comet at all.
"Nobody knows" says Astrono-
my Prof. Freeman Miller. "There
is something about its structure,
that stopped it from putting out
the gas and dust that make the
According to the professor,


. .


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