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October 24, 1973 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1973-10-24

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.t

NIXON
INQUIRY
See Editorial Page

Y L

AWIt 4JUU
Eighty-Three Years Of Editorial Freedom.

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RELAX ING
High-.76
Low-49
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1,

Vol. LXXXIV,.No. 42

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, October 24, 1973

Ten Cents

Siy Pages

ixon

a rees

to

release

in

dramatic

reversal

of

tapes
polic

IFYOIJ SEE NEWS HAPPEN CL. T-DAIY

Deans sound off
Outraged by President Nixon's defiant stance on the
Watergate tapes and his firing of Special Watergate
Prosecutor Archibald Cox, Theodore St. Antoine, Univer-
sity law school dean, and 16 other law school deans, have
signed a petition asking Congress to create a committee
to "consider the necessity". of impeaching Nixon. The
petition;which will be sent to Congress when more
deans can be reached for signatures, also calls for
the creation of a new, independent Watergate prosecu.'
tion office.
Griffin proposal
Sen. Robert Griffin (R-Mich.) has proposed a con-
stitutional - amendment to abandon permanently the
election of vice presidents and give Congress and the
President joint power to select them. Griffin's amend-
ment, which was to have been formally introduced in
Congress yesterday, would extend the 25th Amendment
procedure now being used to confirm a successor to
deposed Vice President Spiro Agnew, to the selection
of all vice presidents. In a recent statement, Griffin
said that the cases of Agnew and Sen. Thomas Eagleton
(D-Mo.), who was forced to withdraw as Democratic
vice presidential. candidate in 1972, "underscored the
urgent 'need for meaningful reform of the traditional
method of selecting the vice president."
"
Happenings .
include a free "auto tune-up" class at 7:30 p.m.
at 170 P&A Bldg. The first 30 people to sign up will get
a free tune-up at a clinic to be held Saturday from
8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the Auto Lab on North Campus .. .
also included is a meeting of the undergraduate political
science association at 8 tonight, 6602 Haven Hall . .
a field trip to the University's Amphibian Facility leav-
ing from the Chemistry parking lot at 2, 2:45, and 3:10
p.m. . . . a panel discussion on the Mideast war in Lec-
ture Rm. 2, MLB . . . a lecture with films on U.S.-
Turkey relations in the UGLI multi-purpose room at
8:30 p.m. . . . and a meeting of UFO enthusiasts at
8 p.m. in Anderson A of the Union.
Nobel Prizes awarded
Three scientists will share this year's Nobel Prize
for Physics, the Swedish Academy of the Sciences
announced yesterday. Half of the prize's approximately
$120,000 will go to Dr. Leo Esaki, of the Thomas Watson
Research Center in Yorktown, N.Y., and Norwegian-born
Dr. Ivar.Giaevear, a researcher for General Electric in
Schenectady, N.Y. The other half of the prize goes
to Dr. Brian Josephson, assistant director of research
for Cambridge University's .physics department. The
chemistry prize went to Prof. Ernst Otto Fisher of
Munich and Prof. Geoffrey Wilkinson of London. Mean-
While, Hanoi Politburo member Le Duc Tho rejected
his share of the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize, but indicated
he might accept it in the future when "peace is' really
restored" in South Vietnam, according to a Hanoi radio
broadcast.
9
Justices dissent
Four Supreme Court Justices stated that the court
has fashioned rules governing obscenity that are far too
vague to follow. The accusation comes a few months
after a new majority attemted to bring what it called
more definitive standards to the controversy. An an-
gry Justice William Douglas wrote, "Every author,
every bookseller, every movie exhibitor, and perhaps,
every librarian is now at the mercy of the local police
force's conception of what appeals to the 'prurient in-
terest' or is 'patently offensive'."
Prostitute union
Everybody needs an organization, and it appears that
San Francisco prostitutes are no different. A prostitute's
union called Coyote picketed the Hyatt Regency Hotel
there for allegedly furnishing free rooms to vice police
to trap ladies of the trade. Margo St. James, a former
hooker who founded the union, said other hotels who
co-operate with police would also be picketed. "We want
the police to start issuing citations instead .of arresting
girls at a cost of $250 per arrest. We want the cops to
start making taxpayers their 'tricks'," she said,
"
On the inside . .
Marnie Heyn writes about Kohoutek and King Rich.
ard I on the Editorial Page . . . on the Arts Page, Joan
Borus interviews guitarist B.B. King . . . and on the
Sorts Page. Leha Hertz discusses the nset of th'

