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September 12, 1973 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1973-09-12

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Page Two
1974 A"Michiganensian"
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at Student Pub. Business Office
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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Wednesday, September 12, 1973

Allende:

A

/

SANTIAGO W)-President Salva- Despite Chile's slide into eco-
dor Allende once told foreign cor- nomic chaos during his rule, Al-
respondents in Chile that the only lende never wavered from his de-
way he would leave office before termination to stay in command
the end of his term would be in a and socialize the Chilean economy.
pine box. IN THE POLITICAL arena, Al-
The quip was designed to under- lende was the only leftist Chilean
score Allende's determination to' politician capable of uniting half a
see through his pledge to "lead dozen often quarreling Marxist and
Chile down the road to socialism." leftist parties.

ife
vehicles, spare.parts
and guarantees that
industry would not b
The truckers, who
linked to the rig
party, also revealed
the wave of strikes
purpose.
"We want a char
ment and we wantt
take over," Leon Vil
the truck owners, sa
interview.

devoted'
s, higher rates fatcories by workers and farms by
t the trucking peasants.
e nationalized. ALLENDE WAS born in Valpa-
o were closely raiso, Chile's second city, on July
htist National 26, 1908, and christened Salvador|
privately that Isabelino del Sagrado de Jesus
had a deeper Allende Gossens. His grandfather
was a doctor, his father was a
nge of govern- doctor, he became a doctor and
the military to one of his daughters is a doctor.
[arin, leader of His grandfather was surgeon gen-
aid in a recent eral of Chilean forces in the last
century and gained a measure of
fame battling a cholera epidemic.
erman Brady, His father, also named Salvador,
key Santiago was a founding member of Chile's.
pt. 2 in an off- College of Medicine. His elder
at a private brother and his younger sister both
d the armed studied law. The sister, Laura, be-
have to take came a Socialist congresswoman.

to socialism

was so effective in the job that he
became known as the "minister
for the poor."
In the course of the unsuccess-
ful tries for the presidency-in 1952
against Carlos Ibanez, in 1958
against Alessandri and in 1964
against Eduardo Frei-he became
a senator.
He also went to Havana several
times to visit Fidel Castro, and
they became friends. He had visit-
ed with Mao Tse-tung of China,
Kim Il Sung of North' Korea and
the late Ho Chi Minh of North
Vietnam.

A STOCKY, 5 feet 7, he was a
compelling speaker and debater.
Allende met his wife during an
earthquake in Santiago. She rush-
ed out of a movie theatre during
the tremor and literally ran into
him. She had been born in Val-
paraiso but had never known Al-
lende there.
They had three daughters, Car-
men Paz, who became a teacher;
Beatriz, who followed her father
into medicine, and Isabel, a so-
ciologist.

E
I

- - - + - - - - - -- -

_ i
I
I
y,
I i

But it turned into reality yesterday
in a military 'coup that toppled
Allende's three-year-old adminis-,
tration.
POLICE OFFICIALS said he
committed suicide rather than sur-
render.
The 65-year-old physician had:
spent much of his life seeking the
presidency. He was elected only
on the fourth try, in October 1970,
when the Congress voted to con-'
firm his 36.3 per cent plurality at
the polls.I

But spiralling inflation, caused in
part by withdrawal of several large
U.S. corporations from participa-
tion in Chile's colonialized econo-
my, brought unrest among middle
class housewives and several crip-
pling strikes by small businessmen.
Chile's 40,000 private truck own-
ers went on strike July 26, nearly
paralyzing the transportation of
food and fuel. Then other labor
and professional groups walked out
in sympathy.
THE TRUCKERS demanded new

ARMY GEN. He
commander of the
garrison, said on Se
the-record interview
home: "I'm afrai
forces are going to
over. This situation
But Allende rem
serene, declaring th
'fident in the armed
his leftist supporters
A constant proble
-in addition to th
.. ,..t. ..4 . « ... e:

Military seizes Chile

ORG?

can't go on."
ained publicly
at he was con-
forces and in
a.
m for Allender
e strikes and,

At 25, Allende became one of
the founders of thebSocialist party.
Four years later he ran for Con-
gress and won. His party then
joined the Communist and Radical
parties in a "popular front" which
swept Radical Redro Aguirre Cer-
da into the presidency in 1938.

I

I

I.1

(Continued from Page 1) the day.
about 40 top figures of President COMM
Allende's popular unity coalition to Santiago
surrender, including his s i s t e r, apart fro
Laura Allende, Socialist Foreign dio stati
Minister Clodomiro Almeyda and after th
Senator Carlos Altamirano, secre- the revo
tary-general of Allende's Socialist Just a
party. power, t
A curfew was clamped on the strongr
capital beginning at 6 p.m., the right.
military announced. All vehicles Typica
were banned from the streets and was the
no passes were granted. munist P
ANYONE FOUND carrying arms linguer,
or explosives would be drastically attemptt
punished, the military said, seditious
First word of the coup broke ear- out the
lier today when Allende announced social c
in a radio broadcast that sectors the indep
of the navy had revolted against people h
him in Valparaiso. populari
Themilitary issued a stream of THER]
communiques on a network of commen
radio transmitters seized early in the U.n
maneuve
RIVERSIDE, Calif. (UPI) - scheduled
Roger Perkins, a University of news oft
California engineer, and Galen U.S. co
Brown, a U. S. Department of Chile w
Agriculture engineer, have built lende'sg
a machine to pollinate palm tiously,t
trees at Indio, Calif. The male copper c
and female trees that produce all one ands
the commercial dates in this New Yor
country are too far apart for The In
natural pollination and Perkins T e l e g
said it is difficult to find "men which ha
willing and able to climb the 50 to contri
and 60 foot trees and pollinate by to defea
hand." paign, ha

UNICATIONS b e t w e e n
and the outside world,
om military-controlled ra-
ons, were cut off shortly
e first announcement of
At.
s he did when he was in
he ouster of Allende caused
reactions from left and
1 of left-wing responses
comment of Italian Com-
Party leader Enrico Ber-
who described it as "an
by fascist, right wing and
military forces to wipe
reactionary violence, the
onquests, the liberty and
endence which the Chilean
have achieved with the
unity government."
E WAS NO immediate
t in Washington. However,
cancelled routine joint
rs with the Chilean navy,
;d to start yesterday, when
the coup came in.
ompanies whose assets in
ere nationalized by Al-
government reacted cau-
but the stock of 'one big
oncern, Anaconda, jumped
seven eighths points on the .
rk Stbck Exchange.
ternational Telephone and
r a p h Corporation (ITT),
as been accused of. trying
ibute one- million dollars
it Allende's election cam-
ad no immediate comment.

TRANSCENDENTAL
MEDITATION
as fought by
MAHARISHI MAHESH YOGI
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THURS., Sept. 13
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Advanced Lecture for oll
New research, world plan, and falle

meditators 7 p.m.
activities will be discussed

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