See Editorial Page
See Today for details
Eighty-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol. LXXXIV, No. 19 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, September 27, 1973 Ten Cents
Tuition strike rally
T Student Action Committee has called for a protest
of the recent tuition hike to be held at the LSA Bldg.
tomorrow at noon. The demonstration is also in protest
of cutbacks in financial aid and the failure of the Univer-
sity to meet the 1970 Black Action Movement demands.
Movies for charity
rFour brand-new movie theaters in the Briarwood
shopping ;center will host four separate charity benefits
next Thursday. The sponsoring groups are the Institute
for Burn Medicine and Ozone House, both local organiza-
tions, Spaulding for Children located in Chelsea, and the
Washtenaw County Association for Retarded Children in
features a student reception at President Flem-
ing's house, 815 South U., from 4 to 6 p.m. .. . on the
movie front, Truffaut's Two English Girls is showing
at Aud. A, Fellini's White Sheik at the Arch. Aud., New-
man's Sometimes a Great Notion at MLB Aud. 4, and
The Prince and the Showgirl is at MLB Aud. 4.'. .
and Astrologer Al Morrison lectures at Aud. B at 4 p.m.
Boyle condition poor
Deposed United Mine Workers President Tony Boyle's
chances for recovery from a drug overdose remained
poor yesterday, hospital officials said. A spokesman for
George Washington University HIospital in Washington
said that the only change in Boyle's condition since
Tuesday was a slight twitching of the eyes to "loud
verbal commands." Otherwise, the 71-year-old former
president remained in a deep coma, dependent for
life on machines that helped him breathe and cleansed
his blood. Boyle was to have appeared in court Tuesday
on his removal to Pennsylvania to face murder charges
in the, deaths of UMW insurgent Joseph Yablouski,
Yablonski's wife, and a daughter.
Nationalist guerillas have proclaimed the independ-
ence of Guinea-Bissau, a West African country carved
out of swampland by the Portuguese as a colony almost
a century ago. It was not clear how much the move
will affect the fight of the African Party for the Inde-
pendence of Guinea-Bissau and the Cape Verde Islands
against Portuguese forces, estimated at 27,000 strong.
Portugual doesn't recognize the party and refuses to
negotiate with guerilla movements. The country of
-490,000,inhabitants borders on the southern end of Sene-
N. Viet tanks protested
South Vietnam yesterday protested to the Interna-
tional Control Commission North Vietnam's use of tanks
to overrun a government outpost in the central highlands,
a foreign ministry spokesman said. The spokesman de-
scribed the assault, in which the North Vietnamese used
tanks for the first time since the January ceasefire went
into effect, as a "very serious" violation of the govern-
ment. A handful of the 400 defenders of Le Minh, the
abandoned camp near the Cambodian border, have made
their way safely to government lines, and reported that
the North Vietnamese made five human wave assaults
on the outpost before bringing up the tanks.
Brandt at UN
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt - in his de-
but at the United Nations yesterday - urged all coun-
tries to declare war on hunger, renounce the use of
force, and enforce the basic rights of man worldwide.
"Whoever bans war also has to ban hunger," Brandt
told the General Assembly. He also said that West Ger-
many intends to speak up for freedom of opinion, free
travel, and other fundamental rights of man. Brandt ap-
peared before the assembly eight days after East and
West Germany entered the United Nations, climaxing
the Germans return to international respectability after
the defeat of the Hitler regime.
Watergate-induced indifference may be more exten-
sive than anyone has imagined. The town of Spangle,
Washington, seems to have been particularly hard hit.
County Auditor Vernon Ohland has extended the filing
period for candidates in the Nov. 5 election in this small
community located near Spokane. No one has filed for
mayor or any of the three open city council seats.
On the inside
On the Editorial Page, The Daily urges support of
the tuition strike . . . Bruce Shlain reviews the movia
Two English Girls on the Arts Page . . . and on the
Sports Page, they're following the National League
East with "Mad Dog."
By DAN BIDDLE
University officials yesterday, refused to release information de-
tailing the budgetary calculations which.led to the record ,24 per cent
The refusal came as The Daily learned of new discrepancies be-
tween publicized accounts of the fee hike decision and the actual
figures used in arriving at that decision.
FREDERICK OLIVER, director of the Office of Financial Analy-
sis, blocked a Daily reporter's request for statistical information to
clarify official explanations of the tuition hike. Oliver's action followed
a similar refusal by Chief Financial Officer Wilbur Pierpont on Tues-
At the core of Pierpont's argument is the contention that while
the tuition increase averaged 24 per cent, the "weighted increase" or
actual increase in revenues, was closer to 20 per cent.