Action could defuse
impeachment efforts
By DAN BIDDLE
Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON-President Nixon capitulated yesterday to
an unprecedented groundswell of legal, Congressional, and
public pressure by agreeing to surrender the Watergate tapes
to U. S. District Judge John Sirica.
White House lawyer Charles Allen Wright stated in the
surprise announcement to Sirica that Nixon would release nine
pivotal, White House recordings and related Presidential pap-
ers for judicial review in belated compliance with an appeals
court order.
AT AN AFTERNOON hearing Wright told a stunned courtroom that
the President's decision came only two hours earlier on a day that saw
a snowballing of popular and Congressional pressure for impeachment-
in the wake of the stunning events of the weekend.
The White House announced later that Nixon will appear on nation-
wide television at nine p.m. tonight to defend the firing Saturday of
Special Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox which prompted the pro-
test resignation. of Attorney General Elliot Richardson.and his deputy
William Ruckelshaus.
The firing of Cox was prompted by the former prosecutor's defiance

Daily Photo by JOHN UPTON
JUNIOR DAVID BLANZ cups his ear to hear the sweet sounds of honking horns. Blanz stayed at his
post at the corner of State and Huron for some five hours yesterday and claimed that between 60
and 70 per cent of the passing cars, including an ambulance and a police car, responded with a pro-
impeachment honk.

Mideast

at-

war

of an order by Nixon to halt legal;
and related memoranda. It came,
deal under which White House
"summaries" of the tapes - in-
dependently verified - would be
prvided to therorsecutor.ul b
REFERRING TO THE. presi-
dent's ill-fated compromise attempt
Wright told Sirica, "we had hopes
that this kind of solution would end
the constitutional crises."
"But events over the weekend,"
he continued, "made it very ap-
parent that it would not."
After the hearing, Wright told
reporters "there would have been
those who would have said the
President was defying the' law.
But this President does not defy the
law."
SIRICA PRONOUNCED himself.
"Very happy" that Nixon had de-
cided to comply with his original
order to release the tapes.
Judge Sirica ruled Aug. 29 that
the tapes and memoranda sought
by Cox be presented to him for a
determination as to their relevance
to the Watergate grand jury inves-
tigation. Sirica's order was up-
held by the U. S. Court of Appeals
Oct. 12.
Wright said. it would be only "a
matter of a few days" before Sirn-
ca could screen the tapes privately
to decide if they should be present-
ed to the Watergate Grand Jury.
o SOME OBSERVERS H E R E,
however, expressed the sentiment
1 that the tapes would not be particu-
larly important. They suggested
" that Nixon had fired Cox to prevent
the prosecutor from "putting the
heat on in other directions."
e They pointed to memos and docu-
, ments dealing with the ITT and
n milk scandals of 1972. The White
i House yesterday gave no indication
[. that it planned to release such ma-
terials to either - the judge or the
- Senate Watergate Committee.
1- The announcement of Nixon's
turnabout appeared. to dampen but
e not drown growing efforts in the
- H o u s e of Representatives to
k prepare impeachment proceedings
d against the President.
e See NIXON, Page 3

des p it4
By AP and Reuter
The Arab - Israeli war raged on
yesterday as if the United Nations
cease-fire never existed.
Meanwhile, thedPentagon report-
ed that it has reduced the pace of
its airlift to Israel. A spokesman
said it was understood the Soviet
Union has also reduced its rate of
delivery of arms and equipment to
Syria and Egypt.
THE STATE DEPARTMENT
said that Secretary of'State Henry
Kissinger has postponed his plan-
ned trip to China because of the
continuing Middle East fighting
and that "intensive diplomatic ac-
tivity" was under way to save the
threatened truce.

actions aimed at obtaining the tapes
after Cox rejected a Nixon-initiated

Richardson

Nine tapes. may.
still hold key

e

ceasef ire

WASHINGTON (P-At the heart
of the constitutional crisis which
has rocked the government for the
past five days are nine tape re-
cordings.
What do they contain?
ATTEMPTS TO obtain an answer
to that question have cost the
United States an attorney gen-
eral, his deputy and its special
Watergate prosecutor and stirred
serious talk about presidential im-
peachment.
The existence of the tapes was
disclosed to a stunned Senate
Watergate committee July 16 by
a former White House aide Alex-
ander Butterfield who said Presi-
dent Nixon had bugged conversa-
tions on his telephone and in his
offices.
The recordings were sought by
former special prosecutor Archi-
bald Cox in his investigation of
wrongdoing during President Nix-
on's re-election campaign 'last
year.
HERE IS WHAT Cox had told
the . court he had hoped to ,earn
by listening to them:
-Extent of discussion of the
Watergate break-in and cover-up
among the President and former
aides John Ehrlichman and H. R.
Haldeman in the President's Old
Executive Office Building office on
June 20, 1972. The inference, Cox
told the court, that Ehrlichrman
and Haldeman "reported on Water-
gate and may well have received
instructions is almost irresistible.
"The inference is confirmed by
Ehrlichman's public testimony that
the discussion . . . included- both
Watergate and government wire-
tapping." The tapes, Cox said,
."should show the extent of the

