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Eighty-Five Years of Editorial Freedo n
Vol. LXXXV, No. 138
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, March 25, 1975
If you're already paying through the nose for
tuition, tack on another 10 cents for Uncle Sam.
Cashiers envelopes, once postage paid courtesy of
the University, will now require a postage stamp
unless delivered via shoeleather express. Spokes-
persons for the postal service claimed the U'
might save a bundle on the deal since the permit
costs 10 cents per envelope plus two cents a piece
handling. Well, we all knew it was too good to last.
Small price to pay
It was a sad day at the Yorkwood State Mental
Hospital in Ypsilanti when a girl's unit record
player done upped and died. But Brian Miles of
Project Outreach did not stop there, and Saturday
night Outreach will sponsor a party at East Quad
to raise $105 for a new record player. "It's some-
thing that's really important to the girls," said
Miles, "and we're thankful for donations." Miles
plans to use any extra money to buy some games.
Claude Orr dies
Claude Orr, 56, associate director of housing at
the University died in the University Hospital Sun-
day after being admitted there for treatment of
cancer three weeks ago. With the housing office
for five years, Orr was most recently associate
director in charge of administration and finance.
Previously he was assistant to the technical direc-
tor at Bendix Systems division. Prior to that he
was Armv liaison officer at the former University
Williow Run Research Laboratories. Private inter-
ment services have been held. Memorial services
will be tomorrow at 3 p.m. at the First Unitarian
Church, on Washtenaw Ave.
A. group of Birmingham residents has been put-
ting some prickly heat on Gov. William Milliken
to replace the wolverine as the state's mascot with
the porcupine, in honor of the nation's bicenten-
nial celebration. The group, cleverly named "Por-
cupine Unlimited" or "P.U." for short, filed the
petition with Milliken because porcupines - unlike
Wolverines - are alive and well in Michigan for-
ests, can be fine house pets, and "are a source of
wonder and awe" for persons visiting Michigan
woodlands." The group also noted that a moun-
tain range is named after porcupines. But let's be
frank, it may be fine for mountain ranges,but could
you imagine a football team called the Michigan
An apple a day may not keep the doctor away,
but Michigan Lottery Commissioner Gus Harrison
claims a lottery a day may keep the crooks away.
The daily lottery was unveiled yesterday as part
of the Lottery Bureau's new "Triple Play" game.
A single $1 ticket allows the holder to play three
games - the daily lottery, a weekly lottery, and a
Jackpot game. Harrison said the odds of winning
Triple Play are one in 200 compared with one in
500 in the illegal variety of the game. As to whe-
ther the daily lottery will cut into the numbers
racket, Harrison said, "We certainly hope so."
Tickets go on sale April 1.
today begin with a meeting for all prospec-
tive English teachers interested in a new program
called the Professional Semester from 4-6 p.m. in
rm. 7626 Haven Hall . . . The Residential College
lecture series is sponsoring Benno Fricke who will
speak on "Some Common Questions and Answers
on the Opinion, Attitude, Interest Survey" and the
organization of the famous or infamous raw carrot
test at Greene Lounge at 7 p.m. . . . and 8 p.m.
is the biggie of the evening starting with a stu-
dent mass meeting to fight tuition increases and
other Administrative abominations at South Quad
West Lounge . . . then the Go Club is having a
meeting at 2050 at the Frieze Bldg. . . .and the
Arts Chorale is giving a concert at Hill Aud. .. .
at 9:30 p.m. the poetry works is presenting read-
ings by KerryThomas and "Wine and maddness"
-that's what they said-at Greene Lounge at East
On the inSide...
Editorial Page features Deborah Mutnick who
writes about Peter Camejo, Socialist Worker's Par-
ty candidate for president in 1976 . . . David Bur-
henn tells all about Rostropovich for the Arts
Page . . . and Mike Wilson previews the upcom-
ing Big Ten gymnastics meet at Crisler Arena this
weekend for Sports Page.
On the outsideI?.
iAnte,;, hark in full force As an intense snring
Demands for Thiieu's
By AP and Reuter
SAIGON - Insurgent-led tanks and troops cut off
the northern quarter of South Vietnam yesterday and
isolated Da Nang, where U. S. Marines first landed 10
years ago. The developments brought renewed calls for
President Nguyen Van Thieu to quit.
The United States is sending an additional aircraft
carrier loaded with Marine helicopters to waters off In-
dochina in case of the need to evacuate Americans and
others, it was reported in Washington.
PENTAGON SOURCES did not rule out the possibility that
some of the choppers would be used to evacuate personnel from
Da Nang, South Vietnam's second largest city.
