See Editorial Page
warm and windy
Vol. LXXXI, No. 5 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Sunday, September 6, 1970 Ten Cents
By TAMMY JACOBS
Daily News Analysis
"We're here to collect an overdue
debt," Mrs. Kate Emerson of the
County Welfare Rights Organization
(WRO) has been telling members of
county churches for the past two
Members of WRO and the County
Black Economic Development League,
Inc. (BEDL) have staged sit-ins of
varying lengths in five churches so
far. They are demanding reparations
for the county's poor whom they say'
However, the churches for the
most part do not seem to want to
pay their "debt"-certainly not to
BEDL and WRO.
In fact, ten churches have united
in a coalition to deal with the situa-
tion. They obtained an injunction
Friday barring members of BEDL,
WRO, "their officers, agents, serv-
ants, employes, and attorneys and
those, persons in active concert or
participation with them" from enter-
ing the church premises or interfer-
ing with any of the churches' busi-
The 'BEDL and WRO demands
were originally made last winter
when Charles Thomas of BEDL read
the Black Manifesto at several city
churches, including most . of the
churches in the coalition.'
The manifesto calls for $500 mil-
lion in national reparations from
churches, and calls for the creation
of programs to utilize the money.
Although BEDL is not tied to the
national program, many of its pro-
posals are modeled on those described solve the
in the manifesto and BEDL supports Instea
the goals of the manifesto. tween t
BEDL is open to "anyone who is BEDL a
poor," regardless of race. what si:
Leaders are quick to point out that take, an
the immediate demand of BEDL and aid.
WRO is for money for clothes for BEDL
school children whose parents are on are the
welfare, and BEDL says over half of poor ar
the 3,200 welfare children are white. such.
"We are the greatest force against But t
polarization," Thomas says, pointing stateme
to the several white board members recogniz
of BEDL, "We are for all poor people resentat
in this county." naw Co
There seems to be no disagreement the chu
about the demonstrators' assertion BEDL
that there is a poverty problem in posals t
the county and that churches have istic an
a moral obligation to help give aid to determi:
d, the major differences be-
he coalition of churches and
nd WRO seem to be about
ze and form this aid should
d who should administer the
and WRO assert that they
proper agents of the county's
nd should be recognized as
Lhe coalition of churches in a'
nt Tuesday said, "We did not
ze BEDL as sufficiently rep-
ive of the poor in Washte-
inty to administer any funds
rches might make available."
and WRO charge that pro-
by the coalition are paternal-
d deny the concept of self-
nation. BEDL and WRO
assert that pgojects for the poor
should be carried out by the poor.
The statement of the coalition of
churches calls for the creation of a
"community - wide association" to
"meet the needs of the black and
white poor in Washtenaw County."
However, 'the statement also calls
for representatives of the churches to
join with BEDL, WRO, NAACP,'
Blacks for Liberation and Justice,
Model Cities, Community Center,
OEO, and "other organizations con-.
cerned with the poor and disad-
vantaged" in the association.
Hank Bryan, vice president of
BEDL, maintains the other organi-
zations listed in the coalition's pro-
posal are unqualified to represent'
the county's poor.
"Those organizations do not deal
with county-wide operations," Bryan
says. "Our organizations plus OEO
are the only ones concerned with
county-wide operations, and \OEO
doesn't have the scope to deal with
the things we can."
A BEDL and WRO statement calls
the coalition of churches' action "un-
responsible, unresponsive and de-
The ten churches in the coalition
include Bethlehem United Church of
Christ, 423 S. Fourth Ave.; First
Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron; First
Congregational Church, 608 E. Wil-'
liam; First Presbyterian Church,
1432 Washtenaw; First United Meth-
odist Church, 120 S. State St.; St.
Andrews Episcopal Church, 306 N.
Division St.; Francis of Assisi Cath-
olic Church, 2221 Whnchell; Trinity
Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1400
W. Stadium; and Zion Luthern
Church, 1501 W. Liberty.
One church with a notably differ-
ent attitude toward the demands is
the First Unitarian C h ur c h, 1917
Washtenaw, which refused to join
in the injunction, has voted to give
an immediate $5,000 to BEDL and
WRO and has voted to encourage its
congregation to donate a n ot h e r
$5,000. Although this sum doesn't
approach the $50,000 demanded by
BEDL and WRO, nonetheless the
welfare groups have commended and
thanked the church for its response.
BEDL and WRO's attachment to
the self-determination concept can
be illustrated by their immediate de-
mands for money for school clothing
See BEDL, Page 7
By TAMMY JACOBS
Two Washtenaw County Welfare groups
yesterday blasted a coalition of ten churches
for obtaining an injunction which bars the
two groups from entering their premises.
At the same time, the groups thanked the
First Unitarian Church for donating $10,000
dollars to them, in response to their de-
mands for reparations from county
Members of' the two groups - the Wash-
tenaw County' Black Economic Develop-
ment League, Inc. (BEDL) and the Wash-
tenaw County Welfare Rights Organiza-
tion (WRO) - have held sit-ins at five
churches in the county since Aug. 19 in
support of their demands.
