Eighty-four years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Friday, November 15, 1974
News Phone: 764-0552
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104
Ford: Bombing for oil?
MAYBE JACK Anderson is wrong.
Could the president really be
considering an attack on an oil pro-
ducing nation to force it to lower
prices? Too many people have been
telling Jerry that he should take
drastic measures. Since wage and
price controls are out of the question,
perhaps: dropping bombs is the only
other drastic thing he knows how to
if it happens, this would not be a
bad time to change one's citizenship
to a country with a slightly more
subdued foreign policy. Those who
choose to remain Americans can ex-
pect. the worst possible treatment
froth.the rest .of the world. Of course,
good friends like the government of
the YTnion of South Africa will never
des'-et the ranks but the starving
millions that populate the rest of the
glob4 will eye our food reserves hun-
A ND WHEN THE U. S. it attacked
with nuclear weapons from, say,
India, what will be our response?
Will we destroy their major popula-
tion centers immediately? Will the
Soviet Union choose to help an almost
defenseless country that brazenly at-
tacked the despicable Yanks? Will
enraged invaders and atomic bombs
make distinctions between the hated
leaders and the good.people of Amer-
Please Jerry, don't do something
foolish without someone's permission.
Pardoning Nixon was dumb, WIN
buttons are dumb, campaigning for
losers was dumb. But attacking a
country to save us money is really
dumb, and if you do it we can never
pardon you no matter how many in-
spiring speeches you make.
What can a concerned student do?
The traditional speeches, marches
and burnings in effigy would be nice
touches but very drastic measures
also may be necessary. Remember,
be forceful but try not to hurt any-
one while you riot, burn and pillage
the campus. Bad press will turn mid-
dle America away from our simple
message: Jerry Is Trying To Kill Us.
A LL EFFORTS must now be made
to convince Washington to resist
the foolishness to which they are
naturally inclined. Once the attack
on oil has begun, however, we might
as well go home and alter our con-
sciousnesses 'cause, without a doubt,
a hard rain is gonna fall.
By RON LANGDON
T IS COMMON practice for liberals
to bemoan television and television
programming, usually with a little hu-
mor and a lot of intellectual elitism. I
would like to avoid that.
I will say outright, and without cool
detachment, that I think television is a
great sickness and a threat to our
jsociety and whatever culture we have
left here in 1974. (By culture, I do not
mean ballet and opera, but the anthro-
pological outline of society: the ability
to bake bread, to dream, to exchange
Like nineteenth century American Ind-
ians confronting whiskey or middle-class
teenagers with heroin and downers, our
society has come upon a pacifier that it
has never experienced before and does
not know how to control. It controls us.
At my house, it seems that when peo-
ple come home and they are not going to
sleep, the TV automatically comes on.
I realize this is not unusual. Lying in
bed late one night, listening to the sound
of the tube coming up from downstairs, I
thought about how this was going on
all across America, night after night.
I got a very spooky sensation.
TV AND I are about the same age.
Sometime around 20 years ago, we both
came into being. My generation is the
first to have travelled through the mys-
teries of early childhood irradiated by
that soft . blue glow - now red and
green also. I wondered about the effect.
Perhaps some imprinting process has
taken place, as is observed in ducklings.
A small town school board in Michi-
gan has just recently decided to mount
colour video tape cassette TV machines
in their dozen or so school buses at $2,-
500 apiece. The school board is appar-
ently concerned that the kids might be
comletely dumbfounded, having to think
for themselves and find their own amuse-
ment for the half hour it takes to get to
A woman at work tells me that when
she makes her seven year old son stay
at home as a punishment, she has to
remove the dial from the TV, or else
it would not be any punishment at all.
WAS I LIKE THAT, I wondered? I
don't think so. I remember some of
my early theories as to what the thing
was. Not totally a modern child, I re-
earded it as still a miracle. I felt sorry
for those poor people who were trapped
inside the thing.
It seemed like an awful rough way
to make a living; though not quite so
bad as for the people who had to be
so-ashed into phonograph records.
But in addition, I distinctly remember
feeling bored and restless whenever I
watched TV for more than an hour or
so. Perhaps I was abnormal.
Recently, I rode by a huge crowd and
a traffic jam outside town. The occasion:
"Ronald MacDonald" was appearing at
a local hamburger joint.
