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October 01, 1974 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1974-10-01

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Vol. LXXXV, No. 23

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, October 1, 1974

Ten Cents

Ten Pages

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resident

to

} I OUSE E EwAPPEN C A-rL Y
Laurels
The Black Theatre Workshop has been awarded
a $100,000 grant from the Michigan Council for the
Arts. The grant will enable the theatre to increase
the number of black productions at the University,
and also allow the theater groups to tour the Ann
Arbor-Ypsilanti-Detroit area. Their first production
for the year will be "The Gentleman Caller" and
"The Electric Nigger." The plays will be presented
Oct. 30 and 31 and, like all their productions, will
be free to the public.
Fojtik's cash
Kathy Fojtik, the incumbent Democratic candi-
date for county commissioner, has issued a com-
plete and up-to-date disclosure of her campaign
expenditures and income and challenged her op-
ponents to do the same. Fojtik revealed that, to
date, she has received donations from 48 contribu-
tors amounting to a total of $653.50. The average
contribution was $13.61, and the largest was $25
donated by five individuals. Fojtik has promised
that her weekly campaign income and expenditure
reports will be available upon request.
Electricity hike
Still another price hike has arrived for those
of you who already feel you've suffered enough,
and this time the villain is Detroit Edison. The
company announced yesterday that customers will
be paying an average of 47 cents more per month
for electricity under a Public Service Commission
ruling. The three-member board ruled unanimous-
ly to authorize Detroit Ed to raise its rates by
$30.3 million. Chairman William Rosenberg an-
nounced that 70 per cent of the increase will be
carried by commercial users. The average home-
owner will see a 47 cent increase, and, for apart-
ment dwellers, it's be 28 cents.
Happenings .. .
... are definitely on the sparse side today. The
Public Access Television Committee will meet in
the basement of the Ann Arbor Public Library at 8
p.m. . . . William Muschenheim will lecture, on the
"Architecture of India and Iran" in Rm. 2104 of
the Urban Planning Building at 4 p.m. . . . and "A
Survey of Oil Spill Containment and Cleanup Meth-
ods" will be discussed in Rm. 311 W. Engineering
Bldg. at 3:10 p.m. . . . peace activist Nancy Wood-
side addresses Indochina week's noon luncheon at
the International Center.
Times a-changin'
Beginning Sunday, Oct. 27, the nation will re-
turn to standard time. Congress passed the bill
yesterday and President Ford is expected to sign
it into law soon. The bill modifies an experiment in
year-round daylight saving time approved by Con-
gress last December as an energy conservation
measure. But the time change during winter forced
many children to leave for school in darkness,
touching off parental complaints. The measure
saved only about one per cent of electricity usage
per month. Daylight time will begin again Feb. 23.
Zombies?
We're all about to become "walking zombies,"
according to the Senate Internal Securities Com-
mittee. In a 430-page report, Sen. James Eastland
(D-Miss.) claims that the country has become
"caught up in a marijuana - hahsish epidemic that
probably eclipses, in gravity, the national epi-
demics that have had so debilitating an effect on
the population of a number of Middle Eastern
countries." Eastland said he conducted hearings
earlier to counter contentions that marijuana is
harmless, and opposed any relaxations of anti-
marijuana laws. The senator warned: "If the can-
nabis epidemic continues to spread . . . we may
find ourselves saddled with a large population of
semi-zombies of young people."

Fuehrer's finale
A capsule of cyanide took Adolf Hitler's life, not
a bullet fired in brave Third Reich style. At least,
that's the latest theory promulgated by French
historian Alain Decaux. Decaux, during a recent
radio interview in Paris, said he based his theory
on recent documents of Hitler's autopsy. The So-
viet doctors performing the autopsy purportedly
found debris of a cyanide capsule between the jaws
of the dead Nazi leader. "The legend of Hitler
killing himself with a pistol, a noble act accord-
ing to Nazi ideology, was fabricated by his fol-
lowers," said Decaux.
On the inside . ..
. . . the Arts Page features a review on Joan
Baez' concert as seen through the eyes of Daily
writer Steve Hersh . . . Tom Cameron recaps the
Big Ten football weekend on the Sports Page . .
and, on the Editorial Page, Alan Resnick looks at
the economic summit.
0

tes ify

on

pardon

WASHINGTON (IP-President
Ford has told a House subcom-
mittee he will personally appear
to testify on why he gave for-
mer President Richard Nixon a
pardon.
The President told Chairman
William Hungate (D-Mo.) of the
House Judiciary subcommittee
in a brief letter yesterday that
he would personally respond to
the 14 questions raised by two
resolutions before the subcom-
mittee.
Ford said he would like to
arrange the personal testimony
within the next 10 days, Hun-
gate said.
THE QUESTIONS Ford agreed

to answer are on details of
whether White House Chief of
Staff Alexander Haig suggested
the pardon and whether Ford's
granting of it was based on any
knowledge of Nixon's mental or
physical health.
Nixon offered to return
Ford's pardon. See story,
Page 3.
Hungate said it would be the
first personal testimony by a
sitting president before Con-
gress since that of Abraham
Lincoln.
The chairman said White
House research shows that only