The temporary injunction, signed by Cir-
cult Judge Joseph Rashid, bars Charles
Thomas and Hank Bryan of BEDL; Sandra
Girard, Kate Emerson, and- Vicky Price
from WRO; BEDL, WRO, and "their offi-
cers, agents, servants, employes, and at-
torneys and those persons in active con-
cert or participation with them" f r o m
entering the churches' premises or interfer-
ing with the churches' business.
Last Tuesday, the coalition of churches
had invited BEDL, WRO, five other or-
ganizations and others "concerned w i t h
the poor and disadvantaged" of the county
to join them in an association to aid the
Referring to this offer, yesterday's state-
ment by the two groups said, "It is not clear
to BEDL and WRO how the coalition
churches association will , function if the
two organizations which effectively brought
it about are prohibited by court order from
meeting with the member churches to dis-
cuss the problems of the poor."
Bryan. pointed out that under the in-
junction, supporters of BEDL and WRO
are not .even allowed to worship on Sun-
"As far as we're concerned, the coalition
stinks," he said, adding that he felt their
action in getting the injunction was "hypo-
Meanwhile, supporters of the groups de-
mands remained in the First Unitarian
Churih last night. On Friday the Board
of Trustees of the Unitarian Church voted
to give $5,000 immediately to BEDL.
Supporters had remained in the Unitar-
ian Church without threat of legal action,
since that church has refused to join with
the actions of the coalition.
According to Bryan, supporters of- the
welfare grpups will move to new head-
quarters 'at the Legal Aid Clinic, 201 N.
Fourth; this morning.,
They do not plan to enter more churches
or take more action until after they ap-
pear in court; to show cause why the tem-
porary injunction should not become per-
Panthers meet in Philadelphia
SOLSTIS SCHOOL supporters sit-in to save the present site of the free school from
being razed to make way for a University parking lot.
Soistis adv'ocates begin
around-th e-cliock vigil
By ROB BIER
Special To The Daily
PHILADELPHIA, Pa. - "We want a
constitution for all the people," said Huey
Newton, minister of defense of the Black
Panther party, speaking before a packed
gymnasium of 7,000 people last night.
Newton was speaking to the Revolutionary
'People Convention 4 which is being held
through tomorrow at Temple University.
The crowd of representatives of black
and white radical groups from all over the
East and Midwest responded thunderously
to Newton. It was one of his first public
appearances since being freed from an Oak-
land county jail when a mistrial was de-
clared after he served 34 months on his
sentence for manslaughter.
"The constitution which served the people
in the 18th century serves the power struc-
ture in the 20th century," Newton told the
crowd which was evenly split between blacks
Members of the convention plan to finish
drafting a new constitution today.
Newton opened his speech by reading the
preamble to the Constitution. Then he
briefly traced the history of the U n i t e d
States, relating exploitation and injustice
toward Indians and blacks to the growth
Constant bursts of applause interrupted
Newton's address whilenearly 3,000 people
who had been unable to get into Temple's
McGonigle Hall waited outside.
Taking note of the wide variety of political
groups represented inside and outside the
hall, Newton concluded with, "We are to-
gether tonight, let us be together in the
future. All power to the people."
That last phrase sent the crowd into its
loudest response as they repeated the slogan
with a deafening roar for more than a
That enthusiasm was transferred to the
streets after the evening session w h e n
about 800 youths marched for about nine
blocks from the Church of the Advocate
to Broad Street. The march was brief and
the only police response was to route traf-
fic around it.
Earlier in the day a group of 19 blacks
from Chicago were arrested on possession of
weapons charges and bond for each one
was placed at $25,000.
Police Commissioner Frank Rizzo had
sought to keep the Panthers from meeting
here, suggesting that it might lead to vio-
lence. He has not pressed the issue since
Gov. Raymond Shafer, backed by prominent
city leaders, said that the Constitution guar-
anteed the right of peaceful assembly to
The unity theme was heavily stressed
during the afternoon session by Michael
Tabor, a Black Panther from New York
"We have to put aside our differences,'
Tabor said. "Every day we delay, every
day we vacillate, the oppressor strengthens
See BLACK PANTHERS, Page 7
By W. E. SCHROCK
Representatives of the Tutorial Project's
Solstis free school yesterday began a vigil in
their only classroom in an attempt to pre-
vent its destructionin favor of a University
Proclaiming "No Parking, School Zone,"
as they began, the group plansto remain
in the school until Tuesday. when the final
fate of the building will be announced.
In a separate demonstration favoring pre-
servation of the old house containing the
school, several of the school's students and
faculty marched in front of President Rob-
ben Fleming's house and passed out leaf-
lets explaining their cause.
Other students dramatized the problem
and gathered support for the vigil by carry-
ing signs around the central campus area.