WHEN YOU REALIZE that people ac-
tually go out of their way to see "Ron-
ald MacDonald,'.' that children get a
thrill out of sitting on his lap, that par-
ents actually condone or encourage their
N I I
Winter: A mixed blessing
EDNESDAY NIGHT brought the
winter's' first blanket of white
to the city,.and with the flakes re-.
turned all the ambivalent feelings
evoked by .that season here.
There's no 'denying that the snow
is beautiful. Hanging on the trees
and covering the lawns, snow trans-
TODAYS STAFF :
New rGlen Allerhand, Gordon Atche-
on, Dan Biddle, Cindy Hill, Mary
'Kelleher, Cheryl Pilate, Jeff Ristine,
Editorial Page: Becky Warner, S u e
Arts Page: Chris Kochmanski
Photo Technician: 'Ken Fink
Editor in Chief
JUDY RUSKIN and REBECCA WARNER
LAURA.BERMAN ......... Sunday Editor
HOWARD BRICK- ...............Sunday Editor
MARNIE HEYN ...,..........Editoriai Director
CINDY HILL ... ..........Executive Editor
JEFF DAY'...........9ssistant Managing Editor
Ki4NSTH FiNK ...................Arts Editor
forms November's drab wasted land-
scape into a far more attractive
place. For a while, at least, it's fun
to make snowmen and engage in
harmless battle - snowball fights.
Then too, the skiers and the skat-
ers will rejoice. Only cold weather
and lots of powder give them an
opportunity to indulge in their favor-
ite modes of recreation.
But the season brings discomforts
to the city as well. Snow is pretty
enough when it's untouched, but as
soon as the cars venture out onto the
streets and the people take to the
sidewalks, the snow turns dirty, and
eventually metamorphoses into slush.
WHEN THE TEMPERATURE rises,
the melting produces puddles,
and most people end up losing at the
ancient sport of puddle jumping,
gaining soggy blue jean cuffs as evi-
dence of their failures.
When the snow gets heavy, it
makes it very difficult to get around
town. For those who walk, or for the
wealthy with cars, snow presents an
obstacle to motion.
But of course, there's nothing any-
one can do about the weather, as
Mark Twain remarked. All one can
do is accept it, waterproof one's boots,
hunker down and prepare to be in-
undated by another winter.
little one's misguided adoration of that
Madison Avenue goon - you have to
conclude that Ronal MacDonald is no
longer just an advertising slogan; they,
the corporate bosses, have succeeded in
making him a part of our culture, like
it or not.
Lately, I've had this idea: Suppose
a group of people decided that, as a
people and a nation, the TV is destroy-
ing us. Supposethey came tosee it as
a sort of wicked spell - difficult to
break, but yielding rewards after it is
finally undone. Then they might reason-
ably begin a rather unusual course of ac-
tion, unprecedented as a revolutionarv
movement. They might form a secret
band of guerillas whose sole strategy
would be to destroy television sets.
A BULLET THROUGH the picture
tube or the delicate internal circuitry
could easily do the trick. Of course, the
band would have to be persistent, and
careful not to hurt anybody or unnecces-
sarily destroy people's property. They
would have to expect capture and legal
punishment of some of their number.
The public would probably react with
a certain- incredulity, and police would
no doubt interpret the guerilla action as
a crime, rather than a cultural and
political act. Some individuals with a
particularly strong TV habit (or "de-
pendence," if you wish) would react with
fear, anxiety, or hysteria. W a 1 t e r
Cronkite would report the actions as a
new craze, like streaking.
If the TV-cidal guerrillas persisted
long enough, TV manufacturers might
respond by beginning to offer new mod-
els, with bullet-proof shields. People
would set up their televisions in window-
less rooms and triple bolt their doors.
Security alarm and dead-bolt lock sales
would soar. The people most in need of
release from the spell, predictably, would
fight the hardest.
INDIVIDUALS who did not own TV
sets would find themselves under suspic-
ion. The government might step up re-
search on electronic surveillance equip-
ment that can determine who is and
who is not watching TV - such equip-
ment already exists.
Individuals who fell conspicuously short
on viewing time could conceivably be
rounded up and interrogated relentless-
ly - even incarcerated.
But still the movement might persist;
it might grow. Some individuals who
had been freed from the spell long
enough might begin to show gratitude.
