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Eighty-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol. LXXXV, No. 146
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, April 3, 1975
IFtAJ EE E AP&PEYA CALZty
Good dope and feelings were not the only thing
happening on the Diag Tuesday. At about 12:45 an
unidentified juvenile about 15 or 16 years old ap-
proached two Dearborn high school students
threatening to take their cassette tape recorder
away. When they told him to get lost he patted
his side indicating he had a gun. He then took the
tape recorder and disappeared into Mason Hall.
About an hour later he was spotted and arrested.
Police report the suspect had a pellet gun. He was
charged with armed robbery, and arraigned in
juvenile court yesterday:
By AP and Reuter
Conflicting reports from Phnom
Penh early this morining left the fate
of the Cambodian caiptal in doubt, as
some reports indicated that insurgents
had entered the city while others
claimed no fighting was taking place.
Thailand's Prime Minister Kukrit
Pramoj declared that the rebels had
moved into the beseiged city. "The
forces of the other side are entering
Phnom Penh," he said during a meet-
ing of the Thai National Assembly.
SIMULTANEOUS reports emanating
from Tokyo claimed that the Japa-
nese ambassador in the Cambodia
capital saw no signs of fighting and
that the city "is still in government
A Pentagon spokesperson denied
the information that Phnom Penh had
fallen to the Communist-led forces.
But the spokesperson said the military
situation around the city "was too
fluid" to allow a detailed assessment
of the relative positions of insurgent
and defense troops.
REPORTERS IN Phnom Penh con-
firmed that the caiptal had not been
captured, but released no details on
any possible fighting there.
The confused dispatches from the
city follow by two days the departure
of Cambodian leader Lon Nol, who
fled to Indonesia as the insurgents
swept closer to the embattled city.
The U.S. E m b a s s y has begun
evacuating 15 per cent of its 200
American staffers in Phnom Penh to
Bangkok, Thailand, following the
bloody fall of Neak Luong, the gov-
ernment's last stronghold on the Me-
THE WITHDRAWAL was announced
as the Nationalist Chinese Embassy
evacuated its staff. Fierce fighting
raged 10 miles south of the capital
and five miles to the northeast. The
U.S. airlift continued despite shelling
that damaged one plane and wounded
one American civiilan pilot.
Battambang, the country's second
largest city 180 miles northwest of
Phnom Penh, was also under rebel
pressure, with the insurgents reported
tightening their stranglehold around
The "temporary" withdrawal of 25
to 30 "nonessential" official Ameri-
cans phis a yet-to-be-determined num-
ber of voluntary agency workers,
contract employes and diplomats of
other countries is to take about three
days, according to. Deputy Chief of
Missions Robert Keeley.
THE DEPARTURE of the Taiwa-
nese, leaving only tie Americans,
South Vietnamese and South Koreans
with ambassadorial missions in Cam-
bodia, was unannounced. A witness at
the airport said the Taiwan delega-
tion boarded a Nationalist Chinese
plane, and diplomatic sources later
confirmed the departure.
Ten navy gunboats loaded with sur-
vivors of a two-month siege against
the Neak Luong enclave arrived in
Phnom Penh and told of chaos and
bloody fighting as the Communist-led
Khmer Rouge pushed the 'last de-
fenders out of the battered town 32
miles southeast of the caiptal.
Survivors said two generals and at
least four other high-ranking officers
were missing, killed or captured and
that many of the 500 wounded in Neak
Luong's overloaded hospital were left
behind as the 25,000 government sol-
diers and civilians moved out.
A NUMBER of soldiers, accompan-
ied by civilians, were reported trying
to fight their way to another govern-
ment enclave at Prey Veng 15 miles
to the north.
Military sources quoted a helicopter
crewmember as saying an air force
major, on the ground to direct rescue
'missions into Neak Luong, reported
he was being overrun and was going
to shoot himself before his radio went
The loss of Neak Luong virtually
rules out any chance for the govern-
ment to re-open the Mekong for sup-
ply barges when the summer rainy
season comes, meaning Phnom Penli
would continue dependent on airlifts
for as long as the Americans provide
The fall also frees 6,000
Rouge troops whom analysts
to join the threat to Phnom
The controversial Environmental Research In-
stitute of Michigan (ERIM), which obtains many
of its contracts from the Pentagon, is coming to
the city. Last fall the institute applied to the county
for $3 million of low interest bonds to help finance
the move but ran into stiff opposition and decided
to go elsewhere for the funding. It turns out the
state helped finance the move with retirement
monies. Surprisingly, all is legal, as the Retire-
ment System Act contains a capital loan provi-
sion in which the state holds the mortgage.
Down but not out?