But these students were generally greeted
with calls of "What's Solstis?" and "Free
Already having won a delay in the Uni-
versity's decision to raze the old house
located at 706 Oakland, today's round of
demonstrations were an attempt to change
the minds of University executive officers
who will meet with representatives of the
school on Tuesday to decide the school
The delay was granted Friday night in a
meeting between school representatives and
several University officials including Presi-
dent Robben Fleming.
The University contends the building in
which the school has operated is so far be-
low housing and school building code stand-
ards that it is not worth saving. But
even if the building is not torn down the
school could face ouster since University
officials have said there are University func-
tions which could make use of the space.
The Solstis people, on the other hand,
argue that there need be no cost for the
University involved in~saving the building,
since they say they can raise the money to
make necessary repairs on the structure
Although the current problem seems to
be stirring little interest in the University
community, the school had this 'summer
been called a valuable educational inno-
vation by top educators in both the Uni-
versity and local public schools. Seventy-
five junior and senior high school students
took courses this summer ranging from
creative writing to Chinese to T-grouping
taught by University professors, high school
teachers and students themselves.
Sandy Bernstein, a Solstis representative
and a teacher in the Ann Arbor Public
Schools, believes the light student response
to the group's demonstrations has resulted
simply from student ignorance about the
problem. "People don't know what is hap-
pening," she said. "Not enough people read
the article in Friday's Daily."
Newton addresses Revolutionary Peoples' Convention
Black threatens to sue
'U' to force readmission
By PAT MAHONEY
A black applicant to the Medical School
whose acceptance was reversed last month
says she may take legal action to force the
University to readmit her.
Earline Davis was first'accepted in April
and then refused admission when the Med-
ical School learned she had omitted infor-
mation on her application, Acting D e a n
John Gromball said.
In a letter to Miss Davis, Gromball ex-
plained her admission had been revoked re-
cause she failed to state in her application
that she had previously attended medical
school at Howard University in Washing-
ton, D.C. and had been "denied readmis-
sion because of deficiencies in scholarship."
The Medical School's application asks if
the student has b e en matriculated at or
been denied readmission to another medical
Joseph Golden, Miss Davis' attorney, said
he will file a complaint against the Regents
in the State Court of Appeals if the Univer-
sity does not change its position within a
The complaint would ask the court to
grant a writ of mandamus forcing the Uni-
versity to readmit Miss Davis.
Assistant to the D e a n of the Medical
School Harvey Sparks said Miss Davis will
not be admitted unless she can refute the
reports f r o m Howard University and a
statement by the American Association of
Medical Colleges charging her with falsify-
plained she thought Howard told UCLA and
the American Association of Medical Col-
leges about the letters and transcript and
urged the association to publicize it through-
out the country.
When contacted Eleanor Franklin, asso-
ciate dean of the Howard University Col-
lege of Medicine said she would reply to
See BLACK, Page 7
WASHINGTON (Y) - The Interior De-
partment yesterday listed the phosphate
content of 48 popular detergents and af-
firmed that their phosphates pollute lakes.
The department refused to make any re-
commendations in conjunction with the
Pre-soaks: Biz, 73.9 per cent; Enzyme
Brion ,71.4; Amway Trizyme, 71.2; Axion,
Laundry detergents: Blue Rain Drops
63.2; Salvo 56.6; Tide 49.8; Amway SA-8
49.3; Coldwater Surf 48.2; Drive 47.4; Oxy-
dol 46.6; Bold 45.4; Cold Water All powder
45.4; Ajax Laundry 44.6; Cold Power 44.6;
Punch 44.2; Dreft 41.9; Rinso with chlorine
bleach 41.0; Gain 39.5; Duz 38.3; Bestline
B-7 38.0; Bonus 37.5; Breeze 37.2; Cheer
Fab 34.8; White King with Borax 34.7;
Royallite 21.7; Instant Fel Soap .16.6; Wisk
Project Comm units: Social role for U'
By SARA FITZGERALD
The University - through Project Community -
sponsors student volunteer work outside the University in
thirteen separate community projects.
Close to five hundred volunteers are placed each year
in projects that run the gamut from a black liberation
school to a photography program at Willow Run High
Project Community's most widely publicized program
Project Community first started ten years ago as the
Tutorial Project. Ted Turkle, who currently directs Pro-
ject Community, says the program originated during the
civil rights movement of the early sixties and was pri-
marily a tutorial service for blacks in the community.
The expansion into, other areas began only two years
ago, Turkle says. But since programs sponsored by Pro-
ject Community now involve fields such as mental health,
children's day care and student counseling, the decision
was made this fall to change the program's name
students, most of whom come from low income families.
However, this year the program hopes that the tutors
will develop innovative methods such as educational
games, to use in working with small groups. This project
requires a two year commitment so that volunteers can
really get to know their students.
One program at Bessie Hoffman Junior High School
provides after-school tutoring in special areas such as
theater and music.