They might even begin to take an in-
terest in the real world around them,
including their own neighborhood or city,
its environment, its government, and
DEMANDS COULD be issued, as chan-
nels for compromise: "The television
will be allowed to survive but only if it
is used as an instrument of communica-
tions, not 'entertainment!."' or more pre-
cisely, not as a pacifier for grown-ups.
The government and the networks would
have to decide whether or not to change.
Either way, the changes would be fan-
tastic. The other day, I was in a grocery
store out on Stadium. Theplace was
full of cheap psychological gadgetry -
a rear screen slide projector dangled
from the ceiling flashing kodachromes
of food that was for sale, and the appa-.
ratus was mounted in a cardboard box
painted to caricature a TV set.
All around were slogans and signs pro-
claiming, "As Seen on TV!" "Advertised
I THOUGHT, "This store is where we
have to come, more or less, to obtain the
food that we eat. Thousands of people
use this store; it is a part of their life-
like their backyard, the street they live
on, the place they work. Thousands of
people use this store, but a few have
.arranged it in this grotesque fashion to
serve their own needs: the crass and
shallow manipulation of the psyches of
How did it get this way? I guess it
couldn't all be television. But partly it
is. People's minds seem to flow along
in 60-second intervals now, with ten 10-
second station breaks that stumble off
into more hair spray, armpit spray, den-
ture cream, and then macaroni elbows.
"Seen on TV" is an appeal to our in-
ternal electronics. * "SEEN ON . TV!"
flashes our minds to the little boy run-
ning for spaghetti from his very Italian
mama: or the vibrator-brush that has a
thousand uses. If it was on TV, it must
be a legitimate offspring of mass pro-
duction. Don't worry - there are three
million more, just like it.
THE TELEVISION is slowly remaking
us in its own image.
The other day, I went over to visit a
friend. The television was on, with the
cons and killers show, "Streets of San
Francisco." We tried to talk to each
other, but there were these very intense
things going on across the screen -
ridles and bullets, people confronting
e-ch other with anger and authority,
and then sex. Peonle were getting killed;
bloodlessly, but dying, all the same:
Neither of us could get the focus of
our attention off the screen, so we just
give 'i, and stared silently at the dumb
box. Then, about five minutes later, an-
otherfriend came in, and without stop-
ping to get involved with what was hap-
n'ening on the screen, he went over and
snapped the thing'off.
It was like a spell had been broken.
"Thank you," we said, and we all
smiled in relief. Now we could talk to
Langdon is a staff writer for The
11 -- '1
w+E'E mom CgEp.. .IHE C-MMflM ib REG)AMWE 14E PfUIEMr.-
To The Daily:
NOT ONLY is a University
tradition about to die, but the
spirit of the campus as well.
What I am referring to is the
death of the Gargoyle, the
campus- humor magazine since
Back in 1968, the Gargoyle
was the second largest publica-
tion on campus with a circula-
tion of between 5,000 and 6,000
copies. At that time, the Gar-
goyle had a staff of more than
'these were the good old days
for the Gargoyle, a time when
the magazine could actually call
itself a periodical. Four times
a year, students could expect
to see 44 pages of laughter-in-
spiring material, guaranteed to
bring joy to the heart.
The good days suddenly went
sour, however, in 1970. At this
time, the Gargoyle fell into a
deep coma, only to come out
once in 1971 and once in 1973.
These two issues could not hide
the fact that Gargoyle was suf-
fering from a serious illness,
THE ILLNESS was diagnosed
as acute apathy. The only cure
for such a disease is therapy.
The therapy for acute apathy
consists of student activation in
the process of writing, drawing
and layout work. I was put in
charge of administering t h e
therapy under the authority of
the Board of Student Publica-
In my attempt to save the
Gargoyle, I put ads in the Mich-
igan Daily. put posters up
where the only two members of
the staff were me and my room-
mate. I put out another deter-
mined effort to recruit mem-
bers, but it was to no avail.
This is my final plea. Gar-
goyle holds meetings every.
Wednesday at 7:30 in its of-
fice, which is located on the
second floor of the Student Pub-
lications Building. For those of
you who don't know where that
is, it's at 420 Maynard.
IS IT NOT fair to the stu-
dents of this University for me
to write all 40 pages. If a suf-
ficient number of people do not
show up at the next meeting,
my only choice will be to write
it all myself or permanently put
the Gargoyle to death.