The weighted increase takes into account the unequal number of
students in each tuition classification. Pierpont pointed out, for ex-
ample, that freshmen and sophomores-whose tuition went up only 15
per cent-make up a higher proportion of fee-paying students than do
See related editorial, Page 4
students in classifications for which the tuition hike was larger.
YESTERDAY, however, an Office of Financial Analysis staffer
informed the Daily that both the regular and "weighted" increaes
amounted to 24 per cent.
He agreed to release the statistical accounting proving this, but
was barred from doing so by Oliver.
Pierpont has similarly refused to release the accounting saying,
"I'm not going to give this to you because everybody will have a
different idea about what it means."
IN THE SAME interview, Pierpont contradicted the administra-
tion's original estimate that the University would lose some $2.5 mil-
lion in tuition revenue as a result of a Supreme Court ruling striking
down regulations determining which students would have to pay higher
out-of-state fee rates.
Pierpont said Tuesday the loss estimate is "between $3 million
and $4 million."
Meanwhile, The Daily learned that Vice President for Academic
Affairs Allan Smith last week computed a "best case" estimate of
tuition revenue for the 1973-74 academic year, and found that in opti
See TUITION, Page 2
JURY PROBE CONTINUES
WASHINGTON (Reuter) - The
Senate yesterday approved a de-
mand for a 40 per cent cut in
U.S. forces overseas, spread over
three years, which could eventually
mean a drastic reduction of the
300,000 troops stationed in Europe.
It was the first time the Senate
had voted to try to force President
Nixon to bring home a significant
number of troops from Europe.
THE 49 TO 46 vote was a triumph.
for the persistence of Sen. Mike
Mansfield, the Democratic Senate
leader, who has been calling for
such action for years. At the last
minute, he agreed to a 40 per centN
cut in forces rather than his orig-
inal proposal of a 50 per cent
His proposal, which provides for
a three-year cut of 120,000 troops,
calls for a third of the withdrawal
to be effected by next June 30, the
remainder in the next two years.
Mansfield said a reduction in the
500,000 man U.S. force overseas
was essential if the balance of pay-
ments deficit were to be corrected.
THIS LATEST challenge to Nixon
follows the Congressional action
cutting off further funds for the
bombing of Cambodia, a move
which forced the President to with-
draw U.S. forces altogether from
Indochina after 11 years of in-
The House of Representatives, -
usually regarded as a more con-
servative body, still has to act on PRESIDEy
the Mansfield proposal, and the ad- yesterday
ministration is expected to make a
determined effort to defeat it.
Even if the house also approved
the troop cut proposal, Nixon mightAI
THE NIXON administration has
strongly opposed the Mansfield
proposal .on the grounds that it
would weaken NATO and mini-
mize the chances for obtaining
from the- Soviet Union agreement WASHIN
on a mutual and, balanced reduc- House Aid
tion of forces in Europe. gave the S
The Mansfield proposal did not mittee a le
specify the countries from which hard realit
the cuts were to be made but left itics, but
it up to the President. It was gamemansi
attached asan amendment towa ethical or i
pending 20-billion dollar military He defen
procurement authorization bill. ial gamec
See CUTBACKS, Page 7 to newspa
White House discussion
of resignation revealed
WASHINGTON (Reuter)-Vice-President Spiro Agnew suffered
a severe setback yesterday when the Democratic leadership of the
House of Representatives made clear -it intends taking no immedi-
ate action on his request that Congress, and not 4he courts,'judge
whether he accepted illegal payments.
At the same time, the White House revealed that President Nixon
and Agnew had discussed at a meeting Tuesday the resignation of the
vice-president as one of the options open to him.
THE WHITE HOUSE spokesman repeatedly stated that Nixon did
not ask for Agnew's resignation, and Agnew did not offer it.
The White House has been frequently charged with not firmly-
supporting Agnew since it was first announced the vice-president was
Yesterday's announcement by the White House about the Nixon-
Agnew meeting was the first of-
ficial confirmation that Agnew's
resignation had been discussed
with the President.
THE DECISION by the House
Democratic leadership, announced
by House Speaker Carl Albert, to
delay action on--Agnew's request, f
opened the way for the Justice De-
partment to go ahead with its ar-
rangements to present evidence on
the case to a grand jury in Balti
Agnew's lawyerspare seeking a
court injunction to prevent the evi-
dence being submitted.