The structure of the Old German restaurant,
nearly destroyed by a fire Tuesday, can be re-
built, according to inspections by Deputy Fire
Marshal Benjamin Zahn Jr. Robert Metzger, who'
owns the popular restaurant, could not be reached
for comment yesterday but members of a local
businessman's organization have indicated they'll
support a reconstruction project. The organization,
called the Westside Neighborhood Group, said they
were willing to help Metzger in appreciation of the
help he's given them in the past. Damage in the
fire, incidentally, has been estimated at around
The Housing Office is currently accepting appli-
cations from this year's dorm lottery losers to
retain their lottery numbers if they so desire. Ac-
cording to Housing Adviser Johanna Duvall, "If
they want to keep their numbers they can, but
they will be placed only after all incoming peo-
ple have been placed." Applicants might have to
wait until October to hear the final results. The
placement procedure will last through tomorrow.
As of yesterday afternoon, 55 people had applied.
begin with a lecture from Marcia Guttentag
on "Changing Sex Roles in Schools" in the East
Conference room on the 4th floor of Rackham at
9 a.m. . . . the Democratic party is sponsoring a
lunch with Perry Bullard at "Smitty's" downstairs
in South Quad. Subject of the discussion will be
"Privacy and the State Police." That's at noon
... more culturally at noon there's a photography
exhibition and talk by Howard Bond in the Pen-
dleton arts room of the Union . . . at 3:30 in the
International Center, 603 E. Madison, Peter Gould-
ing from the Australian Tourist Ministry will ans-
wer questions from students who wish to visit the
land down under . . . Poets William Farmer and
Stephen Berry will be the featured attractions at
a poetry reading at 7:30 at Guild House, 802 Mon-
roe . . . and Aging Children will headline a benefit
at the Ark for the Free Peoples Clinic at 8:30.
April ghoul's joke
It was a horrible sight and the woman screamed.
A real estate agent was taking the woman and her
husband through a vacant apartment in the San
Pedro, California area Tuesday when she stepped
into the bathroom to look it over. Floating in a tub
of murky water was what appeared to be the
headless skeleton of a child. She shrieked. The
real estate agent called police. Investigators reach-
ed into the tub and retrieved the "body" - a
realistic looking inflatable rubber "headless
corpse" sold in novelty stores. It was apparently
planted there as an April Fool's Day joke, but on
who remained a mystery, police said. The agent
was not amused. The couple said they were not
interested in the apartment any more.
On the inside ...
the Editorial Page has statements from
third and fourth ward City Council candidates ...
Arts has Joan Ruhela's review of Bob Seeger at
Chances Are . . . Sports contains part two of Al
Hrapsky's series on high school basketball recruit-
ing . . . and Page Three has Thursday's regular
'U' Turns column.
On the outside .. .
VIETNAMESE orphans wait on the floor of a World Airways DC8 jet while the plane refuels at a
Tokyo U.S. Air Base last night en route to the U.S. The children are the first South Vietnamese
refugees aboard an American airliner in a dash to freedom from Saigon.
SAIGON, (Reuter) - Troops beenc
took up combat positions in tion fi
front of the Presidential palace still op
in Saigon yesterday, crouching joining
with rifles at the ready facing Thes
a park across the street. to red:
There was no immediate ex- people
planation for the precaution, cholog:
which came as masses of gov- few w(
ernment troops and refugees this co
streamed south from the aban- what n
doned central highands before
the advancing insurgent forces. THE
A MILITARY spokesperson conced
said earier yesterday that hun- jor que
dreds of men in government organiz
marine uniforms scattered in couldb
Saigon streets last night after
trucks in which they were rid-
ing were challenged by police.
When the trucks failed to
stop at a checkpoint, the police
fired in the air and the men
made off into nearby streets
and gardens, the spokesperson
said. Dozens were arrested.
Government sources said PA
there were unconfirmed re- to use
ports that the men were insur- Secreta
ON THE battlefield, govern- and he
ment forces in disarray seem desert'
to be yielding their remaining Th
enclaves on South Vietnam's
central coast without a fight. made
With the fall of Qui Nhon James
to the Communist-led insurgents possibi
reported by military sources, power
and the apparent abandonment
of Nha Trang and the former BO
U. S. base of Cam Ranh, Sai- cificall
gon is now the only major South
Vietnamese city still in govern- Als
ment hands. really1
The rapid collapse of govern- South"
ment military power in the cen- refugee
tre and north of the country
was still causing political shock "T
waves here. get ou
go on i
ON THE political scene, a
government spokesperson said "T
a war cabinet of "great na- from th
tional unity" was being formed. in free
He gave no details, butin-
formed sources said there had
consultation with opposi-
gures, though there was
pposition among them to
sources said the need was
ress morale and pull the
together after the psy-
ical damage of the past
eeks, and that whether
uld be done depended on
new leadership emerged.
The government spokesper-
son today also denied that prime
minister Tran Thien Khiem had
offered his resignation.
Reliable sources told Reu-
ters yesterday that Khiem had
offered to step down, but de-
cided to remain in his post at
least until the formation of a
new government. The Prime
Minister then broadcast a sur-
prise address yesterday, calling
for calm and unity. He also
said he had been in touch with
various political groups to try
to achieve unity.