The Nationalist-led advance meant the fall of the 10th and
11th of South Vietnam's 44 provinces and put under North Vietna-
mese and Viet Cong control about 40 per cent of the country's
A CAMBODIAN girl cries, surrounded by the tools of war; a machine gun, shell casings, and ammunition boxes. She is a mem-
ber of the family of one of the troopers of an artillery unit.
FLEMING, LOBBYISTS DISAGREE:
Budget cuts could boost tultion
66,000-square-mile territory and
Thousands of refugees were
reported fleeing from the pro-
vinces, two fallen capitals, and
pilots reported one of them,
Quang Ngai, and its airport
came under heavy shelling at-
tack throughout the day. The
Nationalist-led offensive has
created almost one million re-
The Saigon command has
also lost contact with its gar-
rison at another provincial cap-
ital in South Vietnam's north-
central coastal strip under at-
tack by Nationalist forces, mili-
tary sources said yesterday.
The garrison at Quang Ng=i,
some 330 miles northeast of
Saigon has not been heard from
since reporting it was under
heavy shell fire last night, the
IN OTHER Indochina develop-
-The U.S. airlift to Phnom
Penh resumed after a two-day
suspension but rebel forces"at-
tacking like ants" overran the
key Tuol Leap base that was
supposed to guard Phnom Uenh
airport from rockets. They also
See PRG, Page 2
By TIM SCHICK
University President Robben
Fleming warned yesterday that
a tuition increase would be al-
most unavoidable should the
University receive a six per
cent cut in state funds.
However, Richard Augen-
stein, a University lobbyist in
Lansing, indicated the state
may hold cutbacks at four per
cent should the approval of a
plan to make up the expected
shortfall in the Governor's pro-
jected budget pass.
A U G E N S T E I N ex-
plained the legislators appear
likely to approve a seven-tenths
of one per cent increase in per-
sonalincome tax, a business
income tax and bonding pro-
posal, which will make up most
of the state budget's anticipat-
ed $500 million shortfall.
By doing this, Augenstein
claimed, the need for an addi-
tional two per cent cut back
would be avoided. He said that
several legislators had indicat-
ed to him that they felt the
budget was "already down to
skin and bones."
Secretary of the University
Richard Kennedy did not rule
out the possibility of a tuition
increase even if the cutbacks
were limited to four per cent.
"It would obviously change the
amount" (of a tuition increase),
FLEMING warned that should
a six per cent cut back occur,
"It will be extremely difficult
to avoid a tuition increase."
Kennedy was even less hope-
ful and said that under the cur-
rent situation a tuition hike is
a distinct possibility."
Both Fleming and Kennedy
referred to Governor Milliken's
proposed four per cent budget
cut as "the most optimistic
proposal at this point."
Neither Fleming nor Kenne-
dy saw the legislature limiting
cutbacks to four per cent. They
feared further cutbacks with
Fleming adding, "It could de-
pend on what happens to the
economy. If it picks up we
could hold it at four per cent."
Fleming warned, "Even if we
c o u I d get the governor's
budget as requested, we would
be short." He went on to cite
increased utility costs, and a
possible increase in clericals'
pay as a result of contract ne-
The state is cutting back on
appropriations for education
due to the current economic
situation, Fleming explained.
"WHAT DO YOU do when un-
employment is running wild in
the state. It's pretty hard to
take care of the people who
need taking care of," he added.
Fleming refused to comment
on the extent of a tuition in-
crease, saying only "No one
knows what will be done . . .
You would have to decide on
a combination of increasing tui-
See TUITION, Page 8
15 per cent of its two million
WASHINGTON (P'-A corn-
tromise $3.7 billion foreign aid
a'oropriation bill containing
more than $1 billion for the
kMiddle East was approved by
Congress yesterday and sent to
The bill nassed the House by
a narrow 8-tote margin, 193 to
1Q5. and then the Senate by
voice vote with only a few
THE PTT J., was cut $2.3 billion
bleow administration requests
for the fiscal year ending June
3A.~ the biggest cut in the history
of the nrogram.
Tn the House, one opponjent,
Pen. Pobert Bauman (R-Md.)
contended action should be de-
layed for study of the bill's
i-npact on the Middle East in
the wake of the collapse of Sec-
retarv of State Henry Kissin-
ger's efforts to get a peace
"We may be financing war
on both sides with this bill,"
KISSINGER had asked the
U.S. reconstruction aid for all
sides in the Middle East,, pri-
marily Israel and Egypt, in
connection with his peace ef-
The Mideast aid includes $300
million military credit sales and
$324.5 million reconstruction
money for Israel, $250 million
reconstruction aid for Egypt, $77
million for Jordan and a $100
million contingency fund for
Palestinian and other projects.