Presidents Lincoln and Wash-
ington testified before Congress
while they were in office and
that Theodore Roosevelt testi-
fied before Congress after he
left the White House.
BEFORE THE subcommittee
are so-called resolutions of in-
quiry introduced by Reps. Bella
Abzag (D-N.Y.) and John Con-
yers (D-Mich.) which, if ap-
proved by the House would de-
mand the answers within 10
days.
In a "Dear Bill" letter, de-
livered to Hungate's office
shortly before 8 p.m. EDT, the
President said:
"This is to advise you that I

expect to appear personally to
respond to the questions raised
in House resolutions 1367 and
1370.
"It would be my desire to
arrange this hearing before your
subcommittee at a mutually con-
venient time within the next 10
days."
REP. ABZUG asked for de-
tails on when and who first
mentioned the pardon to Ford,
whether it was Haig during the
week Nixon resigned as Presi-
dent and what promises or con-
ditions were set for Nixon's
pardon.
Her resolution also asks
See FORD, Page 2

Ford Hungate

Strachan gets-
delay; cover-up
trial begins
WASHINGTON (Reuter)-Federal Judge John Sirica
yesterday dropped one of six defendants from the Water-
gate cover-up trial as defense and prosecution lawyers
fought a last-minute battle over using the ill-fated White
House tapes before a jury.
On the eve of the long-awaited trial of top-level
aides to former President Nixon, government prosecutors
and a battery of defense lawyers met behind closed doors
to hash out trial procedures.
THE KEY ISSUE involved whether the jury should be allowed
to have written transcripts of recorded conversations Nixon had

AP Photo

Don't wiorry, it's now loded
Cuban Premier Fidel Castro speaks to reporters in Havana Sund ay with Sen. Jacob Javits (R-N.Y.). Javits and Sen. Claiborne
Pell (D-R.I.) are on a fact-finding tour of Havana, signaling an apparent thaw in American-Cuban relations.

Doctors optimistic for

despite cancer

By AP and Reuter
WASHINGTON-Betty Ford's
doctors reported yesterday that
they found some cancer cells in
lymph glands that were re-
moved along with her cancer-
ous right breast.
Doctors at Bethesda NavalI
Hospital, where the operation
took place on Saturday, said
only two of 30 lymph nodes
showed microscopic signs of
cancer cells.
THE BLOOD vessels were
not affected, there was no lin-

ical evidence that cancer had
spread to other areas of the
body, and the doctors remained
optimistic for Ms. Ford's pro-
longed survival. The First Lady
and President Ford were said
to be pleased at the outlook.
The lymphatic system drains
metabolic waste material given
off by the body's cells as they
take food and convert it into
energy. These wastes are
drained to the lymph nodes
through vessels in the body
much like blood vessels.
Arriving for a hospital visit

in lymph
last night, Ford said he was
optimistic about the pathology
report from the doctors. "It's
I think good, but there also are
some questions raised," the
President told reporters in a
cautious and serious tone.
AS FOR Ms. Ford, he said:
"With her strong, fine attitude,
I think everything will work out
all right. When asked whether
the physicians had given him
any indication there might be
some danger, Ford replied: "I
have full faith in the doctors."