See INSURGENTS, Page 7
es "near the
Jed that there
estion of how
was a ma-
By PETER ARNETT
YOKOTA, Japan (R) - A
plane carrying 57 orphaned
Vietnamese c h ild r en to
new homes in the United States
made a dash for freedom from
threatened Saigon without of-
ficial clearance and reached
Japan last night on the first
stage of the 8,000-mile flight.
It was almost totally dark
when we boarded the World
Airways DC8 jet because Sai-
gon's Tan Son Nhut airport was
on full alert.
The children, many of them
babies in diapers and most al-
ready spoken for by new par-
ents, were laid outon the blan-
keted cabin floor with a pillow
for each. Some of the older
ones chattered with excitement
in Vietnamese. Others lay back
with their eyes wide with won-
MEANWHILE, the State De-
partment's Agency for Interna-
tional Development (AID) an-
nounced last night that some
IRS auctions war
By ROB MEACHUM
Special To The Daily
FREMONT, Mich.-Paul and Adeline Snyder, who have with-
held over $3,000 of Federal "war taxes" in protest of U.S. involve-
ment in Indochina since 1971, had their property seized and
auctioned by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) here yesterday.
The property, valued at nearly $80,000, went to Carol Blizzard,
a close friend of the Snyder's, for a mere $8,460. She plans to sell
the property back to the Snyder's, who will in turn seek a refund-
less the back taxes owed-from the IRS.
WHILE THE Snyders and their four children remained in the
house during the auction and held an open-house afterwards, con-
2,000 Vietnamese orphans will
be flown from Saigon to the
U. S. in an airlifttscheduled to
begin in the next two days.
Within a few minutes of the
orphans' boarding, a steward-
ess called from the rear of the
cabin. "Any Pampers? It's dia-
per service time already for this
Ed Daley, the feisty, pistol-
packing aerial wildcatter who
heads the charter airline, went
to lend a hand with the diaper-
ing - something he said he had
not done in 25 years.
AS THE JET prepared to take
off for the 25-hour flight to
Oakland, Calif., via Tokyo, the
airport was closed down be-
cause of an anticipated insur-
gent attack and all nonmili-
tary people were ordered off
"Don't take off. Don't take
off. You have no clearance,"
pilot Ken Healy said he was
told by Tan Son Nhut airport
Healy - who flew refugees
out of mainland China in the
late 1940's and made the chao-
tic last flight out of Da Nang
last week - put the plane into
the air anyway.
"I JUST didn't get the mes-
sage in time," he said later
with a smile. Healey is from
See SAIGON, Page 2
Sair power aid for
LM SPRINGS, Calif. (P)-President Ford does not plan
U.S. air power to help beleaguered South Vietnam, Press
ary Ron Nessen said yesterday.
he law forbids it, the President's inclination is against it
has no plans to do it," Nessen told a news briefing at the
White House. "Bombing is not a live issue."
e statement was in reply to a question about a remark
in Washington earlier yesterday by Defense Secretary
Schlesinger. Schlesinger said he could not rule out the
lity there might be a recommendation to use American air
in South Vietnam, but that the likelihood is quite low.
)TH SCHLESINGER and Nessen noted Congress has spe-
y forbidden U.S. combat activity in Vietnam.
so yesterday, Vice President Nelson Rockefeller said "it is
too late to do anything" to stop Communist advances in
Vietnam or help hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese
hey're trapped . . . he said of the refugees. "They couldn't
t . . . I guess a lot of them are going to die. For us, we
HE FACT that almost the entire population tried to get away
the Communists is an extraordinary indication of their belief
dom, of the fact that they don't want to live under a Com-
See FORD, Page 2 -
J...::.,..... .....................::::: f.,. "::i
troversy shrouded the opening of
The auction was termed "pub-
lic" by the IRS, yet the 75
Snyder supporters and reporters
gathered at the Post Office were
not allowed to witness the open-
ing of the bids and the awarding
of the property.
"How can they (IRS) have a
public auction and not allow the
public in (the Post Office),"
shouted one angry supporter.
"It's all a sham," he added.
"THIS THING might be in-
valid," he concluded. Ms. Sny-
der echoed him, saying, "A
public sale is a public sale."
the sealed bids at the Fremont
Dorms to expand?9
By ELAINE FLETCHER
Dormitory rooms reserved for freshpersons may be con-
verted to hold extra students next fall in an effort to accommo-
date lottery losers who still want to sign leases.
"The conversion of dorm rooms, at this time, looks the most
promising of all the alternatives," said Peter Schoch, director of
off Campus Housing yesterday.
By JIM TOBIN
Democrat Mike Broughton and
Human Rights Party (HRP)
candidate Everett Guy are wag-
ing an uphill struggle in the
Third Ward's wealthy residen-
tial neighborhoods to stem the
incumbent candidacy of Repub-
lican Robert Henry.
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