knowledge of the illegal activity by
the participants or any effort to
conceal the truth from" the Presi-
dent.
-WHAT FORMER Atty. Gen.
John Mitchell, the President's cam-
paign manager ,told Nixon during
a four-minute telephone conversa-
tion later that evening. "This ap-
parently was the first direct con-
tact after the Watergate break-in
between . . . the President and
Mitchell," Cox said, "so that what
Mitchell reported may be highly
material."
-What the President, Mitchell
and Haldeman discussed for an
hour and 15'minutes in the Presi-
dent's Executive .Office Building
office on June 30. "It . . strains
credulity," Cox said, "to suppose
that Watergate and how Watergate
affected Mitchell and the campaign
were. not topics of conversation."
-What the President said during
a meeting Sept. 15 with former
White House counsel John Dean
and Haldeman in the Oval Office.
Dean told the Watergate commit-
tee the President congratulated
him on the "good job" he had
done andsaid he was pleased that
the Watergate case had "stooped
with Liddy."
DEAN SAID he had replied that
all he had been able to do was to
contain the case and "assist in
keeping it out of the White
House." Said Cox: "If this testi-
mony is corroborated, it will tend
to establish that a conspiracy to
obstruct justice reached the high-
est level of the government."
-What the President told Dean
at the White House on March 13.
Dean told the Watergate commit-
See TAPES, Page 3

The U. N. Security Council in
New York was summoned into an
emergency session at Egypt's re-
quest and the Soviet Union pro-
posed a renewal of the council's
cease-fire appeal.
The Soviet government in Mos-
cow accused Israel of flouting Mon-
day's U. N. truce and warned Is-
rael that "continuation of its ag-
gressive actions against Egypt and
Syria" would bring "the gravest
consequences."
AS THE DIPLOMATIC develop-
ments unfolded, Israeli warplanes
and armor clashed in hard day-
long fighting along the Suez front
and the Syrian jets and cannons

UN big powers OI(
new cease fire bid

tangled with Israeli air raiders t
the north.
"If the Egyptians want to contin
ue the battle, they will find Israe
ready, strong and determined,
Premier Golda Meir told the Israe
parliament in Jerusalem.
Israel will not return to th
frontiers it had before the 1967 war
during which it seized the Golan
Heights from Syria and the Sina
peninsula from Egypt, Meir said
SHE SAID THE lines existing be
fore the 1967 war "give decisive ad
vantages to an aggressor."
"One of the prime tests of th
cease-fire is the release of prison
ers of war," Meir added. "We tool
this matter up with the Unite
States . . . I also spoke on the
matter with Dr. Kissinger yester
day, and we will stand on this de
mand."
The prisoner issue was believed
prime topic during the five-hou
visit to Israel Monday by Kissinger
who flew to Tel Aviv from Moscow
where he worked out the U. N
cease-fire proposal with top So
viet leader, Leonid Brezhnev.
ISRAEL AND EGYPT issued ar
angry string of accusations yester
day that the other had violated th
day-old cease fire, which both ac
cepted Monday evening. Egypt de
manded the Security Council hear
its complaint that Israeli forces
were trying to grab more territory
in the Egyptian heartland.
Syria last night accepted the

UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (P" -
The U. N. Security Council, meet-
ing in an emergency session, ap-
proved last night a new U. S.-So-
viet call for a cease-fire in the Mid-
dle East and the dispatch of U. N.
observers to see that it is carrried
out.
The session broke up for about 20
minutes after e envoys of China
and the Soviet Union clashed in
argument over the new resolution.

meeting, charging Israeli viola-
\tions and of the failure of Syria to
accept the cease-fire at all.
IN THE NEW resolution, the Se-
curity Council:
-"Confirms its decision on an
immediate cessation of all kinds of
firing and of all military action,
and urges that the forces be re-
turned to the positions they oc-
cupied at the moment the cease-
fire became effective;" and

r-
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a
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r,
n
e
s
e

SPONSORS END SUPPORT
UAC considers reform

By CINDY HILL
It's the price of success - the
University Activities Center (UAC)
has grown too big for its former
sponsors, the U n i o n and the
League, to handle.
UAC, whose programs in recent
years have broadened tremendous-
ly in scope and, expense, is tem-
porarily under the wing of the
Office of Student Services (OSS)
while a committee is being formed

Student Services Tom Easthope
who will chair the interim com-
mittee, said that the move "isn't a
,case of Mr. University coming
down with a strong fist, it's just
that UAC has grown too big for
this particular group (JCC) to
handle."
"Their scope is broadening each
year. Wfien you fill Crisler Arena,
that's a lot of money," Easthope
said.

THE DISSOLUTION of JCC was
apparently not a heartbreak to
either the members of the Union
and League or the executive offi-
cers of UAC.
"Actually, we were quite happy,"
White said. "It was getting to the
point where no one on JCC was
satified with the arrangement.
"We're looking forward to work-
ing out something more tenable
for UAC."

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