Many people who I have talk-
ed to have said something to
the effect: "I think it's really
great that you've started up the
Gargoyle again. I think we real-
ly need it around here. I'm sor-
ry, but I won't be able to help
you with it. Good luck."
The hard fact of reality is that
we cannot get what we want
without working for it. If you
want to havea Gargoyle, you
have to do something about it.
If you can write, we need you.
If you can draw, we need you.
If you can think up funny ideas,
we need you. If you can breathe,
we need you. We need every-
If you can't show up for meet-
ings, you can submit your copy
anyway. Just drop it off in the
Gargoyle office. If you can't
do that, at least inform your
friends about the Gargoyle. If
even that is beyond your cap-
to lose in the fight against apa-
thy? Is the spirit of this cam-
pus to fall victimized by that
Please say it isn't so and
come to Wednesday's Gargoyle
meeting. I realize it isn't easy
to put out a publication which
is funnier than the Michigan
Daily, but with a little efort,
it might be fun.
To The Daily:
Words are weapons, and for
the defendants in the Attica
trials, public opinion stimulated
by the words of the press may
make the difference between
life and death, or between free-
dom and imprisonment. I there-
fore want to call attention to the
bias in your reporter's supposed-
ly objective words in last Fri-
dav's paper. Lilly wrote, "In
1971, prisoners rioted at Attica,
a New York State maximum se-
crity prison. During t h a t
disorder several guards and 39
inmates were killed." A more
accurate description is: In 1971
prisoners rebelled over b a d
living conditions at Attica . . .
In retaking the prison, s t a t e
trooners killed 39 inmates and
To The Daily:
THE RECENT rash of belit-
tling and unfair articles sur-
rounding SGC and its officials
cry for rebuttal. Any rational,
Everyone knows about the re-
cord low turnout of voters, and
how SGC has, in the past, been
full of corruption and decep-
tion, and how most students
have lost faith in student gov-
ernment as a vehicle for mean-
ingful change on the U-M cam-
pus. Any prudent observer
should be aware of the poten-
tial loopholes one could find in
the balloting procedure used.
THE DAILY did an excellent
job of expounding upon the ne-
gative aspects of SGC on cam-
pus. Granted, these are all sit-
uations which do exist on cam-
pus, and are noteworthy in a
student newspaper. But in the
interest of providing students
with fair and impartial jour-
nalism, what has the Daily done
to expose the good and positive
gains made by SGC in the past
year as well as in the recent
election? What has our "stu-
dent newspaper" done to pro-
mote a more favorable and posi-
tive attitude on campus c o n-
To encourageta better turnout
of voters, what did the Daily
do? There were a few general
articlesrurging "students to
vote in . . . the election as a
gest-re of solidarity and sup-
nort for a Council that was at
lnst showing some signs of
1"lina itself together". Other
th-n this tve of meaningless
rhetoric, there was little or no
snerific information about the
candid,'tes and the parties in-
volved in the election, or where
thev stood on issues of concern
to the students.
Or let's consider the Daily's
anno'lncement of election dates
Nonetheless, the Daily implies
that SGC was responsible for
not only conducting an honest
election but also for making
sure there was a strong voter
A WORD should also be said
about the recent administra-
tion's efforts to "clean up" the
affairs of SGC on campus. The
president elect spent the major
part of his past year in office
initiating civil court action, bal-
ancing the budget, and generally
reorganizing and "doctoring"
the affairs. of a "sick"~ council.
He did this in spite of a divided
and often hostile SGC.
Indeed, SGC still has a tre-
mendous amount of work to
do. But so does the student
body. Council cannot hope to
continue its strides toward a
better government on campus
unless the student body, includ-
ing the Daily, and the admin-
istration see the necessity of
working together for one goal
of a better atmosphere for all
THE OBJECT of this com-
mentary is not to lay the blame
for SGC problems totally on the
lap of the Daily; any fool can
see that there are many other
variable factors contributing to
the problems of student govern-
ment on this campus. However,
the Daily, as a communicative
and influential factor on the
U--M campus, has failed miser-
ably in their coverage of recent
As a concerned and interested
stdent, I cannot condone or
tolerate the amateur and un-
ethical style of journalism which
the Daily has exhibited with