President Ford asked $522 mil-
lion emergency military aid for
the two countries.
Ford orders major review
of U.S. policy in Middle East
$10bed rate hike
set for U' Hospital
By LOIS JOSIMOVICH
Because of rocketing expenses, most of them non-salary, bed
rates at University Hospital will be raised an average of $10 per
patient as of April 1, hospital officials say.
The decision to increase rates, which followed a lengthy study
by the hospital administration, was approved in a unanimous
vote by the University Regents at their monthly meeting last
WHEN ASKED to comment on the situation, Hospital Director
David Dickinson said, "We're having a serious and unexpected
problem with finances in the hospital, expenses have gone up fast.
"The hospital was losing $1.3 million as of January this year,"
another hospital spokesman explained. "We had to make it up
The hospital administration plans to make up half the deficit
caused by price increases in the new bed charges. The other half
is expected to be made up by a large reduction in expenditures,
mostly in personnel cuts, Dickinson stated.
"MOST OF THE reductions will have to be in personnel cuts,"
he said. "That's where 70 per cent of our expenditures are, and
See $10, Page 2
Ford has ordered a total reas-
sessment of U.S. policy in the
Middle East, but still expressed
hope yesterday that Secretary
of State Henry Kissinger's step-
by-step diplomacy may yet re-
Twenty-one congressional lead-
ers from both parties met with
Ford and Kissinger at the White
House and gave their unanimous
support to U.S. Middle East
policy and the secretary of
state's peace-making efforts.
spokesman Ron Nessen told re-
porters "the prospect of war in
the Middle East is highly un-
likely, the President hopes."
He said "the door is open for
talks to continue in whatever
forum the two sides think best."
At the State Department,
spokesman Robert Anderson
said there was no question that
U.S. military and economic as-
sistance for Israel would con-
tinue, but he indicated the de-
degree of support could lessen.
ANSWERING questions, An-
derson said the over-all U.S.
attitude toward Israel would be
reviewed. He said a reassess-
ment would be made of Ameri-
can relations with Arab ccun-
tries as well.
The Senate unanimously adopt-
ed a resolution supporting ef-
forts of Ford and Kissinger to
achieve peace in the Middle
East and urging that he con-
Kissinger returned from the
Middle East Sunday night after
a breakdown of negotiations.
NESSEN said that despite the
deadlock in Kissinger's efforts
with Egypt and Israel "there
certainly was a momentum to-
ward a peaceful settlement and
the President and the secretary
hope it will continue."
Nessen emphasized that the
peace talks "have only been
suspended" in an effort to give
the two countries a chance to
reassess the next step, which
could also be a return to a
Ford's reassessment of U.S.
policy was decided on Sunday
night after the President con-
ferred with Kissinger shortly
after his return. It will invol r..
"all aspects -aid all countries in
the Middle East," Nessen said.
While he would not specifically
include U.S.armament suaplies
in the Middle East, he did no',
rule it out.
THE FOUR top congressional
leaders told reporters they had
given Ford and Kissinger their
House Speaker Carl Albert (D-
Okla.) said "we are approaching
the problem in a 100 per cent
bipartisan effort. I think there's
no loss of hope. I think we still
have hope this thing will be
Senate Minority Leader Hugh
Scott (R-Pa.) said "it would
appear that U.S. efforts will con-
tinue, perhaps in some other
forum, perhaps in Geneva."
"There is no feeling of des-
pair, there is no feeling that war
is imminent," House Minority
Leader John Rhodes cold re-
ago: the first
By JIM FINKELSTEIN
As the Thieu government's army steps
up its retreat before the Provisional Revo-
lutionary Government onslaught, the United
States seems to be approaching the end of
its long involvement with the Saigon re-
Though voiced by a large majority of the
American public today, strong opposition
to the United States Vietnam policies is a
relatively recent phenomena.
IT WAS only ten years ago today, here
in Ann Arbor, that the seeds of discontent
first bloomed into active protest.
At that time, a group of about 20 faculty
members jolted University protocol and
"It's about the worst example professors
could give to students," he said.
Student reaction to the moratorium was
more favorable, but far from unanimous.
One student wrote:
"NO GROUP, however curiously com-
posed of sociologists, psychologists, scient-
ists, philosophers and artists, has a right to
violate its primary duty to conduct classes
and to pursue research for the sole purpose
of damatizing their personal opinions . . ."
Another intoned, ". . . a teaching strike
and the student boycott of classes that
would inevitably follow would prove little
because little sacrifice would be made by