is. Ford
nodes
The report-which despite its
optimism cast a big question
mark over the President's po-
litical future-said studies would
be made to determine if Ms.
Ford should undergo X-ray, hor-
monal, or chemical therapy.
The 56-year-old Ms. Ford ap-
peared to face a long period of
convalescence a n d restricted
activity, and possibly drastic
treatment as well to fight any
re-emergence of the cancer.
HOPEFUL NEW research re-
sults reported yesterday by
leading breast cancer research-
ers appeared to brighten Ms.
Ford's chances of defeating the
disease.
A National Cancer Institute
spokesman confirmed laze yes-
terday that three scientists
prominently involved in t e in-
stitute's Breast Cancer Task
Force had met "with Navy med-
ical officials to discuss Ms.
Ford's case."
The institute, in suburban
Bethesda, Md., is across the
street from Bethesda Naval
Hospital, where Ms. Ford is
recuperating.
TIHE SPOKESMAN de dined
to reveal the nature of tie dis-
cussions, but it wasF _)e:cued
they met with Ms. Ford's doc-
tors to discuss applying the new
research findings to nvr care.
If no cancer cells had been
found, Ms. Ford's long-term sur-

with his aides on Watergate, or
tapes played in court. -
Before meeting with both
sides yesterday, Judge Sirica
granted an order for a separate
trial for Gordon Strachan, a
one-time aide to former White
House Chief of Staff H. R.
Haldeman.
Strachan was indicted last
March on charges of obstruct-
ing justice and lying to a grand
jury about $350,000 in campaign
funds paid to the original Water-
gate burglars, supposedly to
help pay their legal fees.
JUDGE SIRICA, in a brief
order for a new trial, agreed
with Special Prosecutor Leon
Jaworski that Strachan had
raised "significant questions"
on whether the government's
evidence against him was taint-
ed.
Strachan had protested the
use of testimony he gave in the
cover-up case on grounds that
he had an informal agreement
of immunity from the prosecu-
t ion.
Judge Sirica closed yester-
day's final pre-trial hearing to
the public and ordered lawyers
on both sides not to tell repor-
ters what took place inside his
guarded courtroom.
DEFENSE lawyers had ear-
lier said they would move to
limit the use of some 30 tapes
the prosecutor wants to use as
crucial evidence in linking the
five former Nixon operatives to
the cover-up conspiracy.
Haldeman, who faces up to
25 years in jail for his alleged
role in the cover-up was the
only defendant to show up at
today's -hearing.
Ile joked briefly with repor-
ters outside the courtroom about
his newly sprouted sideburns,
a marked change from his short
crewcut when he servedsasthe
ex-president's top aide.
THE OTHER defendants, for-
See COVER-UP, Page 2

simply be allowed to listen to the
Senate
vuotes halt
of aid to
Turkey
By AP and Reuter
The Senate last night voted
an unconditional cutoff of mili-
tary aid to Turkey, brushing
aside Administration claims
thatsuch a move would under-
mine American diplomatic ef-
forts to secure a negotiated set-
tlement in Cyprus.
It adopted 57-20 a money-bill
amendment by Sen. Thomas
Eagleton, (D-Mo.), to penalize
Turkey for using U. S. mili-
tary equipment in the invasion
of Cyprus in July.
THE AMENDMENT to a con-
tinuing money resolution substi-
tuted for milder language pro-
posed by the Senate Appropria-
tions Committee, which would
have allowed the aid suspension
to be lifted upon certification by
President Ford that Turkey was
making a "good faith effort"
to negotiate an agreement be-
tween Greece, Turkey and Cy-
prus for troop withdrawal in
Cyprus.
Eagleton contended that Tur-
key was in violation of U. S.
military sales and foreign as-
sistance laws by using U. S.
weapons for other, than defen-
sive purposes. He said Presi-
dent Ford has no choice under
the law but to cut off further
See SENATE, Page 7

Council recommends boycott
of freon-containing aerosols

By DAVID WHITING
City Council last night voted to urge all citizens
not to buy or use freon-containing areosol pro-
ducts in view of their potential danger to human
life.
After Uliversity Prof. Ralph Cicerone warned
coonril of the freon danger uncovered by his re-
cent research, a resolution opposing use of aero-
sol cans was passed by a 7-4 vote.
CICERONE and other scientists have learned
that the freon gases contained in aerosol cans
rise to the stratosphere and cause the ozone
layer there to break down - allowing larger
amounts of ultra-violet rays into the earth's
atmos ohere.

SANDBERG CRITICAL
Student govt. report
faces tough battle

By JEFF SORENSEN
A controversial report advo-
cating massive reorganization
of student government appears
headed for substantial opposi-
tion fromrseveral student, fac-
ulty and administration groups.
The Commission to Study Stu-
dent Governance (CSSG) is ex-
pected to officially approve the
r e p o r t' s recommendations

-a proposal that CSSG mem-
bers expect will draw loud criti-
cism from the faculty.
The report also asks Student
Government Council (SGC) to
call a constitutional convention
and reorganize itself into a pro-
posed Michigan Student Assem-
bly (MSA).
Some assembly representa-
tives would be chosen in an at-

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