The decision was a step back-
wards for Agnew, who wants Con-
gress to consider impeachment
proceedings against him or clear
him of suspicion that he violated Carl Albert
corruption, bribery and tax laws.
THE 54-YEAR-OLD VICE-PRESIDENT faces possible criminal
indictment on allegations that while governor of Maryland, he accepted
illegal payments in return for state contracts.
Agnew feels Congress presents him with a better chance of clear-
ing himself of the allegations. His lawyers contend a vice-president
cannot be forced to face criminal prosecution while he is in office.
The Constitution provides that the house can impeach, or accuse
a government official, and then ask the Senate to reach a verdict. An
official convicted by Aie Senate is automatically dismissed from office.
CONGRESSMEN are not unaware of the risks of crossing the line
in a political system marked by political contributions and alleged
corruption by contractors doing business with state governments.
By yesterday's action, the Democrats gave a strong indication they
would prefer Agnew to stand trial before a court if the grand jury
believes there is sufficient evidence for such action.
House Republican leaders were perplexed over their next step
following the Democrat's refusal to take immediate action.
HOUSE REPUBLICAN Leader Gerald Ford said he did not know
what Republicans would do now-if anything.
"Mr. Albert's statement apparently means no action will be taken
by the Democratic leadership until the courts decide on the Agnew
controversy," he said.
"Although some would rather see the Vice-President first twist
slowly in the winds of an indictment and trial, the nation cannot
afford such uncertainty," Ford declared.
A DEMOCRATfC PARTY source said copies of records which Ag-
new had promised to send to the House in connection with the case
would now be returned to Agnew.
Paul Findley (Rep.-Iil.) had earlier introduced legislation to set
up a select committee to investigate the allegations against Agnew,
but the House will not take any immediate action on the matter.
Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield told reporters: "We are
caught in the eye of a storm. The President is beleagured. The Vice-
President is beleagured."
NTIAL SPEECHWRITER Patrick Buchanan testifies before the Senate Watergate' Committee
. He denied having any part in sabotage activities aimed at the Democrats.
de denies Republicans
ithorized dirty. tricks'
GTON (Reuter) - White
.e Patrick Buchanan
Senate Watergate com-
ecture yesterday in the
ies of Presidential pol-
denied that political
hip was improper, un-
ded as part of the polit-
of ghost-written letters
per editors, low - level
'Soul travel' studied
by new campus cult
political espionage, the forgery of
campaign leaflets,' pranksterism,
and even clandestine activities-
BUCHANAN, a conservative who
has been one of Nixon's. chief
speechwriters, described himself
as an intense Nixon loyalist-but he
conceded that Nixon's 1972 cam-
paign wasa negative one.
The Nixon camp realized that
the President had only "lukewarm"
support among American voters
and tried to persuade those voters
to cast their ballots against a given
Democratic candidate rather than
for Nixon, Buchcanan said.
With Buchanan's appearance in
the witness chair, the Senate com-
mittee shifted its attention from
the burglary at the Democratic
Party headquarters in the Water-
gate office complex to the more
general Republican Party effort to
undermine the Democratic Party's
1972 presidential campaign.
RUCHANAN. a former newsmnn
Study initiated by'U' doctors
to probe quaalude use, abuse
strategy, which he largely helped
to shape, was aimed at crippling
Muskie's campaign and doing
nothing to impede Sen. George Mc-
Govern's effort to win the nomin-
McGovern was regarded by the
Nixon camp as the easiest Dem-
ocrat to beat.
See BUCHANAN, Page 7
By PRAKASH ASWANI
What is Eckankar? Is it a brand-
new mysticism or a rehash of
various- Eastern mysticisms?
Devotees describe it as "The An-
cient Science of Soul Travel" and
it is the newest cult to hit the
tures," he says. The true reality
lies beyond this life, in what he
calls the spiritual plane.
Being alienated from this reality,
Eckankaris believe individuals are
forever suffering and groping in
the dark for their true home.
By JUDY RUSKIN
Quaaludes have, in the last few
years, become the "hip" drug
among college and high school stu-
dents across the nation. Despite the
drug's widespread popularity, how-
ever, very -little is known about
how it works.
qualone (proper name for quaa-
ludes) in abused doses is actually
physically addictive, like heroin,
or whether it is a substance which
fills a strictly psychological crav-
Answering this vital question, as
well as treting Quaalude abusers.
and dizziness to serious convul-
sions are possible.
AMONG THE POSSIBLE treat-
ments under consideration are the
use of the placebo - a phony pill
which looks like quaaludes-to de-
-termine if psychological factors